6. Vih±ravim±navaººan±

Abhikkantena vaººen±ti vih±ravim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane. Tena samayena vis±kh± mah±-up±sik± aññatarasmi½ ussavadivase uyy±ne vicaraºattha½ sah±yik±hi parijanena ca uss±hit± sunh±t±nulitt± subhojana½ bhuñjitv± mah±lat±pas±dhana½ pi¼andhitv± pañcamattehi sah±yik±satehi pariv±rit± mahantena issariyena mahat± paricchedena gehato nikkhamma uyy±na½ uddissa gacchant² cintesi “b±lad±rik±ya viya ki½ me moghak²¼itena, hand±ha½ vih±ra½ gantv± bhagavanta½ manobh±van²ye ca ayye vandiss±mi, dhammañca soss±m²”ti vih±ra½ gantv± ekamante µhatv± mah±lat±pi¼andhana½ omuñcitv± ta½ d±siy± hatthe datv± bhagavanta½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Tass± bhagav± dhamma½ desesi.
S± dhamma½ sutv± bhagavanta½ vanditv± padakkhiºa½ katv± manobh±van²ye ca bhikkh³ vanditv± vih±rato nikkhamitv± thoka½ gantv± d±si½ ±ha “handa je ±bharaºa½ pi¼andhiss±m²”ti. S± ta½ bhaº¹ika½ katv± bandhitv± vih±re µhapetv± taha½ taha½ vicaritv± gamanak±le vissaritv± gatatt± “vissarita½ may±, tiµµha ayye ±hariss±m²”ti nivattituk±m± ahosi. Vis±kh± “sace je vih±re µhapetv± vissarita½, tassa vih±rasseva atth±ya ta½ pariccajiss±m²”ti vih±ra½ gantv± bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± attano adhipp±ya½ pavedent² “vih±ra½, bhante, k±ress±mi, adhiv±setu me bhagav± anukampa½ up±d±y±”ti ±ha. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena.
S± ta½ pi¼andhana½ satasahass±dhikanavakoµi-agghanaka½ vissajjetv± ±yasmat± mah±moggall±nena navakamm±dhiµµh±yakena suvibhattabhittithambhatul±gop±nasikaººikadv±rab±hav±tap±na sop±n±digeh±vayava½ manohara½ suvikappitakaµµhakammaramaº²ya½ suparikammakatasudh±kamma½ manuñña½ suviracitam±l±kammalat±kamm±dicittakammavicitta½ supariniµµhitamaºikuµµima sadisabh³mitala½ devavim±nasadisa½ heµµh±bh³miya½ pañca gabbhasat±ni, uparibh³miya½ pañca gabbhasat±n²ti gabbhasahassapaµimaº¹ita½ buddhassa bhagavato bhikkhusaªghassa ca vasan±nucchavika½ mahanta½ p±s±da½ tassa pariv±rap±s±dasahassañca tesa½ pariv±rabh±vena kuµimaº¹apacaªkaman±d²ni ca k±rent² navahi m±sehi vih±ra½ niµµh±pesi. Pariniµµhite ca vih±re navaheva hiraññakoµ²hi vih±ramaha½ k±rent² pañcamattehi sah±yik±satehi saddhi½ p±s±da½ abhiruhitv± tassa sampatti½ disv± somanassaj±t± sah±yik± ±ha “ima½ evar³pa½ p±s±da½ k±rentiy± ya½ may± puñña½ pasuta½, ta½ anumodatha, pattid±na½ vo damm²”ti. “Aho s±dhu aho s±dh³”ti pasannacitt± sabb±pi anumodi½su.
Tattha aññatar± up±sik± visesato ta½ pattid±na½ manas±k±si. S± na cirasseva k±la½ katv± t±vati½sesu nibbatti. Tass± puññ±nubh±vena anekak³µ±g±rap±k±ra-uyy±napokkharaºi-±dipaµimaº¹ita½ so¼asayojan±y±mavitth±rabbedha½ attano pabh±ya yojanasata½ pharanta½ ±k±sac±ri½ mahanta½ vim±na½ p±turahosi. S± gacchant²pi acchar±sahassapariv±r± saha vim±nena gacchati. Vis±kh± pana mah±-up±sik± vipulaparicc±gat±ya saddh±sampattiy± ca nimm±narat²su nibbattitv± sunimmitadevar±jassa aggamahesibh±va½ samp±puºi. Ath±yasm± anuruddho devac±rika½ caranto ta½ vis±kh±ya sah±yika½ t±vati½sabhavane uppanna½ disv±–
729. “Abhikkantena vaººena, y± tva½ tiµµhasi devate;
obh±sent² dis± sabb±, osadh² viya t±rak±.
730. “Tass± te naccam±n±ya, aªgamaªgehi sabbaso;
dibb± sadd± niccharanti, savan²y± manoram±.
731. “Tass± te naccam±n±ya, aªgamaªgehi sabbaso;
dibb± gandh± pav±yanti, sucigandh± manoram±.
732. “Vivattam±n± k±yena, y± veº²su pi¼andhan±;
tesa½ suyyati nigghoso, t³riye pañcaªgike yath±.
733. “Vaµa½sak± v±tadhut±, v±tena sampakampit±;
tesa½ suyyati nigghoso, t³riye pañcaªgike yath±.
734. “Y±pi te sirasmi½ m±l±, sucigandh± manoram±;
v±ti gandho dis± sabb±, rukkho mañj³sako yath±.
735. “Gh±yase ta½ sucigandha½, r³pa½ passasi am±nusa½;
devate pucchit±cikkha, kissa kammassida½ phalan”ti.–

Im±hi g±th±hi pucchi. S±pi tassa eva½ by±k±si–

736. “S±vatthiya½ mayha½ sakh² bhadante, saªghassa k±resi mah±vih±ra½;
tatthappasann± aham±numodi½, disv± ag±rañca piyañca meta½.
737. “T±yeva me suddhanumodan±ya, laddha½ vim±nabbhutadassaneyya½;
samantato so¼asayojan±ni, veh±yasa½ gacchati iddhiy± mama.
738. “K³µ±g±r± nives± me, vibhatt± bh±gaso mit±;
daddallam±n± ±bhanti, samant± satayojana½.
739. “Pokkharañño ca me ettha, puthulomanisevit±;
acchodak± vippasann±, soººav±lukasanthat±.
740. “N±n±padumasañchann±, puº¹ar²kasamotat±;
surabh² sampav±yanti, manuññ± m±luterit±.
741. “Jambuyo panas± t±l±, n±¼ikeravan±ni ca;
antonivesane j±t±, n±n±rukkh± aropim±.
742. “N±n±t³riyasaªghuµµha½, acchar±gaºaghosita½;
yopi ma½ supine passe, sopi vitto siy± naro.
743. “Et±disa½ abbhutadassaneyya½, vim±na½ sabbaso pabha½;
mama kamme hi nibbatta½, ala½ puññ±ni k±tave”ti.
736. Tattha s±vatthiya½ mayha½ sakh² bhadante, saªghassa k±resi mah±vih±ranti bhante anuruddha s±vatthiy± sam²pe p±c²napasse mayha½ mama sakkh² sah±yik± vis±kh± mah±-up±sik± ±gat±gata½ c±tuddisa½ bhikkhusaªgha½ uddissa navahiraññakoµiparicc±gena pubb±r±ma½ n±ma mahanta½ vih±ra½ k±resi. Tatthappasann± aham±numodinti tasmi½ vih±re katapariyosite saªghassa niyy±diyam±ne t±ya kate pattid±ne “aho µh±ne vata paricc±go kato”ti pasann± ratanattaye kammaphale ca sañj±tapas±d± aha½ anumodi½. Vatthuvasena tass± anumodan±ya u¼±rabh±va½ dassetu½ “disv± ag±rañca piyañca metan”ti ±ha. Sahassagabbha½ ativiya ramaº²ya½ devavim±nasadisa½ tañca ag±ra½ mahanta½ p±s±da½ piyañca me buddhappamukha½ saªgha½ uddissa t±disa½ mahanta½ dhanaparicc±ga½ disv± anumodinti yojan±.
737. T±yeva me suddhanumodan±y±ti yath±vutt±ya deyyadhammaparicc±g±bh±vena suddh±ya keval±ya anumodan±yeva. Laddha½ vim±nabbhutadassaneyyanti mayha½ pubbe ²disassa abh³tapubbat±ya abbhuta½ samantabhaddakabh±vena ativiya sur³pat±ya ca dassaneyya½ ima½ vim±na½ laddha½ adhigata½. Eva½ tassa vim±nassa abhir³pata½ dassetv± id±ni pam±ºamahatta½ pabh±vamahatta½ upabhogavatthumahattañca dassetu½ “samantato so¼asayojan±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha iddhiy± mam±ti mama puññiddhiy±.
739. Pokkharaññoti pokkharaºiyo. Puthulomanisevit±ti dibbamacchehi upasevit±.
740. N±n±padumasañchann±ti satapattasahassapatt±dibhedehi n±n±vidhehi rattapadumehi rattakamalehi ca sañch±dit±. Puº¹ar²kasamotat±ti n±n±vidhehi setakamalehi samantato avatat±, n±n±rukkh± aropim± surabh² sampav±yant²ti yojan±.
742. Sop²ti so supinadass±v²pi. Vittoti tuµµho.
743. Sabbaso pabhanti samantato obh±sam±na½. Kamme h²ti kammanimitta½. ti nip±tamatta½. Cetan±na½ v± apar±paruppattiy± bahubh±vato “kammeh²”ti vutta½. Alanti yutta½. K±taveti k±tu½.
Id±ni thero vis±kh±ya nibbattaµµh±na½ kath±petuk±mo ima½ g±tham±ha–
744. “T±yeva te suddhanumodan±ya,
laddha½ vim±nabbhutadassaneyya½;
y± ceva s± d±namad±si n±r²,
tass± gati½ br³hi kuhi½ uppann± s±”ti.
744. Tattha y± ceva s± d±namad±si n±r²ti yassa d±nassa anumodan±ya tva½ ²disa½ sampatti½ paµilabhi, ta½ d±na½ y± ceva s± n±r² ad±s²ti vis±kha½ mah±-up±sika½ sandh±ya vadati. T±ya eva devat±ya tass± sampatti½ kath±petuk±mo ±ha “tass± gati½ br³hi kuhi½ uppann± s±”ti. Tass± gatinti t±ya nibbattadevagati½.
Id±ni therena pucchitamattha½ dassent² ±ha–
745. “Y± s± ahu mayha½ sakh² bhadante, saªghassa k±resi mah±vih±ra½;
viññ±tadhamm± s± ad±si d±na½, uppann± nimm±narat²su devesu.
746. “Paj±pat² tassa sunimmitassa,
acintiyo kammavip±ka tass±;
yameta½ pucchasi ‘kuhi½ uppann± s±’ti,
ta½ te viy±k±si½ anaññath± ahan”ti.
745. Tattha viññ±tadhamm±ti viññ±tas±sanadhamm±, paµividdhacatusaccadhamm±ti attho.
746. Sunimmitass±ti sunimmitassa devar±jassa. Acintiyo kammavip±ka tass±ti vibhattilopa½ katv± niddeso, tass± mama sakhiy± nibb±narat²su nibbatt±ya kammavip±ko puññakammassa vip±kabh³t± dibbasampatti acintiy± appameyy±ti attho. Anaññath±ti avipar²ta½ yath±sabh±vato. Katha½ pan±ya½ tass± sampatti½ aññ±s²ti? Subhadd± viya bhadd±ya, vis±kh±pi devadh²t± imiss± santika½ agam±si.
Id±ni devadh²t± thera½ aññesampi d±nasam±dapane niyojent² im±hi g±th±hi dhamma½ desesi–
747. “Tenahaññepi sam±dapetha, saªghassa d±n±ni dad±tha vitt±;
dhammañca suº±tha pasannam±nas±, sudullabho laddho manussal±bho.
748. “Ya½ magga½ magg±dhipat² adesayi, brahmassaro kañcanasannibhattaco;
saªghassa d±n±ni dad±tha vitt±, mahapphal± yattha bhavanti dakkhiº±.
749. “Ye puggal± aµµha sata½ pasatth±, catt±ri et±ni yug±ni honti;
te dakkhiºeyy± sugatassa s±vak±, etesu dinn±ni mahapphal±ni.
750. “Catt±ro ca paµipann±, catt±ro ca phale µhit±;
esa saªgho ujubh³to, paññ±s²lasam±hito.
751. “Yajam±n±na½ manuss±na½, puññapekkh±na p±ºina½;
karota½ opadhika½ puñña½, saªghe dinna½ mahapphala½.
752. “Eso hi saªgho vipulo mahaggato, esappameyyo udadh²va s±garo;
ete hi seµµh± narav²ras±vak±, pabhaªkar± dhammamud²rayanti.
753. “Tesa½ sudinna½ suhuta½ suyiµµha½, ye saªghamuddissa dadanti d±na½;
s± dakkhiº± saªghagat± patiµµhit±, mahapphal± lokavid³na vaººit±.
754. “Et±disa½ yaññamanussarant±, ye vedaj±t± vicaranti loke;
vineyya maccheramala½ sam³la½, anindit± saggamupenti µh±nan”ti.
747. Tattha tenahaññep²ti tenahi aññepi. Ten±ti ca tena k±raºena, ti nip±tamatta½. “Sam±dapeth±”ti vatv± sam±dapan±k±ra½ dassetu½ “saªghassa d±n±ni dad±th±”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhahi akkhaºehi vajjita½ manussabh±va½ sandh±y±ha “sudullabho laddho manussal±bho”ti. Tattha aµµha akkhaº± n±ma tayo ap±y± ar³p± asaññasatt± paccantadeso indriy±na½ vekalla½ niyatamicch±diµµhikat± ap±tubh±vo buddhass±ti.
748. Ya½ magganti ya½ khettavisese kata½ d±na½, ta½ ekantena sugatisamp±panato sugatig±mimagga½ ap±yamaggato jagghamagg±dito ca ativiya seµµhabh±vena magg±dhipanti katv±. D±nampi hi saddh±hiriyo viya “devalokag±mimaggo”ti vuccati. Yath±ha–
“Saddh± hiriya½ kusalañca d±na½, dhamm± ete sappuris±nuy±t±;
etañhi magga½ diviya½ vadanti, etena hi gacchati devalokan”ti.(A. ni. 8.32; kath±. 480).
“Magg±dhipat²”ti v± p±µho, tassa ariyamaggena sadevakassa lokassa adhipatibh³to satth±ti attho daµµhabbo. Saªghassa d±n±ni dad±th±ti-±din± punapi dakkhiºeyyesu d±nasa½vibh±ge niyojent² ±ha.
749. Id±ni ta½ dakkhiºeyya½ ariyasaªgha½ sar³pato dassent² “ye puggal± aµµha sata½ pasatth±”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha yeti aniyamitaniddeso. Puggal±ti satt±. Aµµh±ti tesa½ gaºanaparicchedo. Te hi catt±ro ca paµipann± catt±ro ca phale µhit±ti aµµha honti. Sata½ pasatth±ti sappurisehi buddhapaccekabuddhas±vakehi aññehi ca devamanussehi passatth±. Kasm±? Sahaj±tas²l±diguºayogato. Tesañhi campakabakulakusum±d²na½ viya sahaj±tavaººagandh±dayo sahaj±tas²lasam±dhi-±dayo guº±, tena te vaººagandh±disampann±ni viya pupph±ni devamanuss±na½ sata½ piy± man±p± p±sa½siy± ca honti. Tena vutta½ “ye puggal± aµµha sata½ pasatth±”ti. Te pana saªkhepato sot±pattimaggaµµho phalaµµhoti eka½ yuga½, eva½ y±va arahattamaggaµµho phalaµµhoti eka½ yuganti catt±ri yug±ni honti. Ten±ha “catt±ri et±ni yug±ni honti te dakkhiºeyy±”ti. Teti pubbe aniyamato uddiµµh±na½ niyametv± dassana½. Te hi sabbepi kamma½ kammaphalañca saddahitv± d±tabbadeyyadhammasaªkh±ta½ dakkhiºa½ arahant²ti dakkhiºeyy± guºavisesayogena d±nassa mahapphalabh±vas±dhanato. Sugatassa s±vak±ti samm±sambuddhassa dhammasavanante ariy±ya j±tiy± j±tat±ya ta½ dhamma½ suºant²ti s±vak±. Etesu dinn±ni mahapphal±n²ti etesu sugatassa s±vakesu appak±nipi d±n±ni dinn±ni paµigg±hakato dakkhiº±visuddhiy± mahapphal±ni honti. Ten±ha bhagav± “y±vat±, bhikkhave, saªgh± v± gaº± v±, tath±gatas±vakasaªgho tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti-±di (a. ni. 4.34; 5.32; itivu. 90).
750. Catt±ro ca paµipann±ti-±di heµµh± vuttatthameva.
Idha pana ±yasm± anuruddho attan± devat±ya ca vuttamattha½ manussaloka½ ±gantv± bhagavato ±rocesi. Bhagav± tamattha½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± sampattaparis±ya dhamma½ desesi. S± desan± mah±janassa s±tthik± ahos²ti.

Vih±ravim±navaººan± niµµhit±.