13. Þhubbaripetavatthuvaººan±

Ahu r±j± brahmadattoti ida½ ubbaripetavatthu½ satth± jetavane viharanto aññatara½ up±sika½ ±rabbha kathesi S±vatthiya½ kira aññatar±ya up±sik±ya s±miko k±lamak±si. S± pativiyogadukkh±tur± socant² ±¼±hana½ gantv± rodati. Bhagav± tass± sot±pattiphalassa upanissayasampatti½ disv± karuº±ya sañcoditam±naso hutv± tass± geha½ gantv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Up±sik± satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Atha na½ satth± “ki½, up±sike, socas²”ti vatv± “±ma, bhagav±, piyavippayogena soc±m²”ti vutte tass± soka½ apanetuk±mo at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te pañc±laraµµhe kapilanagare c³¼an²brahmadatto n±ma r±j± ahosi. So agatigamana½ pah±ya attano vijite paj±ya hitakaraºanirato dasa r±jadhamme akopetv± rajja½ anus±sam±no kad±ci “attano rajje ki½ vadant²”ti sotuk±mo tunnav±yavesa½ gahetv± eko adutiyo nagarato nikkhamitv± g±mato g±ma½ janapadato janapada½ vicaritv± sabbarajja½ akaºµaka½ anupap²¼a½ manusse sammodam±ne ap±rutaghare maññe viharante disv± somanassaj±to nivattitv± nagar±bhimukho ±gacchanto aññatarasmi½ g±me ekiss± vidhav±ya duggatitthiy± geha½ p±visi. S± ta½ disv± ±ha– “ko nu tva½, ayyo, kuto v± ±gatos²”ti? “Aha½ tunnav±yo, bhadde, bhatiy± tunnav±yakamma½ karonto vicar±mi. Yadi tumh±ka½ tunnav±yakamma½ atthi, bhattañca vetanañca detha, tumh±kampi kamma½ karom²”ti. “Natthamh±ka½ kamma½ bhattavetana½ v±, aññesa½ karohi, ayy±”ti. So tattha katip±ha½ vasanto dhaññapuññalakkhaºasampanna½ tass± dh²tara½ disv± m±tara½ ±ha– “aya½ d±rik± ki½ kenaci katapariggah±, ud±hu akatapariggah±. Sace pana kenaci akatapariggah±, ima½ mayha½ detha, aha½ tumh±ka½ sukhena j²van³p±ya½ k±tu½ samattho”ti. “S±dhu, ayy±”ti s± tassa ta½ ad±si.
So t±ya saddhi½ katip±ha½ vasitv± tass± kah±paºasahassa½ datv± “aha½ katip±heneva nivattiss±mi. Bhadde tva½ m± ukkaºµhas²”ti vatv± attano nagara½ gantv±, nagarassa ca tassa g±massa ca antare magga½ sama½ k±r±petv± alaªk±r±petv± mahat± r±j±nubh±vena tattha gantv± ta½ d±rika½ kah±paºar±simhi µhapetv± suvaººarajatakalasehi nh±petv± “ubbar²”ti n±ma½ k±r±petv± aggamahesiµµh±ne µhapetv± tañca g±ma½ tass± ñ±t²na½ datv± mahat± r±j±nubh±vena ta½ nagara½ ±netv± t±ya saddhi½ abhiramam±no y±vaj²va½ rajjasukha½ anubhavitv± ±yupariyos±ne k±lamak±si. K±lakate ca tasmi½, kate ca sar²rakicce ubbar² pativiyogena sokasallasamappitahaday± ±¼±hana½ gantv± bah³ divase gandhapupph±d²hi p³jetv± rañño guºe kittetv± umm±dappatt± viya kandant² paridevant² ±¼±hana½ padakkhiºa½ karoti.
Tena ca samayena amh±ka½ bhagav± bodhisattabh³to isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± adhigatajjh±n±bhiñño himavantassa s±mant± aññatarasmi½ araññ±yatane viharanto sokasallasamappita½ ubbari½ dibbena cakkhun± disv± ±k±sena ±gantv± dissam±nar³po ±k±se µhatv± tattha µhite manusse pucchi– “kassida½ ±¼±hana½, kassatth±ya c±ya½ itth² ‘brahmadatta, brahmadatt±’ti kandant² paridevat²”ti. Ta½ sutv± manuss± “brahmadatto n±ma pañc±l±na½ r±j±, so ±yupariyos±ne k±lamak±si, tassida½ ±¼±hana½, tassa aya½ aggamahes² ubbar² n±ma ‘brahmadatta, brahmadatt±’ti tassa n±ma½ gahetv± kandant² paridevat²”ti ±ha½su. Tamattha½ d²pent± saªg²tik±r±–
368. “Ahu r±j± brahmadatto, pañc±l±na½ rathesabho;
ahoratt±namaccay±, r±j± k±lamakrubbatha.
369. “Tassa ±¼±hana½ gantv±, bhariy± kandati ubbari;
brahmadatta½ apassant², brahmadatt±ti kandati.
370. “Isi ca tattha ±gacchi, sampannacaraºo muni;
so ca tattha apucchittha, ye tattha su sam±gat±.
371. “‘Kassa ida½ ±¼±hana½, n±n±gandhasamerita½;
kass±ya½ kandati bhariy±, ito d³ragata½ pati½;
brahmadatta½ apassant², brahmadatt±ti kandati’.
372. “Te ca tattha viy±ka½su, ye tattha su sam±gat±;
brahmadattassa bhaddante, brahmadattassa m±risa.
373. “Tassa ida½ ±¼±hana½, n±n±gandhasamerita½;
tass±ya½ kandati bhariy±, ito d³ragata½ pati½;
brahmadatta½ apassant², brahmadatt±ti kandat²”ti.– Cha g±th± µhapesu½.
368-9. Tattha ah³ti ahosi. Pañc±l±nanti pañc±laraµµhav±s²na½, pañc±laraµµhasseva v±. Ekopi hi janapado janapadik±na½ r±jakum±r±na½ vasena ru¼hiy± “pañc±l±nan”ti bahuvacanena niddis²yati. Rathesabhoti rathesu usabhasadiso, mah±rathoti attho. Tassa ±¼±hananti tassa rañño sar²rassa da¹¹haµµh±na½.
370. Is²ti jh±n±d²na½ guº±na½ esanaµµhena isi. Tatth±ti tasmi½ ubbariy± µhitaµµh±ne, sus±neti attho. ¾gacch²ti agam±si. Sampannacaraºoti s²lasampad±, indriyesu guttadv±rat±, bhojane mattaññut±, j±gariy±nuyogo, saddh±dayo satta saddhamm±, catt±ri r³p±vacarajh±n±n²ti imehi pannarasahi caraºasaªkh±tehi guºehi sampanno samann±gato, caraºasampannoti attho. Mun²ti attahitañca parahitañca mun±ti j±n±t²ti muni. So ca tattha apucchitth±ti so tasmi½ µh±ne µhite jane paµipucchi. Ye tattha su sam±gat±ti ye manuss± tattha sus±ne sam±gat±. ti nip±tamatta½. “Ye tatth±su½ sam±gat±”ti v± p±µho. ¾sunti ahesunti attho.
371. N±n±gandhasameritanti n±n±vidhehi gandhehi samantato erita½ upav±sita½. Itoti manussalokato. D³ragatanti paraloka½ gatatt± vadati. Brahmadatt±ti kandat²ti brahmadatt±ti eva½ n±masa½kittana½ katv± paridevanavasena avh±yati.
372-3. Brahmadattassa bhaddante, brahmadattassa m±ris±ti m±risa, nir±mayak±yacitta mah±muni brahmadattassa rañño ida½ ±¼±hana½, tasseva brahmadattassa rañño aya½ bhariy±, bhadda½ te tassa ca brahmadattassa bhadda½ hotu, t±dis±na½ mahes²na½ hit±nucintanena paraloke µhit±nampi hitasukha½ hotiyev±ti adhipp±yo.
Atha so t±paso tesa½ vacana½ sutv± anukampa½ up±d±ya ubbariy± santika½ gantv± tass± sokavinodanattha½–
374. “Cha¼±s²tisahass±ni, brahmadattassan±mak±;
imasmi½ ±¼±hane da¹¹h±, tesa½ kamanusocas²”ti.–

G±tham±ha Tattha cha¼±s²tisahass±n²ti chasahass±dhika-as²tisahassasaªkh±. Brahmadattassan±mak±ti brahmadattoti eva½n±mak±. Tesa½ kamanusocas²ti tesa½ cha¼±s²tisahassasaªkh±t±na½ brahmadatt±na½ katama½ brahmadatta½ tva½ anusocasi, katama½ paµicca te soko uppannoti pucchi.

Eva½ pana tena isin± pucchit± ubbar² attan± adhippeta½ brahmadatta½ ±cikkhant²–
375. “Yo r±j± c³¼an²putto, pañc±l±na½ rathesabho;
ta½ bhante anusoc±mi, bhatt±ra½ sabbak±madan”ti.–

G±tham±ha. Tattha c³¼an²puttoti eva½n±massa rañño putto. Sabbak±madanti mayha½ sabbassa icchiticchitassa d±t±ra½, sabbesa½ v± satt±na½ icchitad±yaka½.

Eva½ ubbariy± vutte puna t±paso–
376. “Sabbev±hesu½ r±j±no, brahmadattassan±mak±;
sabbeva c³¼an²putt±, pañc±l±na½ rathesabh±.
377. “Sabbesa½ anupubbena, mahesittamak±rayi;
kasm± purimake hitv±, pacchima½ anusocas²”ti.– G±th±dvayam±ha.
376. Tattha sabbev±hesunti sabbeva te cha¼±s²tisahassasaªkh± r±j±no brahmadattassa n±mak± c³¼an²putt± pañc±l±na½ rathesabh±va ahesu½. Ime r±jabh±v±dayo vises± tesu ekass±pi n±hesu½.
377. Mahesittamak±ray²ti tvañca tesa½ sabbesampi anupubbena aggamahesibh±va½ ak±si, anuppatt±ti attho. Kasm±ti guºato ca s±mikabh±vato ca avisiµµhesu ettakesu janesu purimake r±j±no pah±ya pacchima½ eka½meva kasm± kena k±raºena anusocas²ti pucchi.
Ta½ sutv± ubbar² sa½vegaj±t± puna t±pasa½–
378. “¾tume itthibh³t±ya, d²gharatt±ya m±risa;
yass± me itthibh³t±ya, sa½s±re bahubh±sas²”ti.–

G±tham±ha. Tattha ±tumeti attani. Itthibh³t±y±ti itthibh±va½ upagat±ya. D²gharatt±y±ti d²gharatta½. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– itthibh³t±ya attani sabbak±la½ itth²yeva hoti, ud±hu purisabh±vampi upagacchat²ti. Yass± me itthibh³t±y±ti yass± mayha½ itthibh³t±ya eva½ t±va bahusa½s±re mahesibh±va½ mah±muni tva½ bh±sasi kathes²ti attho. “¾hu me itthibh³t±y±”ti v± p±µho. Tattha ±ti anussaraºatthe nip±to. ¾hu meti saya½ anussarita½ aññ±tamida½ may±, itthibh³t±ya itthibh±va½ upagat±ya eva½ mayha½ ettaka½ k±la½ apar±paruppatti ahosi. Kasm±? Yasm± yass± me itthibh³t±ya sabbesa½ anupubbena mahesittamak±rayi, ki½ tva½, mah±muni, sa½s±re bahu½ bh±sas²ti yojan±.

Ta½ sutv± t±paso aya½ niyamo sa½s±re natthi “itth² itth²yeva hoti, puriso puriso ev±”ti dassento–
379. “Ahu itth² ahu puriso, pasuyonimpi ±gam±;
evameta½ at²t±na½, pariyanto na dissat²”ti.–

G±tham±ha. Tattha ahu itth² ahu purisoti tva½ kad±ci itth²pi ahosi, kad±ci purisopi ahosi. Na kevala½ itthipurisabh±vameva, atha kho pasu yonimpi agam±si, kad±ci pasubh±vampi agam±si, tiracch±nayonimpi upagat± ahosi. Evameta½ at²t±na½, pariyanto na dissat²ti eva½ yath±vutta½ eta½ itthibh±va½ purisabh±va½ tiracch±n±dibh±vañca upagat±na½ at²t±na½ attabh±v±na½ pariyanto ñ±ºacakkhun± mahat± uss±hena passant±nampi na dissati. Na kevala½ taveva, atha kho sabbesampi sa½s±re paribbhamant±na½ satt±na½ attabh±vassa pariyanto na dissateva na paññ±yateva. Ten±ha bhagav±–

“Anamataggoya½, bhikkhave, sa½s±ro, pubb± koµi na paññ±yati avijj±n²varaº±na½ satt±na½ taºh±sa½yojan±na½ sandh±vata½ sa½saratan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.124).
Eva½ tena t±pasena sa½s±rassa apariyantata½ kammassakatañca vibh±ventena desita½ dhamma½ sutv± sa½s±re sa½viggahaday± dhamme ca pasannam±nas± vigatasokasall± hutv± attano pas±da½ sokavigamanañca pak±sent²–
380. “¾ditta½ vata ma½ santa½, ghatasitta½va p±vaka½;
v±rin± viya osiñca½, sabba½ nibb±paye dara½.
381. “Abbah² vata me salla½, soka½ hadayanissita½;
yo me sokaparet±ya, patisoka½ ap±nudi.
382. “S±ha½ abb³¼hasall±smi, s²tibh³t±smi nibbut±;
na soc±mi na rod±mi, tava sutv± mah±mun²”ti.–

Tisso g±th± abh±si. T±sa½ attho heµµh± vuttoyeva.

Id±ni sa½viggahaday±ya ubbariy± paµipatti½ dassento satth±–
383. “Tassa ta½ vacana½ sutv±, samaºassa subh±sita½;
pattac²varam±d±ya, pabbaji anag±riya½.
384. “S± ca pabbajit± sant±, ag±rasm± anag±riya½;
mettacitta½ ±bh±vesi, brahmalok³papattiy±.
385. “G±m± g±ma½ vicarant², nigame r±jadh±niyo;
uruve¼± n±ma so g±mo, yattha k±lamakrubbatha.
386. “Mettacitta½ ±bh±vetv±, brahmalok³papattiy±;
itthicitta½ vir±jetv±, brahmalok³pag± ah³”ti.– Catasso g±th± abh±si.
383-4. Tattha tass±ti tassa t±pasassa. Subh±sitanti suµµhu bh±sita½, dhammanti attho. Pabbajit± sant±ti pabbajja½ upagat± sam±n±, pabbajitv± v± hutv± santak±yav±c±. Mettacittanti mett±sahagata½ citta½. Cittas²sena mettajjh±na½ vadati. Brahmalok³papattiy±ti tañca s± mettacitta½ bh±vent² brahmalok³papattiy± abh±vesi, na vipassan±p±dak±di-attha½. Anuppanne hi buddhe brahmavih±r±dike bh±vent± t±pasaparibb±jak± y±vadeva bhavasampatti-atthameva bh±vesu½.
385-6. G±m± g±manti g±mato añña½ g±ma½. ¾bh±vetv±ti va¹¹hetv± br³hetv±. “Abh±vetv±”ti keci paµhanti, tesa½ a-k±ro nip±tamatta½. Itthicitta½ vir±jetv±ti itthibh±ve citta½ ajjh±saya½ abhiruci½ vir±jetv± itthibh±ve virattacitt± hutv±. Brahmalok³pag±ti paµisandhiggahaºavasena brahmaloka½ upagamanak± ahosi. Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanayatt± utt±nameva.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± tass± up±sik±ya soka½ vinodetv± upari catusaccadesana½ ak±si. Saccapariyos±ne s± up±sik± sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi. Sampattaparis±ya ca desan± s±tthik± ahos²ti.

Ubbaripetavatthuvaººan± niµµhit±.

Iti khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya petavatthusmi½

Terasavatthupaµimaº¹itassa

Dutiyassa ubbarivaggassa atthasa½vaººan± niµµhit±.