3. C³¼avaggo

1. Abhijjam±napetavatthuvaººan±

Abhijjam±ne v±rimh²ti ida½ satthari ve¼uvane viharante aññatara½ luddapeta½ ±rabbha vutta½. B±r±ºasiya½ kira aparadis±bh±ge p±ragaªg±ya v±sabhag±ma½ atikkamitv± cundaµµhilan±make g±me eko luddako ahosi. So araññe mige vadhitv± varama½sa½ aªg±re pacitv± kh±ditv± avasesa½ paººapuµe bandhitv± k±jena gahetv± g±ma½ ±gacchati. Ta½ b±lad±rak± g±madv±re disv± “ma½sa½ me dehi, ma½sa½ me deh²”ti hatthe pas±retv± upadh±vanti. So tesa½ thoka½ thoka½ ma½sa½ deti. Athekadivasa½ ma½sa½ alabhitv± udd±lakapuppha½ pi¼andhitv± bahuñca hatthena gahetv± g±ma½ gacchanta½ ta½ d±rak± g±madv±re disv± “ma½sa½ me dehi, ma½sa½ me deh²”ti hatthe pas±retv± upadh±vi½su. So tesa½ ekeka½ pupphamañjari½ ad±si.
Atha aparena samayena k±la½ katv± petesu nibbatto naggo vir³par³po bhay±nakadassano supinepi annap±na½ aj±nanto s²se ±bandhita-udd±lakakusumam±l±kal±po “cundaµµhil±ya½ ñ±tak±na½ santike kiñci labhiss±m²”ti gaªg±ya udake abhijjam±ne paµisota½ padas± gacchati. Tena ca samayena koliyo n±ma rañño bimbis±rassa mah±matto kupita½ paccanta½ v³pasametv± paµinivattento hatthi-ass±dipariv±rabala½ thalapathena pesetv± saya½ gaªg±ya nadiy± anusota½ n±v±ya ±gacchanto ta½ peta½ tath± gacchanta½ disv± pucchanto–
387. “Abhijjam±ne v±rimhi, gaªg±ya idha gacchasi;
naggo pubbaddhapetova, m±ladh±r² alaªkato;
kuhi½ gamissasi peta, kattha v±so bhavissat²”ti.–

G±tham±ha. Tattha abhijjam±neti padanikkhepena abhijjam±ne saªgh±te, v±rimhi gaªg±y±ti gaªg±ya nadiy± udake. Idh±ti imasmi½ µh±ne. Pubbaddhapetov±ti k±yassa purimaddhena apeto viya apetayoniko devaputto viya. Katha½? M±ladh±r² alaªkatoti, m±l±hi pi¼andhitv± alaªkatas²saggoti attho. Kattha v±so bhavissat²ti katarasmi½ g±me dese v± tuyha½ niv±so bhavissati, ta½ katheh²ti attho.

Id±ni ya½ tad± tena petena koliyena ca vutta½, ta½ dassetu½ saªg²tik±r±–
388. “Cundaµµhila½ gamiss±mi, peto so iti bh±sati;
antare v±sabhag±ma½, b±r±ºasiñca santike.
389. “Tañca disv± mah±matto, koliyo iti vissuto;
sattu½ bhattañca petassa, p²takañca yuga½ ad±.
390. “N±v±ya tiµµham±n±ya, kappakassa ad±payi;
kappakassa padinnamhi, µh±ne petassa dissatha.
391. “Tato suvatthavasano, m±ladh±r² alaªkato;
µh±ne µhitassa petassa, dakkhiº± upakappatha;
tasm± dajjetha pet±na½, anukamp±ya punappunan”ti.– G±th±yo avocu½.
388. Tattha cundaµµhilanti eva½n±maka½ g±ma½. Antare v±sabhag±ma½, b±r±ºasiñca santiketi v±sabhag±massa ca b±r±ºasiy± ca vemajjhe. Antar±-saddayogena heta½ s±myatthe upayogavacana½. B±r±ºasiy± santike hi so g±moti. Ayañhettha attho– antare v±sabhag±massa ca b±r±ºasiy± ca yo cundaµµhilan±mako g±mo b±r±ºasiy± avid³re, ta½ g±ma½ gamiss±m²ti.
389. Koliyo iti vissutoti koliyoti eva½pak±sitan±mo. Sattu½ bhattañc±ti sattuñceva bhattañca. P²takañca yuga½ ad±ti p²taka½ suvaººavaººa½ eka½ vatthayugañca ad±si.
390. Kad± ad±s²ti ce ±ha n±v±ya tiµµham±n±ya. Kappakassa ad±pay²ti gacchanti½ n±va½ µhapetv± tattha ekassa nh±pitassa up±sakassa d±pesi dinnamhi vatthayugeti yojan±. Ýh±neti µh±naso taªkhaºaññeva. Petassa dissath±ti petassa sar²re paññ±yittha, tassa niv±sanap±rupanavattha½ sampajji. Ten±ha “tato suvatthavasano, m±ladh±r² alaªkato”ti, suvatthavasano m±l±bharaºehi sumaº¹itapas±dhito. Ýh±ne µhitassa petassa, dakkhiº± upakappath±ti dakkhiºeyyaµµh±ne µhit± panes± dakkhiº± tassa petassa yasm± upakappati, viniyoga½ agam±si. Tasm± dajjetha pet±na½, anukamp±ya punappunanti pet±na½ anukamp±ya pete uddissa punappuna½ dakkhiºa½ dadeyy±ti attho.
Atha so koliyamah±matto ta½ peta½ anukampam±no d±navidhi½ samp±detv± anusota½ ±gantv± s³riye uggacchante b±r±ºasi½ samp±puºi. Bhagav± ca tesa½ anuggahattha½ ±k±sena ±gantv± gaªg±t²re aµµh±si. Koliyamah±mattopi n±v±to otaritv± haµµhapahaµµho bhagavanta½ nimantesi– “adhiv±setha me, bhante, bhagav± ajjatan±ya bhatta½ anukampa½ up±d±y±”ti. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena. So bhagavato adhiv±sana½ viditv± t±vadeva ramaº²ye bh³mibh±ge mahanta½ s±kh±maº¹apa½ upari cat³su ca passesu n±n±vir±gavaººavicittavividhavasanasamalaªkata½ k±retv± tattha bhagavato ±sana½ paññ±petv± ad±si. Nis²di bhagav± paññatte ±sane.
Atha so mah±matto bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± gandhapupph±d²hi p³jetv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinno heµµh± attano vuttavacana½ petassa ca paµivacana½ bhagavato ±rocesi. Bhagav± “bhikkhusaªgho ±gacchat³”ti cintesi. Cintitasamanantarameva buddh±nubh±vasañcodito suvaººaha½sagaºo viya dhataraµµhaha½sar±ja½ bhikkhusaªgho dhammar±ja½ sampariv±resi. T±vadeva mah±jano sannipati “u¼±r± dhammadesan± bhavissat²”ti. Ta½ disv± pasannam±naso mah±matto buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ paº²tena kh±dan²yena bhojan²yena santappesi. Bhagav± katabhattakicco mah±janassa anukamp±ya “b±r±ºasisam²pag±mav±sino sannipatant³”ti adhiµµh±si. Sabbe ca te iddhibalena mah±jan± sannipati½su, u¼±re cassa pete p±kaµe ak±si. Tesu keci chinnabhinnapilotikakhaº¹adhar±, keci attano keseheva paµicch±ditakopin±, keci nagg± yath±j±tar³p± khuppip±s±bhibh³t± tacapariyonaddh± aµµhimattasar²r± ito cito ca paribbhamant± mah±janassa paccakkhato paññ±yi½su.
Atha bhagav± tath±r³pa½ iddh±bhisaªkh±ra½ abhisaªkh±si, yath± te ekajjha½ sannipatitv± attan± kata½ p±pakamma½ mah±janassa pavedesu½. Tamattha½ d²pent± saªg²tik±r±–
392. “S±tunnavasan± eke, aññe kesaniv±san±;
pet± bhatt±ya gacchanti, pakkamanti disodisa½.
393. “D³re eke padh±vitv±, aladdh±va nivattare;
ch±t± pamucchit± bhant±, bh³miya½ paµisumbhit±.
394. “Keci tattha papatitv±, bh³miya½ paµisumbhit±;
pubbe akatakaly±º±, aggida¹¹h±va ±tape.
395. “Maya½ pubbe p±padhamm±, gharaº² kulam±taro;
santesu deyyadhammesu, d²pa½ n±kamha attano.
396. “Pah³ta½ annap±nampi, apissu avakir²yati;
sammaggate pabbajite, na ca kiñci adamhase.
397. “Akammak±m± alas±, s±duk±m± mahagghas±;
±lopapiº¹ad±t±ro, paµiggahe paribh±simhase.
398. “Te ghar± t± ca d±siyo, t±nev±bharaº±ni no;
te aññe paric±renti, maya½ dukkhassa bh±gino.
399. “Veº² v± avaññ± honti, rathak±r² ca dubbhik±;
caº¹±l² kapaº± honti, kappak± ca punappuna½.
400. “Y±ni y±ni nih²n±ni, kul±ni kapaº±ni ca;
tesu tesveva j±yanti, es± maccharino gati.
401. “Pubbe ca katakaly±º±, d±yak± v²tamacchar±;
sagga½ te parip³renti, obh±senti ca nandana½.
402. “Vejayante ca p±s±de, ramitv± k±mak±mino;
ucc±kulesu j±yanti, sabhogesu tato cut±.
403. “K³µ±g±re ca p±s±de, pallaªke ponakatthate;
b²jitaªg± morahatthehi, kule j±t± yasassino.
404. “Aªkato aªka½ gacchanti, m±ladh±r² alaªkat±;
dh±tiyo upatiµµhanti, s±ya½ p±ta½ sukhesino.
405. “Nayida½ akatapuññ±na½, katapuññ±namevida½;
asoka½ nandana½ ramma½, tidas±na½ mah±vana½.
406. “Sukha½ akatapuññ±na½, idha natthi parattha ca;
sukhañca katapuññ±na½, idha ceva parattha ca.
407. “Tesa½ sahabyak±m±na½, kattabba½ kusala½ bahu½;
katapuññ± hi modanti, sagge bhogasamaªgino”ti.– G±th±yo avocu½.
392. Tattha s±tunnavasan±ti chinnabhinnapilotikakhaº¹aniv±san±. Eketi ekacce. Kesaniv±san±ti keseheva paµicch±ditakopin±. Bhatt±ya gacchant²ti “appeva n±ma ito gat± yattha v± tattha v± kiñci ucchiµµhabhatta½ v± vamitabhatta½ v± gabbhamal±dika½ v± labheyy±m±”ti katthacideva aµµhatv± gh±satth±ya gacchanti. Pakkamanti disodisanti disato disa½ anekayojanantarika½ µh±na½ pakkamanti.
393. D³reti d³reva µh±ne. Eketi ekacce pet±. Padh±vitv±ti gh±satth±ya upadh±vitv±. Aladdh±va nivattareti kiñci gh±sa½ v± p±n²ya½ v± alabhitv± eva nivattanti. Pamucchit±ti khuppip±s±didukkhena sañj±tamucch±. Bhant±ti paribbhamant±. Bh³miya½ paµisumbhit±ti t±ya eva mucch±ya uppattiy± µhatv± avakkhittamattik±piº¹± viya vissussitv± pathaviya½ patit±.
394. Tatth±ti gataµµh±ne. Bh³miya½ paµisumbhit±ti pap±te patit± viya jighacch±didukkhena µh±tu½ asamatthabh±vena bh³miya½ patit±, tattha v± gataµµh±ne gh±s±d²na½ al±bhena chinn±s± hutv± kenaci paµimukha½ sumbhit± pothit± viya bh³miya½ patit± hont²ti attho. Pubbe akatakaly±º±ti purimabhave akatakusal±. Aggida¹¹h±va ±tapeti nid±ghak±le ±tapaµµh±ne aggin± da¹¹h± viya, khuppip±saggin± ¹ayham±n± mah±dukkha½ anubhavant²ti attho.
395. Pubbeti at²tabhave. P±padhamm±ti issuk²macchar²-±dibh±vena l±makasabh±v±. Gharaº²ti gharas±miniyo. Kulam±taroti kulad±rak±na½ m±taro, kulapuris±na½ v± m±taro. D²panti patiµµha½, puññanti attho. Tañhi satt±na½ sugat²su patiµµh±bh±vato “patiµµh±”ti vuccati. N±kamh±ti na karimha.
396. Pah³tanti bahu½. Annap±namp²ti annañca p±nañca. Apissu avakir²yat²ti ti nip±tamatta½, api avakir²yati chaµµ²yati. Sammaggateti samm± gate samm± paµipanne samm± paµipann±ya. Pabbajiteti pabbajit±ya. Sampad±ne hi ida½ bhummavacana½. Sammaggate v± pabbajite sati labbham±neti attho. Na ca kiñci adamhaseti “kiñcimattampi deyyadhamma½ n±damh±”ti vippaµis±r±bhibh³t± vadanti.
397. Akammak±m±ti s±dh³ti akattabba½ kamma½ akusala½ k±ment²ti akammak±m±, s±dh³hi v± kattabba½ kusala½ k±ment²ti kammak±m±, na kammak±m±ti akammak±m± kusaladhammesu acchandik±ti attho. Alas±ti kus²t± kusalakammakaraºe nibb²riy±. S±duk±m±ti s±tamadhuravatthupiy±. Mahagghas±ti mah±bhojan±, ubhayen±pi sundarañca madhurañca bhojana½ labhitv± atthik±na½ kiñci adatv± sayameva bhuñjit±roti dasseti. ¾lopapiº¹ad±t±roti ±lopamattassapi bhojanapiº¹assa d±yak±. Paµiggaheti tassa paµiggaºhanake. Paribh±simhaseti paribhava½ karont± bh±simha, avamaññimha uppaº¹imh± c±ti attho.
398. Te ghar±ti yattha maya½ pubbe “amh±ka½ gharan”ti mamatta½ akarimh±, t±ni ghar±ni yath±µhit±ni, id±ni no na kiñci upakappat²ti adhipp±yo. T± ca d±siyo t±nev±bharaº±ni noti etth±pi eseva nayo. Tattha noti amh±ka½. Teti te ghar±dike. Aññe paric±renti paribhog±divasena viniyoga½ karont²ti attho. Maya½ dukkhassa bh±ginoti maya½ pana pubbe kevala½ k²¼anappasut± hutv± s±pateyya½ pah±ya gaman²ya½ anug±mika½ k±tu½ aj±nant± id±ni khuppip±s±didukkhassa bh±gino bhav±m±ti att±na½ garahant± vadanti.
399. Id±ni yasm± petayonito cavitv± manussesu uppajjant±pi satt± yebhuyyena tasseva kammassa vip±k±vasesena h²naj±tik± kapaºavuttinova honti, tasm± tamattha½ dassetu½ “veºiv±”ti-±din± dve g±th± vutt±. Tattha veºiv±ti venaj±tik±, vil²vak±r± na¼ak±r± hont²ti attho. -saddo aniyamattho. Avaññ±ti avaññeyy±, avaj±nitabb±ti vutta½ hoti. “Vambhan±”ti v± p±µho, parehi b±dhan²y±ti attho. Rathak±r²ti cammak±rino. Dubbhik±ti mittadubbhik± mitt±na½ b±dhik±. Caº¹±l²ti caº¹±laj±tik±. Kapaº±ti vanibbak± ativiya k±ruññappatt± Kappak±ti kappakaj±tik±, sabbattha “honti punappunan”ti yojan±, apar±parampi imesu nih²nakulesu uppajjant²ti vutta½ hoti.
400. Tesu tesveva j±yant²ti y±ni y±ni aññ±nipi nes±dapukkusakul±d²ni kapaº±ni ativiya vambhaniy±ni paramaduggat±ni ca, tesu tesu eva nih²nakulesu macchariyamalena petesu nibbattitv± tato cut± nibbattanti. Ten±ha “es± maccharino gat²”ti.
401. Eva½ akatapuññ±na½ satt±na½ gati½ dassetv± id±ni katapuññ±na½ gati½ dassetu½ “pubbe ca katakaly±º±”ti satta g±th± vutt±. Tattha sagga½ te parip³rent²ti ye pubbe purimaj±tiya½ katakaly±º± d±yak± d±napuññ±bhirat± vigatamalamaccher±, te attano r³pasampattiy± ceva pariv±rasampattiy± ca sagga½ devaloka½ parip³renti paripuººa½ karonti. Obh±senti ca nandananti na kevala½ parip³rentiyeva, atha kho kapparukkh±d²na½ pabh±hi sabh±veneva obh±sam±nampi nandanavana½ attano vatth±bharaºajut²hi sar²rappabh±ya ca abhibhavitv± ceva obh±setv± ca jotenti.
402. K±mak±minoti yathicchitesu k±maguºesu yath±k±ma½ paribhogavanto. Ucc±kules³ti uccesu khattiyakul±d²su kulesu. Sabhoges³ti mah±vibhavesu. Tato cut±ti tato devalokato cut±.
403. K³µ±g±re ca p±s±deti k³µ±g±re ca p±s±de ca. B²jitaªg±ti b²jiyam±nadeh±. Morahattheh²ti morapiñchapaµimaº¹itab²jan²hatthehi. Yasassinoti pariv±ravanto ramant²ti adhipp±yo.
404. Aªkato aªka½ gacchant²ti d±rakak±lepi ñ±t²na½ dh±t²nañca aªkaµµh±nato aªkaµµh±nameva gacchanti, na bh³mitalanti adhipp±yo. Upatiµµhant²ti upaµµh±na½ karonti. Sukhesinoti sukhamicchant±, “m± s²ta½ v± uºha½ v±”ti appakampi dukkha½ pariharant± upatiµµhant²ti adhipp±yo.
405. Nayida½ akatapuññ±nanti ida½ sokavatthu-abh±vato asoka½ ramma½ ramaº²ya½ tidas±na½ t±vati½sadev±na½ mah±vana½ mah±-upavanabh³ta½ nandana½ nandanavana½ akatapuññ±na½ na hoti, tehi laddhu½ na sakk±ti attho.
406. Idh±ti imasmi½ manussaloke visesato puñña½ kar²yati, ta½ sandh±y±ha. Idh±ti v± diµµhadhamme. Paratth±ti sampar±ye.
407. Tesanti tehi yath±vuttehi devehi. Sahabyak±m±nanti sahabh±va½ icchantehi. Bhogasamaªginoti bhogehi samann±gat±, dibbehi pañcak±maguºehi samappit± modant²ti attho. Sesa½ utt±natthameva.
Eva½ tehi petehi s±dh±raºato attan± katakammassa ca gatiy± puññakammassa ca gatiy± pavedit±ya sa½viggamanassa ko¼iy±maccapamukhassa tattha sannipatitassa mah±janassa ajjh±say±nur³pa½ bhagav± vitth±rena dhamma½ desesi. Desan±pariyos±ne catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahass±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

Abhijjam±napetavatthuvaººan± niµµhit±.