1. Uragavaggo

1. Khett³pamapetavatthuvaººan±

Ta½ paneta½ vatthu½ bhagav± r±jagahe viharanto ve¼uvane kalandakaniv±pe aññatara½ seµµhiputtapeta½ ±rabbha kathesi. R±jagahe kira aññataro a¹¹ho mahaddhano mah±bhogo pah³tavitt³pakaraºo anekakoµidhanasannicayo seµµhi ahosi. Tassa mah±dhanasampannat±ya “mah±dhanaseµµhi”tveva samaññ± ahosi. Ekova putto ahosi, piyo man±po. Tasmi½ viññuta½ patte m±t±pitaro eva½ cintesu½– “amh±ka½ puttassa divase divase sahassa½ sahassa½ paribbaya½ karontassa vassasaten±pi aya½ dhanasannicayo parikkhaya½ na gamissati, ki½ imassa sippuggahaºaparissamena, akilantak±yacitto yath±sukha½ bhoge paribhuñjat³”ti sippa½ na sikkh±pesu½. Vayappatte pana kular³payobbanavil±sasampanna½ k±m±bhimukha½ dhammasaññ±vimukha½ kañña½ ±nesu½. So t±ya saddhi½ abhiramanto dhamme cittamattampi anupp±detv±, samaºabr±hmaºagurujanesu an±daro hutv±, dhuttajanaparivuto rajjam±no pañcak±maguºe rato giddho mohena andho hutv± k±la½ v²tin±metv±, m±t±pit³su k±lakatesu naµan±µakag±yak±d²na½ yathicchita½ dento dhana½ vin±setv± nacirasseva p±rijuññappatto hutv±, iºa½ gahetv± j²vika½ kappento puna iºampi alabhitv± iº±yikehi codiyam±no tesa½ attano khettavatthughar±d²ni datv±, kap±lahattho bhikkha½ caritv± bhuñjanto tasmi½yeva nagare an±thas±l±ya½ vasati.
Atha na½ ekadivasa½ cor± sam±gat± evam±ha½su– “ambho purisa, ki½ tuyha½ imin± dujj²vitena, taruºo tvamasi th±majavabalasampanno, kasm± hatthap±davikalo viya acchasi? Ehi amhehi saha corik±ya paresa½ santaka½ gahetv± sukhena j²vika½ kappeh²”ti. So “n±ha½ corika½ k±tu½ j±n±m²”ti ±ha. Cor± “maya½ ta½ sikkh±pema, kevala½ tva½ amh±ka½ vacana½ karoh²”ti ±ha½su. So “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± tehi saddhi½ agam±si. Atha te cor± tassa hatthe mahanta½ muggara½ datv± sandhi½ chinditv± ghara½ pavisanto ta½ sandhimukhe µhapetv± ±ha½su– “sace idha añño koci ±gacchati, ta½ imin± muggarena paharitv± ekappah±reneva m±reh²”ti. So andhab±lo hit±hita½ aj±nanto paresa½ ±gamanameva olokento tattha aµµh±si Cor± pana ghara½ pavisitv± gayh³paga½ bhaº¹a½ gahetv± gharamanussehi ñ±tamatt±va ito cito ca pal±yi½su. Gharamanuss± uµµhahitv± s²gha½ s²gha½ dh±vant± ito cito ca olokent± ta½ purisa½ sandhidv±re µhita½ disv± “hare duµµhacor±”ti gahetv± hatthap±de muggar±d²hi pothetv± rañño dassesu½– “aya½, deva, coro sandhisukhe gahito”ti. R±j± “imassa s²sa½ chind±peh²”ti nagaraguttika½ ±º±pesi. “S±dhu, dev±”ti nagaraguttiko ta½ g±h±petv± pacch±b±ha½ g±¼habandhana½ bandh±petv± rattavaººavira¼am±l±bandhakaºµha½ iµµhakacuººamakkhitas²sa½ vajjhapahaµabheridesitamagga½ rathik±ya rathika½ siªgh±µakena siªgh±µaka½ vicar±petv± kas±hi t±¼ento ±gh±tan±bhimukha½ neti. “Aya½ imasmi½ nagare vilumpam±nakacoro gahito”ti kol±hala½ ahosi.
Tena ca samayena tasmi½ nagare sulas± n±ma nagarasobhin² p±s±de µhit± v±tap±nantarena olokent² ta½ tath± n²yam±na½ disv± pubbe tena kataparicay± “aya½ puriso imasmi½yeva nagare mahati½ sampatti½ anubhavitv± id±ni evar³pa½ anattha½ anayabyasana½ patto”ti tassa k±ruñña½ upp±detv± catt±ro modake p±n²yañca pesesi. Nagaraguttikassa ca ±roc±pesi– “t±va ayyo ±gametu, y±v±ya½ puriso ime modake kh±ditv± p±n²ya½ pivissat²”ti.
Athetasmi½ antare ±yasm± mah±moggall±no dibbena cakkhun± olokento tassa byasanappatti½ disv± karuº±ya sañcoditam±naso– “aya½ puriso akatapuñño katap±po, ten±ya½ niraye nibbattissati, mayi pana gate modake ca p±n²yañca datv± bhummadevesu uppajjissati, ya½n³n±ha½ imassa avassayo bhaveyyan”ti cintetv± p±n²yamodakesu upan²yam±nesu tassa purisassa purato p±turahosi. So thera½ disv± pasannam±naso “ki½ me id±neva imehi m±riyam±nassa modakehi kh±ditehi, ida½ pana paraloka½ gacchantassa p±theyya½ bhavissat²”ti cintetv± modake ca p±n²yañca therassa d±pesi. Thero tassa pas±dasa½va¹¹hanattha½ tassa passantasseva tath±r³pe µh±ne nis²ditv± modake paribhuñjitv± p±n²yañca pivitv± uµµh±y±san± pakk±mi. So pana puriso coragh±takehi ±gh±tana½ netv± s²saccheda½ p±pito anuttare puññakkhette mah±moggall±natthere katena puññena u¼±re devaloke nibbattan±rahopi yasm± “sulasa½ ±gamma may± aya½ deyyadhammo laddho”ti sulas±ya gatena sinehena maraºak±le citta½ upakkiliµµha½ ahosi. Tasm± h²nak±ya½ upapajjanto pabbatagahanasambh³te sandacch±ye mah±nigrodharukkhe rukkhadevat± hutv± nibbatti.
So kira sace paµhamavaye kulava½saµµhapane ussukka½ akarissa, tasmi½yeva nagare seµµh²na½ aggo abhavissa, majjhimavaye majjhimo, pacchimavaye pacchimo. Sace pana paµhamavaye pabbajito abhavissa, arah± abhavissa, majjhimavaye sakad±g±m² an±g±m² v± abhavissa, pacchimavaye sot±panno abhavissa. P±pamittasa½saggena pana itthidhutto sur±dhutto duccaritanirato an±dariko hutv± anukkamena sabbasampattito parih±yitv± mah±byasana½ pattoti vadanti.
Atha so aparena samayena sulasa½ uyy±nagata½ disv± sañj±tak±mar±go andhak±ra½ m±petv± ta½ attano bhavana½ netv± satt±ha½ t±ya saddhi½ sa½v±sa½ kappesi, att±nañcass± ±rocesi. Tass± m±t± ta½ apassant² rodam±n± ito cito ca paribbhamati. Ta½ disv± mah±jano “ayyo mah±moggall±no mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo tass± gati½ j±neyya, ta½ upasaªkamitv± puccheyy±s²”ti ±ha. S± “s±dhu ayyo”ti thera½ upasaªkamitv± tamattha½ pucchi. Thero “ito sattame divase ve¼uvanamah±vih±re bhagavati dhamma½ desente parisapariyante passissas²”ti ±ha. Atha sulas± ta½ devaputta½ avoca– “ayutta½ mayha½ tava bhavane vasantiy±, ajja sattamo divaso, mama m±t± ma½ apassant² paridevasokasam±pann± bhavissati, s±dhu ma½, deva, tattheva neh²”ti. So ta½ netv± ve¼uvane bhagavati dhamma½ desente parisapariyante µhapentv± adissam±nar³po aµµh±si.
Tato mah±jano sulasa½ disv± evam±ha– “amma sulase, tva½ ettaka½ divasa½ kuhi½ gat±? Tava m±t± tva½ apassant² paridevasokasam±pann± umm±dappatt± viya j±t±”ti. S± ta½ pavatti½ mah±janassa ±cikkhi. Mah±janena ca “katha½ so puriso tath±p±papasuto akatakusalo dev³papatti½ paµilabhat²”ti vutte sulas± “may± d±pite modake p±n²yañca ayyassa mah±moggall±nattherassa datv± tena puññena dev³papatti½ paµilabhat²”ti ±ha. Ta½ sutv± mah±jano acchariyabbhutacittaj±to ahosi– “arahanto n±ma anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ lokassa, yesu appakopi kato k±ro satt±na½ dev³papatti½ ±vahat²”ti u¼±ra½ p²tisomanassa½ paµisa½vedesi. Bhikkh³ tamattha½ bhagavato ±rocesu½. Tato bhagav± imiss± aµµhuppattiy±–
1. “Khett³pam± arahanto, d±yak± kassak³pam±;
b²j³pama½ deyyadhamma½, etto nibbattate phala½.
2. “Eta½ b²ja½ kas² khetta½, pet±na½ d±yakassa ca;
ta½ pet± paribhuñjanti, d±t± puññena va¹¹hati.
3. “Idheva kusala½ katv±, pete ca paµip³jiya;
saggañca kamatiµµh±na½, kamma½ katv±na bhaddakan”ti.– Im± g±th± abh±si.
1. Tattha khett³pam±ti khitta½ vutta½ b²ja½ t±yati mahapphalabh±vakaraºena rakkhat²ti khetta½, s±lib²j±d²na½ viruhanaµµh±na½. Ta½ upam± etesanti khett³pam±, ked±rasadis±ti attho. Arahantoti kh²º±sav±. Te hi kiles±r²na½ sa½s±racakkassa ar±nañca hatatt±, tato eva ±rakatt±, paccay±d²na½ arahatt±, p±pakaraºe rah±bh±v± ca “arahanto”ti vuccanti. Tattha yath± khetañhi tiº±didosarahita½ sv±bhisaªkhatab²jamhi vutte utusalil±dipaccayantar³peta½ kassakassa mahapphala½ hoti, eva½ kh²º±savasant±no lobh±didosarahito sv±bhisaªkhate deyyadhammab²je vutte k±l±dipaccayantarasahito d±yakassa mahapphalo hoti. Ten±ha bhagav± “khett³pam± arahanto”ti. Ukkaµµhaniddeso aya½ tassa sekh±d²nampi khettabh±v±paµikkhepato.
D±yak±ti c²var±d²na½ paccay±na½ d±t±ro pariccajanak±, tesa½ paricc±gena attano sant±ne lobh±d²na½ pariccajanak± chedanak±, tato v± attano sant±nassa sodhak±, rakkhak± c±ti attho. Kassak³pam±ti kassakasadis±. Yath± kassako s±likhett±d²ni kasitv± yath±k±lañca vuttudakad±nan²haraºanidh±narakkhaº±d²hi appamajjanto u¼±ra½ vipulañca sassaphala½ paµilabhati, eva½ d±yakopi arahantesu deyyadhammaparicc±gena p±ricariy±ya ca appamajjanto u¼±ra½ vipulañca d±naphala½ paµilabhati. Tena vutta½ “d±yak± kassak³pam±”ti.
B²j³pama½ deyyadhammanti liªgavipall±sena vutta½, b²jasadiso deyyadhammoti attho. Annap±n±dikassa hi dasavidhassa d±tabbavatthuno eta½ n±ma½. Etto nibbattate phalanti etasm± d±yakapaµigg±hakadeyyadhammaparicc±gato d±naphala½ nibbattati ceva uppajjati ca, ciratarapabandhavasena pavattati c±ti attho. Ettha ca yasm± paricc±gacetan±bhisaªkhatassa annap±n±divatthuno bh±vo, na itarassa, tasm± “b²j³pama½ deyyadhamman”ti deyyadhammaggahaºa½ kata½. Tena deyyadhamm±padesena deyyadhammavatthuvisay±ya paricc±gacetan±yayeva b²jabh±vo daµµhabbo. S± hi paµisandhi-±dippabhedassa tassa nissay±rammaºappabhedassa ca phalassa nipph±dik±, na deyyadhammoti.
2. Eta½ b²ja½ kas² khettanti yath±vutta½ b²ja½, yath±vuttañca khetta½, tassa b²jassa tasmi½ khette vapanapayogasaªkh±t± kasi c±ti attho. Eta½ taya½ kesa½ icchitabbanti ±ha “pet±na½ d±yakassa c±”ti. Yadi d±yako pete uddissa d±na½ deti, pet±nañca d±yakassa ca, yadi na pete uddissa d±na½ deti, d±yakasseva eta½ b²ja½ es± kasi eta½ khetta½ upak±r±ya hot²ti adhipp±yo. Id±ni ta½ upak±ra½ dassetu½ “ta½ pet± paribhuñjanti, d±t± puññena va¹¹hat²”ti vutta½. Tattha ta½ pet± paribhuñjant²ti d±yakena pete uddissa d±ne dinne yath±vuttakhettakasib²jasampattiy± anumodan±ya ca ya½ pet±na½ upakappati, ta½ d±naphala½ pet± paribhuñjanti. D±t± puññena va¹¹hat²ti d±t± pana attano d±namayapuññanimitta½ devamanussesu bhogasampatti-±din± puññaphalena abhiva¹¹hati. Puññaphalampi hi “kusal±na½, bhikkhave, dhamm±na½ sam±d±nahetu evamida½ puñña½ pava¹¹hat²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.80) puññanti vuccati.
3. Idheva kusala½ katv±ti anavajjasukhavip±kaµµhena kusala½ pet±na½ uddisanavasena d±namaya½ puñña½ upacinitv± idheva imasmi½yeva attabh±ve. Pete ca paµip³jiy±ti pete uddissa d±nena samm±netv± anubhuyyam±nadukkhato te mocetv±. Pete hi uddissa diyyam±na½ d±na½ tesa½ p³j± n±ma hoti. Ten±ha– “amh±kañca kat± p³j±”ti (pe va. 18), “pet±na½ p³j± ca kat± u¼±r±”ti (pe va. 25) ca. “Pete c±”ti ca-saddena “piyo ca hoti man±po, abhigaman²yo ca hoti viss±san²yo, bh±van²yo ca hoti garuk±tabbo, p±sa½so ca hoti kittan²yo viññ³nan”ti evam±dike diµµhadhammike d±n±nisa½se saªgaºh±ti. Saggañca kamati µh±na½, kamma½ katv±na bhaddakanti kaly±ºa½ kusalakamma½ katv± dibbehi ±yu-±d²hi dasahi µh±nehi suµµhu aggatt± “saggan”ti laddhan±ma½ katapuññ±na½ nibbattanaµµh±na½ devaloka½ kamati upapajjanavasena upagacchati.
Ettha ca “kusala½ katv±”ti vatv± puna “kamma½ katv±na bhaddakan”ti vacana½ “deyyadhammaparicc±go viya pattid±navasena d±nadhammaparicc±gopi d±namayakusalakammamev±”ti dassanatthanti daµµhabba½. Keci panettha “pet±ti arahanto adhippet±”ti vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½ “pet±”ti kh²º±sav±na½ ±gataµµh±nasseva abh±vato, b²j±dibh±vassa ca d±yakassa viya tesa½ ayujjam±natt±, petayonik±na½ yujjam±natt± ca. Desan±pariyos±ne devaputta½ sulasañca ±di½ katv± catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahass±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

Khett³pamapetavatthuvaººan± niµµhit±.