5. Bhadditthivim±navaººan±

N²l± p²t± ca k±¼± c±ti bhadditthivim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tena ca samayena kimilanagare rohako n±ma gahapatiputto ahosi saddho pasanno s²l±c±rasampanno. Tasmi½yeva ca nagare tena sam±namah±bhoge kule ek± d±rik± ahosi saddh± pasann± pakatiy±pi bhaddat±ya bhadd±ti n±mena. Atha rohakassa m±t±pitaro ta½ kum±ri½ v±retv± t±dise k±le ta½ ±netv± ±v±haviv±ha½ aka½su. Te ubhopi samaggav±sa½ vasanti. S± attano ±c±rasampattiy± “bhadditth²”ti tasmi½ nagare p±kaµ± paññ±t± ahosi.
Tena ca samayena dve aggas±vak± pañcasatapañcasatabhikkhupariv±r± janapadac±rika½ carant± kimilanagara½ p±puºi½su. Rohako tesa½ tattha gatabh±va½ ñatv± somanassaj±to there upasaªkamitv± vanditv± sv±tan±ya nimantetv± dutiyadivase paº²tena kh±dan²yena bhojan²yena sapariv±re te santappetv± saputtad±ro tehi desita½ dhammadesana½ sutv± tesa½ ov±de patiµµhahanto saraº±ni gaºhi, pañca s²l±ni sam±diyi. Bhariy± panassa aµµham²c±tuddas²pannaras²p±µih±riyapakkhesu uposatha½ upavasi, visesato s²l±c±rasampann± ahosi devat±hi ca anukampit±. T±ya eva ca devat±nukamp±ya attano upari patita½ micch±pav±da½ nira½katv± suvisuddhas²l±c±rat±ya ativiya loke patthaµayas± ahosi.
S± hi saya½ kimilanagare µhit± attano s±mikassa vaºijj±vasena takkasil±ya½ vasantassa, ussavadivase sah±yehi uss±hitassa nakkhattak²¼±citte uppanne gharadevat±ya attano dibb±nubh±vena ta½ tattha netv± s±mikena saha yojit± teneva sam±gamena patiµµhitagabbh± hutv± devat±ya kimilanagara½ paµin²t±, anukkamena gabbhinibh±ve p±kaµe j±te sassu-±d²hi “atic±rin²”ti ±saªkit±, t±ya eva devat±ya attano ±nubh±vena gaªg±mahoghe kimilanagara½ ottharante viya upaµµh±pite attano patibbat±bh±vasa½s³cakena sacc±dhiµµh±napubbakena sapathena v±tavegasamuµµhitav²cij±la½ gaªg±mahogha½ attano upari ±patita½ ±yassañca nivattetv±, s±mikena sam±gat±pi tena pubbe sassu-±d²hi viya ±saªkit± takkasil±ya½ tena dinna½ n±mamuddita½ saññ±ºañca appent², ta½ ±saªka½ nira½katv± bhattuno ñ±tijanassa ca mah±janassa ca sambh±van²y± j±t±. Tena vutta½ “suvisuddhas²l±c±rat±ya ativiya loke patthaµayas± ahos²”ti.
S± aparena samayena k±la½ katv± t±vati½sabhavane uppann±. Atha bhagavati s±vatthito t±vati½sabhavana½ gantv± p±ricchattakam³le paº¹ukambalasil±ya½ nisinne, devaparis±ya ca bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinn±ya bhadditth²pi upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Atha bhagav± dasasahassilokadh±t³su sannipatit±ya devabrahmaparis±ya majjhe t±ya devat±ya katapuññakamma½ pucchanto–
206. “N²l± p²t± ca k±¼± ca, mañjiµµh± atha lohit±;
ucc±vac±na½ vaºº±na½, kiñjakkhapariv±rit±.
207. “Mand±rav±na½ pupph±na½, m±la½ dh±resi muddhani;
nayime aññesu k±yesa, rukkh± santi sumedhase.
208. “Kena k±ya½ upapann±, t±vati½sa½ yasassin²;
devate pucchit±cikkha, kissa kammassida½ phalan”ti.– ¾ha.
206-7. Tattha n²l± p²t± ca k±¼± ca, mañjiµµh± atha lohit±ti ettha ca-saddo vuttatthasamuccayo, so n²l± ca p²t± c±ti-±din± pacceka½ yojetabbo. Ath±ti aññatthe nip±to. Tena od±t±dike avuttavaººe saªgaºh±ti. Iti-saddo luttaniddiµµho veditabbo. Ca-saddo v± avuttatthasamuccayo. Ath±ti iti-saddatthe nip±to. Ucc±vac±na½ vaºº±nanti ettha ucc±vac±nanti vibhattiy± alopo daµµhabbo, ucc±vacavaºº±na½ n±n±vidhavaºº±nanti attho. Vaºº±nanti v± vaººavant±na½. Kiñjakkhapariv±rit±ti kiñjakkhehi pariv±rit±na½. S±mi-atthe hi eta½ paccattavacana½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– n²l± ca p²t± ca k±¼± ca mañjiµµh± ca lohit± ca atha aññe od±t±dayo c±ti imesa½ vasena ucc±vacavaºº±na½ tath±bh³tehiyeva kiñjakkhehi kesarehi pariv±rit±na½ vicittasaºµh±n±dit±ya v± ucc±vac±na½ yath±vuttavaººavant±na½ mand±ravarukkhasambh³tat±ya mand±rav±na½ pupph±na½ m±la½ tehi kata½ m±l±guºa½ tva½ devate attano s²se dh±resi pi¼andhas²ti.
Yato rukkhato t±ni pupph±ni, tesa½ visesavaººat±ya anaññas±dh±raºata½ dassetu½ “nayime aññesu k±yesu, rukkh± santi sumedhase”ti vutta½. Tattha imeti yath±vuttavaººasaºµh±n±diyutt± pupphavanto rukkh± na sant²ti yojan±. K±yes³ti devanik±yesu. Sumedhaseti sundarapaññe.
Tattha n²l±ti indan²lamah±n²l±dimaºiratan±na½ vasena n²lobh±s±. P²t±ti pupphar±gakakketanapulak±dimaºiratan±nañceva siªg²suvaººassa ca vasena p²tobh±s±. K±¼±ti asmaka-upalak±dimaºiratan±na½ vasena kaºhobh±s±. Mañjiµµh±ti jotirasagomuttakagomedak±dimaºiratan±na½ vasena mañjiµµhobh±s±. Lohit±ti padumar±galohitaªkapav±¼aratan±d²na½ vasena lohitobh±s±. Keci pana n²l±dipad±ni “rukkh±”ti imin± “n²l± rukkh±”ti-±din± yojetv± vadanti. Rukkh±pi hi n²l±divaººehi pupphehi sañchannatt± n²l±diyogato n²l±divoh±ra½ labhant²ti tehi “n²l±…pe… lohit±…pe… nayime aññesu k±yesu rukkh± santi sumedhaseti, yato tva½ ucc±vac±na½ vaºº±na½ kiñjakkhapariv±rit±na½ mand±rav±na½ pupph±na½ m±la½ dh±res²”ti yojan± k±tabb±. Tattha yath±diµµhe vaººavisesayutte pupphe kittetv± tesa½ as±dh±raºabh±vadassanena rukkh±na½ ±venikabh±vadassana½ paµhamanayo, rukkh±na½ as±dh±raºabh±vadassanena pupph±na½ ±venikabh±vadassana½ dutiyanayo. Paµhamanaye vaºº±dayo sar³pena gahit±, dutiyanaye nissayamukhen±ti ayametesa½ viseso.
208. Ken±ti kena puññakammena, k±ya½ t±vati½santi yojan±. Pucchit±cikkh±ti pucchit± tva½ ±cikkha kathehi.
Eva½ bhagavat± pucchit± s± devat± im±hi g±th±hi by±k±si–
209. “Bhadditthik±ti ma½ añña½su, kimil±ya½ up±sik±;
saddh± s²lena sampann±, sa½vibh±garat± sad±.
210. “Acch±danañca bhattañca, sen±sana½ pad²piya½;
ad±si½ ujubh³tesu, vippasannena cetas±.
211. “C±tuddasi½ pañcadasi½, y± ca pakkhassa aµµham²;
p±µih±riyapakkhañca, aµµhaªgasusam±gata½.
212. “Uposatha½ upavasissa½, sad± s²lesu sa½vut±;
saññam± sa½vibh±g± ca, vim±na½ ±vas±maha½.
213. “P±º±tip±t± virat±, mus±v±d± ca saññat±;
theyy± ca atic±r± ca, majjap±n± ca ±rak±.
214. “Pañcasikkh±pade rat±, ariyasacc±na kovid±;
up±sik± cakkhumato, appam±davih±rin²;
kat±v±s± katakusal± tato cut±, saya½pabh± anuvicar±mi nandana½.
215. “Bhikkh³ c±ha½ paramahit±nukampake, abhojayi½ tapassiyuga½ mah±muni½;
kat±v±s± katakusal± tato cut±, saya½pabh± anuvicar±mi nandana½.
216. “Aµµhaªgika½ aparimita½ sukh±vaha½, uposatha½ satatamup±vasi½ aha½;
kat±v±s± katakusal± tato cut±, saya½pabh± anuvicar±mi nandanan”ti.
209-214. Tattha bhadditthik±ti ma½ añña½su, kimil±ya½ up±sik±ti ±c±rasampattiy± saccakiriy±ya ubbattam±namahoghanivattanena akhaº¹as²l±ti sañj±tanicchay± bhadd± sundar± aya½ itth², tasm± “bhadditthik± up±sik±”ti ca ma½ kimilanagarav±sino j±ni½su. Saddh± s²lena sampann±ti-±di heµµh± vuttanayatt± utt±natthameva.
Apica “saddh±”ti imin± saddh±dhana½, “sa½vibh±garat±, acch±danañca bhattañca, sen±sana½ pad²piya½. Ad±si½ ujubh³tesu, vippasannena cetas±”ti imin± c±gadhana½ “s²lena sampann±, catuddasi½ pañcadasi½…pe… pañcasikkh±pade rat±”ti imin± s²ladhana½ hiridhana½ ottappadhanañca, “ariyasacc±na kovid±”ti imin± sutadhana½ paññ±dhanañca dassitanti s± attano sattavidha-ariyadhanapaµil±bha½. “Up±sik± cakkhumato…pe… anuvicar±mi nandanan”ti imin± tassa diµµhadhammika½ sampar±yikañca ±nisa½sa½ vibh±veti. Tattha kat±v±s±ti nipph±ditasucarit±v±s±. Sucaritakammañhi tadatte ±yatiñca sukh±v±sahetut±ya “sukhavih±rassa ±v±so”ti vuccati. Ten±ha “katakusal±”ti.
215. Pubbe an±masitakhettavisesa½ attano d±namaya½ puñña½ vatv± id±ni tassa ±yatanagatata½ dassetu½ “bhikkh³ c±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha bhikkh³ti anavasesabhinnakilesat±ya bhikkh³. Paramahit±nukampaketi parama½ ativiya diµµhadhammik±din± hitena anugg±hake. Abhojayinti paº²tena bhojanena bhojesi½. Tapassiyuganti uttamena tapas± sabbakilesamala½ t±petv± samucchinditv± µhitatt± tapassibh³ta½ yuga½. Mah±muninti tato eva mah±-isibh³ta½, mahato v± attano visayassa mahanteneva ñ±ºena munanato paricchindanato mah±muni½. Sabbameta½ dve aggas±vake sandh±ya vadati.
216. Aparimita½ sukh±vahanti anun±sikalopa½ akatv± vutta½. “Y±vañcida½, bhikkhave, na sukara½ akkh±nena p±puºitu½ y±va sukh± sagg±”ti (ma. ni. 3.255) vacanato bhagavatopi vacanapath±t²taparim±ºarahitasukhanibbattaka½ attano v± ±nubh±vena aparimitasukh±vaha½ sukhassa ±vahanaka½. Satatanti sabbak±la½. Ta½ ta½ uposatharakkhaºadivasa½ ah±petv±, ta½ ta½ v± uposatharakkhaºadivasa½ akhaº¹a½ katv± paripuººa½ katv± satata½ v± sabbak±la½ sukh±vahanti yojan±. Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanayameva.
Atha bhagav± m±tudevaputtappamukh±na½ dasasahassilokadh±tuv±s²na½ devabrahmasaªgh±na½ tayo m±se abhidhammapiµaka½ desetv± manussaloka½ ±gantv± bhadditthivim±na½ bhikkh³na½ desesi. S± desan± sampattaparis±ya s±tthik± ahos²ti.

Bhadditthivim±navaººan± niµµhit±.