5. Mah±n±mattherag±th±vaººan±

Es±vahiyyase pabbaten±ti ±yasmato mah±n±mattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto sumedhassa bhagavato k±le br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± br±hmaºavijj±su nipphatti½ gato ghar±v±sa½ pah±ya aññatar±ya nadiy± t²re assama½ k±retv± sambahule br±hmaºe mante v±cento viharati. Athekadivasa½ bhagav± ta½ anuggaºhitu½ tassa asamapada½ upagacchi. So bhagavanta½ disv± pasannacitto ±sana½ paññ±petv± ad±si Nisinne bhagavati sumadhura½ madhu½ upan±mesi. Ta½ bhagav± paribhuñjitv± heµµh± adhimuttattheravatthumhi vuttanayena an±gata½ by±karitv± pakk±mi. So tena puññakammena devaloke nibbattitv± apar±para½ sugat²suyeva parivattento imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± mah±n±moti laddhan±mo viññuta½ patto bhagavato santika½ upasaªkamitv± dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± nes±dake n±ma pabbate viharanto kilesapariyuµµh±na½ vikkhambhetu½ asakkonto “ki½ me imin± sa½kiliµµhacittassa j²viten±”ti attabh±va½ nibbindanto ucca½ pabbatasikhara½ abhiruhitv± “ito p±tetv± ta½ m±ress±m²”ti att±na½ para½ viya niddisanto–
115. “Es±vahiyyase pabbatena, bahukuµajasallakikena;
nes±dakena girin±, yasassin± paricchaden±”ti.– G±tha½ abh±si.
Tattha es±vahiyyaseti eso tva½ mah±n±ma avahiyyase parih±yasi. Pabbaten±ti niv±saµµh±nabh³tena imin± pabbatena. Bahukuµajasallakiken±ti bah³hi kuµajehi indas±larukkhehi sallak²hi indas±larukkhehi v± samann±gatena. Nes±daken±ti eva½n±makena. Girin±ti selena. Selo hi sandhisaªkh±tehi pabbehi µhitatt± “pabbato”ti, pasavan±divasena jalassa, s±rabh³t±na½ bhesajj±divatth³nañca giraºato “gir²”ti vuccati. Tadubhayatthasambhavato panettha “pabbaten±”ti vatv± “girin±”ti ca vutta½. Yasassin±ti sabbaguºehi vissutena pak±sena. Paricchaden±ti n±n±vidharukkhagacchalat±hi samantato channena, vasanaµµh±nat±ya v± tuyha½ paricchadabh³tena. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– mah±n±ma, yadi kammaµµh±na½ vissajjetv± vitakkabahulo hosi, eva½ tva½ imin± ch±y³dakasampannena sapp±yena niv±sanaµµh±nabh³tena nes±dakagirin± parih±yasi, id±niha½ ta½ ito p±tetv± m±ress±mi, tasm± na labbh± vitakkavasikena bhavitunti. Eva½ thero att±na½ santajjentoyeva vipassana½ ussukk±petv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.40.333-352)–
“Sindhuy± nadiy± t²re, sukato assamo mama;
tattha v±cemaha½ sisse, itih±sa½ salakkhaºa½.
“Dhammak±m± vin²t± te, sotuk±m± sus±sana½;
cha¼aªge p±ramippatt±, sindhuk³le vasanti te.
“Upp±tagamane ceva, lakkhaºesu ca kovid±;
uttamattha½ gavesant±, vasanti vipine tad±.
“Sumedho n±ma sambuddho, loke uppajji t±vade;
amh±ka½ anukampanto, up±gacchi vin±yako.
“Up±gata½ mah±v²ra½, sumedha½ lokan±yaka½;
tiºasanth±raka½ katv±, lokajeµµhassad±saha½.
“Vipin±to madhu½ gayha, buddhaseµµhassad±saha½;
sambuddho paribhuñjitv±, ida½ vacanamabravi.
“Yo ta½ ad±si madhu½ me, pasanno sehi p±ºibhi;
tamaha½ kittayiss±mi, suº±tha mama bh±sato.
“Imin± madhud±nena, tiºasanth±rakena ca;
ti½sa kappasahass±ni, devaloke ramissati.
“Ti½sakappasahassamhi, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, nibb±yissatin±savo.
“Devalok± idh±gantv±, m±tukucchi½ up±gate;
madhuvassa½ pavassittha, ch±daya½ madhun± mahi½.
“Mayi nikkhantamattamhi, kucchiy± ca suduttar±;
tatr±pi madhuvassa½ me, vassate niccak±lika½.
“Ag±r± abhinikkhamma, pabbaji½ anag±riya½;
l±bh² annassa p±nassa, madhud±nassida½ phala½.
“Sabbak±masamiddhoha½, bhavitv± devam±nuse;
teneva madhud±nena, pattomhi ±savakkhaya½.
“Vuµµhamhi deve caturaªgule tiºe, sampupphite dharaº²ruhe sañchanne;
suññe ghare maº¹aparukkham³lake, vas±mi nicca½ sukhito an±savo.
“Majjhe mahante h²ne ca, bhave sabbe atikkami½;
ajja me ±sav± kh²º±, natthi d±ni punabbhavo.
“Ti½sakappasahassamhi, ya½ d±namadadi½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, madhud±nassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
ayameva ca therassa aññ±by±karaºag±th± ahos²ti;

mah±n±mattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;