2. Revat²vim±navaººan±

Uµµhehi revate sup±padhammeti revat²vim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagav± b±r±ºasiya½ viharati isipatane migad±ye. Tena samayena b±r±ºasiya½ saddh±sampannassa kulassa putto nandiyo n±ma up±sako ahosi saddh±sampanno d±yako d±napati saªghupaµµh±ko. Athassa m±t±pitaro sammukhagehato m±tuladh²tara½ revati½ n±ma kañña½ ±netuk±m± ahesu½. S± pana assaddh± ad±nas²l±, nandiyo ta½ na icchi. Tassa m±t± revati½ ±ha “amma, tva½ ima½ geha½ ±gantv± bhikkhusaªghassa nis²danaµµh±na½ haritena gomayena upalimpitv± ±san±ni paññ±pehi, ±dh±rake µhapehi, bhikkh³na½ ±gatak±le vanditv± patta½ gahetv± nis²d±petv± dhamakaraºena p±n²ya½ pariss±vetv± bhuttak±le patt±ni dhov±hi, eva½ me puttassa ±r±dhik± bhavissas²”ti. S± tath± ak±si. Atha na½ “ov±dakkham± j±t±”ti puttassa ±rocetv± tena “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchite divasa½ µhapetv± ±v±ha½ kari½su.
Atha na½ nandiyo ±ha “sace bhikkhusaªgha½ m±t±pitaro ca me upaµµhahissasi, eva½ imasmi½ gehe vasitu½ labhissasi, appamatt± hoh²”ti. S± “s±dh³”ti paµissuºitv± kiñci k±la½ saddh± viya hutv± bhatt±ra½ anavattent² dve putte vij±yi. Nandiyassa m±t±pitaro k±lamaka½su. Gehe sabbissariya½ tass± eva ahosi. Nandiyopi mah±d±napati hutv± bhikkhusaªghassa d±na½ paµµhapesi, kapaºaddhik±d²nampi gehadv±re p±kavatta½ paµµhapesi. Isipatanamah±vih±re cat³hi gabbhehi paµimaº¹ita½ catus±la½ k±retv± mañcap²µh±d²ni atthar±petv± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ datv± tath±gatassa hatthe dakkhiºodaka½ p±tetv± niyy±desi, saha dakkhiºodakad±nena t±vati½sabhavane ±y±mato ca vitth±rato ca samant± dv±dasayojaniko yojanasatubbedho sattaratanamayo acchar±gaºasahassasaªghuµµho dibbap±s±do uggañchi.
Ath±yasm± mah±moggall±no devac±rika½ caranto ta½ p±s±da½ disv± att±na½ vanditu½ ±gate devaputte pucchi “kass±ya½ p±s±do”ti? “Imassa bhante, p±s±dassa s±miko manussaloke b±r±ºasiya½ nandiyo n±ma kuµumbiyaputto saªghassa isipatanamah±vih±re catus±la½ k±resi, tass±ya½ nibbatto p±s±do”ti ±ha½su. P±s±de nibbattadevacchar±yopi thera½ vanditv± “bhante, maya½ b±r±ºasiya½ nandiyassa n±ma up±sakassa paric±rik± bhavitu½ idha nibbatt±, tassa eva½ vadetha “tuyha½ paric±rik± bhavitu½ nibbatt±, devat±yo tayi cir±yante ukkaºµhit±, devalokasampatti n±ma mattik±bh±jana½ bhinditv± suvaººabh±janassa gahaºa½ viya atiman±pan’ti vatv± idh±gamanatth±ya tassa vadeth±”ti ±ha½su. Thero “s±dh³”ti paµissuºitv± sahas± devalokato ±gantv± catuparisamajjhe bhagavanta½ pucchi “nibbattati nu kho, bhante, katapuññ±na½ manussaloke µhit±na½yeva dibbasampatt²”ti? “Nanu te, moggall±na, nandiyassa devaloke nibbatt± dibbasampatti s±ma½ diµµh±, kasm± ma½ pucchas²”ti? “Eva½, bhante, nibbattat²”ti Athassa satth± “yath± cira½ vippavasitv± ±gata½ purisa½ mittabandhav± abhinandanti sampaµicchanti, eva½ katapuñña½ puggala½ ito paraloka½ gata½ sak±ni puññ±ni sampattihatthehi sampaµicchanti paµiggaºhant²”ti dassento–
861. “Cirappav±si½ purisa½, d³rato sotthim±gata½;
ñ±timitt± suhajj± ca, abhinandanti ±gata½.
862. “Tatheva katapuññampi, asm± lok± para½ gata½;
puññ±ni paµiggaºhanti, piya½ ñ±t²va ±gatan”ti.– G±th± abh±si.
Nandiyo ta½ sutv± bhiyyosomatt±ya d±n±ni deti, puññ±ni karoti, so vaºijj±ya gacchanto revati½ ±ha “bhadde, may± paµµhapita½ saªghassa d±na½ an±th±na½ p±kavattañca tva½ appamatt± pavatteyy±s²”ti. S± “s±dh³”ti paµissuºi. So pav±sagatopi yattha yattha v±sa½ kappeti, tattha tattha bhikkh³na½ an±th±nañca yath±vibhava½ d±na½ detiyeva. Tassa anukamp±ya kh²º±sav± d³ratopi ±gantv± d±na½ sampaµicchanti. Revat² pana tasmi½ gate katip±hameva d±na½ pavattetv± an±th±na½ bhatta½ upacchindi, bhikkh³nampi bhatta½ kaº±jaka½ bilaªgadutiya½ ad±si Bhikkh³na½ bhuttaµµh±ne attan± bhutt±vases±ni sitth±ni macchama½sakhaº¹amissak±ni calakaµµhik±ni ca pakiritv± manuss±na½ dasseti “passatha samaº±na½ kamma½, saddh±deyya½ n±ma eva½ cha¹¹ent²”ti.
Atha nandiyo voh±rakasiddhi yath±l±bho ±gantv± ta½ pavatti½ sutv± revati½ gehato n²haritv± geha½ p±visi. Dutiyadivase buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ pavattetv± niccabhatta½ an±thabhattañca sammadeva pavattesi, attano sah±yehi upan²ta½ revati½ gh±sacch±danaparamat±ya µhapesi. So aparena samayena k±la½ katv± t±vati½sabhavane attano vim±neyeva nibbatti. Revat² pana sabba½ d±na½ pacchinditv± “imesa½ vasena mayha½ l±bhasakk±ro parih±y²”ti bhikkhusaªgha½ akkosant² paribh±sant² vicarati. Atha vessavaºo dve yakkhe ±º±pesi “gacchatha, bhaºe, b±r±ºasinagare ugghosatha “ito sattame divase revat² j²vant²yeva niraye pakkhip²yat²’ti”. Ta½ sutv± mah±jano sa½vegaj±to bh²tatasito ahosi.
Atha revat² pana p±s±da½ abhiruhitv± dv±ra½ thaketv± nis²di. Sattame divase tass± p±pakammasañcoditena vessavaºena raññ± ±ºatt± jalitakapilakesamassuk± cipiµavir³pan±sik± pariºatad±µh± lohitakkh± sajaladharasam±navaºº± ativiya bhay±nakar³p± dve yakkh± upagantv± “uµµhehi, revate, sup±padhamme”ti-±d²ni vadant± n±n±b±h±su gahetv± “mah±jano passat³”ti sakalanagare v²thito v²thi½ paribbham±petv± ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± t±vati½sabhavana½ netv± nandiyassa vim±na½ sampattiñcass± dassetv± ta½ vilapanti½yeva ussadanirayasam²pa½ p±pesu½. Ta½ yamapuris± ussadaniraye khipi½su. Ten±ha–
863. “Uµµhehi revate sup±padhamme, ap±rutadv±re ad±nas²le;
ness±ma ta½ yattha thunanti duggat±, samappit± nerayik± dukhen±”ti.
Tattha uµµheh²ti uµµhaha, na d±nesa p±s±do ta½ nirayabhayato rakkhitu½ sakkoti, tasm± s²gha½ uµµhahitv± ±gacch±h²ti attho. Revateti ta½ n±mena ±lapati. Sup±padhammeti-±din± uµµh±nassa k±raºa½ vadati. Yasm± tva½ ariy±na½ akkosanaparibh±san±din± suµµu l±makap±padhamm±, yasm± ca ap±ruta½ dv±ra½ nirayassa tava pavesanattha½, tasm± uµµheh²ti. Ad±nas²leti kassaci kiñci na d±nas²le kadariye maccharin², idampi uµµh±nasseva k±raºavacana½. Yasm± d±nas²l±na½ amacchar²na½ tava s±mikasadis±na½ sugatiya½ niv±so, t±dis±na½ pana ad±nas²l±na½ macchar²na½ niraye niv±so, tasm± uµµhehi, muhuttamattampi tava idha µh±tu½ na dass±m²ti adhipp±yo. Yattha thunanti duggat±ti dukkhagatatt± duggat±. Nerayik±ti nirayadukkhena samappit± samaªg²bh³t± yasmi½ niraye thunanti, y±va p±pakamma½ na byanti hoti, t±va nikkhamitu½ alabhant± nitthunanti, tattha ta½ ness±ma nayiss±ma khipiss±m±ti yojan±.
864. “Icceva vatv±na yamassa d³t±, te dve yakkh± lohitakkh± brahant±;
paccekab±h±su gahetv± revata½, pakk±mayu½ devagaºassa santike”ti.–

Ida½ saªg²tik±ravacana½.

Tattha icceva vatv±n±ti iti eva “uµµheh²”ti-±din± vatv±, vacanasamanantaramev±ti attho. Yamassa d³t±ti appaµisedhaniyatassa yamassa rañño d³tasadis±. Vessavaºena hi te pesit± Tath± hi te t±vati½sabhavana½ nayi½su. Keci “na yamassa d³t±”ti na-k±ra½ “yamass±”ti padena sambandhitv± “vessavaºassa d³t±”ti attha½ vadanti, ta½ na yujjati. Na hi na yamad³tat±ya vessavaºassa d³t±ti sijjhati. Yajanti tattha bali½ upaharant²ti yakkh±. Lohitakkh±ti rattanayan±. Yakkh±nañhi nett±ni atilohit±ni honti. Brahant±ti mahant±. Paccekab±h±s³ti eko ekab±h±ya½, itaro itarab±h±yanti pacceka½ b±h±su. Revatanti revati½. Revat±tipi tass± n±mameva. Tath± hi “revate”ti vutta½. Pakk±mayunti pakk±mesu½, upanesunti attho. Devagaºass±ti t±vati½sabhavane devasaªghassa.
Eva½ tehi yakkhehi t±vati½sabhavana½ netv± nandiyavim±nassa avid³re µhapit± revat² ta½ s³riyamaº¹alasadisa½ ativiya pabhassara½ disv±–
865. “¾diccavaººa½ rucira½ pabhassara½, byamha½ subha½ kañcanaj±lachanna½;
kassetam±kiººajana½ vim±na½, suriyassa ra½s²riva jotam±na½.
866. “N±r²gaº± candanas±ralitt±, ubhato vim±na½ upasobhayanti;
ta½ dissati suriyasam±navaººa½, ko modati saggapatto vim±ne”ti.–

Te yakkhe pucchi. Tepi tass±–

867. “B±r±ºasiya½ nandiyo n±m±si, up±sako amacchar² d±napati vadaññ³;
tassetam±kiººajana½ vim±na½, s³riyassa ra½s²riva jotam±na½.
868. “N±r²gaº± candanas±ralitt±, ubhato vim±na½ upasobhayanti;
ta½ dissati s³riyasam±navaººa½, so modati saggapatto vim±ne”ti.–

¾cikkhi½su.

868. Tattha candanas±ralitt±ti s±rabh³tena candanagandhena anulittasar²r±. Ubhato vim±nanti vim±na½ ubhato anto ceva bahi ca saªg²t±d²hi upecca sobhayanti.
Atha revat²–
869. “Nandiyass±ha½ bhariy±, ag±rin² sabbakulassa issar±;
bhattu vim±ne ramiss±mi d±naha½, na patthaye niraya½ dassan±y±”ti.–

¾ha. Tattha ag±rin²ti gehas±min². “Bhariy± sag±min²”tipi paµhanti, bhariy± sahag±min²ti attho. Sabbakulassa issar± bhatt³ti mama bhattu nandiyassa sabbakuµumbikassa issar± s±min² ahosi½, tasm± id±nipi vim±ne issar± bhaviss±m²ti ±ha. Vim±ne ramiss±mi d±nahanti eva½ palobhetumeva hi ta½ te tattha nesu½. Na patthaye niraya½ dassan±y±ti ya½ pana niraya½ ma½ tumhe netuk±m±, ta½ niraya½ dassan±yapi na patthaye, kuto pavisitunti vadati.

Eva½ vadantimeva “tva½ ta½ patthehi v± m± v±, ki½ tava patthan±y±”ti nirayasam²pa½ netv±–
870. “Eso te nirayo sup±padhamme, puñña½ tay± akata½ j²valoke;
na hi macchar² rosako p±padhammo, sagg³pag±na½ labhati sahabyatan”ti.–

G±tham±ha½su. Tassattho– eso tava nirayo, tay± d²gharatta½ mah±dukkha½ anubhavitabbaµµh±nabh³to. Kasm±? Puñña½ tay± akata½ j²valoke, yasm± manussaloke appamattakampi tay± puñña½ n±ma na kata½, eva½ akatapuñño pana t±diso satto macchar² attano sampattinig³hanalakkhaºena maccharena samann±gato, paresa½ rosupp±danena rosako, lobh±d²hi p±padhammehi samaªg²bh±vato p±padhammo sagg³pag±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ sahabh±va½ na labhat²ti yojan±.

Eva½ pana vatv± te dve yakkh± tatthevantaradh±yi½su. Ta½sadise pana dve nirayap±le sa½savake n±ma g³thaniraye pakkhipitu½ ±ka¹¹hante passitv±–
871. “Ki½ nu g³thañca muttañca, asuci paµidissati;
duggandha½ kimida½ m²¼ha½, kimeta½ upav±yat²”ti.–

Ta½ niraya½ pucchi.

872. “Esa sa½savako n±ma, gambh²ro sataporiso;
yattha vassasahass±ni, tuva½ paccasi revate”ti.–

Tasmi½ kathite tattha attano nibbattihetubh³ta½ kamma½ pucchant²–

873. “Ki½ nu k±yena v±c±ya, manas± dukkaµa½ kata½;
kena sa½savako laddho, gambh²ro sataporiso”ti.– ¾ha.
874. “Samaºe br±hmaºe c±pi, aññe v±pi vanibbake;
mus±v±dena vañcesi, ta½ p±pa½ pakata½ tay±”ti.–

Tass± ta½ kamma½ kathetv± puna te–

875. “Tena sa½savako laddho, gambh²ro sataporiso;
tatthe vassasahass±ni, tuva½ paccasi revate”ti.–

¾ha½su. Tattha sa½savako n±m±ti niccak±la½ g³thamutt±di-asucissa sa½savanato paggharaºato sa½savako n±ma.

Na kevala½ tuyha½ idha sa½savakal±bho eva, atha kho ettha anek±ni vassasahass±ni paccitv± uttiºº±ya hatthacched±dil±bhop²ti dassetu½–
876. “Hatthepi chindanti athopi p±de, kaººepi chindanti athopi n±sa½;
athopi k±ko¼agaº± samecca, saªgamma kh±danti viphandam±nan”ti.–

Tattha laddhabbak±raºa½ ±ha½su. Tattha k±ko¼agaº±ti k±kasaªgh±. Te kirass± tig±vutappam±ºe sar²re anekasat±ni anekasahass±ni patitv± t±lakkhandhaparim±ºehi sunisitaggehi ayomayehi mukhatuº¹ehi vijjhitv± vijjhitv± kh±danti, ma½sa½ gahitagahitaµµh±ne kammabalena p³rateva. Ten±ha “k±ko¼agaº± samecca, saªgamma kh±danti viphandam±nan”ti.

Puna s± manussaloka½ pacc±nayan±ya y±can±divasena ta½ ta½ vippalapi. Tena vutta½–
877. “S±dhu kho ma½ paµinetha, k±h±mi kusala½ bahu½;
d±nena samacariy±ya, sa½yamena damena ca;
ya½ katv± sukhit± honti, na ca pacch±nutappare”ti.
Puna nirayap±l±–
878. “Pure tuva½ pamajjitv±, id±ni paridevasi;
saya½ kat±na½ kamm±na½, vip±ka½ anubhossas²”ti.–

¾ha½su. Puna s± ±ha–

879. “Ko devalokato manussaloka½, gantv±na puµµho me eva½ vadeyya;
nikkhittadaº¹esu dad±tha d±na½, acch±dana½ seyyamathannap±na½;
na hi macchar² rosako p±padhammo, sagg³pag±na½ labhati sahabyata½.
880. “S±ha½ n³na ito gantv±, yoni½ laddh±na m±nusi½;
vadaññ³ s²lasampann±, k±h±mi kusala½ bahu½;
d±nena samacariy±ya, sa½yamena damena ca.
881. “¾r±m±ni ca ropissa½, dugge saªkam±ni ca;
papañca udap±nañca, vippasannena cetas±.
882. “C±tuddasi½ pañcadasi½, y± ca pakkhassa aµµham²;
p±µih±riyapakkhañca, aµµhaªgasusam±gata½.
883. “Uposatha½ upavasissa½, sad± s²lesu sa½vut±;
na ca d±ne pamajjissa½, s±ma½ diµµhamida½ may±”ti.
884. “Icceva½ vippalapanti½, phandam±na½ tato tato;
khipi½su niraye ghore, uddha½p±da½ ava½siran”ti.–

Ida½ saªg²tik±ravacana½. Puna s±–

885. “Aha½ pure maccharin² ahosi½, paribh±sik± samaºabr±hmaº±na½;
vitathena ca s±mika½ vañcayitv±, pacc±maha½ niraye ghorar³pe”ti.–

Os±nag±tham±ha. Tattha “aha½ pure maccharin²”ti g±th± niraye nibbatt±ya vutt±, itar± anibbatt±ya ev±ti veditabb±. Sesa½ suviññeyyamev±ti.

Bhikkh³ revatiy± yakkhehi gahetv± n²tabh±va½ bhagavato ±rocesu½. Ta½ sutv± bhagav± ±dito paµµh±ya ima½ vatthu½ kathetv± upari vitth±rena dhamma½ desesi, desan±pariyos±ne bah³ sot±pattiphal±d²ni p±puºi½su. K±mañceta½ revat²paµibaddh±ya kath±ya yebhuyyabh±vato “revat²vim±nan”ti vohar²yati, yasm± pana revat² vim±nadevat± na hoti, nandiyassa pana devaputtassa vim±n±disampattipaµisa½yuttañceta½, tasm± purisavim±nesveva saªgaha½ ±ropitanti daµµhabba½.

Revat²vim±navaººan± niµµhit±.