3. Chattam±ºavakavim±navaººan±

Yo vadata½ pavaro manujes³ti chattam±ºavakavim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane. Tena samayena setaby±ya½ aññatarassa br±hmaºassa kicch±laddho putto chatto n±ma br±hmaºam±ºavo ahosi. So vayappatto pitar± pesito ukkaµµha½ gantv± br±hmaºassa pokkharas±tissa santike medh±vit±ya analasat±ya ca na cireneva mante vijj±µµh±n±ni ca uggahetv± br±hmaºasippe nipphatti½ patto. So ±cariya½ abhiv±detv± “may± tumh±ka½ santike sippa½ sikkhita½, ki½ vo garudakkhiºa½ dem²”ti ±ha. ¾cariyo “garudakkhiº± n±ma antev±sikassa vibhav±nur³p±, kah±paºasahassam±neh²”ti ±ha. Chattam±ºavo ±cariya½ abhiv±detv± setabya½ gantv± m±t±pitaro vanditv± tehi abhinandiyam±no katapaµisanth±ro tamattha½ pitu ±rocetv± “detha me d±tabbayuttaka½, ajjeva datv± ±gamiss±m²”ti ±ha. Ta½ m±t±pitaro “t±ta, ajja vik±lo, sve gamissas²”ti vatv± kah±paºe n²haritv± bhaº¹ika½ bandh±petv± µhapesu½. Cor± ta½ pavatti½ ñatv± chattam±ºavakassa gamanamagge aññatarasmi½ vanagahane nil²n± acchi½su “m±ºava½ m±retv± kah±paºe gaºhiss±m±”ti.
Bhagav± pacc³sasamaye mah±karuº±sam±pattito vuµµh±ya loka½ volokento chattam±ºavakassa saraºesu ca s²lesu ca patiµµh±na½, corehi m±ritassa devaloke nibbatti½, tato saha vim±nena ±gatassa tattha sannipatitaparis±ya ca dhamm±bhisamaya½ disv± paµhamatarameva gantv± m±ºavakassa gamanamagge aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²di. M±ºavo ±cariyadhana½ gahetv± setabyato ukkaµµh±bhimukho gacchanto antar±magge bhagavanta½ nisinna½ disv± upasaªkamitv± aµµh±si. “Kuhi½ gamissas²”ti bhagavat± vutto “ukkaµµha½, bho gotama, gamiss±mi mayha½ ±cariyassa pokkharas±tissa garudakkhiºa½ d±tun”ti ±ha. Atha bhagav± “j±n±si pana tva½, m±ºava, t²ºi saraº±ni, pañca s²l±n²”ti vatv± tena “n±ha½ j±n±mi, kimatthiy±ni panet±ni k²dis±ni c±”ti vutte “idam²disan”ti saraºagamanassa s²lasam±d±nassa ca phal±nisa½sa½ vibh±vetv± “uggaºh±hi t±va, m±ºavaka, saraºagamanavidhin”ti vatv± “s±dhu uggaºhiss±mi, kathetha bhante bhagav±”ti tena y±cito tassa ruciy± anur³pa½ g±th±bandhavasena saraºagamanavidhi½ dassento–
886. “Yo vadata½ pavaro manujesu, sakyamun² bhagav± katakicco;
p±ragato balav²riyasamaªg², ta½ sugata½ saraºatthamupehi.
887. “R±gavir±gamanejamasoka½ dhammamasaªkhatamappaµik³la½;
madhuramima½ paguºa½ suvibhatta½, dhammamima½ saraºatthamupehi.
888. “Yattha ca dinna mahapphalam±hu, cat³su suc²su purisayugesu;
aµµha ca puggala dhammadas± te, saªghamima½ saraºatthamupeh²”ti.–

Tisso g±th±yo abh±si.

886. Tattha yoti aniyamitavacana½, tassa “tan”ti imin± niyamana½ veditabba½. Vadatanti vadant±na½. Pavaroti seµµho, kathik±na½ uttamo v±d²varoti attho. Manujes³ti ukkaµµhaniddeso yath± “satth± devamanuss±nan”ti. Bhagav± pana devamanuss±nampi brahm±nampi sabbesampi satt±na½ pavaroyeva, bhagavato ca carimabhave manussesu uppannat±ya vutta½ “manujes³”ti. Tenev±ha “sakyamun²”ti. Sakyakulappasutat±ya sakyo, k±yamoneyy±d²hi samann±gatato anavasesassa ca ñeyyassa munanato muni c±ti sakyamuni. Bh±gyavantat±d²hi cat³hi k±raºehi bhagav±. Cat³hi maggehi k±tabbassa pariññ±dipabhedassa so¼asavidhassa kiccassa katatt± nipph±ditatt± katakicco. P±ra½ sakk±yassa parat²ra½ nibb±na½ gato sayambhuñ±ºena adhigatoti p±ragato. Asadisena k±yabalena, anaññas±dh±raºena ñ±ºabalena, catubbidhasammappadh±nav²riyena ca samann±gatatt± balav²riyasamaªg². Sobhanagamanatt±, sundara½ µh±na½ gatatt±, samm± gatatt±, samm± ca gaditatt± sugato. Ta½ sugata½ samm±sambuddha½ saraºattha½ saraº±ya par±yaº±ya ap±yadukkhavaµµadukkhaparitt±º±ya upehi upagaccha, ajja paµµh±ya ahitanivattanena hitasa½va¹¹hanena “aya½ me bhagav± saraºa½ t±ºa½ leºa½ par±yaºa½ gati paµisaraºan”ti bhaja seva, eva½ j±n±hi v± bujjhass³ti attho.
887. R±gavir±ganti ariyamaggam±ha. Tena hi ariy± an±dik±labh±vitampi r±ga½ virajjenti. Anejamasokanti ariyaphala½. Tañhi ej±saªkh±t±ya taºh±ya avasiµµh±nañca sokanimitt±na½ kiles±na½ sabbaso paµippassambhanato “aneja½ asokan”ti ca vuccati. Dhammanti sabh±vadhamma½. Sabh±vato gahetabbadhammo hesa yadida½ maggaphalanibb±n±ni, na pariyattidhammo viya paññattidhammavasena. Dhammanti v± paramatthadhamma½, nibb±nanti attho. Samecca sambhuyya paccayehi kata½ saªkhata½, na saªkhatanti asaªkhata½. Tadeva nibb±na½. Natthi ettha kiñcipi paµik³lanti appaµik³la½. Savanavel±ya½ upaparikkhaºavel±ya½ paµipajjanavel±yanti sabbad±pi iµµhamev±ti madhura½. Sabbaññutaññ±ºasannissay±ya paµibh±nasampad±ya pavattitatt± suppavattibh±vato nipuºabh±vato ca paguºa½. Vibhajitabbassa atthassa khandh±divasena kusal±divasena uddes±divasena ca suµµhu vibhajanato suvibhatta½. T²hipi padehi pariyattidhammameva vadati. Teneva hissa ±p±thak±le viya vimaddanak±lepi kathentassa viya suºantass±pi sammukh²bh±vato ubhatopaccakkhat±ya dassanattha½ “iman”ti vutta½. Dhammanti yath±vapaµipajjante ap±yadukkhap±tato dh±raºatthena dhamma½, ida½ catubbidhass±pi dhammassa s±dh±raºavacana½. Pariyattidhammopi hi saraºesu ca s²lesu ca patiµµh±namatt±yapi yath±vapaµipattiy± ap±yadukkhap±tato dh±reti eva. Imassa ca atthassa idameva vim±na½ s±dhakanti daµµhabba½. S±dh±raºabh±vena yath±vuttadhammassa paccakkha½ katv± dassento puna “iman”ti ±ha.
888. Yatth±ti yasmi½ ariyasaªghe. Dinnanti pariccatta½ ann±dideyyadhamma½. Dinna mahapphalanti g±th±sukhattha½ anun±sikalopo kato. Accantameva kiles±sucito visujjhanena suc²su “sot±panno sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno”ti-±din± (a. ni. 8.60) vuttesu cat³su purisayugesu. Aµµh±ti maggaµµhaphalaµµhesu yuga¼e akatv± visu½ visu½ gahaºena aµµha puggal±. G±th±sukhatthameva cettha “puggala dhammadas±”ti rassa½ katv± niddeso. Dhammadas±ti catusaccadhammassa nibb±nadhammassa ca paccakkhato dassanak±. Diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatabh±vena saªgha½.
Eva½ bhagavat± t²hi g±th±hi saraºaguºasandassanena saddhi½ saraºagamanavidhimhi vutte m±ºavo ta½ta½saraºaguº±nussaraºamukhena saraºagamanavidhino attano hadaye µhapitabh±va½ vibh±vento tass± tass± g±th±ya anantara½ “yo vadata½ pavaro”ti-±din± ta½ ta½ g±tha½ paccanubh±si. Eva½ paccanubh±sitv± µhitassa pañca sikkh±pad±ni sar³pato phal±nisa½sato ca vibh±vetv± tesa½ sam±d±navidhi½ kathesi. So tampi suµµhu upadh±retv± pasannam±naso “hand±ha½ bhagav± gamiss±m²”ti vatv± ratanattayaguºa½ anussaranto ta½yeva magga½ paµipajji. Bhagav±pi “ala½ imassa ettaka½ kusala½ devalok³papattiy±”ti jetavanameva agam±si.
M±ºavassa pana pasannacittassa ratanattayaguºa½ sallakkhaºavasena “saraºa½ upem²”ti pavattacittupp±dat±ya saraºesu ca, bhagavat± vuttanayena pañcanna½ s²l±na½ adhiµµh±nena s²lesu ca patiµµhitassa teneva nayena ratanattayaguºe anussarantasseva gacchantassa cor± magge pariyuµµhi½su. So te agaºetv± ratanattayaguºe anussarantoyeva gacchati. Tañceko coro gumbantara½ upaniss±ya µhito visap²tena sarena sahas±va vijjhitv± j²vitakkhaya½ p±petv± kah±paºabhaº¹ika½ gahetv± attano sah±yehi saddhi½ pakk±mi. M±ºavo pana k±la½ katv± t±vati½sabhavane ti½sayojanike kanakavim±ne suttappabuddho viya acchar±sahassaparivuto saµµhisakaµabh±r±laªk±rapaµimaº¹itattabh±vo nibbatti, tassa vim±nassa ±bh± s±tirek±ni v²satiyojan±ni pharitv± tiµµhati.
Atha m±ºava½ k±lakata½ disv± setabyag±mav±sino manuss± setabya½ gantv± tassa m±t±pit³na½ ukkaµµhag±mav±sino ca ukkaµµha½ gantv± br±hmaºassa pokkharas±tissa kathesu½. Ta½ sutv± tassa m±t±pitaro ñ±timitt± br±hmaºo ca pokkharas±ti sapariv±r± assumukh± rodam±n± ta½ padesa½ agama½su, yebhuyyena setabyav±sino ca ukkaµµhav±sino ca icch±naªgalav±sino ca sannipati½su, mah±sam±gamo ahosi. Atha m±ºavassa m±t±pitaro maggassa avid³re citaka½ sajjetv± sar²rakicca½ k±tu½ ±rabhi½su.
Atha bhagav± cintesi “mayi gate chattam±ºavo ma½ vanditu½ ±gamissati, ±gatañca ta½ katakamma½ kath±pento kammaphala½ paccakkha½ k±retv± dhamma½ desess±mi, eva½ mah±janassa dhamm±bhisamayo bhavissat²”ti cintetv± mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ ta½ padesa½ upagantv± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²di chabbaººabuddhara½siyo vissajjento. Atha chattam±ºavadevaputtopi attano sampatti½ paccavekkhitv±, tass± k±raºa½ upadh±rento saraºagamanañca s²lasam±d±nañca disv±, vimhayaj±to bhagavati sañj±tapas±dabahum±no “id±nev±ha½ gantv± bhagavantañca bhikkhusaªghañca vandiss±mi, ratanattayaguºe ca mah±janassa p±kaµe kariss±m²”ti kataññuta½ niss±ya sakala½ ta½ araññapadesa½ ek±loka½ karonto, saha vim±nena ±gantv± vim±nato oruyha mahat± pariv±rena saddhi½ dissam±nar³po upasaªkamitv± bhagavato p±desu siras± nipatanto abhiv±detv± añjali½ paggayha ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Ta½ disv± mah±jano “ko nu kho aya½ devo v± brahm± v±”ti acchariyabbhutaj±to upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ pariv±resi. Bhagav± tena katapuññakamma½ p±kaµa½ k±tu½–
889. “Na tath± tapati nabhe s³riyo, cando ca na bh±sati na phusso;
yath± atulamida½ mahappabh±sa½, ko nu tva½ tidiv± mahi½ up±g±.
890. “Chindati ra½s² pabhaªkarassa, s±dhikav²satiyojan±ni ±bh±;
rattimapi yath± diva½ karoti, parisuddha½ vimala½ subha½ vim±na½.
891. “Bahupadumavicitrapuº¹ar²ka½, vokiººa½ kusumehi nekacitta½;
arajavirajahemaj±lachanna½, ±k±se tapati yath±pi s³riyo.
892. “Rattambarap²tav±sas±hi, agarupiyaªgucandanussad±hi;
kañcanatanusannibhattac±hi, parip³ra½ gagana½va t±rak±hi.
893. “Naran±riyo bahuketthanekavaºº±, kusumavibh³sit±bharaºettha suman±;
anilapamuñcit± pavanti surabhi½, tapaniyavitat± suvaººachann±.
894. “Kissa sa½yamassa aya½ vip±ko, ken±si kammaphalenidh³papanno;
yath± ca te adhigatamida½ vim±na½, tadanupada½ avac±si iggha puµµho”ti.–

Ta½ devaputta½ paµipucchi.

886. Tattha tapat²ti dippati. Nabheti ±k±se. Phussoti phussat±rak±. Atulanti anupama½, appam±ºa½ v±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± ida½ tava vim±na½ anupama½ appam±ºa½ pabhassarabh±vena tato eva mahappabh±sa½ ±k±se dippati, na tath± t±rakar³p±ni dippanti, na cando, t±ni t±va tiµµhantu, n±pi s³riyo dippati, eva½bh³to ko nu tva½ devalokato ima½ bh³mipadesa½ upagato, ta½ p±kaµa½ katv± imassa mah±janassa katheh²ti.