6. Daddallavim±navaººan±

Daddallam±n± vaººen±ti daddallavim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane. Tena ca samayena n±lakag±make ±yasmato revatattherassa upaµµh±kassa aññatarassa kuµumbikassa dve dh²taro ahesu½, ek± bhadd± n±ma, itar± subhadd± n±ma. T±su bhadd± patikula½ gat± saddh± pasann± buddhisampann± vañjh± ca ahosi. S± s±mika½ ±ha “mama kaniµµh± subhadd± n±ma atthi, ta½ ±nehi, sacass± putto bhaveyya, so mamapi putto siy±, ayañca kulava½so na nasseyy±”ti. So “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± tath± ak±si.
Atha bhadd± subhadda½ ovadi “subhadde, d±nasa½vibh±garat± dhammacariy±ya appamatt± hohi, eva½ te diµµhadhammiko sampar±yiko ca attho hatthagato eva hot²”ti. S± tass± ov±de µhatv± vuttanayena paµipajjam±n± ekadivasa½ ±yasmanta½ revatatthera½ attaµµhama½ nimantesi. Thero subhadd±ya puññ³pacaya½ ±kaªkhanto saªghuddesavasena satta bhikkh³ gahetv± tass± geha½ agam±si. S± pasannacitt± ±yasmanta½ revatatthera½ te ca bhikkh³ paº²tena kh±dan²yena bhojan²yena sahatth± santappesi, thero anumodana½ katv± pakk±mi. S± aparabh±ge k±la½ katv± nimm±narat²na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajji. Bhadd± pana puggalesu d±n±ni datv± sakkassa dev±namindassa paric±rik± hutv± nibbatti.
Atha subhadd± attano sampatti½ paccavekkhitv± “kena nu kho aha½ puññena idh³papann±”ti ±vajjent² “bhadd±ya ov±de µhatv± saªghagat±ya dakkhiº±ya ima½ sampatti½ sampatt±, bhadd± nu kho kaha½ nibbatt±”ti olokent² ta½ sakkassa paric±rik±bh±vena nibbatta½ disv± anukampam±n± tass± vim±na½ p±visi. Atha na½ bhadd±–
619. “Daddallam±n± vaººena, yasas± ca yasassin²;
sabbe deve t±vati½se, vaººena atirocasi.
620. “Dassana½ n±bhij±n±mi, ida½ paµhamadassana½;
kasm± k±y± nu ±gamma, n±mena bh±sase maman”ti.–

Dv²hi g±th±hi pucchi. S±pi tass±–

621. “Aha½ bhadde subhadd±si½, pubbe m±nusake bhave;
sahabhariy± ca te ±si½, bhagin² ca kaniµµhik±.
622. “S± aha½ k±yassa bhed±, vippamutt± tato cut±;
nimm±narat²na½ dev±na½, upapann± sahabyatan”ti.– Dv²hi g±th±hi by±k±si.
619-20. Tattha vaººen±ti vaºº±disampattiy±. Dassana½ n±bhij±n±m²ti ito pubbe tava dassana½ n±bhij±n±mi, tva½ may± na diµµhapubb±ti attho. Ten±ha “ida½ paµhamadassanan”ti. Kasm± k±y± nu ±gamma, n±mena bh±sase mamanti kataradevanik±yato ±gantv± “bhadde”ti n±mena ma½ ±lapasi.
621. Aha½ bhaddeti ettha bhaddeti ±lapana½. Subhadd±sinti aha½ subhadd± n±ma tava bhagin² kaniµµhik± ±si½ ahosi½, tattha pubbe m±nusake bhave sahabhariy± sam±nabhariy± te tay± ekasseva bhariy±, tava patino eva bhariy±, ±sinti attho. Puna bhadd±–
623. “Pah³takatakaly±º±, te deve yanti p±ºino;
yesa½ tva½ kittayissasi, subhadde j±timattano.
624. “Atha tva½ kena vaººena, kena v± anus±sit±;
k²diseneva d±nena, subbatena yasassin².
625. “Yasa½ et±disa½ patt±, visesa½ vipulamajjhag±;
devate pucchit±cikkha, kissa kammassida½ phalan”ti.–

T²hi g±th±hi pucchi. Puna subhadd±–

626. “Aµµheva piº¹ap±t±ni, ya½ d±na½ adada½ pure;
dakkhiºeyyassa saªghassa, pasann± sehi p±ºibhi.
627. “Tena met±diso vaººo…pe…
vaººo ca me sabbadis± pabh±sat²”ti.–

By±k±si.

623. Tattha pah³takatakaly±º± te deve yant²ti pah³takatakaly±º± mah±puññ± te nimm±naratino deve yanti uppajjanavasena gacchanti p±ºino satt±, yesa½ nimm±narat²na½ dev±na½ antare tva½ attano j±ti½ kittayissasi kathes²ti yojan±.
624. Kena vaººen±ti kena k±raºena. K²disenev±ti evasaddo samuccayattho, k²disena c±ti attho, ayameva v± p±µho. Subbaten±ti sundarena vatena, suvisuddhena s²len±ti attho.
626. Aµµheva piº¹ap±t±n²ti aµµhanna½ bhikkh³na½ dinnapiº¹ap±te sandh±ya vadati. Adadanti ad±si½.
Eva½ subhadd±ya kathite puna bhadd±–
629. “Aha½ tay± bahutare bhikkh³, saññate brahmac±rayo;
tappesi½ annap±nena, pasann± sehi p±ºibhi.
630. “Tay± bahutara½ datv±, h²nak±y³pag± aha½;
katha½ tva½ appatara½ datv±, visesa½ vipulamajjhag±;
devate pucchit±cikkha, kissa kammassida½ phalan”ti.–

Pucchi. Tattha tay±ti nissakke karaºavacana½. Puna subhadd±–

631. “Manobh±van²yo bhikkhu, sandiµµho me pure ahu;
t±ha½ bhattena nimantesi½, revata½ attanaµµhama½.
632. “So me atthapurekkh±ro, anukamp±ya revato;
saªghe deh²ti ma½voca, tass±ha½ vacana½ kari½.
633. “S± dakkhiº± saªghagat±, appameyye patiµµhit±;
puggalesu tay± dinna½, na ta½ tava mahapphalan”ti.–

Attan± katakamma½ kathesi.

631. Tattha manobh±van²yoti manava¹¹hanako u¼±raguºat±ya sambh±van²yo. Sandiµµhoti nimantanavasena bodhito kathito. Ten±ha “t±ha½ bhattena nimantesi½, revata½ attanaµµhaman”ti, ta½ manobh±van²ya½ ayya½ revata½ attanaµµhama½ bhattena aha½ nimantesi½.
632-3. So me atthapurekkh±roti so ayyo revato d±nassa mahapphalabh±vakaraºena mama atthapurekkh±ro hites². Saªghe deh²ti ma½voc±ti “yadi tva½ subhadde aµµhanna½ bhikkh³na½ d±tuk±m±, yasm± puggalagat±ya dakkhiº±ya saªghagat± eva dakkhiº± mahapphalatar±, tasm± saªghe dehi, saªgha½ uddissa d±na½ deh²”ti ma½ abh±si. Tanti ta½ d±na½.
Eva½ subhadd±ya vutte bhadd± tamattha½ sampaµicchant² uttari ca tath± paµipajjituk±m±–
634. “Id±nev±ha½ j±n±mi, saªghe dinna½ mahapphala½;
s±ha½ gantv± manussatta½, vadaññ³ v²tamacchar±;
saªghe d±n±ni dass±mi, appamatt± punappunan”ti.–

G±tham±ha. Subhadd± pana attano devalokameva gat±. Atha sakko dev±namindo sabbe deve t±vati½se attano sar²robh±sena abhibhuyya virocam±na½ subhadda½ devadh²tara½ disv± tañca t±sa½ kath±sall±pa½ sutv± t±vadeva ca subhadd±ya antarahit±ya ta½ “aya½ n±m±”ti aj±nanto–

635. “K± es± devat± bhadde, tay± mantayate saha;
sabbe deve t±vati½se, vaººena atirocat²”ti.–

Bhadda½ pucchi. S±pissa–

636. “Manussabh³t± devinda, pubbe m±nusake bhave;
sahabhariy± ca me ±si, bhagin² ca kaniµµhik±,
saªghe d±n±ni datv±na, katapuññ± virocat²”ti.–

Kathesi. Atha sakko tass± saªghagat±ya dakkhiº±ya mahapphalabh±va½ dassento dhamma½ kathesi. Tena vutta½–

637. “Dhammena pubbe bhagin², tay± bhadde virocati;
ya½ saªghamhi appameyye, patiµµh±pesi dakkhiºa½.
638. “Pucchito hi may± buddho, gijjhak³µamhi pabbate;
vip±ka½ sa½vibh±gassa, yattha dinna½ mahapphala½.
639. “Yajam±n±na½ manuss±na½, puññapekkh±na p±ºina½;
karota½ opadhika½ puñña½, yattha dinna½ mahapphala½.
640. “Ta½ me buddho viy±k±si, j±na½ kammaphala½ saka½;
vip±ka½ sa½vibh±gassa, yattha dinna½ mahapphala½.
641. “Catt±ro ca paµipann±, catt±ro ca phale µhit±;
esa saªgho ujubh³to, paññ±s²lasam±hito.
642. “Yajam±n±na½ manuss±na½, puññapekkh±na p±ºina½;
karota½ opadhika½ puñña½, saªghe dinna½ mahapphala½.
643. “Eso hi saªgho vipulo mahaggato, esappameyyo udadh²va s±garo;
ete hi seµµh± narav²ras±vak±, pabhaªkar± dhammamud²rayanti.
644. “Tesa½ sudinna½ suhuta½ suyiµµha½, ye saªghamuddissa dadanti d±na½;
s± dakkhiº± saªghagat± patiµµhit±, mahapphal± lokavid³na vaººit±.
645. “Et±disa½ yaññamanussarant±, ye vedaj±t± vicaranti loke;
vineyya maccheramala½ sam³la½, anindit± saggamupenti µh±nan”ti.
637. Tattha dhammen±ti k±raºena ñ±yena v±. Tay±ti nissakke karaºavacana½. Id±ni ta½ “dhammen±”ti vuttak±raºa½ dassetu½ ya½ saªghamhi appameyye, patiµµh±pesi dakkhiºan”ti vutta½. Appameyyeti guº±nubh±vassa attani kat±na½ k±r±na½ phalavisesassa ca vasena paminitu½ asakkuºeyye.
638-9. Ayañca attho bhagavato sammukh± ca suto, sammukh± ca paµiggahitoti dassento “pucchito”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yajam±n±nanti dadant±na½. Puññapekkh±na p±ºinanti anun±sikalopa½ katv± niddeso, puññaphala½ ±kaªkhant±na½ satt±na½. Opadhikanti upadhi n±ma khandh±, upadhissa karaºas²la½, upadhipayojananti v± opadhika½, attabh±vajanaka½ paµisandhipavattivip±kad±yaka½.
640. J±na½ kammaphala½ sakanti satt±na½ saka½ saka½ yath±saka½ puñña½ puññaphalañca hatthatale ±malaka½ viya j±nanto. Sakanti v± yak±rassa kak±ra½ katv± vutta½, saya½ attan±ti attho.
641. Paµipann±ti paµipajjam±n±, maggaµµh±ti attho. Ujubh³toti ujupaµipattiy± ujubh±va½ patto dakkhiºeyyo j±to. Paññ±s²lasam±hitoti paññ±ya s²lena ca sam±hito, diµµhis²lasampanno ariy±ya diµµhiy± ariyena s²lena ca samann±gato. Ten±pissa paramatthasaªghabh±vameva vibh±veti. Diµµhis²las±maññena saªghaµitatt± hi saªgho Atha v± sam±hita½ sam±dhi, paññ± s²la½ sam±hitañca assa atth²ti paññ±s²lasam±hito. Tenassa s²l±didhammakkhandhattayasampannat±ya aggadakkhiºeyyabh±va½ vibh±veti.
643. Vipulo mahaggatoti guºehi mahatta½ gatoti mahaggato, tato eva attani kat±na½ k±r±na½ phalavepullahetut±ya vipulo. Udadh²va s±garoti yath± udaka½ ettha dh²yat²ti “udadh²”ti laddhan±mo s±garo, “ettak±ni udak±¼hak±n²”ti-±din± udakato appameyyo, evamesa guºatoti attho. Ete h²ti hi-saddo avadh±raºe nip±to, ete eva seµµh±ti attho. Vuttañheta½–
“Y±vat±, bhikkhave, saªgh± v± gaº± v±, tath±gatas±vakasaªgho tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti (itivu. 90; a. ni. 4.34; 5.32).
Narav²ras±vak±ti naresu v²riyasampannassa narassa s±vak±. Pabhaªkar±ti lokassa ñ±º±lokakar±. Dhammamud²rayant²ti dhamma½ uddisanti. Katha½? Dhammas±min± hi dhammapajjoto ariyasaªghe µhapito.
644. Ye saªghamuddissa dadanti d±nanti ye satt± ariyasaªgha½ uddissa sammutisaªghe antamaso gotrabhupuggalesupi d±na½ dadanti, ta½ d±na½ sa½vibh±gavasena dinnampi sudinna½, ±hunap±hunavasena hutampi suhuta½, mah±y±gavasena yiµµhampi suyiµµhameva hoti. Kasm±? Yasm± s± dakkhiº± saªghagat± patiµµhit± mahapphal± lokavid³na vaººit±ti, lokavid³hi samm±sambuddhehi “na tvev±ha½, ±nanda, kenaci pariy±yena saªghagat±ya dakkhiº±ya p±µipuggalika½ dakkhiºa½ mahapphalatara½ vad±mi (ma. ni. 3.380). Puñña½ ±kaªkham±n±na½, saªgho ve yajata½ mukha½ (ma. ni. 2.400; su. ni. 574; mah±va. 300). Anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ lokass±”ti (ma. ni. 1.74; sa½. ni. 5.997) ca ±din± mahapphalat± vaººit± pasatth± thomit±ti attho.
645. ¿disa½ yaññamanussarant±ti et±disa½ saªgha½ uddissa attan± kata½ d±na½ anussarant±. Vedaj±t±ti j±tasomanass±. Vineyya maccheramala½ sam³lanti maccherameva cittassa malinabh±vakaraºato maccheramala½, atha v± maccherañca añña½ iss±lobhados±dimalañc±ti maccheramala½. Tañca avijj±vicikicch±vipall±s±d²hi saha m³leh²ti sam³la½ vineyya vinayitv± vikkhambhetv± aninditv± saggamupenti µh±nanti yojan±. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Ima½ pana sabba½ pavatti½ sakko dev±namindo “daddallam±n± vaººen±”ti-±din± ±yasmato mah±moggall±nassa ±cikkhi, ±yasm± mah±moggall±no bhagavato ±rocesi, bhagav± tamattha½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± sampattaparis±ya dhamma½ desesi. S± desan± mah±janassa s±tthik± ahosi.

Daddallavim±navaººan± niµµhit±.