10. Ser²sakavim±navaººan±

Suºotha yakkhassa ca v±ºij±na c±ti ser²sakavim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagavati parinibbute ±yasm± kum±rakassapo pañcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ setabyanagara½ sampatto. Tattha p±y±sir±jañña½ attano santika½ upagata½ vipar²tagg±hato vivecetv± samm±dassane patiµµh±pesi. So tato paµµh±ya puññapasuto hutv± samaºabr±hmaº±na½ d±na½ dento tattha akataparicayat±ya asakkacca½ d±na½ datv± aparabh±ge k±la½ katv± c±tumah±r±jikabhavane suññe ser²sake vim±ne nibbatti.
At²te kira kassapassa bhagavato k±le eko kh²º±savatthero aññatarasmi½ g±me piº¹±ya caritv± bahig±me devasika½ ekasmi½ padese bhattakicca½ ak±si. Ta½ disv± eko gop±lako “ayyo s³riy±tapena kilamat²”ti pasannacitto cat³hi sir²sathambhehi s±kh±maº¹apa½ katv± ad±si, maº¹apassa sam²pe sir²sarukkha½ ropes²ti ca vadanti. So k±la½ katv± teneva puññakammena c±tumah±r±jikesu nibbatti, tassa purimakammassa s³caka½ vim±nadv±re sir²savana½ nibbatti vaººagandhasampannehi pupphehi sabbak±la½ upasobham±na½, tena ta½ vim±na½ “ser²sakan”ti paññ±yittha. So ca devaputto eka½ buddhantara½ devesu ceva manussesu ca sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de yasattherassa cat³su vimal±d²su gihisah±yesu gavampati n±ma hutv± bhagavato dhammadesan±ya arahatte patiµµhito pubb±ciººavasena ta½ suññavim±na½ disv± abhiºha½ div±vih±ra½ gacchati.
So aparabh±ge p±y±sidevaputta½ tattha disv± “kosi tva½, ±vuso”ti pucchitv± tena “aha½, bhante, p±y±sir±jañño idh³papanno”ti vutte “nanu tva½ micch±diµµhiko vipar²tadassano kathamidh³papanno”ti ±ha. Atha na½ p±y±sidevaputto “ayyenamhi kum±rakassapattherena micch±dassanato vivecito, puññakiriy±na½ asakkaccak±rit±ya pana suññe vim±ne nibbatto. S±dhu, bhante, manussaloka½ gatak±le mama parijanassa ±rocetha ‘p±y±sir±jañño asakkacca½ d±na½ datv± suñña½ ser²sakavim±na½ upapanno, tumhe pana sakkacca½ puññ±ni katv± tatr³papattiy± citta½ paºidahath±”ti. Thero tass±nukamp±ya tath± ak±si. Tepi therassa vacana½ sutv± tath± citta½ paºidh±ya puññ±ni katv± ser²sake vim±ne nibbatti½su. Ser²sakadevaputta½ pana vessavaºamah±r±j± marubh³miya½ ch±y³dakarahite magge maggapaµipann±na½ manuss±na½ amanussaparipantha mocanattha½ maggarakkhaka½ µhapesi.
Atha aparena samayena aªgamagadhav±sino v±ºij± sakaµasahassa½ bhaº¹assa p³retv± sindhusov²radesa½ gacchant± marukant±re div± uºhabhayena magga½ appaµipajjitv± ratti½ nakkhattasaññ±ya magga½ paµipajji½su. Te maggam³¼h± hutv± añña½ disa½ agama½su. Tesa½ antare eko up±sako ahosi saddho pasanno s²lasampanno arahattappattiy± upanissayasampanno m±t±pit³na½ upaµµh±nattha½ vaºijj±ya gato. Ta½ anuggaºhanto ser²sakadevaputto saha vim±nena att±na½ dassesi. Dassetv± ca pana “kasm± tumhe ima½ ch±y³dakarahita½ v±luk±kant±ra½ paµipann±”ti pucchi. Te cassa tattha attano ±gatappak±ra½ kathesu½, tadatthad²pan± devaputtassa v±ºij±nañca vacanapaµivacanag±th± honti. ¾dito pana dve g±th± t±sa½ sambandhadassanattha½ dhammasaªg±hakehi µhapit±–
1228. “Suºotha yakkhassa ca v±ºij±na ca, sam±gamo yattha tad± ahosi;
yath± katha½ itaritarena c±pi, subh±sita½ tañca suº±tha sabbe.
1229. “Yo so ahu r±j± p±y±si n±ma, bhumm±na½ sahabyagato yasass²;
so modam±nova sake vim±ne, am±nuso m±nuse ajjhabh±s²”ti.
1228-9. Tattha suºoth±ti savan±ºattikavacana½. Ya½ maya½ id±ni bhaº±ma, ta½ suºoth±ti. Yakkhass±ti devassa. Devo hi manuss±na½ ekacc±na½ dev±nañca p³jan²yabh±vato “yakkho”ti vuccati. Apica sakkopi catt±ro mah±r±j±nopi vessavaºap±risajj±pi purisopi “yakkho”ti vuccati. Tath± hi “atib±¼ha½ kho aya½ yakkho pamatto viharati, ya½n³n±ha½ ima½ yakkha½ sa½vejeyyan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.393) sakko “yakkho”ti vutto. “Catt±ro yakkh± khaggahatth±”ti-±d²su mah±r±j±no. “Santi hi, bhante, u¼±r± yakkh± bhagavato appasann±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.276) vessavaºap±risajj±. “Ett±vat± yakkhassa suddh²”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 482) puriso. Idha pana vessavaºap±risajjo adhippeto. V±ºij±na c±ti g±th±bandhasukhattha½ anun±sikalopa½ katv± vutta½. Sam±gamoti samodh±na½. Yatth±ti yasmi½ vaººupathe. Tad±ti tasmi½ maggam³¼h± hutv± gamanak±le. Itaritarena c±p²ti itar²tarañc±pi, ida½ yath±ti imin± yojetabba½. Ayañhettha attho ser²sakadevaputtassa v±ºij±nañca tad± yattha sam±gamo ahosi, ta½ suºotha, yath± v±pi tehi aññamañña½ subh±sita½ sulapita½ katha½ pavattita½, tañca sabbe ohitacitt± suº±th±ti. Bhumm±nanti bhummadev±na½.
Id±ni yakkhassa pucch±g±th±yo honti–
1230. “Vaªke araññe amanussaµµh±ne, kant±re appodake appabhakkhe;
suduggame vaººupathassa majjhe, vaªka½bhay± naµµhaman± manuss±.
1231. “Nayidha phal± m³lamay± ca santi, up±d±na½ natthi kutodha bhakkho;
aññatra pa½s³hi ca v±luk±hi ca, tatt±hi uºh±hi ca d±ruº±hi ca.
1232. “Ujjaªgala½ tattamiva½ kap±la½, an±yasa½ paralokena tulya½;
ludd±nam±v±samida½ pur±ºa½, bh³mippadeso abhisattar³po.
1233. “Atha tumhe kena vaººena, kim±sam±n± ima½ padesañhi;
anupaviµµh± sahas± samecca, lobh± bhay± atha v± sampam³¼h±”ti.
1230. Tattha vaªketi sa½sayaµµh±ne. Yattha paviµµh±na½ “j²viss±ma nu kho, mariss±ma nu kho”ti j²vite sa½sayo hoti, t±dise araññe. Amanussaµµh±neti amanuss±na½ pis±c±d²na½ sañcaraºaµµh±ne, manuss±na½ v± agocaraµµh±ne. Kant±reti nirudake iriºe, ka½ t±renti nayanti etth±ti hi kant±ro, udaka½ gahetv± taritabbaµµh±na½. Ten±ha “appodake”ti. Appa-saddo hettha abh±vattho “appiccho appanigghoso”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 8.23; c³¼ava. 456) viya. Vaººupathassa majjheti v±luk±kant±ramajjheti attho. Vaªka½bhay±ti vaªkehi bh²t±. Vaªkehi bhaya½ etesanti “vaªkabhay±”ti vattabbe g±th±sukhattha½ s±nun±sika½ katv± “vaªka½bhay±”ti vutta½. Idañca v±luk±kant±rapavesanato pubbe tesa½ uppannabhaya½ sandh±ya vutta½. Naµµhaman±ti maggasativippav±sena naµµham±nas±, maggam³¼h±ti attho. Manuss±ti tesa½ ±lapana½.
1231. Idh±ti imasmi½ marukant±re. Phal±ti ambajambut±lan±¼iker±diphal±ni na sant²ti yojan±. M³lamay± c±ti m³l±niyeva m³lamay±, vallikand±d²ni sandh±ya vadati. Up±d±na½ natth²ti kiñc±pi kiñci bhakkha½ natthi, up±d±na½ v± indhana½, aggissa indhanamattampi natthi, kuto kena k±raºena idha marukant±re bhakkho siy±ti attho. Ya½ pana atthi tattha, ta½ dassetu½ “aññatra pa½s³h²”ti-±di vutta½.
1232. Ujjaªgalanti jaªgala½ vuccati l³khadh³saro anudako bh³mippadeso, ta½ pana µh±na½ jaªgalatopi ukka½sena jaªgalanti ±ha “ujjaªgalan”ti. Ten±ha “tattamiva½ kap±lan”ti, tatta½ ayokap±lasadisanti attho. G±th±sukhatthañcettha s±nun±sika½ katv± vutta½, tattamiva-icceva daµµhabba½. An±yasanti natthi ettha ±yo sukhanti an±ya½, tato eva j²vita½ s²yati vin±set²ti an±yasa½. Atha v± na ±yasanti an±yasa½. Paraloken±ti narakena tulya½. Narakañhi satt±na½ ekant±natthat±ya parabh³to paµisattubh³to lokoti visesato “paraloko”ti vuccati, samantato ayomayatt± ±yasañca, ida½ pana tadabh±vato an±yasa½, mahato dukkhassa uppattiµµh±nat±ya paralokasadisanti dasseti, “anassayan”ti ca keci paµhanti, sukhassa appatiµµh±nabh³tanti attho. Ludd±nam±v±samida½ pur±ºanti ida½ µh±na½ cirak±lato paµµh±ya ludd±na½ d±ruº±na½ pis±c±d²na½ ±v±sabh³ta½. Abhisattar³poti “eva½ l³kho ghor±k±ro hot³”ti por±ºehi is²hi sapitasadiso, dinnasapo viy±ti attho.
1233. Kena vaººen±ti kena k±raºena. Kim±sam±n±ti ki½ pacc±s²sant±. ti nip±tamatta½. “Padesamp²”ti ca paµhanti, imampi n±ma padesanti attho. Sahas± samecc±ti sahas± ±d²nav±nisa½se avic±retv± samav±yena anupaviµµh± sappaviµµh±. Lobh± bhay± atha v± kenaci anatthak±mena palobhit± lobhato kenaci amanuss±din± parip±tit± bhay± v±. Atha v± sampam³¼h±ti maggavippanaµµh± ima½ padesa½ anupaviµµh±ti yojan±.
Id±ni v±ºij± ±ha½su–
1234. “Magadhesu aªgesu ca satthav±h±, ±ropayitv± paºiya½ puthutta½;
te y±mase sindhusov²rabh³mi½, dhanatthik± uddaya½ patthay±n±.
1235. “Div± pip±sa½nadhiv±sayant±, yogg±nukampañca samekkham±n±;
etena vegena ±y±ma sabbe, ratti½ magga½ paµipann± vik±le.
1236. “Te duppay±t± aparaddhamagg±, andh±kul± vippanaµµh± araññe;
suduggame vaººupathassa majjhe, disa½ na j±n±ma pam³¼hacitt±.
1237. “Idañca disv±na adiµµhapubba½, vim±naseµµhañca tavañca yakkha;
tatuttari½ j²vitam±sam±n±, disv± pat²t± suman± udagg±”ti.
1234. Tattha magadhesu aªgesu ca satthav±h±ti magadharaµµhe ca aªgaraµµhe ca j±t± sa½va¹¹h± ta½niv±sino satthe satthassa ca v±hanak± satthak± ceva satthas±mik± ca. Paºiyanti bhaº¹a½. Teti te maya½. Y±maseti gacch±ma. Sindhusov²rabh³minti sindhudesa½ sov²radesañca. Uddayanti ±nisa½sa½ atirekal±bha½.
1235. Anadhiv±sayant±ti adhiv±setu½ asakkont±. Yogg±nukampanti goº±d²na½ satt±na½ anuggaha½. Etena vegen±ti imin± javena, yena tava dassanato pubbe ±y±ma ±gatamha. Ratti½ magga½ paµipann±ti rattiya½ magga½ paµipann±. Vik±leti ak±le avel±ya½.
1236. Duppay±t±ti duµµhu pay±t± apathe gat±, tato eva aparaddhamagg±. Andh±kul±ti andh± viya ±kul±, maggaj±nanasamatthassa paññ±cakkhuno abh±vena andh±, tato eva ±kul±, vippanaµµh± ca maggasamm³¼hat±ya. Disanti gantabbadisa½, yassa½ dis±ya½ sindhusov²radeso, ta½ disa½. Pam³¼hacitt±ti dis±sa½sayasum³¼hacitt±.
1237. Tavañc±ti tuvañca. Yakkh±ti ±lapana½. Tatuttari½ j²vitam±sam±n±ti yo “ito para½ amh±ka½ j²vita½ natth²”ti j²vitasa½sayo uppanno, id±ni tato uttarimpi j²vita½ ±s²sant±. Disv±ti dassanahetu. Pat²t±ti pahaµµh±. Suman±ti somanassappatt±. Udagg±ti udagg±ya p²tiy± udaggacitt±.
Eva½ v±ºijehi attano pavattiy± pak±sit±ya puna devaputto dv²hi g±th±hi pucchi–