2. S±ºav±sittherapetavatthuvaººan±

Kuº¹in±gariyo theroti ida½ satthari ve¼uvane viharante ±yasmato s±ºav±sittherassa ñ±tipete ±rabbha vutta½. At²te kira b±r±ºasiya½ kitavassa n±ma rañño putto uyy±nak²¼a½ k²¼itv± nivattanto sunetta½ n±ma paccekabuddha½ piº¹±ya caritv± nagarato nikkhamanta½ disv± issariyamadamatto hutv± “kathañhi n±ma mayha½ añjali½ akatv± aya½ muº¹ako gacchat²”ti paduµµhacitto hatthikkhandhato otaritv± “kacci te piº¹ap±to laddho”ti ±lapanto hatthato patta½ gahetv± pathaviya½ p±tetv± bhindi. Atha na½ sabbattha t±dibh±vappattiy± nibbik±ra½ karuº±vipph±rasomanassanip±tapasannacittameva olokenta½ aµµh±n±gh±tena d³sitacitto “ki½ ma½ kitavassa rañño putta½ na j±n±si, tva½ olokayanto mayha½ ki½ karissas²”ti vatv± avahasanto pakk±mi. Pakkantamattasseva cassa narakaggid±hapaµibh±go balavasar²rad±ho uppajji. So tena mah±sant±pen±bhibh³tak±yo atib±¼ha½ dukkhavedan±bhitunno k±la½ katv± av²c²mah±niraye nibbatti.
So tattha dakkhiºapassena v±mapassena utt±no avakujjoti bah³hi pak±rehi parivattitv± catur±s²ti vassasahass±ni paccitv± tato cuto petesu apirimitak±la½ khuppip±s±didukkha½ anubhavitv± tato cuto imasmi½ buddhupp±de kuº¹inagarassa sam²pe kevaµµag±me nibbatti. Tassa j±tissarañ±ºa½ uppajji, tena so pubbe attan± anubh³tapubba½ dukkha½ anussaranto vayappattopi p±pabhayena ñ±takehipi saddhi½ macchabandhanattha½ na gacchati. Tesu gacchantesu macche gh±tetu½ anicchanto nil²yati, gato ca j±la½ bhindati, j²vante v± macche gahetv± udake vissajjeti, tassa ta½ kiriya½ arocant± ñ±tak± gehato ta½ n²hari½su. Eko panassa bh±t± sinehabaddhahadayo ahosi.
Tena ca samayena ±yasm± ±nando kuº¹inagara½ upaniss±ya s±ºapabbate viharati. Atha so kevaµµaputto ñ±takehi pariccatto hutv± ito cito ca paribbhamanto ta½ padesa½ patto bhojanavel±ya therassa santika½ upasaªkami. Thero ta½ pucchitv± bhojanena atthikabh±va½ ñatv± tassa bhatta½ datv± katabhattakicco sabba½ ta½ pavatti½ ñatv± dhammakath±ya pasannam±nasa½ ñatv± “pabbajissasi, ±vuso”ti? “¾ma, bhante, pabbajiss±m²”ti. Thero ta½ pabb±jetv± tena saddhi½ bhagavato santika½ agam±si. Atha na½ satth± ±ha– “±nanda, ima½ s±maºera½ anukampeyy±s²”ti. So ca akatakusalatt± appal±bho ahosi. Atha na½ satth± anuggaºhanto bhikkh³na½ paribhogatth±ya p±n²yaghaµ±na½ parip³raºe niyojesi. Ta½ disv± up±sak± tassa bah³ni niccabhatt±ni paµµhapesu½.
So aparena samayena laddh³pasampado arahatta½ patv± thero hutv± dv±dasahi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ s±ºapabbate vasi. Tassa pana ñ±tak± pañcasatamatt± anupacitakusalakamm± upacitamaccher±dip±padhamm± k±la½ katv± petesu nibbatti½su. Tassa pana m±t±pitaro “esa amhehi pubbe gehato nikka¹¹hito”ti s±rajjam±n± ta½ anupasaªkamitv± tasmi½ baddhasineha½ bh±tika½ pesesu½. So therassa g±ma½ piº¹±ya paviµµhasamaye dakkhiºaj±ºumaº¹ala½ pathaviya½ patiµµh±petv± katañjal² att±na½ dassetv± “m±t± pit± ca te, bhante”ti-±dig±th± avoca. Kuº¹in±gariyo theroti-±dayo pana ±dito pañca g±th± t±sa½ sambandhadassanattha½ dhammasaªg±hakehi µhapit±.
408. “Kuº¹in±gariyo thero, s±ºav±siniv±siko;
poµµhap±doti n±mena, samaºo bh±vitindriyo.
409. “Tassa m±t± pit± bh±t±, duggat± yamalokik±;
p±pakamma½ karitv±na, petaloka½ ito gat±.
410. “Te duggat± s³cikaµµ±, kilant± naggino kis±;
uttasant± mahatt±s±, na dassenti kur³rino.
411. “Tassa bh±t± vitaritv±, naggo ekapathekako;
catukuº¹iko bhavitv±na, therassa dassay²tuma½.
412. “Thero c±manasikatv±, tuºh²bh³to atikkami;
so ca viññ±pay² thera½, ‘bh±t± petagato aha½’.
413. “M±t± pit± ca te bhante, duggat± yamalokik±;
p±pakamma½ karitv±na, petaloka½ ito gat±.
414. “Tena duggat± s³cikaµµ±, kilant± naggino kis±;
uttasant± mahatt±s±, na dassenti kur³rino.
415. “Anukampassu k±ruºiko, datv± anv±dis±hi no;
tava dinnena d±nena, y±pessanti kur³rino”ti.
408-9. Tattha kuº¹in±gariyo theroti eva½n±make nagare j±tasa½va¹¹hatthero, “kuº¹ikanagaro thero”tipi p±µho, so evattho. S±ºav±siniv±sikoti s±ºapabbatav±s². Poµµhap±doti n±men±ti n±mena poµµhap±do n±ma. Samaºoti samitap±po. Bh±vitindriyoti ariyamaggabh±van±ya bh±vitasaddh±di-indriyo, arah±ti attho. Tass±ti tassa s±ºav±sittherassa. Duggat±ti duggatigat±.
410. S³cikaµµ±ti p³tin± l³khagatt± aµµak±, s³cik±ti laddhan±m±ya khuppip±s±ya aµµ± p²¼it±. “S³cikaºµh±”ti keci paµhanti, s³cichiddasadisamukhadv±r±ti attho. Kilant±ti kilantak±yacitt±. Nagginoti naggar³p± nicco¼±. Kis±ti aµµhittacamattasar²rat±ya kisadeh±. Uttasant±ti “aya½ samaºo amh±ka½ putto”ti ottappena utr±sa½ ±pajjant± Mahatt±s±ti attan± pubbe katakamma½ paµicca sañj±tamah±bhay±. Na dassent²ti att±na½ na dassenti, sammukh²bh±va½ na gacchanti. Kur³rinoti d±ruºakammant±.
411. Tassa bh±t±ti s±ºav±sittherassa bh±t±. Vitaritv±ti vitiººo hutv±, ottappasant±sabhay±ti attho. Vituritv±ti v± p±µho, turito hutv±, taram±nar³po hutv±ti vutta½ hoti. Ekapatheti ekapadikamagge. Ekakoti ekiko adutiyo. Catukuº¹iko bhavitv±n±ti cat³hi aªgehi kuº¹eti attabh±va½ pavattet²ti catukuº¹iko, dv²hi j±º³hi dv²hi hatthehi gacchanto tiµµhanto ca, eva½bh³to hutv±ti attho. So hi eva½ purato kop²napaµicch±dan± hot²ti tath± ak±si. Therassa dassay²tumanti therassa att±na½ uddisayi dassesi.
412. Amanasikatv±ti “aya½ n±ma eso”ti eva½ manasi akaritv± an±vajjetv±. So c±ti so peto. Bh±t± petagato ahanti “aha½ at²tattabh±ve bh±t±, id±ni petabh³to idh±gato”ti vatv± viññ±payi theranti yojan±.
413-5. Yath± pana viññ±payi, ta½ dassetu½ “m±t± pit± c±”ti-±din± tisso g±th± vutt±. Tattha m±t± pit± ca teti tava m±t± ca pit± ca. Anukampass³ti anuggaºha anudaya½ karohi. Anv±dis±h²ti ±disa. Noti amh±ka½. Tava dinnen±ti tay± dinnena.
Ta½ sutv± thero yath± paµipajji, ta½ dassetu½–
416. “Thero caritv± piº¹±ya, bhikkh³ aññe ca dv±dasa;
ekajjha½ sannipati½su, bhattavissaggak±raº±.
417. “Thero sabbeva te ±ha, yath±laddha½ dad±tha me;
saªghabhatta½ kariss±mi, anukamp±ya ñ±tina½.
418. “Niyy±dayi½su therassa, thero saªgha½ nimantayi;
datv± anv±disi thero, m±tu pitu ca bh±tuno;
‘ida½ me ñ±t²na½ hotu, sukhit± hontu ñ±tayo’.
419. “Samanantar±nuddiµµhe, bhojana½ udapajjatha;
suci½ paº²ta½ sampanna½, anekarasabyañjana½.
420. “Tato uddassay² bh±t±, vaººav± balav± sukh²;
pah³ta½ bhojana½ bhante, passa nagg±mhase maya½;
tath± bhante parakkama, yath± vattha½ labh±mase.
421. “Thero saªk±rak³µamh±, uccinitv±na nantake;
pilotika½ paµa½ katv±, saªghe c±tuddise ad±.
422. “Datv± anv±dis² thero, m±tu pitu ca bh±tuno;
‘ida½ me ñ±t²na½ hotu, sukhit± hontu ñ±tayo’.
423. “Samanantar±nuddiµµhe, vatth±ni udapajjisu½;
tato suvatthavasano, therassa dassay²tuma½.
424. “Y±vat± nandar±jassa, vijitasmi½ paµicchad±;
tato bahutar± bhante, vatth±nacch±dan±ni no.
425. “Koseyyakambal²y±ni, khomakapp±sik±ni ca;
vipul± ca mahaggh± ca, tep±k±sevalambare.
426. “Te maya½ paridah±ma, ya½ yañhi manaso piya½;
tath± bhante parakkama, yath± geha½ labh±mase.
427. “Thero paººakuµi½ katv±, saªghe c±tuddise ad±;
datv± ca anv±dis² thero, m±tu pitu ca bh±tuno;
‘ida½ me ñ±t²na½ hotu, sukhit± hontu ñ±tayo’.
428. “Samanantar±nuddiµµhe, ghar±ni udapajjisu½;
k³µ±g±ranivesan±, vibhatt± bh±gaso mit±.
429. “Na manussesu ²dis±, y±dis± no ghar± idha;
api dibbesu y±dis±, t±dis± no ghar± idha.
430. “Daddallam±n± ±bhenti, samant± caturo dis±;
tath± bhante parakkama, yath± p±n²ya½ labh±mase.
431. “Thero karaºa½ p³retv±, saªghe c±tuddise ad±;
datv± anv±dis² thero, m±tu pitu ca bh±tuno;
‘ida½ me ñ±t²na½ hotu, sukhit± hontu ñ±tayo’.
432. “Samanantar±nuddiµµhe, p±n²ya½ udapajjatha;
gambh²r± caturass± ca, pokkharañño sunimmit±.
433. “S²todik± suppatitth±, s²t± appaµigandhiy±;
padumuppalasañchann±, v±rikiñjakkhap³rit±.
434. “Tattha nhatv± pivitv± ca, therassa paµidassayu½;
pah³ta½ p±n²ya½ bhante, p±d± dukkh± phalanti no.
435. “¾hiº¹am±n± khañj±ma, sakkhare kusakaºµake;
tath± bhante parakkama, yath± y±na½ labh±mase.
436. “Thero sip±µika½ laddh±, saªghe c±tuddise ad±;
datv± anv±dis² thero, m±tu pitu ca bh±tuno;
‘ida½ me ñ±t²na½ hotu, sukhit± hontu ñ±tayo’.
437. “Samanantar±nuddiµµhe pet± rathena m±gamu½;
anukampitamha bhadante, bhattenacch±danena ca.
438. “Gharena p±n²yad±nena, y±nad±nena c³bhaya½;
muni½ k±ruºika½ loke, bhante vanditum±gat±”ti.– G±th±yo ±ha½su.
416-7. Tattha thero caritv± piº¹±y±ti thero piº¹±p±tac±rik±ya caritv±. Bhikkh³ aññe ca dv±das±ti therena saha vasant± aññe ca dv±dasa bhikkh³ ekajjha½ ekato sannipati½su. Kasm±ti ce? Bhattavissaggak±raº±ti bhattakiccak±raº± bhuñjananimitta½. Teti te bhikkh³. Yath±laddhanti ya½ ya½ laddha½. Dad±th±ti detha.
418. Niyy±dayi½s³ti ada½su. Saªgha½ nimantay²ti te eva dv±dasa bhikkh³ saªghuddesavasena ta½ bhatta½ d±tu½ nimantesi. Anv±dis²ti ±disi. Tattha yesa½ anv±disi, te dassetu½ “m±tu pitu ca bh±tuno, ida½ me ñ±t²na½ hotu, sukhit± hontu ñ±tayo”ti vutta½.
419. Samanantar±nuddiµµheti uddiµµhasamanantarameva. Bhojana½ udapajjath±ti tesa½ pet±na½ bhojana½ uppajji. K²disanti ±ha “sucin”ti-±di. Tattha anekarasabyañjananti n±n±rasehi byañjanehi yutta½, atha v± anekarasa½ anekabyañjanañca. Tatoti bhojanal±bhato pacch±.
420. Uddassay² bh±t±ti bh±tikabh³to peto therassa att±na½ dassesi. Vaººav± balav± sukh²ti tena bhojanal±bhena t±vadeva r³pasampanno balasampanno sukhitova hutv±. Pah³ta½ bhojana½, bhanteti, bhante, tava d±n±nubh±vena pah³ta½ anappaka½ bhojana½ amhehi laddha½. Passa nagg±mhaseti olokehi, naggik± pana amha, tasm± tath±, bhante, parakkama payoga½ karohi. Yath± vattha½ labh±maseti yena pak±rena y±disena payogena sabbeva maya½ vatth±ni labheyy±ma, tath± v±yamath±ti attho.
421. Saªk±rak³µamh±ti tattha tattha saªk±raµµh±nato. Uccinitv±n±ti gavesanavasena gahetv±. Nantaketi chinnapariyante cha¹¹itadussakhaº¹e Te pana yasm± khaº¹abh³t± pilotik± n±ma honti, t±hi ca thero c²vara½ katv± saªghassa ad±si, tasm± ±ha “pilotika½ paµa½ katv±, saªghe c±tuddise ad±”ti. Tattha saªghe c±tuddise ad±ti cat³hipi dis±hi ±gatabhikkhusaªghassa ad±si. Sampad±natthe hi ida½ bhummavacana½.
423-4. Suvatthavasanoti sundaravatthavasano. Therassa dassay²tumanti therassa att±na½ dassayi dassesi, p±kaµo ahosi. Paµicch±dayati etth±ti paµicchad±.
428-9. K³µ±g±ranivesan±ti k³µ±g±rabh³t± tadaññanivesanasaªkh±t± ca ghar±. Liªgavipall±savasena heta½ vutta½. Vibhatt±ti samacaturassa-±yatavaµµasaºµh±n±divasena vibhatt±. Bh±gaso mit±ti bh±gena paricchinn±. Noti amh±ka½. Idh±ti imasmi½ petaloke. Api dibbes³ti ap²ti nip±tamatta½, devalokes³ti attho.
431. Karaºanti dhamakaraºa½. P³retv±ti udakassa p³retv±. V±rikiñjakkhap³rit±ti tattha tattha v±rimatthake padumuppal±d²na½ kesarabh±rehi sañch±ditavasena p³rit±. Phalant²ti pupphanti, paºhikapariyant±d²su vid±lent²ti attho.
435-6. ¾hiº¹am±n±ti vicaram±n±. Khañj±m±ti khañjanavasena gacch±ma. Sakkhare kusakaºµaketi sakkharavati kusakaºµakavati ca bh³mibh±ge, sakkhare kusakaºµake ca akkamant±ti attho. Y±nanti rathavayh±dika½ ya½kiñci y±na½. Sip±µikanti ekapaµala-up±hana½.
437-8. Rathena m±gamunti mak±ro padasandhikaro, rathena ±gama½su. Ubhayanti ubhayena d±nena, y±nad±nena ceva bhatt±dicatupaccayad±nena ca. P±n²yad±nena hettha bhesajjad±nampi saªgahita½. Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanayatt± utt±namev±ti.
Thero ta½ pavatti½ bhagavato ±rocesi. Bhagav± tamattha½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± “yath± ime etarahi, eva½ tvampi ito anantar±t²te attabh±ve peto hutv± mah±dukkha½ anubhav²”ti vatv± therena y±cito suttapetavatthu½ kathetv± sampattaparis±ya dhamma½ desesi. Ta½ sutv± mah±jano sañj±tasa½vego d±nas²l±dipuññakammanirato ahos²ti.

S±ºav±sittherapetavatthuvaººan± niµµhit±.