16. Eva½ bhagav± anappakepi annap±n±dimhi vijjam±ne ñ±t²na½ pacc±s²sant±na½ pet±na½ kammaphalena ñ±tak±na½ anussaraºamattass±pi abh±va½ dassetv± id±ni pettivisayupapanne ñ±take uddissa raññ± dinnad±na½ pasa½santo “eva½ dadanti ñ±t²nan”ti tatiyag±tham±ha.
Tattha evanti upam±vacana½. Tassa dvidh± sambandho– tesa½ satt±na½ kammapaccay± asarantesupi kesuci keci dadanti ñ±t²na½, ye eva½ anukampak± hont²ti ca, mah±r±ja, yath± tay± dinna½, eva½ suci½ paº²ta½ k±lena kappiya½ p±nabhojana½ dadanti ñ±t²na½, ye honti anukampak±ti ca. Tattha dadant²ti denti uddisanti niyy±tenti. ѱt²nanti m±tito ca pitito ca sambandh±na½. Yeti ye keci putt±dayo. Hont²ti bhavanti. Anukampak±ti atthak±m± hitesino. Sucinti suddha½ manohara½ dhammikañca. Paº²tanti u¼±ra½. K±len±ti dakkhiºeyy±na½ paribhogayoggak±lena, ñ±tipet±na½ v± tirokuµµ±d²su ±gantv± µhitak±lena. Kappiyanti anucchavika½ patir³pa½ ariy±na½ paribhog±raha½. P±nabhojananti p±nañca bhojanañca, tadupadesena cettha sabba½ deyyadhamma½ vadati.
17. Id±ni yena pak±rena tesa½ pet±na½ dinna½ n±ma hoti, ta½ dassento “ida½ vo ñ±t²na½ hotu, sukhit± hontu ñ±tayo”ti catutthag±th±ya pubba¹¹ha½ ±ha. Ta½ tatiyag±th±ya pubba¹¹hena sambandhitabba½–
“Eva½ dadanti ñ±t²na½, ye honti anukampak±;
ida½ vo ñ±t²na½ hotu, sukhit± hontu ñ±tayo”ti.
Tena “ida½ vo ñ±t²na½ hot³ti eva½ pak±rena dadanti, no aññath±”ti ±k±ratthena eva½saddena d±tabb±k±ranidassana½ kata½ hoti.
Tattha idanti deyyadhammanidassana½. Voti nip±tamatta½ “yehi vo ariy±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.36) viya. ѱt²na½ hot³ti pettivisaye uppann±na½ ñ±tak±na½ hotu. “No ñ±t²nan”ti ca paµhanti, amh±ka½ ñ±t²nanti attho. Sukhit± hontu ñ±tayoti te pettivisay³papann± ñ±tayo ida½ phala½ paccanubhavant± sukhit± sukhappatt± hontu.
Yasm± “ida½ vo ñ±t²na½ hot³”ti vuttepi aññena katakamma½ na aññassa phalada½ hoti kevala½ pana tath± uddissa d²yam±na½ ta½ vatthu ñ±tipet±na½ kusalakammassa paccayo hoti, tasm± yath± tesa½ tasmi½ vatthusmi½ tasmi½yeva khaºe phalanibbattaka½ kusalakamma½ hoti, ta½ dassento “te ca tattho”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha teti ñ±tipet±. Tatth±ti yattha d±na½ d²yati, tattha. Sam±gantv±ti “ime no ñ±tayo amh±ka½ atth±ya d±na½ uddisant²”ti anumodanattha½ tattha sam±gat± hutv±. Pah³te annap±namh²ti attano uddissa d²yam±ne tasmi½ vatthusmi½. Sakkacca½ anumodareti kammaphala½ abhisaddahant± citt²k±ra½ avijahant± avikkhittacitt± hutv± “ida½ no d±na½ hit±ya sukh±ya hot³”ti modanti anumodanti p²tisomanassaj±t± honti.
18. Cira½ j²vant³ti cira½ j²vino d²gh±yuk± hontu. No ñ±t²ti amh±ka½ ñ±tak±. Yesa½ het³ti yesa½ k±raº± ye niss±ya. Labh±maseti ²disa½ sampatti½ paµilabh±ma. Idañhi uddisanena laddhasampatti½ anubhavant±na½ pet±na½ attano ñ±t²na½ thoman±k±radassana½. Pet±nañhi attano anumodanena, d±yak±na½ uddisanena, ukkhiºeyyasampattiy± c±ti t²hi aªgehi dakkhiº± taªkhaºaññeva phalanibbattik± hoti. Tattha d±yak± visesahetu. Ten±ha “yesa½ hetu labh±mase”ti. Amh±kañca kat± p³j±ti “ida½ vo ñ±t²na½ hot³”ti eva½ uddisantehi d±yakehi amh±kañca p³j± kat±, te d±yak± ca anipphal± yasmi½ sant±ne paricc±gamaya½ kamma½ nibbatta½ tassa tattheva phalad±nato.
Etth±ha– “ki½ pana pettivisay³papann± eva ñ±t² hetusampattiyo labhanti, ud±hu aññep²”ti? Na cettha amhehi vattabba½, atthi bhagavat± eva½ by±katatt±. Vuttañheta½–-
“Mayamassu, bho gotama, br±hmaº± n±ma d±n±ni dema, puññ±ni karoma ‘ida½ d±na½ pet±na½ ñ±tis±lohit±na½ upakappatu, ida½ d±na½ pet± ñ±tis±lohit± paribhuñjant³’ti. Kacci ta½, bho gotama, d±na½ pet±na½ ñ±tis±lohit±na½ upakappati kacci te pet± ñ±tis±lohit± ta½ d±na½ paribhuñjant²ti? Ýh±ne kho, br±hmaºa, upakappati, no aµµh±neti.
“Katama½ pana, bho gotama, µh±na½, katama½ aµµh±nanti? Idha, br±hmaºa, ekacco p±º±tip±t² hoti…pe… micch±diµµhiko hoti, so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± niraya½ upapajjati. Yo nerayik±na½ satt±na½ ±h±ro, tena so tattha y±peti, tena so tattha tiµµhati. Ida½ kho, br±hmaºa, aµµh±na½, yattha µhitassa ta½ d±na½ na upakappati.
“Idha pana, br±hmaºa, ekacco p±º±tip±t² hoti…pe… micch±diµµhiko hoti, so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± tiracch±nayoni½ upapajjati. Yo tiracch±nayonik±na½ satt±na½ ±h±ro, tena so tattha y±peti, tena so tattha tiµµhati. Idampi kho, br±hmaºa, aµµh±na½, yattha µhitassa ta½ d±na½ na upakappati.
“Idha pana, br±hmaºa, ekacco p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… samm±diµµhiko hoti, so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± manuss±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjati…pe… dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjati. Yo dev±na½ ±h±ro, tena so tattha y±peti, tena so tattha tiµµhati. Idampi kho, br±hmaºa, aµµh±na½, yattha µhitassa ta½ d±na½ na upakappati.
“Idha pana, br±hmaºa, ekacco p±º±tip±t² hoti…pe… micch±diµµhiko hoti, so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± pettivisaya½ upapajjati. Yo pettivisayik±na½ satt±na½ ±h±ro, tena so tattha y±peti, tena so tattha tiµµhati. Ya½ v± panassa ito anupavecchenti mitt±macc± v± ñ±tis±lohit± v±, tena so tattha y±peti, tena so tattha tiµµhati. Ida½ kho, br±hmaºa, µh±na½, yattha µhitassa ta½ d±na½ upakappat²”ti.
“Sace pana, bho gotama, so peto ñ±tis±lohito ta½ µh±na½ anupapanno hoti, ko ta½ d±na½ paribhuñjat²”ti “Aññepissa, br±hmaºa, pet± ñ±tis±lohit± ta½ µh±na½ upapann± honti, te ta½ d±na½ paribhuñjant²”ti.
“Sace pana, bho gotama, so ceva peto ñ±tis±lohito ta½ µh±na½ anupapanno hoti, aññepissa pet± ñ±tis±lohit± ta½ µh±na½ anupapann± honti, ko ta½ d±na½ paribhuñjat²”ti? “Aµµh±na½ kho eta½, br±hmaºa, anavak±so, ya½ ta½ µh±na½ vivitta½ assa imin± d²ghena addhun± yadida½ petehi ñ±tis±lohitehi, apica, br±hmaºa, d±yakopi anipphalo”ti (a. ni. 10.177).
19. Id±ni pettivisay³papann±na½ tattha aññassa kasigorakkh±dino sampattipaµil±bhak±raºassa abh±va½ ito dinnena y±panañca dassetu½ “na h²”ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha na hi tattha kasi atth²ti tasmi½ pettivisaye kasi na hi atthi, ya½ niss±ya pet± sukhena j²veyyu½. Gorakkhettha na vijjat²ti ettha pettivisaye na kevala½ kasiyeva natthi, atha kho gorakkh±pi na vijjati, ya½ niss±ya te sukhena j²veyyu½. Vaºijj± t±dis² natth²ti vaºijj±pi t±dis² natthi, y± tesa½ sampattipaµil±bhahetu bhaveyya. Hiraññena kay±kayanti hiraññena kayavikkayampi tattha t±disa½ natthi, ya½ tesa½ sampattipaµil±bhahetu bhaveyya. Ite dinnena y±penti, pet± k±lagat± tahinti kevala½ pana ito ñ±t²hi v± mitt±maccehi v± dinnena y±penti, attabh±va½ pavattenti. Pet±ti pettivisay³papann± satt±. K±lagat±ti attano maraºak±lena gat±. “K±lakat±”ti v± p±µho, katak±l± katamaraº± maraºa½ sampatt±. Tahinti tasmi½ pettivisaye.
20-21. Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ upam±hi pak±setu½ “unname udaka½ vuµµhan”ti g±th±dvayam±ha. Tassattho– yath± unname thale unnatappadese meghehi abhivuµµha½ udaka½ yath± ninna½ pavattati, yo bh³mibh±go ninno oºato, ta½ upagacchati; evameva ito dinna½ d±na½ pet±na½ upakappati phaluppattiy± viniyujjati. Ninnamiva hi udakappavattiy± µh±na½ petaloko d±n³pakappan±ya. Yath±ha– “ida½ kho, br±hmaºa, µh±na½, yattha µhitassa ta½ d±na½ upakappat²”ti (a. ni. 10.177). Yath± ca kandarapadaras±khapas±khakusobbhamah±sobbhe hi ogalitena udakena v±rivah± mah±najjo p³r± hutv± s±gara½ parip³renti, eva½ ito dinnad±na½ pubbe vuttanayena pet±na½ upakappat²ti.
22. Yasm± pet± “ito kiñci labh±m±”ti ±s±bhibh³t± ñ±tighara½ ±gantv±pi “ida½ n±ma no deth±”ti y±citu½ na sakkonti, tasm± tesa½ im±ni anussaraºavatth³ni anussaranto kulaputto dakkhiºa½ dajj±ti dassento “ad±si me”ti g±tham±ha.
Tassattho ida½ n±ma me dhana½ v± dhañña½ v± ad±si, ida½ n±ma me kicca½ attan±yeva yoga½ ±pajjanto ak±si, “asuko me m±tito v± pitito v± sambandhatt± ñ±ti, sinehavasena t±ºasamatthat±ya mitto, asuko me sahapa½suk²¼akasah±yo sakh±”ti ca eta½ sabbamanussaranto pet±na½ dakkhiºa½ dajj± d±na½ niyy±teyya. “Dakkhiº± dajj±”ti v± p±µho, pet±na½ dakkhiº± d±tabb±, tena “ad±si me”ti-±din± nayena pubbe katamanussara½ anussarat±ti vutta½ hoti. Karaºatthe hi ida½ paccattavacana½.
23-24. Ye pana satt± ñ±timaraºena ruººasok±dipar± eva hutv± tiµµhanti, na tesa½ atth±ya kiñci denti, tesa½ ta½ ruººasok±di kevala½ attaparit±panamattameva hoti, ta½ na pet±na½ kañci attha½ s±dhet²ti dassento “na hi ruººa½ v±”ti g±tha½ vatv± puna magadhar±jena dinnadakkhiº±ya s±tthakabh±va½ dassetu½ “ayañca kho”ti g±tham±ha. Tesa½ attho heµµh± vuttoyeva.
25. Id±ni yasm± ima½ dakkhiºa½ dentena raññ± ñ±t²na½ ñ±t²hi kattabbakiccakaraºena ñ±tidhammo nidassito, bahujanassa p±kaµo kato, nidassana½ p±kaµa½ kata½ “tumhehipi evameva ñ±t²su ñ±tidhammo parip³retabbo”ti. Te ca pete dibbasampatti½ adhigamentena pet±na½ p³j± kat± u¼±r± buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ annap±n±d²hi santappentena bhikkh³na½ bala½ anuppadinna½, anukamp±diguºapariv±rañca c±gacetana½ nibbattentena anappaka½ puñña½ pasuta½, tasm± bhagav± imehi yath±bhuccaguºehi r±j±na½ sampaha½sento “so ñ±tidhammo”ti os±nag±tham±ha.
Tattha ñ±tidhammoti ñ±t²hi ñ±t²na½ kattabbakaraºa½. U¼±r±ti ph²t± samiddh±. Balanti k±yabala½. Pasutanti upacita½. Ettha ca “so ñ±tidhammo ca aya½ nidassito”ti etena bhagav± r±j±na½ dhammiy± kath±ya sandassesi. ѱtidhammadassanañhettha sandassana½. “Pet±na p³j± ca kat± u¼±r±”ti imin± sam±dapesi. “U¼±r±”ti pasa½sanañhettha punappuna½ p³j±karaºe sam±dapana½. “Balañca bhikkh³namanuppadinnan”ti imin± samuttejesi. Bhikkh³na½ bal±nuppad±nañhettha eva½vidh±na½ bal±nuppad±ne uss±hava¹¹hanena samuttejana½. “Tumhehi puñña½ pasuta½ anappakan”ti imin± sampaha½sesi. Puññapasavanakittanañhettha tassa yath±bhuccaguºasa½vaººanabh±vena sampaha½sananti evamettha yojan± veditabb±.
Desan±pariyos±ne ca pettivisay³papatti-±d²navasa½vaººanena sa½viggahaday±na½ yoniso padahata½ catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahass±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahosi. Dutiyadivasepi devamanuss±na½ idameva tirokuµµadesana½ desesi. Eva½ y±va satta divas± t±disova dhamm±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

Tirokuµµapetavatthuvaººan± niµµhit±.