2. Dukanip±to

1. Paµhamavaggo

1. Uttarattherag±th±vaººan±

Dukanip±te natthi koci bhavo niccoti-±dik± ±yasmato uttarattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ puñña½ upacinanto sumedhassa bhagavato k±le vijj±dharo hutv± ±k±sena vicarati. Tena ca samayena satth± tassa anuggaºhanattha½ vanantare aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²di chabbaººabuddhara½siyo vissajjento. So antalikkhena gacchanto bhagavanta½ disv± pasannacitto ±k±sato oruyha suvisuddhehi vipulehi kaºik±rapupphehi bhagavanta½ p³jesi, pupph±ni buddh±nubh±vena satthu upari chatt±k±rena aµµha½su, so tena bhiyyosomatt±ya pasannacitto hutv± aparabh±ge k±la½ katv± t±vati½se nibbattitv± u¼±ra½ dibbasampatti½ anubhavanto y±vat±yuka½ tattha µhatv± tato cuto devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de r±jagahe br±hmaºamah±s±laputto hutv± nibbatti, uttarotissa n±ma½ ahosi. So viññuta½ patto br±hmaºavijj±su nipphatti½ gantv± j±tiy± r³pena vijj±ya vayena s²l±c±rena ca lokassa sambh±van²yo j±to. Tassa ta½ sampatti½ disv± vassak±ro magadhamah±matto attano dh²tara½ d±tuk±mo hutv± attano adhipp±ya½ pavedesi. So nissaraºajjh±sayat±ya ta½ paµikkhipitv± k±lena k±la½ dhammasen±pati½ payirup±santo tassa santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± vattasampanno hutv± thera½ upaµµhahati.
Tena ca samayena therassa aññataro ±b±dho uppanno, tassa bhesajjatth±ya uttaro s±maºero p±tova pattac²varam±d±ya vih±rato nikkhanto antar±magge ta¼±kassa t²re patta½ µhapetv± udakasam²pa½ gantv± mukha½ dhovati. Atha aññataro umaªgacoro ±rakkhapurisehi anubaddho aggadv±reneva nagarato nikkhamitv± pal±yanto attan± gahita½ ratanabhaº¹ika½ s±maºerassa patte pakkhipitv± pal±yi. S±maºero pattasam²pa½ upagato. Cora½ anubandhant± r±japuris± s±maºerassa patte bhaº¹ika½ disv±, “aya½ coro, imin± coriya½ katan”ti s±maºera½ pacch±b±ha½ bandhitv± vassak±rassa br±hmaºassa dassesu½. Vassak±ro ca tad± rañño vinicchaye niyutto hutv± chejjabhejja½ anus±sati. So “pubbe mama vacana½ n±diyi, suddhap±saº¹iyesu pabbaj²”ti ca baddh±gh±tatt± kamma½ asodhetv±va j²vantameva ta½ s³le utt±sesi.
Athassa bhagav± ñ±ºaparip±ka½ oloketv± ta½ µh±na½ gantv± vipphurantahatthanakhamaºimay³khasambhinnasit±bhat±ya paggharantaj±tihiªgulakasuvaººarasadh±ra½ viya j±l±guºµhitamudutalunad²ghaªgulihattha½ uttarassa s²se µhapetv±, “uttara, ida½ te purimakammassa phala½ uppanna½, tattha tay± paccavekkhaºabalena adhiv±san± k±tabb±”ti vatv± ajjh±say±nur³pa½ dhamma½ desesi. Uttaro amat±bhisekasadisena satthu hatthasamphassena sañj±tappas±dasomanassat±ya u¼±ra½ p²tip±mojja½ paµilabhitv± yath±paricita½ vipassan±magga½ sam±r³¼ho ñ±ºassa parip±ka½ gatatt± satthu ca desan±vil±sena t±vadeva maggapaµip±µiy± sabbakilese khepetv± cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.56.55-92)–
“Sumedho n±ma sambuddho, b±tti½savaralakkhaºo;
vivekak±mo bhagav±, himavantamup±gami.
“Ajjhog±hetv± himavanta½, aggo k±ruºiko muni;
pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±na, nis²di parisuttamo.
“Vijj±dharo tad± ±si½, antalikkhacaro aha½;
tis³la½ sugata½ gayha, gacch±mi ambare tad±.
“Pabbatagge yath± aggi, puººam±yeva candim±;
vana½ obh±sate buddho, s±lar±j±va phullito.
“Vanagg± nikkhamitv±na, buddhara½s²bhidh±vare;
na¼aggivaººasaªk±s±, disv± citta½ pas±dayi½.
“Vicina½ addasa½ puppha½, kaºik±ra½ devagandhika½;
t²ºi pupph±ni ±d±ya, buddhaseµµhamap³jayi½.
“Buddhassa ±nubh±vena, t²ºi pupph±ni me tad±;
uddha½vaºµ± adhopatt±, ch±ya½ kubbanti satthuno.
“Tena kammena sukatena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Tattha me sukata½ byamha½, kaºik±r²ti ñ±yati;
saµµhiyojanamubbedha½, ti½sayojanavitthata½.
“Sahassakaº¹a½ satabheº¹u, dhaj±lu harit±maya½;
satasahassaniyy³h±, byamhe p±tubhavi½su me.
“Soººamay± maºimay±, lohitaªkamay±pi ca;
phalik±pi ca pallaªk±, yenicchak± yadicchak±.
“Mah±rahañca sayana½, t³lik± vikat²yuta½;
uddhalomiñca ekanta½, bimbohanasam±yuta½.
“Bhavan± nikkhamitv±na, caranto devac±rika½;
yath± icch±mi gamana½, devasaªghapurakkhato.
“Pupphassa heµµh± tiµµh±mi, uparicchadana½ mama;
samant± yojanasata½, kaºik±rehi ch±dita½.
“Saµµhit³riyasahass±ni, s±ya½ p±ta½ upaµµhahu½;
pariv±renti ma½ nicca½, rattindivamatandit±.
“Tattha naccehi g²tehi, t±¼ehi v±ditehi ca;
ram±mi khi¹¹± ratiy±, mod±mi k±mak±maha½.
“Tattha bhutv± pivitv± ca, mod±mi tidase tad±;
n±r²gaºehi sahito, mod±mi byamhamuttame.
“Sat±na½ pañcakkhattuñca, devarajjamak±rayi½;
sat±na½ t²ºikkhattuñca, cakkavatt² ahosaha½;
padesarajja½ vipula½, gaºan±to asaªkhiya½.
“Bhave bhave sa½saranto, mah±bhoga½ labh±maha½;
bhoge me ³nat± natthi, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Duve bhave sa½sar±mi, devatte atha m±nuse;
añña½ gati½ na j±n±mi, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Duve kule paj±y±mi, khattiye c±pi br±hmaºe;
n²ce kule na j±n±mi, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Hatthiy±na½ assay±na½, sivika½ sandam±nika½;
labh±mi sabbameveta½, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“D±s²gaºa½ d±sagaºa½, n±riyo samalaªkat±;
labh±mi sabbameveta½, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Koseyyakambaliy±ni khomakapp±sik±ni ca;
labh±mi sabbameveta½, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Navavattha½ navaphala½, navaggarasabhojana½;
labh±mi sabbameveta½, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Ima½ kh±da ima½ bhuñja, imamhi sayane saya;
labh±mi sabbameveta½, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Sabbattha p³jito homi, yaso accuggato mama;
mah±pakkho sad± homi, abhejjapariso sad±.
ѱt²na½ uttamo homi, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“S²ta½ uºha½ na j±n±mi, pari¼±ho na vijjati;
atho cetasika½ dukkha½, hadaye me na vijjati.
“Suvaººavaººo hutv±na, sa½sar±mi bhav±bhave;
vevaººiya½ na j±n±mi, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Devalok± cavitv±na, sukkam³lena codito;
s±vatthiya½ pure j±to, mah±s±le su-a¹¹hake.
“Pañca k±maguºe hitv±, pabbaji½ anag±riya½;
j±tiy± sattavassoha½, arahattamap±puºi½.
“Upasamp±day² buddho, guºamaññ±ya cakkhum±;
taruºo p³jan²yoha½, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Dibbacakkhu visuddha½ me, sam±dhikusalo aha½;
abhiññ±p±ramippatto, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Paµisambhid± anuppatto, iddhip±desu kovido;
dhammesu p±ramippatto, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Ti½sakappasahassamhi, ya½ buddhamabhip³jayi½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
cha¼abhiñño puna hutv± s³lato uµµhahitv± par±nudday±ya ±k±se µhatv± p±µih±riya½ dassesi; mah±jano acchariyabbhutacittaj±to ahosi; t±vadevassa vaºo sa½r³¼hi, so bhikkh³hi, “±vuso, t±disa½ dukkha½ anubhavanto katha½ tva½ vipassana½ anuyuñjitu½ asakkh²”ti puµµho, “pageva me, ±vuso, sa½s±re ±d²navo, saªkh±r±nañca sabh±vo sudiµµho, ev±ha½ t±disa½ dukkha½ anubhavantopi asakkhi½ vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± visesa½ adhigantun”ti dassento–
121. “natthi koci bhavo nicco, saªkh±r± v±pi sassat±;
uppajjanti ca te khandh±, cavanti apar±para½.
122. “Etam±d²nava½ ñatv±, bhavenamhi anatthiko;
nissaµo sabbak±mehi, patto me ±savakkhayo”ti.–

Ima½ g±th±dvaya½ abh±si.

Tattha natthi koci bhavo niccoti kammabhavo upapattibhavo k±mabhavo r³pabhavo ar³pabhavo saññ²bhavo asaññ²bhavo nevasaññ²n±saññ²bhavo ekavok±rabhavo catuvok±rabhavo pañcavok±rabhavoti eva½bhedo, tatth±pi h²no majjhimo ukkaµµho d²gh±yuko sukhabahulo vomissasukhadukkhoti eva½vibh±go yokoci nicco dhuvo thiro apalokiyadhammo natthi ta½ ta½ k±raºa½ paµicca samuppannatt±. Yasm± ca etadeva½, tasm± saªkh±r± v±pi sassat± natth²ti yojan±. Paccayehi saªkhatatt± “saªkh±r±”ti laddhan±me hi pañcakkhandhe up±d±ya bhavasamaññ±ya saªkh±r±va hutv± sambh³t± jar±maraºena ca vipariºamant²ti asassat± vipariº±madhamm±. Tath± hi te “saªkh±r±”ti vuccanti. Ten±ha uppajjanti ca te khandh±, cavanti apar±paranti. Te bhavapariy±yena saªkh±rapariy±yena ca vutt± pañcakkhandh± yath±paccaya½ apar±para½ uppajjanti, uppann± ca jar±ya parip²¼it± hutv± cavanti paribhijjant²ti attho. Etena “bhavo, saªkh±r±”ti ca laddhavoh±r± pañcakkhandh± udayabbayasabh±v±ti dasseti. Yasm± tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± saªkh±re sammasantassa tayopi bhav± ±ditta½ viya saªkhate ±d²nava½ dosa½ pageva vipassan±paññ±ya j±nitv± aniccalakkhaºehi diµµh± saªkh±r± dukkh±natt± vibh³tatar± upaµµhahanti, ten±ha bhagav±– “yadanicca½ ta½ dukkha½, ya½ dukkha½ tadanatt±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.15).
Yasm± tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± saªkh±re sammasantassa tayopi bhav± ±ditta½ viya ag±ra½ sappaµibhay± upaµµhahanti, tasm± ±ha “bhavenamhi anatthiko”ti. Eva½ pana sabbaso bhavehi vinivattiyam±nassa k±mesu apekkh±ya lesopi na sambhavatiyeva, ten±ha “nissaµo sabbak±meh²”ti, amh²ti yojan±. M±nusehi viya dibbehipi k±mehi nivattitacittosm²ti attho. Patto me ±savakkhayoti yasm± eva½ suparimajjitasaªkh±ro bhavesu suparidiµµh±d²navo k±mesu ca an±sattam±naso tasm± s³lamatthake nisinnen±pi me may± patto adhigato ±savakkhayo nibb±na½ arahattañc±ti. Aññehi ca sabrahmac±r²hi appattam±nasehi tadadhigam±ya uss±ho karaº²yoti bhikkh³na½ ov±damad±si.

Uttarattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.