4. Lat±vim±navaººan±

Lat± ca sajj± pavar± ca devat±ti lat±vim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane. Tena ca samayena s±vatthiv±sino aññatarassa up±sakassa dh²t± lat± n±ma paº¹it± byatt± medh±vin² patikula½ gat± bhattu sassusasur±nañca man±pac±rin² piyav±din² parijanassa saªgahakusal± gehe kuµumbabh±rassa nittharaºasamatth± akkodhan± s²l±c±rasampann± d±nasa½vibh±garat± akhaº¹apañcas²l± uposatharakkhaºe ca appamatt± ahosi. S± aparabh±ge k±la½ katv± vessavaºassa mah±r±jassa dh²t± hutv± nibbatti lat±tveva n±mena. Aññ±pi tass± sajj±, pavar±, accimat², sut±ti catasso bhaginiyo ahesu½. T± pañcapi sakkena devar±jena ±netv± n±µakitthibh±vena paric±rikaµµh±ne µhapit±. Lat± panassa naccag²t±d²su chekat±ya iµµhatar± ahosi.
T±sa½ ekato sam±gantv± sukhanisajj±ya nisinn±na½ saªg²tanepuñña½ paµicca viv±do uppanno. T± sabb±pi vessavaºassa mah±r±jassa santika½ gantv± pucchi½su “t±ta, katam± amh±ka½ nacc±d²su kusal±”ti? So evam±ha “gacchatha dh²taro anotattadahat²re devasam±game saªg²ta½ pavattetha, tattha vo viseso p±kaµo bhavissat²”ti. T± tath± aka½su. Tattha devaputt± lat±ya naccam±n±ya attano sabh±vena µh±tu½ n±sakkhi½su, sañj±tapah±s± acchariyabbhutacittaj±t± nirantara½ s±dhuk±ra½ dent± ukkuµµhisadde celukkhepe ca pavattent± himavanta½ kampayam±n± viya mahanta½ kol±halamaka½su. Itar±su pana naccant²su sisirak±le kokil± viya tuºh²bh³t± nis²di½su. Eva½ tattha saªg²te lat±ya viseso p±kaµo ahosi.
Atha t±sa½ devadh²t±na½ sut±ya devadh²t±ya etadahosi “ki½ nu kho kamma½ katv± aya½ lat± amhe abhibhuyya tiµµhati vaººena ceva yasas± ca, ya½n³n±ha½ lat±ya katakamma½ puccheyyan”ti. S± ta½ pucchi. Itar±pi tass± etamattha½ vissajjesi. Tayida½ sabba½ vessavaºamah±r±j± devac±rikavasena upagatassa ±yasmato mah±moggall±nassa ±cikkhi. Thero tamattha½ pucch±ya m³lak±raºato paµµh±ya bhagavato ±rocento–
316. “Lat± ca sajj± pavar± ca devat±, accimat² r±javarassa sir²mato;
sut± ca rañño vessavaºassa dh²t±, r±j²mat² dhammaguºehi sobhatha.
317. “Pañcettha n±riyo ±gama½su nh±yitu½, s²todaka½ uppalini½ siva½ nadi½;
t± tattha nh±yitv± rametv± devat±, naccitv± g±yitv± sut± lata½ bravi.
318. “Pucch±mi ta½ uppalam±ladh±rini, ±ve¼ini kañcanasannibhattace;
timiratambakkhi nabheva sobhane, d²gh±yuk² kena kato yaso tava.
319. “Ken±si bhadde patino piyatar±, visiµµhakaly±ºitarassu r³pato;
padakkhiº± naccanag²tav±dite, ±cikkha no tva½ naran±ripucchit±”ti.–

Sut±ya pucch±.

320. “Aha½ manussesu manussabh³t±, u¼±rabhoge kule suºis± ahosi½;
akkodhan± bhattu vas±nuvattin², uposathe appamatt± ahosi½.
321. “Manussabh³t± dahar± ap±pik±, pasannacitt± patim±bhir±dhayi½;
sadevara½ sassasura½ sad±saka½, abhir±dhayi½ tamhi kato yaso mama.
322. “S±ha½ tena kusalena kammun±, catubbhi µh±nehi visesamajjhag±;
±yuñca vaººañca sukha½ balañca, khi¹¹±rati½ paccanubhomanappaka½.
323. “Suta½ nu ta½ bh±sati ya½ aya½ lat±, ya½ no apucchimha akittay² no;
patino kiramh±ka½ visiµµha n±r²na½, gat² ca t±sa½ pavar± ca devat±.
324. “Pat²su dhamma½ pacar±ma sabb±, patibbat± yattha bhavanti itthiyo;
pat²su dhamma½ pacaritv± sabb±, lacch±mase bh±sati ya½ aya½ lat±.
325. “S²ho yath± pabbatas±nugocaro, mahindhara½ pabbatam±vasitv±;
pasayha hantv± itare catuppade, khudde mige kh±dati ma½sabhojano.
326. “Tatheva saddh± idha ariyas±vik±, bhatt±ra½ niss±ya pati½ anubbat±;
kodha½ vadhitv± abhibhuyya macchara½, saggamhi s± modati dhammac±rin²”ti.–

Lat±ya vissajjananti ±ha.

316. Tattha lat± ca sajj± pavar± accimat² sut±ti t±sa½ n±ma½. Ca-saddo samuccayattho. R±javarass±ti catunna½ mah±r±j±na½ varassa seµµhassa devar±jassa. Sakkassa paric±rik±ti adhipp±yo. Raññoti mah±r±jassa. Ten±ha “vessavaºassa dh²t±”ti, ida½ pacceka½ yojetabba½, vacanavipall±so v±, dh²taroti attho. R±jati vijjotat²ti r±j², r±j²ti mat± paññ±t± r±j²mat², ida½ t±sa½ sabb±sa½ visesana½. N±mameva eta½ ekiss± devat±y±ti keci, tesa½ matena “pavar±”ti sabb±sa½ visesanameva. Dhammaguºeh²ti dhammiyehi dhammato anapetehi guºehi, yath±bhuccaguºeh²ti attho. Sobhath±ti virocatha.
317. Pañcettha n±riyoti pañca yath±vuttan±m± devadh²taro ettha imasmi½ himavantapadese. S²todaka½ uppalini½ siva½ nadinti anotattadahato nikkhantanadimukha½ sandh±ya vadati. Naccitv± g±yitv±ti pitu vessavaºassa ±º±ya devasam±game t±hi katassa naccag²tassa vasena vutta½. Sut± lata½ brav²ti sut± devadh²t± lata½ attano bhagini½ kathesi. “Sut± lata½ bravun”tipi paµhanti, sut± dh²taro vessavaºassa mah±r±jassa lata½ kathesunti attho.
318. Timiratambakkh²ti niculakesarabh±sasadisehi tambar±j²hi samann±gatakkhi. Nabheva sobhaneti nabha½ viya sobham±ne, saradasamaye abbhamahik±di-upakkilesavimutta½ nabha½ viya suvisuddhaªgapaccaªgat±ya vir±jam±neti attho. Atha v± nabhev±ti nabhe eva, samuccayattho eva-saddo, ±k±saµµhavim±nesu himavantayugandhar±dibh³mipaµibaddhaµµh±nesu c±ti sabbattheva sobham±neti attho. Kena katoti kena k²disena puññena nibbattito. Yasoti pariv±rasampatti kittisaddo ca. Kittisaddaggahaºena ca kittisaddahetubh³t± guº± gayhanti.
319. Patino piyatar±ti s±mino piyatar± s±mivallabh±. Tenass± subhagata½ dasseti. Visiµµhakaly±ºitarass³ r³patoti r³pasampattiy± visiµµh± uttam± kaly±ºitar± sundaratar±, ass³ti nip±tamatta½. “Visiµµhakaly±ºitar±si r³pato”ti ca paµhanti. Padakkhiº±ti pak±rehi, visesena v± dakkhiº± kusal±. Naccanag²tav±diteti ettha naccan±ti vibhattilopo kato, nacce ca g²te ca v±dite c±ti attho. Naran±ripucchit±ti devaputtehi devadh²t±hi ca “kaha½ lat±, ki½ karoti lat±”ti r³padassanatthañceva sippadassanatthañca pucchit±.
321. Nicca½ k±yena asa½saµµhat±ya devo viya rameti, dutiyo varoti v± devaro, bhattu kaniµµhabh±t±, saha devaren±ti sadevara½. Sassu ca sasuro ca sasur±, saha sasureh²ti sassasura½. Saha d±sehi d±s²hi c±ti sad±saka½ patim±bhir±dhayinti sambandho. Tamhi katoti tamhi kule, k±le v± suºis±k±le kato yaso tannibbattakapuññassa nibbattanen±ti adhipp±yo. Mam±ti ida½ “kato”ti pada½ apekkhitv± “may±”ti pariº±metabba½.
322. Catubbhi µh±neh²ti cat³hi k±raºehi, cat³su v± µh±nesu nimittabh³tesu. Visesamajjhag±ti aññ±hi atisaya½ adhigat±. ¾yuñca vaººañca sukha½ balañc±ti “cat³hi µh±neh²”ti vutt±na½ sar³pato dassana½. ¾yu-±dayo eva hiss± aññ±hi visiµµhasabh±vat±ya vises± tass± tath± sambh±van±vasena gahetabbat±ya hetubh±vato “µh±nan”ti ca vutta½. Visesamajjhag±. K²disa½? ¾yuñca vaººañca sukhañca balañc±ti yojan±.
323. Suta½ nu ta½ bh±sati ya½ aya½ lat±ti aya½ lat± amh±ka½ jeµµhabhagin² ya½ bh±sati, ta½ tumhehi suta½ nu ki½ asutan”ti itar± tisso bhaginiyo pucchati. Ya½ noti ya½ amh±ka½ sa½sayita½. Noti nip±tamatta½, puna noti amh±ka½, avadh±raºe v± “na no sama½ atth²”ti-±d²su (khu. p±. 6.3; su. ni. 226) viya, tena akittayiyeva, avipar²ta½ by±k±siyev±ti attho. Patino kiramh±ka½ visiµµha n±r²na½, gat² ca t±sa½ pavar± ca devat±ti anatthato p±lanato patino s±mik± n± amh±ka½ n±r²na½ itth²na½ visiµµh± gati ca t±sa½ paµisaraºañca, t±sa½ m±tug±m±na½ saraºato pavar± uttam± devat± ca sammadeva ±r±dhit± sampati ±yatiñca hitasukh±vah±ti attho.
324. Pat²su dhamma½ pacar±ma sabb±ti sabb±va maya½ pat²su attano s±mikesu pubbuµµh±n±dika½ caritabbadhamma½ pacar±ma. Yatth±ti ya½ nimitta½, yasmi½ v± pat²su caritabbadhamme cariyam±ne itthiyo patibbat± n±ma bhavanti. Lacch±mase bh±sati ya½ aya½ lat±ti aya½ lat± ya½ sampatti½ etarahi labhat²ti bh±sati, ta½ sampatti½ pat²su dhamma½ pacaritv±ti labhiss±ma.
325. Pabbatas±nugocaroti pabbatavanasaº¹ac±r². Mahindhara½ pabbatam±vasitv±ti mahi½ dh±ret²ti mahindharan±maka½ pabbata½ acala½ ±vasitv± adhivasitv±, tattha vasantoti attho. “¾vasitv±”ti hi pada½ apekkhitv± bhummatthe ceta½ upayogavacana½. Pasayh±ti abhibhavitv±. Khuddeti balavasenanih²ne pam±ºato pana mahante hatthi-±dikepi mige so hantiyeva.
326. Tathev±ti g±th±ya aya½ upam±sa½sandanena saddhi½ atthayojan±– yath± s²ho attano niv±sagocaraµµh±nabh³ta½ pabbata½ niss±ya vasanto attano yathicchitamattha½ s±dheti, evameva s± saddh± pasann± ariyas±vik± gh±sacch±dan±d²hi bharaºato posanato bhatt±ra½ pati½ s±mika½ niss±ya vasant² sabbatth±pi pati-anuk³lat±saªkh±tena vatena ta½ anubbat± parijan±d²su uppajjanaka½ kodha½ vadhitv± pajahitv± pariggahavatth³su uppajjanaka½ macchera½ abhibhuyya abhibhavitv± anupp±detv± patibbat±dhammassa ca up±sik±dhammassa ca sammadeva caraºato dhammac±rin² s± saggamhi devaloke modati, pamoda½ ±pajjat²ti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.

Lat±vim±navaººan± niµµhit±.