12. Rajjum±l±vim±navaººan±

Abhikkantena vaººen±ti rajjum±l±vim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane. Tena samayena gay±g±make aññatarassa br±hmaºassa dh²t± tasmi½yeva g±me ekassa br±hmaºakum±rassa dinn± patikula½ gat±, tasmi½ gehe issariya½ vattent² tiµµhati. S± tasmi½ gehe d±siy± dh²tara½ disv± na sahati. Diµµhak±lato paµµh±ya kodhena taµataµ±yam±n± akkosati paribh±sati, khaµakañcass± deti. Yad± pana s± vayappattiy± kiccasamatth± j±t±, tad± na½ jaººukapparamuµµh²hi paharateva yath± ta½ purimaj±t²su baddh±gh±t±.
S± kira d±s² kassapadasabalassa k±le tass± s±min² ahosi, itar± d±s². S± ta½ le¹¹udaº¹±d²hi muµµhi-±d²hi ca abhiºha½ abhihanati. S± tena nibbinn± yath±bala½ d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± “an±gate aha½ s±min² hutv± imiss± upari issariya½ vatteyyan”ti patthana½ µhapesi. Atha s± d±s² tato cut± apar±para½ sa½sarant² imasmi½ buddhupp±de vuttanayena gay±g±make br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± patikula½ gat±, itar±pi tass± d±s² ahosi. Eva½ baddh±gh±tat±ya s± ta½ viheµheti.
Eva½ viheµhent² ak±raºeneva kesesu gahetv± hatthehi ca p±dehi ca suhata½ hani. S± nh±pitas±la½ gantv± khuramuº¹a½ k±retv± agam±si. S±min² “ki½ je duµµhad±si muº¹anamattena tava vippamokkho”ti rajju½ s²se bandhitv± tattha na½ gahetv± oºametv± gh±teti, tass± tañca rajju½ apanetu½ na deti. Tato paµµh±ya d±siy± “rajjum±l±”ti n±ma½ ahosi.
Athekadivasa½ satth± pacc³sasamaye mah±karuº±sam±pattito vuµµh±ya loka½ volokento rajjum±l±ya sot±pattiphal³panissaya½, tass± ca br±hmaºiy± saraºesu s²lesu ca patiµµh±na½ disv± arañña½ pavisitv± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²di chabbaºº± buddharasmiyo vissajjento. Rajjum±l±pi kho divase divase t±ya tath± viheµhiyam±n± “ki½ me imin± dujj²viten±”ti nibbinnar³p± j²vite marituk±m± ghaµa½ gahetv± udakatittha½ gacchant² viya gehato nikkhant± anukkamena vana½ pavisitv± bhagavato nisinnarukkhassa avid³re aññatarassa rukkhassa s±kh±ya rajju½ bandhitv± p±sa½ katv± ubbandhituk±m± ito cito ca olokent² addasa bhagavanta½ tattha nisinna½ p±s±dika½ pas±dan²ya½ uttamadamathasamathamanuppatta½ chabbaººabuddharasmiyo vissajjenta½. Disv± buddhag±ravena ±ka¹¹hiyam±nahaday± “ki½ nu kho bhagav± m±dis±nampi dhamma½ deseti, yamaha½ sutv± ito dujj²vitato mucceyyan”ti cintesi.
Atha bhagav± tass± citt±c±ra½ oloketv± “rajjum±le”ti ±ha. S± ta½ sutv± amatena viya abhisitt± p²tiy± nirantara½ phuµµh± bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Tass± bhagav± anupubbikath±nupubbaka½ catusaccakatha½ kathesi, s± sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi. Satth± “vaµµati ettako rajjum±l±ya anuggaho, id±nes± kenaci appadha½siy± j±t±”ti araññato nikkhamitv± g±massa avid³re aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²di. Rajjum±l±pi att±na½ vinip±tetu½ abhabbat±ya khantimett±nuddayasampannat±ya ca “br±hmaº² ma½ hanatu v± viheµhetu v± ya½ v± ta½ v± karot³”ti ghaµena udaka½ gahetv± geha½ agam±si. S±miko gehadv±re µhito ta½ disv± “tva½ ajja udakatittha½ gat± cir±yitv± ±gat±, mukhavaººo ca te ativiya vippasanno, tvañca aññena ±k±rena upaµµh±si, ki½ etan”ti pucchi. S± tassa ta½ pavatti½ ±cikkhi.
Br±hmaºo tass± vacana½ sutv± tussitv± geha½ gantv± rajjum±l±ya upari “tay± na kiñci k±tabban”ti suºis±ya vatv± tuµµham±naso s²ghatara½ satthu santika½ gantv± vanditv± s±darena katapaµisanth±ro satth±ra½ nimantetv± attano geha½ ±netv± paº²tena kh±dan²yena bhojan²yena parivisitv± bhagavanta½ bhutt±vi½ on²tapattap±ºi½ upasaªkamitv± ekamanta½ nis²di, suºis±pissa upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Gay±g±mav±sinopi br±hmaºagahapatik± ta½ pavatti½ sutv± bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± appekacce abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su, appekacce sammodan²ya½ katv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su.
Satth± rajjum±l±ya tass± ca br±hmaºiy± purimaj±t²su katakamma½ vitth±rato kathetv± sampattaparis±ya anur³pa½ dhamma½ desesi Ta½ sutv± br±hmaº² ca mah±jano ca tattha sannipatito saraºesu ca s²lesu ca patiµµhahi. Satth± ±san± uµµhahitv± s±vatthimeva agam±si. Br±hmaºo rajjum±la½ dh²tuµµh±ne µhapesi. Tassa suºis± rajjum±la½ piyacakkh³hi olokent² y±vaj²va½ man±peneva sinehena parihari. Rajjum±l± aparabh±ge k±la½ katv± t±vati½sesu nibbatti, acchar±sahassañcass± pariv±ro ahosi. S± saµµhisakaµabh±rappam±ºehi dibb±bharaºehi paµimaº¹itattabh±v± acchar±sahassaparivutt± nandanavan±d²su mahati½ dibbasampatti½ anubhavam±n± pamuditaman± vicarati. Ath±yasm± mah±moggall±no devac±rika½ gato ta½ mahantena dibb±nubh±vena mahatiy± deviddhiy± vijjotam±na½ disv± t±ya katakamma½ im±hi g±th±hi pucchi.
826. “Abhikkantena vaººena, y± tva½ tiµµhasi devate;
hatthe p±de ca viggayha, naccasi suppav±dite.
827. “Tass± te naccam±n±ya, aªgamaªgehi sabbaso;
dibb± sadd± niccharanti, savan²y± manoram±.
828. “Tass± te naccam±n±ya, aªgamaªgehi sabbaso;
dibb± gandh± pav±yanti, sucigandh± manoram±.
829. “Vivattam±n± k±yena, y± veº²su pi¼andhan±;
tesa½ suyyati nigghoso, t³riye pañcaªgike yath±.
830. “Vaµa½sak± v±tadhut±, v±tena sampakampit±;
tesa½ suyyati nigghoso, t³riye pañcaªgike yath±.
831. “Y±pi te sirasmi½ m±l±, sucigandh± manoram±;
v±ti gandho dis± sabb±, rukkho mañj³sako yath±.
832. “Gh±yase ta½ sucigandha½, r³pa½ passasi am±nusa½;
devate pucchit±cikkha, kissa kammassida½ phalan”ti.
826. Tattha hatthe p±de ca viggayh±ti hatthe ca p±de ca vividhehi ±k±rehi gahetv±, pupphamuµµhipupphañjali-±dibhedassa s±kh±bhinayassa dassanavasena vividhehi ±k±rehi hatthe, ca, samap±d±d²nampi µh±navises±na½ dassanavasena vividhehi ±k±rehi p±de ca up±diyitv±ti attho. Ca-saddena s±kh±bhinaya½ saªgaºh±ti. Naccas²ti naµasi. Y± tvanti y± vuttanayavasena nacca½ karos²ti attho. Suppav±diteti sundare pavajjane sati tava naccassa anur³pavasena v²º±va½samudiªgat±¼±dike v±diyam±ne, pañcaªgike t³riye paggayham±neti attho. Sesa½ heµµh±vim±ne vuttanayameva.
Eva½ therena pucchit± s± devat± attano purimaj±ti-±di½ im±hi g±th±hi by±k±si–
833. “D±s² aha½ pure ±si½, gay±ya½ br±hmaºassaha½;
appapuññ± alakkhik±, rajjum±l±ti ma½ vidu½.
834. “Akkos±na½ vadh±nañca, tajjan±ya ca uggat±;
kuµa½ gahetv± nikkhamma, agañchi½ udah±riy±.
835. “Vipathe kuµa½ nikkhipitv±, vanasaº¹a½ up±gami½;
‘idhev±ha½ mariss±mi, ko attho j²vitena me’.
836. “Da¼ha½ p±sa½ karitv±na, ±sumbhitv±na p±dape;
tato dis± vilokesi½, ‘ko nu kho vanamassito’.
837. “Tatthaddas±si½ sambuddha½, sabbalokahita½ muni½;
nisinna½ rukkham³lasmi½, jh±yanta½ akutobhaya½.
838. “Tass± me ahu sa½vego, abbhuto lomaha½sano;
‘ko nu kho vanamassito, manusso ud±hu devat±’.
839. “P±s±dika½ pas±dan²ya½, van± nibbanam±gata½;
disv± mano me pas²di, n±ya½ y±disak²diso.
840. “Guttindriyo jh±narato, abahiggatam±naso;
hito sabbassa lokassa, buddho aya½ bhavissati.
841. “Bhayabheravo dur±sado, s²hova guhamassito;
dullabh±ya½ dassan±ya, puppha½ odumbara½ yath±.
842. “So ma½ mud³hi v±c±hi, ±lapitv± tath±gato;
rajjum±leti ma½voca, saraºa½ gaccha tath±gata½.
843. “T±ha½ gira½ suºitv±na, nela½ atthavati½ suci½;
saºha½ muduñca vagguñca, sabbasok±pan³dana½.
844. “Kallacittañca ma½ ñatv±, pasanna½ suddham±nasa½;
hito sabbassa lokassa, anus±si tath±gato.
845. “Ida½ dukkhanti ma½voca, aya½ dukkhassa sambhavo;
dukkhanirodho maggo ca, añjaso amatogadho.
846. “Anukampakassa kusalassa, ov±damhi aha½ µhit±;
ajjhag± amata½ santi½, nibb±na½ padamaccuta½.
847. “S±ha½ avaµµhit±pem±, dassane avikampin²;
m³laj±t±ya saddh±ya, dh²t± buddhassa oras±.
848. “S±ha½ ram±mi k²¼±mi, mod±mi akutobhay±;
dibbam±la½ dh±ray±mi, piv±mi madhumaddava½.
849. “Saµµhit³riyasahass±ni, paµibodha½ karonti me;
±¼ambo gaggaro bh²mo, s±dhuv±d² ca sa½sayo.
850. “Pokkharo ca suphasso ca, viº±mokkh± ca n±riyo;
nand± ceva sunand± ca, soºadinn± sucimhit±.
851. “Alambus± missakes² ca, puº¹ar²k±tid±ruº²;
eº²phass± suphass± ca, subhadd± muduv±din².
852. “Et± caññ± ca seyy±se, acchar±na½ pabodhik±;
t± ma½ k±lenup±gantv±, abhibh±santi devat±.
853. “Handa nacc±ma g±y±ma, handa ta½ ramay±mase;
nayida½ akatapuññ±na½, katapuññ±namevida½.
854. “Asoka½ nandana½ ramma½, tidas±na½ mah±vana½;
sukha½ akatapuññ±na½, idha natthi parattha ca.
855. “Sukhañca katapuññ±na½, idha ceva parattha ca;
tesa½ sahabyak±m±na½, kattabba½ kusala½ bahu½;
katapuññ± hi modanti, sagge bhogasamaªgino.
856. “Bah³na½ vata atth±ya, uppajjanti tath±gat±;
dakkhiºeyy± manuss±na½, puññakkhett±nam±kar±;
yattha k±ra½ karitv±na, sagge modanti d±yak±”ti.
833. Tattha d±s² aha½ pure ±sinti pure purimaj±tiya½ aha½ antoj±t± d±s² ahosi½. Tattha kass±ti ±ha “gay±ya½ br±hmaºassahan”ti, gay±n±make g±me aññatarassa br±hmaºassa. Hanti nip±tamatta½. Appapuññ±ti mandabh±gy± apuññ±. Alakkhik±ti nissirik± k±lakaºº². Rajjum±l±ti ma½ vidunti, kese gahetv± ±ka¹¹hanaparika¹¹hanadukkhena muº¹ake kate punapi tadatthameva s²se da¼ha½ bandhitv± µhapitarajjukuº¹alakavasena “rajjum±l±”ti ma½ manuss± j±ni½su.
834. Vadh±nanti t±¼an±na½. Tajjan±y±ti bhayasa½tajjanena. Uggat±ti uggat±ya domanassuppattiy±. Udah±riy±ti udakah±rik±, udaka½ ±harant² viya hutv±ti adhipp±yo.
835. Vipatheti apathe, maggato apakkamitv±ti attho. Kvatthoti ko attho. Soyeva v± p±µho.
836. Da¼ha½ p±sa½ karitv±n±ti bandhanap±sa½ thira½ acchijjanaka½ katv±. ¾sumbhitv±na p±dapeti viµape lagganavasena p±dape rukkhe khipitv±. Tato dis± vilokesi½, ko nu kho vanamassitoti ima½ vana½ pavisanavasena assito nu kho koci atthi, yato me maraºantar±yo siy±ti adhipp±yo.
837. Sambuddhanti-±di tad± tass± t±dise nicchaye asatipi sabh±vavasena vutta½. Tassattho sayameva sammadeva ca sabbass±pi bujjhitabbassa buddhatt± sambuddha½, mah±karuº±yogena h²n±dibhedabhinnassa sabbass±pi lokassa ekantahitatt± sabbalokahita½, ubhayaloka½ munanato muni½, nisajj±vasena kiles±bhisaªkh±rehi µh±n± c±van±bh±vena ca nisinna½, ±rammaº³panijjh±nena lakkhaº³panijjh±nena ca jh±yanta½, bodhim³leyeva bhayahet³na½ samucchinnatt± kutocipi bhay±bh±vato akutobhayanti veditabba½.
838. Sa½vego n±ma sahottappa½ ñ±ºa½, so tass± bhagavato dassanena uppajji. Ten±ha “tass± me ahu sa½vego”ti.
839. P±s±dikanti pas±d±vaha½, dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºa-as²ti-anubyañjanaby±mappabh±ketum±l±laªkat±ya samantap±s±dik±ya attano sar²rasobh±sampattiy± r³pak±yadassanaby±vaµassa janassa s±dhubh±vato pas±dasa½va¹¹hananti attho. Pas±dan²yanti dasabala-catuves±rajjacha-as±dh±raºañ±ºa-aµµh±ras±veºika-buddhadhammapabhuti-aparim±ºaguºasamann±gat±ya dhammak±yasampattiy± sarikkhakajanassa pas²ditabbayutta½, p±s±dikanti attho. Van±ti kilesavanato apakkamitv±. Nibbanam±gatanti nittaºhabh±va½ nibb±nameva upagata½ adhigata½. Y±disak²disoti yo v± so v±, pacurajanoti attho.
840-41. Manacchaµµh±na½ indriy±na½ aggamaggagopan±ya gopitatt± guttindriyo. Aggaphalajjh±n±bhiratiy± jh±narato. Tato eva bahibh³tehi r³p±di-±rammaºehi apakkamitv± visayajjhatte nibb±ne ca og±¼hacittat±ya abahiggatam±naso. Micch±g±hamocanabhayena vipall±savantehi micch±diµµhikehi bh±yitabbato tesañca bhayajananato bhayabheravo. Payog±sayavipannehi anupagaman²yato ca kenacipi an±s±dan²yato ca dur±sado. Dullabh±yanti dullabho aya½. Dassan±y±ti daµµhumpi. Puppha½ odumbara½ yath±ti yath± n±ma udumbare bhava½ puppha½ dullabhadassana½, kad±cideva bhaveyya, na v± bhaveyya, eva½ ²disassa uttamapuggalass±ti attho.
842. So tath±gato mud³hi v±c±hi saºh±ya v±c±ya “rajjum±le”ti ma½ ±lapitv± ±mantetv± saraºa½ gaccha tath±gatanti “tath± ±gato”ti-±din± tath±gata½ samm±sambuddha½ saraºa½ gacch±ti ma½ avoca abh±s²ti yojan±.
843-4. T±hanti ta½ aha½. Giranti v±ca½. Nelanti niddosa½. Atthavatinti atthayutta½ s±ttha½ ekantahita½ v±. Vac²soceyyat±ya suci½. Akakkha¼at±ya saºha½. Veneyy±na½ mudubh±vakaratt± mudu. Savan²yabh±vena vaggu½. Sabbasok±pan³dananti ñ±tibyasan±divasena uppajjanakassa sabbass±pi sokassa vinodana½ gira½ sutv±na pasannacitt± ahosinti sambandho. Sabbameta½ d±nakatha½ ±di½ katv± ussakkitv± nekkhamme ±nisa½sa½ vibh±vanavasena pavattita½ bhagavato anupubbikatha½ sandh±ya vadati. Tenev±ha “kallacittañca ma½ ñatv±”ti-±di.
Tattha kallacittanti kammaniyacitta½, heµµh± pavattitadesan±ya assaddhiy±d²na½ cittados±na½ vigatatt± uparidesan±ya bh±janabh±v³pagamanena kammakkhamacitta½, bh±van±kammassa yoggacittanti attho. Tenev±ha “pasanna½ suddham±nasan”ti. Tattha “pasannan”ti imin± assaddhiy±pagamam±ha, “suddham±nasan”ti imin± k±macchand±di-apagamanena muducittata½ udaggacittatañca dasseti. Anus±s²ti ovadi, s±mukka½sik±ya dhammadesan±ya saha up±yena pavattinivattiyo upadis²ti attho. Tenev±ha “ida½ dukkhan”ti-±di. Anus±sit±k±radassanañheta½.
845. Tattha ida½ dukkhanti ma½voc±ti ida½ taºh±vajja½ tebh³maka½ dhammaj±ta½ b±dhakasabh±vatt± kucchika½ hutv± tucchasabh±vatt± tathatt± ca dukkha½ ariyasaccanti mayha½ abh±si. Aya½ dukkhassa sambhavoti aya½ ±mataºh±dibhed± taºh± yath±vuttassa dukkhassa sambhavo pabhavo uppatti hetu samudayo ariyasaccanti. Dukkhanirodhoti dukkhassa santibh±vo asaªkhatadh±tu nirodho ariyasaccanti. Antadvayassa parivajjanato añjaso nibb±nag±minipaµipad±bh±vato amatogadho maggo ariyasaccanti ma½ avoc±ti sambandho.
846. Kusalass±ti ov±dad±ne veneyyadamane chekassa, appam±dapaµipattiy± v± matthakappattiy± anavajjassa. Ov±damhi aha½ µhit±ti yath±vutte ov±de anusiµµhiya½ sikkh±ttayap±rip³riy± saccapaµivedhena aha½ patiµµhit±. Ten±ha “ajjhag± amata½ santi½, nibb±na½ padamaccutan”ti, ida½ ov±de patiµµh±nassa k±raºavacana½. Y± niccat±ya maraº±bh±vato amata½, sabbadukkhav³pasamat±ya santi½, adhigat±na½ acavanahetut±ya accuta½ nibb±na½ pada½ ajjhag± adhigañchi, s± eka½sena satthu ov±de patiµµhit± n±m±ti.
847. Avaµµhit±pem±ti da¼habhatt² ratanattaye niccalapas±dasineh±. Kasm±? Yasm± dassane avikampin², “samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to dhammo, suppaµipanno saªgho”ti etasmi½ samm±dassane acal± kenaci ac±lan²y±. Kena paneta½ avikampananti ±ha “m³laj±t±ya saddh±y±”ti. Aya½ “itipi so bhagav± arahan”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.74; sa½. ni. 5.997; a. ni. 9.27) samm±sambuddhe, “sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhamm±’ti-±din± tassa dhamme, “suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho”ti-±din± tassa saªghe ca sacc±bhisamayasaªkh±tena m³lena j±tam³l± saddh±, t±ya aha½ avikampin²ti dasseti. Tato eva dh²t± buddhassa oras±ti samm±sambuddhassa ure v±y±majanit±bhij±tit±ya orasaputt².
848. S±ha½ ram±m²ti s± aha½ tad± ariy±ya j±tiy± id±ni dev³papattiy± ±gat± maggaratiy± phalaratiy± ca ram±mi, k±maguºaratiy± k²¼±mi, ubhayen±pi mod±mi. Att±nuv±dabhay±d²na½ apagatatt± akutobhay±. Madhumaddavanti madhusaªkh±ta½ maddavakara½, naccanag±yanak±lesu sar²rassa sarassa ca mudubh±v±vaha½ gandhap±na½ sandh±ya vadati.“Madhum±davan”tipi paµhanti, ±dava½ y±vadava½ y±vadeva davattha½ madhura½ piv±m²ti attho.
849. Puññakkhett±nam±kar±ti sadevakassa lokassa puññakkhettabh³t±na½ ariy±na½ maggaphalaµµh±na½ ariyasaªghassa ±kar± uppattiµµh±na½ tath±gat±. Yath±ti yasmi½ puññakkhette. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Ath±yasm± mah±moggall±no attan± ca devat±ya ca pavattita½ ima½ kath±sall±pa½ manussaloka½ ±gantv± bhagavato ±rocesi. Bhagav± tamattha½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± sampattaparis±ya dhamma½ desesi. S± desan± mah±janassa s±tthik± ahos²ti.

Rajjum±l±vim±navaººan± niµµhit±.

Iti paramatthad²paniy± khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya vim±navatthusmi½

Dv±dasavatthupaµimaº¹itassa catutthassa mañjiµµhakavaggassa

Atthavaººan± niµµhit±.

Niµµhit± ca itthivim±navaººan±.