4. Mah±vaggo

1. Ambasakkarapetavatthuvaººan±

Ves±l² n±ma nagaratthi vajj²nanti ida½ ambasakkarapetavatthu. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagavati jetavane viharante ambasakkaro n±ma licchavir±j± micch±diµµhiko natthikav±do ves±liya½ rajja½ k±resi. Tena ca samayena ves±linagare aññatarassa v±ºijassa ±paºasam²pe cikkhalla½ hoti, tattha bah³ jan± uppatitv± atikkamant± kilamanti, keci kaddamena limpanti. Ta½ disv± so v±ºijo “m± ime manuss± kalala½ akkami½s³”ti apagataduggandha½ saªkhavaººapaµibh±ga½ gos²saµµhi½ ±har±petv± nikkhip±pesi. Pakatiy± ca s²lav± ahosi akkodhano saºhav±co, paresañca yath±bh³ta½ guºa½ kitteti.
So ekasmi½ divase attano sah±yassa nh±yantassa pam±dena anolokentassa niv±sanavattha½ k²¼±dhipp±yena apanidh±ya ta½ dukkh±petv± ad±si. Bh±gineyyo panassa corik±ya paragehato bhaº¹a½ ±haritv± tasseva ±paºe nikkhipi. Bhaº¹as±mik± v²ma½sant± bhaº¹ena saddhi½ tassa bh±gineyya½ tañca rañño dassesu½. R±j± “imassa s²sa½ chindatha, bh±gineyya½ panassa s³le ±ropeth±”ti ±º±pesi. R±japuris± tath± aka½su. So k±la½ katv± bhummadevesu uppajji. So gos²sena setuno katatt± setavaººa½ dibba½ manojava½ ass±j±n²ya½ paµilabhi, guºavant±na½ vaººakathanena tassa gattato dibbagandho v±yati, s±µakassa pana apanihitatt± naggo ahosi. So attan± pubbe katakamma½ olokento tadanus±rena attano bh±gineyya½ s³le ±ropita½ disv± karuº±ya codiyam±no manojava½ assa½ abhiruhitv± a¹¹harattisamaye tassa s³l± ropitaµµh±na½ gantv± avid³re µhito “j²va, bho, j²vitameva seyyo”ti divase divase vadati.
Tena ca samayena ambasakkaro r±j± hatthikkhandhavaragato nagara½ padakkhiºa½ karonto aññatarasmi½ gehe v±tap±na½ vivaritv± r±javibh³ti½ passanti½ eka½ itthi½ disv± paµibaddhacitto hutv± pacch±sane nisinnassa purisassa “ima½ ghara½ imañca itthi½ upadh±reh²”ti sañña½ datv± anukkamena attano r±jageha½ paviµµho ta½ purisa½ pesesi– “gaccha, bhaºe, tass± itthiy± sas±mikabh±va½ v± as±mikabh±va½ v± j±n±h²”ti. So gantv± tass± sas±mikabh±va½ ñatv± rañño ±rocesi. R±j± tass± itthiy± pariggahaº³p±ya½ cintento tass± s±mika½ pakkos±petv± “ehi, bhaºe, ma½ upaµµh±h²”ti ±ha. So anicchantopi “r±j± attano vacana½ akaronte mayi r±jadaº¹a½ kareyy±”ti bhayena r±jupaµµh±na½ sampaµicchitv± divase divase r±jupaµµh±na½ gacchati. R±j±pi tassa bhattavetana½ d±petv± katipayadivas±tikkamena p±tova upaµµh±na½ ±gata½ evam±ha– “gaccha, bhaºe, amumhi µh±ne ek± pokkharaº² atthi, tato aruºavaººamattika½ rattuppal±ni ca ±nehi, sace ajjeva n±gaccheyy±si, j²vita½ te natth²”ti. Tasmiñca gate dv±rap±la½ ±ha– “ajja anatthaªgate eva s³riye sabbadv±r±ni thaketabb±n²”ti.
S± ca pokkharaº² ves±liy± tiyojanamatthake hoti, tath±pi so puriso maraºabhayatajjito v±tavegena pubbaºheyeva ta½ pokkharaºi½ samp±puºi. “S± ca pokkharaº² amanussapariggahit±”ti pageva sutatt± bhayena so “atthi nu kho ettha koci parissayo”ti samantato anupariy±yati. Ta½ disv± pokkharaºip±lako amanusso karuº±yam±nar³po manussar³pena upasaªkamitv± “kimattha½, bho purisa, idh±gatos²”ti ±ha. So tassa ta½ pavatti½ kathesi. So “yadi eva½ y±vadattha½ gaºh±h²”ti attano dibbar³pa½ dassetv± antaradh±yi.
So tattha aruºavaººamattika½ rattuppal±ni ca gahetv± anatthaªgateyeva s³riye nagaradv±ra½ samp±puºi. Ta½ disv± dv±rap±lo tassa viravantasseva dv±ra½ thakesi. So thakite dv±re pavesana½ alabhanto dv±rasam²pe s³le ±ropita½ purisa½ disv± “ete mayi anatthaªgate eva s³riye ±gate viravante eva½ dv±ra½ thakesu½. ‘Aha½ k±leyeva ±gato, mama d±so natth²’ti tay±pi ñ±ta½ hot³”ti sakkhimak±si. Ta½ sutv± so ±ha “aha½ s³le ±vuto vajjho maraº±bhimukho, katha½ tava sakkhi homi. Eko panettha peto mahiddhiko mama sam²pa½ ±gamissati, ta½ sakkhi½ karoh²”ti. “Katha½ pana so may± daµµhabbo”ti? Idheva tva½ tiµµha, “sayameva dakkhissas²”ti. So tattha µhito majjhimay±me ta½ peta½ ±gata½ disv± sakkhi½ ak±si. Vibh±t±ya ca rattiy± raññ± “mama ±º± tay± atikkant±, tasm± r±jadaº¹a½ te kariss±m²”ti vutte, deva, may± tava ±º± n±tikkant±, anatthaªgate eva s³riye aha½ idh±gatoti. Tattha ko te sakkh²ti? So tassa s³l±vutassa purisassa santike ±gacchanta½ naggapeta½ “sakkh²”ti niddisitv± “kathameta½ amhehi saddh±tabban”ti raññ± vutte “ajja rattiya½ tumhehi saddh±tabba½ purisa½ may± saddhi½ peseth±”ti ±ha. Ta½ sutv± r±j± sayameva tena saddhi½ tattha gantv± µhito petena ca tatth±gantv± “j²va, bho, j²vitameva seyyo”ti vutte ta½ “seyy± nisajj± nayimassa atth²”ti-±din± pañcahi g±th±hi paµipucchi. Id±ni ±dito pana “ves±li n±ma nagaratthi vajj²nan”ti g±th± t±sa½ sambandhadassanattha½ saªg²tik±rehi µhapit±–
517. “Ves±l² n±ma nagaratthi vajj²na½, tattha ahu licchavi ambasakkaro;
disv±na peta½ nagarassa b±hira½, tattheva pucchittha ta½ k±raºatthiko.
518. “Seyy± nisajj± nayimassa atthi, abhikkamo natthi paµikkamo ca;
asitap²takh±yitavatthabhog±, paric±raº± s±pi imassa natthi.
519. “Ye ñ±tak± diµµhasut± suhajj±, anukampak± yassa ahesu½ pubbe;
daµµhumpi te d±ni na ta½ labhanti, vir±jitato hi janena tena.
520. “Na oggatattassa bhavanti mitt±, jahanti mitt± vikala½ viditv±;
atthañca disv± pariv±rayanti, bah³ mitt± uggatattassa honti.
521. “Nih²natto sabbabhogehi kiccho, sammakkhito samparibhinnagatto;
uss±vabind³va palimpam±n±, ajja suve j²vitass³parodho.
522. “Et±disa½ uttamakicchappatta½,
utt±sita½ pucimandassa s³le;
atha tva½ kena vaººena vadesi yakkha,
‘j²va bho j²vitameva seyyo”’ti.
517. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ ves±liya½. Nagarassa b±hiranti nagarassa bahi bhava½, ves±linagarassa bahi eva j±ta½ pavatta½ sambandha½. Tatthev±ti yattha ta½ passi, tattheva µh±ne. Tanti ta½ peta½. K±raºatthikoti “j²va, bho, j²vitameva seyyo”ti vutta-atthassa k±raºena atthiko hutv±.
518. Seyy± nisajj± nayimassa atth²ti piµµhipas±raºalakkhaº± seyy±, pallaªk±bhujanalakkhaº± nisajj± ca imassa s³le ±ropitapuggalassa natthi. Abhikkamo natthi paµikkamo c±ti abhikkam±dilakkhaºa½ appamattakampi gamana½ imassa natthi. Paric±rik± s±p²ti y± asitap²takh±yitavatthaparibhog±dilakkhaº± indriy±na½ paric±raº±, s±pi imassa natthi. “Pariharaº± s±p²”ti v± p±µho, asit±diparibhogavasena indriy±na½ pariharaº±, s±pi imassa natthi vigataj²vitatt±ti attho. “Paric±raº± s±p²”ti keci paµhanti.
519. Diµµhasut± suhajj±, anukampak± yassa ahesu½ pubbeti sandiµµhasah±y± ceva adiµµhasah±y± ca yassa mitt± anudday±vanto ye assa imassa pubbe ahesu½. Daµµhump²ti passitumpi na labhanti, kuto saha vasitunti attho. Vir±jitattoti pariccattasabh±vo. Janena ten±ti tena ñ±ti-±dijanena.
520. Na oggatattassa bhavanti mitt±ti apagataviññ±ºassa matassa mitt± n±ma na honti tassa mittehi k±tabbakiccassa atikkantatt±. Jahanti mitt± vikala½ viditv±ti mato t±va tiµµhatu, j²vantampi bhogavikala½ purisa½ viditv± “na ito kiñci gayh³pagan”ti mitt± pajahanti. Atthañca disv± pariv±rayant²ti tassa pana santaka½ attha½ dhana½ disv± piyav±dino mukhullokik± hutv± ta½ pariv±renti. Bah³ mitt± uggatattassa hont²ti vibhavasampattiy± uggatasabh±vassa samiddhassa bah³ anek± mitt± honti, aya½ lokiyasabh±voti attho.
521. Nih²natto sabbabhogeh²ti sabbehi upabhogaparibhogavatth³hi parih²natto. Kicchoti dukkhito. Sammakkhitoti ruhirehi sammakkhitasar²ro. Samparibhinnagattoti s³lena abbhantare vid±litagatto. Uss±vabind³va palimpam±noti tiºagge limpam±na-uss±vabindusadiso. Ajja suveti ajja v± suve v± imassa n±ma purisassa j²vitassa uparodho nirodho, tato uddha½ nappavattat²ti attho.
522. Utt±sitanti ±vuta½ ±ropita½. Pucimandassa s³leti nimbarukkhassa daº¹ena katas³le Kena vaººen±ti kena k±raºena. J²va, bho, j²vitameva seyyoti, bho purisa, j²va. Kasm±? S³la½ ±ropitass±pi hi te idha j²vitameva ito cutassa j²vitato satabh±gena sahassabh±gena seyyo sundarataroti.
Eva½ tena raññ± pucchito so peto attano adhipp±ya½ pak±sento–
523. “S±lohito esa ahosi mayha½, aha½ sar±mi purim±ya j±tiy±;
disv± ca me k±ruññamahosi r±ja, m± p±padhammo niraya½ pat±ya½.
524. “Ito cuto licchavi esa poso, satthussada½ niraya½ ghorar³pa½;
upapajjati dukkaµakammak±r², mah±bhit±pa½ kaµuka½ bhay±naka½.
525. “Anekabh±gena guºena seyyo, ayameva s³lo nirayena tena;
ekantadukkha½ kaµuka½ bhay±naka½, ekantatibba½ niraya½ pat±ya½.
526. “Idañca sutv± vacana½ mameso, dukkh³pan²to vijaheyya p±ºa½;
tasm± aha½ santike na bhaº±mi, m± mekato j²vitass³parodho”ti.–

Catasso g±th± abh±si.

523. Tattha s±lohito sam±nalohito yonisambandhena sambandho, ñ±takoti attho. Purim±ya j±tiy±ti purimattabh±ve. M± p±padhammo niraya½ pat±yanti aya½ p±padhammo puriso niraya½ m± pati, m± niraya½ upapajj²ti ima½ disv± me k±ruñña½ ahos²ti yojan±.
524. Sattussadanti p±pak±r²hi sattehi ussanna½, atha v± pañcavidhabandhana½, mukhe tattalohasecana½, aªg±rapabbat±ropana½, lohakumbhipakkhepana½, asipattavanappavesana½, vettaraºiya½ samotaraºa½, mah±niraye pakkhepoti. Imehi sattahi pañcavidhabandhan±d²hi d±ruºak±raºehi ussanna½, upar³pari nicitanti attho. Mah±bhit±panti mah±dukkha½, mah±-aggisant±pa½ v±. Kaµukanti aniµµha½. Bhay±nakanti bhayajanaka½.
525. Anekabh±gena guºen±ti anekakoµµh±sena ±nisa½sena. Ayameva s³lo nirayena ten±ti tato imassa uppattiµµh±nabh³tato nirayato ayameva s³lo seyyoti. Nissakke hi ida½ karaºavacana½. Ekanta tibbanti ekanteneva tikhiºadukkha½, niyatamah±dukkhanti attho.
526. Idañca sutv± vacana½ mamesoti “ito cuto”ti-±din± vutta½ mama vacana½ sutv± eso puriso dukkh³pan²to mama vacanena nirayadukkha½ upan²to viya hutv±. Vijaheyya p±ºanti attano j²vita½ pariccajeyya. Tasm±ti tena k±raºena. M± mekatoti “may± ekato imassa purisassa j²vitassa uparodho m± hot³”ti imassa santike ida½ vacana½ aha½ na bhaº±mi, atha kho “j²va, bho, j²vitameva seyyo”ti idameva bhaº±m²ti adhipp±yo.