10. Usabhattherag±th±vaººan±

Nag± nagaggesu susa½vir³¼h±ti ±yasmato usabhattherassa g±th±. K± uppati? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissay±ni puññ±ni karonto ito ekati½se kappe sikhissa bhagavato k±le devaputto hutv± nibbatto ekadivasa½ satth±ra½ disv± pasannam±naso dibbapupphehi p³ja½ ak±si. S± pupphap³j± satt±ha½ pupphamaº¹ap±k±rena aµµh±si. Devamanuss±na½ mah±sam±gamo ahosi. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de kosalaraµµhe ibbhakule nibbatti, tassa usabhoti n±ma½ ahosi. So viññuta½ patto jetavanapaµiggahaºe satthari laddhappas±do pabbajitv± katapubbakicco araññe pabbatap±de viharati. Tena ca samayena p±vusak±lameghe abhippavuµµhe pabbatasikharesu rukkhagacchalat±ya ghanapaººasaº¹ino honti Athekadivasa½ thero leºato nikkhamitv± ta½ vanar±maºeyyaka½ pabbatar±maºeyyakañca disv± yonisomanasik±ravasena “imepi n±ma rukkh±dayo acetan± utusampattiy± va¹¹hi½ p±puºanti, atha kasm± n±ha½ utusapp±ya½ labhitv± guºehi va¹¹hi½ p±puºiss±m²”ti cintento–
110. “Nag± nagaggesu susa½vir³¼h±, udaggameghena navena sitt±;
vivekak±massa araññasaññino, janeti bhiyyo usabhassa kalyatan”ti.–

G±tha½ abh±si.

Tattha nag±ti rukkh±, “n±g±”ti keci vadanti, n±garukkh±ti attho. Nagagges³ti pabbatasikharesu. Susa½vir³¼h±ti suµµhu samantato vir³¼ham³l± hutv± parito upari ca sammadeva sañj±tas±khaggapallavappas±kh±ti attho. Udaggameghena navena sitt±ti paµhamuppannena u¼±rena mahat± p±vusameghena abhippavuµµh±. Vivekak±mass±ti kilesavivitta½ cittaviveka½ icchantassa, araññav±sena t±va k±yaviveko laddho, id±ni upadhivivek±dhigamassa nissayabh³to cittaviveko laddhabboti ta½ patthayam±nassa, j±gariya½ anuyuñjantass±ti attho, ten±ha “araññasaññino”ti. Araññav±so n±ma satth±r± vaººito thomito. So ca kho y±vadeva samathavipassan±bh±van±p±rip³riy±, tasm± s± may± hatthagat± k±tabb±ti eva½ araññagatasaññino nekkhammasaªkappabahulass±ti attho. Janet²ti upp±denti, puthutte hi ida½ ekavacana½. Keci pana “janent²”ti paµhanti. Bhiyyoti upar³pari. Usabhass±ti att±nameva para½ viya vadati. Kalyatanti kalyabh±va½ cittassa kammaññata½ bh±van±yogyata½. Sv±yamattho heµµh± vuttoyeva. Eva½ thero ima½ g±tha½ vadantoyeva vipassana½ ussukk±petv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.16.25-29)–
“Devaputto aha½ santo, p³jayi½ sikhin±yaka½;
mand±ravena pupphena, buddhassa abhiropayi½.
“Satt±ha½ chadana½ ±si, dibba½ m±la½ tath±gate;
sabbe jan± sam±gantv±, namassi½su tath±gata½.
“Ekati½se ito kappe, ya½ pupphamabhip³jayi½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Ito ca dasame kappe, r±j±hosi½ jutindharo;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
ayameva ca therassa aññ±by±karaºag±th± ahos²ti;

usabhattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;

ek±dasamavaggavaººan± niµµhit±;