9. Maµµhakuº¹al²vim±navaººan±

Alaªkato maµµhakuº¹al²ti maµµhakuº¹al²vim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane. Tena samayena s±vatthiv±s² eko br±hmaºo addho mahaddhano mah±bhogo assaddho appasanno micch±diµµhiko kassaci kiñci na deti, ad±nato eva “adinnapubbako”ti paññ±yittha. So micch±diµµhibh±vena ca luddhabh±vena ca tath±gata½ v± tath±gatas±vaka½ v± daµµhumpi na icchati. Maµµhakuº¹ala½ n±ma attano puttañca sikkh±pesi “t±ta tay± samaºo gotamo tassa s±vak± ca na upasaªkamitabb± na daµµhabb±”ti. Sopi tath± ak±si. Athassa putto gil±no ahosi, br±hmaºo dhanakkhayabhayena bhesajja½ na k±resi, roge pana va¹¹hiteva vejje pakkositv± dassesi. Vejj± tassa sar²ra½ oloketv± “atekiccho”ti ta½ ñatv± apakkami½su. Br±hmaºo “putte abbhantare mate n²haraºa½ dukkhan”ti putta½ bahidv±rakoµµhake nipajj±pesi.
Bhagav± rattiy± pacc³sasamaye mah±karuº±sam±pattito vuµµh±ya loka½ volokento addasa maµµhakuº¹al²m±ºava½ kh²º±yuka½ tadaheva cavanadhamma½, nirayasa½vattanikañcassa kamma½ katok±sa½. “Sace pan±ha½ tattha gamiss±mi, so mayi citta½ pas±detv± devaloke nibbattitv± pitara½ ±¼±hane rodam±na½ upagantv± sa½vejessati, eva½ so ca tassa pit± ca mama santika½ ±gamissati, mah±janak±yo sannipatissati tattha may± dhamme desite mah±dhamm±bhisamayo bhavissat²”ti eva½ pana ñatv± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ s±vatthi½ piº¹±ya paviµµho maµµhakuº¹al²m±ºavassa pitu gehasam²pe µhatv± chabbaººabuddhara½siyo vissajjesi. T± disv± m±ºavo “kimetan”ti ito cito ca vilokento addasa bhagavanta½ danta½ gutta½ santindriya½ dvatti½s±ya mah±purisalakkhaºehi as²tiy± anubyañjanehi by±mappabh±ya ketum±l±ya ca vijjotam±na½ anupam±ya buddhasiriy± acinteyyena buddh±nubh±vena virocam±na½. Disv± tassa etadahosi “buddho nu kho bhagav± idh±nuppatto, yass±ya½ r³pasampad± attano tejas± s³riyampi abhibhavati, kantabh±vena candima½, upasantabh±vena sabbepi samaºabr±hmaºe, upasamena n±ma ettheva bhavitabba½, ayameva ca maññe imasmi½ loke aggapuggalo, mameva ca anukamp±ya idh±nuppatto”ti buddh±rammaº±ya p²tiy± nirantara½ phuµasar²ro anappaka½ p²tisomanassa½ paµisa½vedento pasannacitto añjali½ paggayha nipajji. Ta½ disv± bhagav± “ala½ imassa ettakena sagg³papattiy±”ti pakk±mi.
Sopi ta½ p²tisomanassa½ avijahantova k±la½ katv± t±vati½sesu dv±dasayojanike vim±ne nibbatti. Pit± panassa sar²rasakk±ra½ karitv± dutiyadivase pacc³savel±ya½ ±¼±hana½ gantv± “h± h± maµµhakuº¹ali, h± h± maµµhakuº¹al²”ti paridevam±no ±¼±hana½ anuparikkamanto rodati. Devaputto attano vibhavasampatti½ oloketv± “kuto nu kho aha½ idh±gato kiñca kamma½ katv±”ti upadh±rento attano purimattabh±va½ ñatv± tattha ca maraºak±le bhagavati pavattita½ cittappas±da½ manohara½ añjalikaraºamatta½ disv± “aho mah±nubh±v± buddh± bhagavanto”ti s±tisaya½ tath±gate sañj±tappas±dabahum±no “adinnapubbakabr±hmaºo nu kho ki½ karot²”ti upadh±rento ±¼±hane rodam±na½ disv± “aya½ mayha½ pubbe bhesajjamattampi akatv± id±ni niratthaka½ ±¼±hane rodati, handa na½ sa½vejetv± kusale patiµµh±pess±m²”ti devalokato ±gantv± maµµhakuº¹al²r³pena rodam±no “h± h± canda, h± h± s³riy±”ti b±h± paggayha kandanto pitu sam²pe aµµh±si. Atha na½ br±hmaºo “aya½ maµµhakuº¹al² ±gato”ti cintetv± g±th±ya ajjhabh±si–
1207. “Alaªkato maµµhakuº¹al², m±ladh±r² haricandanussado;
b±h± paggayha kandasi, vanamajjhe ki½ dukkhito tuvan”ti.
Tattha alaªkatoti vibh³sito. Maµµhakuº¹al²ti sar²rappadesassa agha½sanattha½ m±l±lat±dayo adassetv± maµµh±k±reneva katakuº¹alo. Atha v± maµµhakuº¹al²ti visuddhakuº¹alo, t±petv± j±tihiªgulik±ya majjitv± dhovitv± s³karalomena majjitakuº¹aloti attho M±ladh±r²ti m±la½ dh±rento, pi¼andhitam±loti attho. Haricandanussadoti rattacandanena sabbaso anulittagatto. Kinti pucch±vacana½. Dukkhitoti dukkhappatto. Ki½dukkhitoti v± ekameva pada½, kena dukkhena dukkhitoti attho.
Atha na½ devaputto ±ha–
1208. “Sovaººamayo pabhassaro, uppanno rathapañjaro mama;
tassa cakkayuga½ na vind±mi, tena dukkhena jah±mi j²vitan”ti.
Atha na½ br±hmaºo ±ha–
1209. “Sovaººamaya½ maºimaya½, lohitakamaya½ atha r³piyamaya½;
±cikkha me bhaddam±ºava, cakkayuga½ paµip±day±mi te”ti.
Ta½ sutv± m±ºavo “aya½ puttassa bhesajja½ akatv± puttapatir³paka½ ma½ disv± rodanto ‘suvaºº±dimaya½ rathacakka½ karom²’ti vadati, hotu niggaºhiss±mi nan”ti cintetv± “k²va mahanta½ me cakkayuga½ karissas²”ti vatv± “y±va mahanta½ ±kaªkhas²”ti vutte “candimas³riyehi me attho, te me deh²”ti y±canto–
1210. “So m±ºavo tassa p±vadi, candas³riy± ubhayettha dissare;
sovaººamayo ratho mama, tena cakkayugena sobhat²”ti.
Atha na½ br±hmaºo ±ha–
1211. “B±lo kho tva½ asi m±ºava, yo tva½ patthayase apatthiya½;
maññ±mi tuva½ marissasi, na hi tva½ lacchasi candas³riye”ti.
Atha na½ m±ºavo “ki½ pana paññ±yam±nassatth±ya rodanto b±lo hoti, ud±hu apaññ±yam±nass±”ti vatv±–
1212. “Gaman±gamanampi dissati, vaººadh±tu ubhayattha v²thiy±;
peto k±lakato na dissati, ko nidha kandata½ b±lyataro”ti.
Ta½ sutv± br±hmaºo “yutta½ esa vadat²”ti sallakkhetv±–
1213. “Sacca½ kho vadesi m±ºava, ahameva kandata½ b±lyataro;
canda½ viya d±rako ruda½, peta½ k±lakat±bhipatthayin”ti.–

Vatv± tassa kath±ya nissoko hutv± m±ºavassa thuti½ karonto im± g±th± abh±si–

1214. “¾ditta½ vata ma½ santa½, ghatasitta½va p±vaka½;
v±rin± viya osiñca½, sabba½ nibb±paye dara½.
1215. “Abbah² vata me salla½, soka½ hadayanissita½;
yo me sokaparetassa, puttasoka½ ap±nudi.
1216. “Sv±ha½ abb³¼hasallosmi, s²tibh³tosmi nibbuto;
na soc±mi na rod±mi, tava sutv±na m±ºav±”ti.
1208-10. Tattha rathapañjaroti rath³pattha½. Na vind±m²ti na labh±mi. Bhaddam±ºav±ti ±lapana½. Paµip±day±m²ti samp±detv± dad±mi, m± cakkayug±bh±vena j²vita½ jah²ti adhipp±yo. Ubhayettha dissareti ubhopi ettha candas³riy± ±k±se dissanti. Ya-k±ro padasandhikaro, ubhaye etth±ti v± padavibh±go.
1212. Gaman±gamananti divase divase ogamanuggamanavasena candas³riy±na½ gamana½ ±gamanañca dissati. “Gamanogamanan”tipi p±¼i, uggamana½ ogamanañc±ti attho. Vaººadh±t³ti s²tibh±vavisiµµh± kantabh±vabh±sur±, uºhabh±vavisiµµh± tikkhabh±vabh±sur± ca vaººanibh±. Ubhayatth±ti cande s³riye c±ti dv²supi vaººadh±tu dissat²ti yojetabba½. V²thiy±ti pavattanav²thiya½ ±k±se, n±gav²thiy±div²thiya½ v±. “Ubhayetth±”tipi p±µho, ubhaye etth±ti padavisandhi. B±lyataroti b±lataro atisayena b±lo.
1213. Ima½ pana katha½ sutv± “alabbhan²yavatthu½ vat±ha½ patthetv± kevala½ sokaggin± ¹ayh±mi, ki½ me niratthakena anayabyasanen±”ti paµisaªkh±ne aµµh±si. Atha devaputto maµµhakuº¹al²r³pa½ paµisa½haritv± attano dibbar³peneva aµµh±si. Br±hmaºo pana ta½ anoloketv± m±ºavavoh±reneva voharanto “sacca½ kho vadesi m±ºav±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha canda½ viya d±rako rudanti canda½ abhipatthaya½ rudanto d±rako viy±ti attho. K±lakat±bhipatthayinti k±lakata½ abhipatthayi½. “Abhipatthayan”tipi p±µho.
1214-5. ¾dittanti sokaggin± ±ditta½. Nibb±paye daranti nibb±payi daratha½ sokapari¼±ha½. Abbah²ti uddhari.
Atha br±hmaºo soka½ vinodetv± attano upadesad±yaka½ dibbar³pena µhita½ disv± “ko n±ma tvan”ti pucchanto–
1217. “Devat± nusi gandhabbo, adu sakko purindado;
ko v± tva½ kassa v± putto, katha½ j±nemu ta½ mayan”ti.–

¾ha. Sopi tassa–

1218. “Yañca kandasi yañca rodasi, putta½ ±¼±hane saya½ dahitv±;
sv±ha½ kusala½ karitv± kamma½, tidas±na½ sahabyata½ gato”ti.–

Att±na½ kathesi. Tattha yañca kandasi yañca rodas²ti ya½ tava putta½ maµµhakuº¹ali½ uddissa rodasi, ass³ni muñcasi.

Atha na½ br±hmaºo ±ha–
1219. “Appa½ v± bahu½ v± n±ddas±ma, d±na½ dadantassa sake ag±re;
uposathakamma½ v± t±disa½, kena kammena gatosi devalokan”ti.
Tattha “uposathakamma½ v± t±disa½ n±ddas±m±”ti yojan±.
Atha na½ m±ºavo ±ha–
1220. “¾b±dhikoha½ dukkhito gil±no, ±turar³pomhi sake nivesane;
buddha½ vigataraja½ vitiººakaªkha½, addakkhi½ sugata½ anomapañña½.
1221. “Sv±ha½ muditamano pasannacitto, añjali½ akari½ tath±gatassa;
t±ha½ kusala½ karitv±na kamma½, tidas±na½ sahabyata½ gato”ti.
1220-21. Tattha ±b±dhikoti ±b±dhasamaªg². Dukkhitoti teneva ±b±dhikabh±vena j±tadukkho. Gil±noti gil±yam±noti attho. ¾turar³poti dukkhavedan±bhitunnak±yo. Vigatarajanti vigatar±g±diraja½. Vitiººakaªkhanti sabbaso sa½say±na½ samucchinnatt± tiººavicikiccha½. Anomapaññanti paripuººapañña½, sabbaññunti attho. Akarinti ak±si½. T±hanti ta½ aha½.
Eva½ tasmi½ kathenteyeva br±hmaºassa sakalasar²ra½ p²tiy± parip³ri. So ta½ p²ti½ pavedento–
1222. “Acchariya½ vata abbhuta½ vata,
añjalikammassa ayam²diso vip±ko;
ahampi muditamano pasannacitto,
ajjeva buddha½ saraºa½ vaj±m²”ti.– ¾ha.
Tattha anabhiºhappavattit±ya acchara½ paharitu½ yogganti acchariya½, abh³tapubbat±ya abbhuta½. Ubhayenapi vimhay±vahata½yeva dassetv± “ahampi muditamano pasannacitto, ajjeva buddha½ saraºa½ vaj±m²”ti ±ha.
Atha na½ devaputto saraºagamane s²lasam±d±ne ca niyojento–
1223. “Ajjeva buddha½ saraºa½ vaj±hi, dhammañca saªghañca pasannacitto;
tatheva sikkh±ya pad±ni pañca, akhaº¹aphull±ni sam±diyassu.
1224. “P±º±tip±t± viramassu khippa½, loke adinna½ parivajjayassu;
amajjapo m± ca mus± bhaº±hi, sakena d±rena ca hohi tuµµho”ti.–

G±th±dvayam±ha.

1223. Tattha tathev±ti yath± pasannacitto “samm±sambuddho bhagav±”ti buddha½ saraºa½ vajesi, tatheva “sv±kkh±to dhammo, suppaµipanno saªgho”ti pasannacitto dhammañca saªghañca saraºa½ vaj±hi. Yath± v± pasannacitto ratanattaya½ saraºa½ vajesi, tatheva “aya½ eka½sato diµµheva dhamme abhisampar±yañca hitasukh±vaho”ti pasannacitto sikkh±ya adhis²lasikkh±ya pad±ni koµµh±sabh³t±ni adhicitta-adhipaññ±sikkh±ya v± up±yabh³t±ni pañcas²l±ni avikopanato ca asa½kilissanato ca akhaº¹aphull±ni sam±diyassu, sam±d±ya vattass³ti attho.
Eva½ devaputtena saraºagamane s²lasam±d±ne ca niyojito br±hmaºo tassa vacana½ siras± sampaµicchanto–
1225. “Atthak±mosi me yakkha, hitak±mosi devate;
karomi tuyha½ vacana½, tva½si ±cariyo mam±”ti.–

G±tha½ vatv± tattha patiµµhahanto–

1226. “Upemi saraºa½ buddha½, dhammañc±pi anuttara½;
saªghañca naradevassa, gacch±mi saraºa½ aha½.
1227. “P±º±tip±t± viram±mi khippa½, loke adinna½ parivajjay±mi;
amajjapo no ca mus± bhaº±mi, sakena d±rena ca homi tuµµho”ti.–

G±th±dvayam±ha. Tampi suviññeyyameva.

Tato devaputto “kata½ may± br±hmaºassa kattabbayuttaka½, id±ni sayameva bhagavanta½ upasaªkamissat²”ti tattheva antaradh±yi. Br±hmaºopi kho bhagavati sañj±tapas±dabahum±no devat±ya ca codiyam±no “samaºa½ gotama½ upasaªkamiss±m²”ti vih±r±bhimukho gacchati. Ta½ disv± mah±jano “aya½ br±hmaºo ettaka½ k±la½ tath±gata½ anupasaªkamitv± ajja puttasokena upasaªkamati, k²dis² nu kho dhammadesan± bhavissat²”ti ta½ anubandhi.
Br±hmaºo bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± paµisanth±ra½ katv± evam±ha “sakk± nu kho bho gotama kiñci d±na½ adatv± s²la½ v± arakkhitv± kevala½ tumhesu pas±damattena sagge nibbattitun”ti. “Nanu, br±hmaºa, ajja pacc³savel±ya½ maµµhakuº¹alin± devaputtena attano devalok³papattik±raºa½ tuyha½ kathikan”ti bhagav± avoca. Tasmi½ khaºe maµµhakuº¹al²devaputto saha vim±nena ±gantv± dissam±nar³po vim±nato oruyha bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± añjali½ paggayha ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Atha bhagav± tassa½ parisati tena devaputtena katasucarita½ kathetv± paris±ya cittakallata½ ñatv± s±mukka½sika½ dhammadesana½ ak±si. Desan±pariyos±ne devaputto ca br±hmaºo ca sannipatitaparis± c±ti catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahass±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

Maµµhakuº¹al²vim±navaººan± niµµhit±.