13. C³¼arathavim±navaººan±

Da¼hadhamm± nis±rass±ti c³¼arathavim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagavati parinibbute dh±tuvibh±ga½ katv± tattha tattha satthu th³pesu patiµµh±piyam±nesu mah±kassapattherappamukhesu dhamma½ saªg±yitu½ uccinitv± gahitesu s±vakesu y±va vass³pagaman± veneyy±pekkh±ya attano attano paris±ya saddhi½ tattha tattha vasantesu ±yasm± mah±kacc±yano paccantadese aññatarasmi½ araññ±yatane viharati. Tena samayena assakaraµµhe potalinagare assakar±j± rajja½ k±reti, tassa jeµµh±ya deviy± putto suj±to n±ma kum±ro so¼asavassuddesiko kaniµµh±ya deviy± nibandhanena pitar± raµµhato pabb±jito arañña½ pavisitv± vanacarake niss±ya araññe vasati. So kira kassapassa bhagavato s±sane pabbajitv± s²lamatte patiµµhito puthujjanak±lakiriya½ katv± t±vati½sesu nibbattitv± tattha y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± apar±para½ sugatiya½yeva paribbhamanto imasmi½ buddhupp±de bhagavato abhisambodhito ti½savasse assakaraµµhe assakarañño aggamahesiy± kucchismi½ nibbatti, “suj±to”tissa n±ma½ ahosi. So mahantena pariv±rena va¹¹hati.
Tassa pana m±tari k±lakat±ya r±j± añña½ r±jadh²tara½ aggamahesiµµh±ne µhapesi. S±pi aparena samayena putta½ vij±yi. Tass± r±j± putta½ disv± pasanno “bhadde, tay± icchita½ vara½ gaºh±h²”ti vara½ ad±si. S± gahitaka½ katv± µhapetv± yad± suj±takum±ro so¼asavassuddesiko j±to, tad± r±j±na½ ±ha “deva, tumhehi mama putta½ disv± tuµµhacittehi varo dinno, ta½ id±ni deth±”ti. “Gaºha, dev²”ti “Mayha½ puttassa rajja½ deth±”ti. “Nassa, vasali, mama jeµµhaputte devakum±rasadise suj±takum±re µhite kasm± eva½ vadas²”ti paµikkhipi. Dev² punappuna½ nibandhana½ karont² mana½ alabhitv± ekadivasa½ ±ha “deva, yadi sacce tiµµhasi, dehi ev±”ti. R±j± “anupadh±retv± may± imiss± varo dinno, ayañca eva½ vadat²”ti vippaµis±r² hutv± suj±takum±ra½ pakkositv± tamattha½ ±rocetv± ass³ni pavattesi. Kum±ro pitara½ socam±na½ disv± domanassappatto ass³ni pavattetv± “anuj±n±hi, deva, aha½ aññattha gamiss±m²”ti ±ha. Ta½ sutv± raññ± “añña½ te nagara½ m±pess±mi, tattha vaseyy±s²”ti vutte kum±ro na icchi. “Mama sah±y±na½ r±j³na½ santike pesess±m²”ti ca vutte tampi n±nuj±ni. Kevala½ “deva, arañña½ gamiss±m²”ti ±ha. R±j± putta½ ±liªgitv± s²se cumbitv± “mamaccayena idh±gantv± rajje patiµµhah±”ti vatv± vissajjesi.
So arañña½ pavisitv± vanacarake niss±ya vasanto ekadivasa½ migava½ gato. Tassa samaºak±le sah±yavaro eko devaputto hitesit±ya migar³pena ta½ palobhento dh±vitv± ±yasmato mah±kacc±yanassa vasanaµµh±nasam²pa½ patv± antaradh±yi. So “ima½ miga½ id±ni gaºhiss±m²”ti upadh±vanto therassa vasanaµµh±na½ patv± ta½ apassanto bahi paººas±l±ya thera½ nisinna½ disv± tassa sam²pe c±pakoµi½ olubbha aµµh±si. Thero ta½ oloketv± ±dito paµµh±ya sabba½ tassa pavatti½ ñatv± anuggaºhanto aj±nanto viya saªgaha½ karonto–
981. “Da¼hadhamm± nis±rassa, dhanu½ olubbha tiµµhasi;
khattiyo nusi r±jañño, adu luddo vanecaro”ti.–

Pucchi. Tattha da¼hadhamm±ti da¼hadhanu. Da¼hadhanu n±ma dvisahassath±ma½ vuccati. Dvisahassath±manti ca yassa ±ropitassa jiy±ya baddho lohas²s±d²na½ bh±ro daº¹e gahetv± y±va kaº¹appam±º± ukkhittassa pathavito muccati. Nis±rass±ti niratisayas±rassa visiµµhas±rassa rukkhassa dhanu½, s±ratararukkhamaya½ dhanunti attho. Olubbh±ti sannirumbhitv±. R±jaññoti r±jakum±ro. Vanecaroti vanacaro.

Atha so att±na½ ±vikaronto–
982. “Assak±dhipatiss±ha½, bhante putto vanecaro;
n±ma½ me bhikkhu te br³mi, suj±to iti ma½ vid³.
983. “Mige gavesam±noha½, og±hanto brah±vana½;
miga½ tañceva n±ddakkhi½, tañca disv± µhito ahan”ti.–

¾ha. Tattha assak±dhipatiss±ti assakaraµµh±dhipatino assakar±jassa. Bhikkh³ti thera½ ±lapati. Mige gavesam±noti migas³kar±dike gavesanto, migava½ carantoti attho.

Ta½ sutv± thero tena saddhi½ paµisanth±ra½ karonto–
984. “Sv±gata½ te mah±puñña, atho te adur±gata½;
etto udakam±d±ya, p±de pakkh±layassu te.
985. “Idampi p±n²ya½ s²ta½, ±bhata½ girigabbhar±;
r±japutta tato pitv±, santhatasmi½ up±vis±”ti.– ¾ha.
984. Tattha adur±gatanti dur±gamanavajjita½, mah±puñña, te idh±gamana½ sv±gata½, na te appakampi dur±gamana½ atthi tuyhañca mayhañca p²tisomanassajananatoti adhipp±yo. “Adhun±gatan”tipi p±µho, id±ni ±gamananti attho.
985. Santhatasmi½ up±vis±ti anantarahit±ya bh³miy± anis²ditv± amukasmi½ tiºasanth±rake nis²d±ti.
Tato r±jakum±ro therassa paµisanth±ra½ sampaµicchanto ±ha–
986. “Kaly±º² vata te v±c±, savan²y± mah±muni;
nel± atthavat² vaggu, mantv± atthañca bh±sasi.
987. “K± te rati vane viharato, isinisabha vadehi puµµho;
tava vacanapatha½ nis±mayitv±, atthadhammapada½ sam±caremase”ti.
986. Tattha kaly±º²ti sundar± sobhan±. Savan²y±ti sotu½ yutt±. Nel±ti niddos±. Atthavat²ti atthayutt± diµµhadhammik±din± hitena upet±. Vagg³ti madhur±. Mantv±ti j±nitv± paññ±ya paricchinditv±. Atthanti atthato anapeta½ ekantahit±vaha½.
987. Isinisabh±ti is²su nisabha ±j±n²yasadisa. Vacanapathanti vacana½. Vacanameva hi atth±dhigamassa up±yabh±vato “vacanapathan”ti vutta½. Atthadhammapada½ sam±caremaseti idha ceva sampar±ye ca atth±vaha½ s²l±didhammakoµµh±sa½ paµipajj±mase.
Id±ni thero attano samm±paµipatti½ tassa anucchavika½ vadanto–
988. “Ahi½s± sabbap±º²na½, kum±ramh±ka ruccati;
theyy± ca atic±r± ca, majjap±n± ca ±rati.
989. “¾rati samacariy± ca, b±husacca½ kataññut±;
diµµheva dhamme p±sa½s±, dhamm± ete pasa½siy±”ti.– ¾ha.
989. Tattha ±rati samacariy± c±ti yath±vutt± ca p±padhammato ±rati, paµivirati k±yasamat±disamacariy± ca. B±husaccanti pariyattib±husacca½. Kataññut±ti parehi attano katassa upak±rassa j±nan±. P±sa½s±ti atthak±mehi kulaputtehi pak±rato ±sa½sitabb±. Dhamm± eteti ete yath±vutt± ahi½s±didhamm±. Pasa½siy±ti viññ³hi pasa½sitabb±.
Eva½ thero tassa anucchavika½ samm±paµipatti½ vatv± an±gata½sañ±ºena ±yusaªkh±re olokento “pañcam±samattamev±”ti disv± ta½ sa½vejetv± da¼ha½ tattha samm±paµipattiya½ patiµµh±petu½ ima½ g±tham±ha–
990. “Santike maraºa½ tuyha½, ora½ m±sehi pañcahi;
r±japutta vij±n±hi, att±na½ parimocay±”ti.
Tattha att±na½ parimocay±ti att±na½ ap±yadukkhato mocehi.
Tato kum±ro attano muttiy± up±ya½ pucchanto ±ha–
991. “Katama½ sv±ha½ janapada½ gantv±, ki½ kamma½ kiñca porisa½;
k±ya v± pana vijj±ya, bhaveyya½ ajar±maro”ti.
Tattha katama½ sv±hanti katama½ su aha½, katama½ n³ti attho. Ki½ kamma½ kiñca porisanti katv±ti vacanaseso. Porisanti purisakicca½.
Tato thero tassa dhamma½ desetu½ im± g±th±yo avoca–
992. “Na vijjate so padeso, kamma½ vijj± ca porisa½;
yattha gantv± bhave macco, r±japutt±jar±maro.
993. “Mahaddhan± mah±bhog±, raµµhavantopi khattiy±;
pah³tadhanadhaññ±se, tepi no ajar±mar±.
994. “Yadi te sut± andhakaveº¹uputt±, s³r± v²r± vikkantappah±rino;
tepi ±yukkhaya½ patt±, viddhast± sassat²sam±.
995. “Khattiy± br±hmaº± vess±, sudd± caº¹±lapukkus±;
ete caññe ca j±tiy±, tepi no ajar±mar±.
996. “Ye manta½ parivattenti, cha¼aªga½ brahmacintita½;
ete caññe ca vijj±ya, tepi no ajar±mar±.
997. “Isayo c±pi ye sant±, saññatatt± tapassino;
sar²ra½ tepi k±lena, vijahanti tapassino.
998. “Bh±vitatt±pi arahanto, katakicc± an±sav±;
nikkhipanti ima½ deha½, puññap±paparikkhay±”ti.
992. Tattha yattha gantv±ti ya½ padesa½ gantv± kamma½ vijja½ porisañca k±yapayogena itarapayogena ca upagantv± p±puºitv± bhaveyya ajar±maroti attho.
993. Heµµhimakoµiy± koµisat±diparim±ºa½ sa½haritv± µhapita½ mahanta½ dhana½ etesanti mahaddhan±. Kumbhattay±dikah±paºaparibbayo mahanto bhogo etesanti mah±bhog±. Raµµhavantoti raµµhas±mik±, anekayojanaparim±ºa½ raµµha½ pas±sant±ti adhipp±yo. Khattiy±ti khattiyaj±tik±. Pah³tadhanadhaññ±seti mah±dhanadhaññasannicay±, attano paris±ya ca sattaµµhasa½vaccharapahonakadhanadhaññasannicay±. Tepi no ajar±mar±ti jar±maraºadhamm± eva, mahaddhanat±d²nipi tesa½ upari nipatanta½ jar±maraºa½ nivattetu½ na sakkont²ti attho.
994. Andhakaveº¹uputt±ti andhakaveº¹ussa putt±ti paññ±t±. S³r±ti sattimanto. V²r±ti v²riyavanto. Vikkantappah±rinoti s³rav²rabh±veneva paµisattubala½ vikkamma pasayha paharaºas²l±. Viddhast±ti vinaµµh±. Sassat²sam±ti kulaparampar±ya sassat²hi candas³riy±d²hi sam±n±, tepi acirak±lapavattakulanvay±ti attho.
995. J±tiy±ti attano j±tiy±, visiµµhatar± pana j±tipi nesa½ jar±maraºa½ nivattetu½ na sakkot²ti attho.
996. Mantanti veda½. Cha¼aªganti kappaby±karaºaniruttisikkh±chandovicitijotisatthasaªkh±tehi chahi aªgehi cha¼aªga½. Brahmacintitanti brahmehi aµµhak±d²hi cintita½ paññ±cakkhun± diµµha½.
997. Sant±ti upasantak±yavac²kammant±. Saññatatt±ti saññatacitt±. Tapassinoti tapanissit±.
Id±ni kum±ro attan± kattabba½ vadanto–
999. “Subh±sit± atthavat², g±th±yo te mah±muni;
nijjhattomhi subhaµµhena, tvañca me saraºa½ bhav±”ti.–

¾ha Tattha nijjhattomh²ti nijjh±pito dhammojasaññ±ya saññattigato amhi. Subhaµµhen±ti suµµhu bh±sitena.

Tato thero ta½ anus±santo ima½ g±tha½ abh±si–
1000. “M± ma½ tva½ saraºa½ gaccha, tameva saraºa½ vaja;
sakyaputta½ mah±v²ra½, yamaha½ saraºa½ gato”ti.
Tato r±jakum±ro ±ha–
1001. “Katarasmi½ so janapade, satth± tumh±ka m±risa;
ahampi daµµhu½ gacchissa½, jina½ appaµipuggalan”ti.
Puna thero ±ha–
1002. “Puratthimasmi½ janapade, okk±kakulasambhavo;
tatth±si puris±jañño, so ca kho parinibbuto”ti.
Tattha therena nisinnapadesato majjhimadesassa p±c²nadis±bh±gatt± vutta½ “puratthimasmi½ janapade”ti.
Eva½ so r±japutto therassa dhammadesana½ sutv± pasannam±naso saraºesu ca s²lesu ca patiµµhahi. Tena vutta½–
1003. “Sace hi buddho tiµµheyya, satth± tumh±ka m±risa;
yojan±ni sahass±ni, gaccheyya½ payirup±situ½.
1004. “Yato ca kho parinibbuto, satth± tumh±ka m±risa;
nibbutampi mah±v²ra½, gacch±mi saraºa½ aha½.
1005. “Upemi saraºa½ buddha½, dhammañc±pi anuttara½;
saªghañca naradevassa, gacch±mi saraºa½ aha½.
1006. “P±º±tip±t± viram±mi khippa½, loke adinna½ parivajjay±mi;
amajjapo no ca mus± bhaº±mi, sakena d±rena ca homi tuµµho”ti.
Eva½ pana ta½ saraºesu ca s²lesu ca patiµµhita½ thero evam±ha “r±jakum±ra, tuyha½ idha araññav±sena attho natthi, na cira½ tava j²vita½, pañcam±sabbhantare eva k±la½ karissasi, tasm± tava pitu santikameva gantv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± saggapar±yaºo bhaveyy±s²”ti vatv± attano santike dh±tuyo datv± vissajjesi. So gacchanto “aha½, bhante, tumh±ka½ vacanena ito gamiss±mi, tumhehipi mayha½ anukamp±ya tattha ±gantabban”ti vatv± therassa adhiv±sana½ viditv± vanditv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pitu nagara½ gantv± uyy±na½ pavisitv± attano ±gatabh±va½ rañño nivedesi.
Ta½ sutv± r±j± sapariv±ro uyy±na½ gantv± kum±ra½ ±liªgitv± antepura½ netv± abhisiñcituk±mo ahosi. Kum±ro “deva, mayha½ appaka½ ±yu, ito catunna½ m±s±na½ accayena maraºa½ bhavissati, ki½ me rajjena, tumhe niss±ya puññameva kariss±m²”ti vatv± therassa guºa½ ratanattayassa ca ±nubh±va½ pavedesi. Ta½ sutv± r±j± sa½vegappatto ratanattaye ca there ca pasannam±naso mahanta½ vih±ra½ k±retv± mah±kacc±yanattherassa santike d³ta½ p±hesi. Theropi r±j±na½ mah±janañca anuggaºhanto ±gacchi. R±j± ca sapariv±ro d³ratova paccuggamana½ katv± thera½ vih±ra½ pavesetv± cat³hi paccayehi sakkacca½ upaµµhahanto saraºesu ca s²lesu ca patiµµhahi. Kum±ro ca s²l±ni sam±diyitv± thera½ bhikkh³ ceva sakkacca½ upaµµhahanto d±n±ni dadanto dhamma½ suºanto catunna½ m±s±na½ accayena k±la½ katv± t±vati½sabhavane nibbatti. Tassa puññ±nubh±vena sattaratanapaµimaº¹ito sattayojanappam±ºo ratho uppajji, anek±ni cassa acchar±sahass±ni pariv±ro ahosi.
R±j± kum±rassa sar²rasakk±ra½ katv± bhikkhusaªghassa ca mah±d±na½ pavattetv± cetiyassa p³ja½ ak±si, tattha mah±jano sannipati, theropi sapariv±ro ta½ padesa½ upagañchi. Atha devaputto attan± katakusalakamma½ oloketv± kataññut±ya “gantv± thera½ vandiss±mi, s±sanaguºe ca p±kaµe kariss±m²”ti cintetv± dibbaratha½ ±ruyha mahat± pariv±rena dissam±nar³po ±gantv± rath± oruyha therassa p±de vanditv± pitar± saddhi½ paµisanth±ra½ katv± thera½ payirup±sam±no añjali½ paggayha aµµh±si. Ta½ thero im±hi g±th±hi pucchi–
1007. “Sahassara½s²va yath±mahappabho, disa½ yath± bh±ti nabhe anukkama½;
tath±pak±ro tav±ya½ mah±ratho, samantato yojanasattam±yato.
1008. “Suvaººapaµµehi samantamotthaµo, urassa mutt±hi maº²hi cittito;
lekh± suvaººassa ca r³piyassa ca, sobhenti ve¼uriyamay± sunimmit±.
1009. “S²sañcida½ ve¼uriyassa nimmita½, yugañcida½ lohitak±ya cittita½;
yutt± suvaººassa ca r³piyassa ca, sobhanti ass± ca ime manojav±.
1010. “So tiµµhasi hemarathe adhiµµhito, dev±namindova sahassav±hano;
pucch±mi t±ha½ yasavanta kovida½, katha½ tay± laddho aya½ u¼±ro”ti.
1007. Tattha sahassara½s²ti s³riyo. So hi anekasahassara½simantat±ya “sahassara½s²”ti vuccati. Yath±mahappabhoti attano mahattassa anur³pappabho. Yath± hi mahattena s³riyamaº¹alena sadisa½ jotimaº¹ala½ natthi, eva½ pabh±yapi. Tath± hi ta½ ekasmi½ khaºe t²su mah±d²pesu ±loka½ pharanta½ tiµµhati. Disa½ yath± bh±ti nabhe anukkamanti nabhe ±k±se yatheva disa½ anukkamanto gacchanto yath± yena pak±rena bh±ti dibbati jotati. Tath±pak±roti t±dis±k±ro. Tav±yanti tava aya½.
1008. Suvaººapaµµeh²ti suvaººamayehi paµµehi. Samantamotthaµo samantato ch±dito. Urass±ti uro assa, rathassa uroti ca ²s±m³la½ vadati. Lekh±ti ve¼uriyamay± m±l±kammalat±kamm±dilekh±. T±sa½ suvaººapaµµesu ca rajatapaµµesu ca dissam±natt± vutta½ “suvaººassa ca r³piyassa c±”ti. Sobhent²ti ratha½ sobhayanti.
1009. S²santi rathakubbaras²sa½. Ve¼uriyassa nimmitanti ve¼uriyena nimmita½, ve¼uriyamaºimayanti attho. Lohitak±y±ti lohitakamaºin±, yena kenaci rattamaºin± v±. Yutt±ti yojit±, atha v± yott± suvaººassa ca r³piyassa c±ti suvaººamay± ca r³piyamay± ca yott±, saªkhalik±ti attho.
1010. Adhiµµhitoti attano deviddhiy± sakalamida½ µh±na½ abhibhavitv± µhito. Sahassav±hanoti sahassayuttav±hano, sahassa-±j±n²yayuttaratho dev±namindo yath±ti adhipp±yo. Yasavant±ti ±lapana½, yasass²ti attho. Kovidanti kusalañ±ºavanta½, rath±rohane v± cheka½. Aya½ u¼±roti aya½ u¼±ro mahanto yasoti adhipp±yo.
Eva½ therena puµµho devaputto im±hi g±th±hi by±k±si–
1011. “Suj±to n±maha½ bhante, r±japutto pure ahu½;
tvañca ma½ anukamp±ya, saññamasmi½ nivesayi.
1012. “Kh²º±yukañca ma½ ñatv±, sar²ra½ p±d±si satthuno;
ima½ suj±ta p³jehi, ta½ te atth±ya hehiti.
1013. “T±ha½ gandhehi m±lehi, p³jayitv± samuyyuto;
pah±ya m±nusa½ deha½, upapannomhi nandana½.
1014. “Nandane ca vane ramme, n±n±dijagaº±yute;
ram±mi naccag²tehi, acchar±hi purakkhato”ti.
1012-3. Tattha sar²rant² sar²radh±tu½. Hehit²ti bhavissati. Samuyyutoti samm± uyyutto, yuttappayuttoti attho.
Eva½ devaputto therena pucchitamattha½ kathetv± thera½ vanditv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pitara½ ±pucchitv± ratha½ ±ruyha devalokameva gato. Theropi tamattha½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± sampattaparis±ya vitth±rena dhammakatha½ kathesi. S± dhammakath± mah±janassa s±tthik± ahosi. Atha thero ta½ sabba½ attan± ca tena ca kathitaniy±meneva saªg²tik±le dhammasaªg±hak±na½ ±rocesi, te ca ta½ tath± saªgaha½ ±ropesunti.

C³¼arathavim±navaººan± niµµhit±.