10. Sirimattherag±th±vaººan±

Pare ca na½ pasa½sant²ti ±yasmato sirimattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto padumuttarassa bhagavato p±ramiyo p³retv± tusitabhavane µhitak±le br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto tiººa½ ved±na½ p±rag³ sanighaº¹ukeµubh±na½ sakkharappabhed±na½ itih±sapañcam±na½ padako veyy±karaºo lok±yatamah±purisalakkhaºesu anavayo nekkhammajjh±sayat±ya k±me pah±ya t±pasapabbajja½ pabbajitv± catur±s²tisahassaparim±ºena t±pasagaºena parivuto himavantappadese devat±bhinimmite assame jh±n±bhiññ±yo nibbattetv± vasanto purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±rat±ya lakkhaºamantesu ±gataniy±mena ca buddhaguºe anussaritv± at²te buddhe uddissa aññatarasmi½ nad²nivattane pulinacetiya½ katv± p³j±sakk±r±bhirato ahosi. Ta½ disv± t±pas±, “ka½ uddissa aya½ p³j±sakk±ro kar²yat²”ti pucchi½su. So tesa½ lakkhaºamante ±haritv± tattha ±gat±ni mah±purisalakkhaº±ni vibhajitv± tadanus±rena attano bale µhatv± buddhaguºe kittesi. Ta½ sutv± tepi t±pas± pasannam±nas± tato paµµh±ya samm±sambuddha½ uddissa th³pap³ja½ karont± viharanti.
Tena ca samayena padumuttarabodhisatto tusitak±y± cavitv± m±tukucchi½ okkanto hoti. Carimabhave dvatti½sa pubbanimitt±ni p±turahesu½ sabbe ca acchariyabbh³tadhamm±. T±paso t±ni antev±sik±na½ dassetv± bhiyyosomatt±ya samm±sambuddhesu tesa½ pas±da½ va¹¹hetv± k±la½ katv± brahmaloke nibbattitv± tehi attano sar²rassa p³j±ya kar²yam±n±ya dissam±nar³po ±gantv±, “aha½ tumh±ka½ ±cariyo brahmaloke nibbatto, tumhe appamatt± pulinacetiyap³jamanuyuñjatha, bh±van±ya ca yuttappayutt± hoth±”ti vatv± brahmalokameva gato.
Eva½ so devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ gahapatikule nibbatti, tassa j±tadivasato paµµh±ya tasmi½ kule sirisampattiy± va¹¹ham±natt± sirim±tveva n±ma½ aka½su. Tassa padas± gamanak±le kaniµµhabh±t± nibbatti, tassa “aya½ siri½ va¹¹hento j±to”ti siriva¹¹hoti n±ma½ aka½su. Te ubhopi jetavanappaµiggahaºe buddh±nubh±va½ disv± paµiladdhasaddh± pabbaji½su. Tesu siriva¹¹ho na t±va uttarimanussadhammassa l±bh² ahosi, catunna½ paccay±na½ l±bh², gahaµµhapabbajit±na½ sakkato garukato, sirimatthero pana pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya t±disena kammacchiddena appal±bh² ahosi bahujan±sambh±vito, samathavipassan±su kamma½ karonto nacirasseva cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.49.111-147)–
“Pabbate himavantamhi, devalo n±ma t±paso;
tattha me caªkamo ±si, amanussehi m±pito.
“Jaµ±bh±rena bharito, kamaº¹aludharo sad±;
uttamattha½ gavesanto, vipin± nikkhami½ tad±.
“Cull±s²tisahass±ni, siss± mayha½ upaµµhahu½;
sakakamm±bhipasut±, vasanti vipine tad±.
“Assam± abhinikkhamma, aka½ pulinacetiya½;
n±n±puppha½ sam±netv±, ta½ cetiyamap³jayi½.
“Tattha citta½ pas±detv±, assama½ pavis±maha½;
sabbe siss± sam±gantv±, etamattha½ pucchi½su ma½.
“Pulinena kato th³po, ya½ tva½ deva namassasi;
mayampi ñ±tumicch±ma, puµµho ±cikkha no tuva½.
“Niddiµµh± nu mantapade, cakkhumanto mah±yas±;
te kho aha½ namass±mi, buddhaseµµhe mah±yase.
“K²dis± te mah±v²r±, sabbaññ³ lokan±yak±;
katha½vaºº± katha½s²l±, k²dis± te mah±yas±.
“B±tti½salakkhaº± buddh±, catt±l²sadij±pi ca;
nett± gopakhum± tesa½, jiñjuk± phalasannibh±.
“Gaccham±n± ca te buddh±, yugamattañca pekkhare;
na tesa½ j±ºu nadati, sandhisaddo na suyyati.
“Gaccham±n± ca sugat±, uddharant±va gacchare;
paµhama½ dakkhiºa½ p±da½, buddh±na½ esa dhammat±.
“Asambh²t± ca te buddh±, migar±j±va kesar²;
nevukka½senti att±na½, no ca vambhenti p±ºina½.
“M±n±vam±nato mutt±, sam± sabbesu p±ºisu;
anattukka½sak± buddh±, buddh±na½ esa dhammat±.
“Uppajjant± ca sambuddh±, ±loka½ dassayanti te;
chappak±ra½ pakampenti, kevala½ vasudha½ ima½.
“Passanti nirayañcete, nibb±ti nirayo tad±;
pavassati mah±megho, buddh±na½ esa dhammat±.
“¿dis± te mah±n±g±, atul± ca mah±yas±;
vaººato anatikkant±, appameyy± tath±gat±.
“Anumodi½su me v±kya½, sabbe siss± sag±rav±;
tath± ca paµipajji½su, yath±satti yath±bala½.
“Paµip³jenti pulina½, sakakamm±bhil±sino;
saddahant± mama v±kya½, buddhasakkatam±nas±.
“Tad± cavitv± tusit±, devaputto mah±yaso;
uppajji m±tukucchimhi, dasasahassi kampatha.
“Assamass±vid³ramhi, caªkamamhi µhito aha½;
sabbe siss± sam±gantv±, ±gacchu½ mama santike.
“Usabhova mah² nadati, migar±j±va k³jati;
susum±rova sa¼ati, ki½ vip±ko bhavissati.
“Ya½ pakittemi sambuddha½, sikat±th³pasantike;
so d±ni bhagav± satth±, m±tukucchimup±gami.
“Tesa½ dhammakatha½ vatv±, kittayitv± mah±muni½;
uyyojetv± sake sisse, pallaªkam±bhuji½ aha½.
“Balañca vata me kh²ºa½, by±dhin± paramena ta½;
buddhaseµµha½ saritv±na, tattha k±laªkato aha½.
“Sabbe siss± sam±gantv±, aka½su citaka½ tad±;
ka¼evarañca me gayha, citaka½ abhiropayu½.
“Citaka½ pariv±retv±, s²se katv±na añjali½;
sokasallaparet± te, vikkandi½su sam±gat±.
“Tesa½ l±lappam±n±na½, agama½ citaka½ tad±;
aha½ ±cariyo tumha½, m± socittha sumedhas±.
“Sadatthe v±yameyy±tha, rattindivamatandit±;
m± vo pamatt± ahuttha, khaºo vo paµip±dito.
“Sake sissenus±sitv±, devaloka½ pun±gami½;
aµµh±rasa ca kapp±ni, devaloke ram±maha½.
“Sat±na½ pañcakkhattuñca, cakkavatt² ahosaha½;
anekasatakkhattuñca, devarajjamak±rayi½.
“Avasesesu kappesu, vokiººo sa½sari½ aha½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, upp±dassa ida½ phala½.
“Yath± komudike m±se, bah³ pupphanti p±dap±;
tathev±hampi samaye, pupphitomhi mahesin±.
“V²riya½ me dhuradhorayha½, yogakkhem±dhiv±hana½;
n±gova bandhana½ chetv±, vihar±mi an±savo.
“Satasahassito kappe, ya½ buddhamabhikittayi½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, kittan±ya ida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
cha¼abhiññañhi sam±na½ ±yasmanta½ sirimatthera½ “ariyo”ti aj±nant± puthujjan± bhikkh³ s±maºer± ca appal±bhit±ya lokassa anabhigatabh±vena asambh±vent± ya½kiñci kathetv± garahanti; siriva¹¹hatthera½ pana paccay±na½ l±bhibh±vena lokassa sakkatagarukatabh±vato sambh±vent± pasa½santi; thero “avaºº±rahassa n±ma vaººabhaºana½, vaºº±rahassa ca avaººabhaºana½ assa puthujjanabh±vassa doso”ti puthujjanabh±vañca garahanto–
159. “pare ca na½ pasa½santi, att± ce asam±hito;
mogha½ pare pasa½santi, att± hi asam±hito.
160. “Pare ca na½ garahanti, att± ce susam±hito;
mogha½ pare garahanti, att± hi susam±hito”ti.
– G±th±dvayamabh±si.
Tattha pareti attato aññe pare n±ma, idha pana paº¹itehi aññe b±l± pareti adhippet±. Tesañhi aj±nitv± apariyog±hetv± bh±sanato garah± viya pasa½s±pi appam±ºabh³t±. Nanti na½ puggala½. Pasa½sant²ti aviddasubh±vena taºh±vipannat±ya v±, atha v± abh³ta½yeva puggala½ “asuko bhikkhu jh±nal±bh², ariyo”ti v± abh³taguºaropanena kittenti abhitthavanti. Yo panettha ca-saddo, so att³panayattho. Tena pare na½ puggala½ pasa½santi ca, tañca kho tesa½ pasa½sanamatta½, na pana tasmi½ pasa½s±ya vatthu atth²ti imamattha½ dasseti. Att± ce asam±hitoti ya½ puggala½ pare pasa½santi, so ce saya½ asam±hito maggasam±dhin± phalasam±dhin± upac±rappan±sam±dhimatteneva v± na sam±hito, sam±dh±nassa paµipakkhabh³t±na½ kiles±na½ appah²natt± vikkhitto vibbhantacitto hoti ceti attho. “Asam±hito”ti ca etena sam±dhinimitt±na½ guº±na½ abh±va½ dasseti. Moghanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso “visama½ candimas³riy± parivattant²”ti-±d²su viya. Pare pasa½sant²ti ye ta½ asam±hita½ puggala½ pasa½santi, te mogha½ mudh± am³laka½ pasa½santi. Kasm±? Att± hi asam±hito yasm± tassa puggalassa citta½ asam±hita½, tasm±ti attho.
Dutiyag±th±ya½ garahant²ti attano aviddasubh±vena dosantar±ya v± ariya½ jh±nal±bhiñca sam±na½ “asuko bhikkhu j±gariya½ n±nuyuñjati antamaso goduhanamattampi k±la½ kevala½ k±yada¼hibahulo nidd±r±mo bhass±r±mo saªgaºik±r±mo viharat²”ti-±din± appaµipajjam±nat±vibh±vanena v± guºaparidha½sanena v± garahanti nindanti, upakkosanti v±ti attho. Sesa½ paµhamag±th±ya vuttapariy±yena veditabba½. Eva½ therena im±hi g±th±hi attano nikkilesabh±ve siriva¹¹hassa ca sakilesabh±ve pak±site ta½ sutv± siriva¹¹ho sa½vegaj±to vipassana½ paµµhapetv± nacirasseva sadattha½ parip³resi, garahakapuggal± ca thera½ kham±pesu½.

Sirimattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Dutiyavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.