Ayañhettha attho– yath± n±ma sañjh±pabh±nurañjita½ rattaval±hakasikhara½ pakatiy±pi obh±sam±na½ samantato vijjotam±n± vijjulat± niccharant² visesato obh±seti, evameva½ suparisuddhatapan²yamaya½ n±n±ratanasamujjala½ pakatipabhassara½ ima½ vim±na½ tva½ sabb±laªk±rehi vibh³sit± sabbaso vijjotayant²hi attano sar²rappabh±hi vatth±bharaºobh±sehi ca visesato obh±ses²ti.
Ettha hi “p²µhan”ti nidassetabbavacanameta½ “abbhak³µan”ti nidassanavacana½. Tath± “te”ti nidassetabbavacana½. Tañhi “p²µhan”ti ida½ apekkhitv± s±mivacanena vuttampi “alaªkate malyadhare suvatthe obh±sas²”ti im±ni pad±ni apekkhitv± paccattavasena pariºamati, tasm± “tvan”ti vutta½ hoti. “Vijjuriv±”ti nidassanavacana½. “Obh±sas²”ti ida½ dvinnampi upameyyupam±n±na½ sambandhadassana½. “Obh±sas²”ti hi ida½ “tvan”ti pada½ apekkhitv± majjhimapurisavasena vutta½, “p²µhan”ti ida½ apekkhitv± paµhamapurisavasena pariºamati. Ca-saddo cettha luttaniddiµµho daµµhabbo. “Gacchati yenak±ma½ obh±sas²”ti ca “vijjulatobh±sita½ abbhak³µa½ viy±”ti paccattavasena ceta½ upayogavacana½ pariºamati. Tath± “p²µhan”ti visesitabbavacanameta½, “te sovaººamaya½ u¼±ran”ti-±di tassa visesana½.
Nanu ca “sovaººamayan”ti vatv± suvaººassa aggalohat±ya seµµhabh±vato dibbassa ca idh±dhippetatt± “u¼±ran”ti na vattabbanti? Na, kiñci visesasabbh±vato. Yatheva hi manussaparibhogasuvaººavikatito rasaviddha½ seµµha½ suvisuddha½, tato ±karuppanna½, tato ya½kiñci dibba½ seµµha½, eva½ dibbasuvaººepi c±m²kara½, c±m²karato s±takumbha½, s±takumbhato jambunada½, jambunadato siªg²suvaººa½. Tañhi sabbaseµµha½. Ten±ha sakko dev±namindo–
“Mutto muttehi saha pur±ºajaµilehi, vippamutto vippamuttehi;
siªg²nikkhasavaººo, r±jagaha½ p±visi bhagav±”ti. (Mah±va. 58).
Tasm± “sovaººamayan”ti vatv±pi “u¼±ran”ti vutta½. Atha v± “u¼±ran”ti ida½ na tassa seµµhapaº²tabh±vameva sandh±ya vutta½, atha kho mahantabh±vamp²ti vuttov±yamattho Ettha ca “p²µhan”ti-±di phalassa kammasarikkhat±dassana½. Tatth±pi “sovaººamayan”ti imin± tassa vim±nassa vatthusampada½ dasseti, “u¼±ran”ti imin± sobh±tisayasampada½, “manojavan”ti imin± gamanasampada½. “Gacchati yenak±man”ti imin± s²ghajavat±ya p²µhasampattibh±vasampada½ dasseti.
Atha v± “sovaººamayan”ti imin± tassa paº²tabh±va½ dasseti, “u¼±ran”ti imin± vepullamahatta½. “Manojavan”ti imin± ±nubh±vamahatta½. “Gacchati yenak±man”ti imin± vih±rasukhatta½ dasseti. “Sovaººamayan”ti v± imin± tassa abhir³pata½ vaººapokkharatañca dasseti, “u¼±ran”ti imin± dassan²yata½ p±s±dikatañca dasseti, “manojavan”ti imin± s²ghasampada½, “gacchati yenak±man”ti imin± katthaci appaµihatac±rata½ dasseti.
Atha v± ta½ vim±na½ yassa puññakammassa nissandaphala½, tassa alobhanissandat±ya sovaººamaya½, adosanissandat±ya u¼±ra½, amohanissandat±ya manojava½ gacchati yenak±ma½. Tath± tassa kammassa saddh±nissandabh±vena sovaººamaya½, paññ±nissandabh±vena u¼±ra½, v²riyanissandabh±vena manojava½, sam±dhinissandabh±vena gacchati yenak±ma½. Saddh±sam±dhinissandabh±vena v± sovaººamaya½, sam±dhipaññ±nissandabh±vena u¼±ra½, sam±dhiv²riyanissandabh±vena manojava½, sam±dhisatinissandabh±vena gacchati yenak±manti veditabba½.
Tattha yath± “p²µhan”ti-±di vim±nasampattidassanavasena tass± devat±ya puññaphalavibhavasampattikittana½, eva½ “alaªkate”ti-±di attabh±vasampattidassanavasena puññaphalavibhavasampattikittana½. Yath± hi susikkhitasipp±cariyaviracitopi rattasuvaºº±laªk±ro vividhara½sij±lasamujjalamaºiratanakhacito eva sobhati, na kevalo, eva½ sabbaªgasampanno caturassasobhanopi attabh±vo sumaº¹itapas±dhitova sobhati, na kevalo. Tenass± “alaªkate”ti-±din± ±harima½ sobh±visesa½ dasseti, “obh±sas²”ti imin± an±harima½. Tath± purimena vattam±napaccayanimitta½ sobh±tisaya½ dasseti, pacchimena at²tapaccayanimitta½. Purimena v± tass± upabhogavatthusampada½ dasseti, pacchimena upabhuñjanakavatthusampada½.
Etth±ha “ki½ pana ta½ vim±na½ yuttav±ha½, ud±hu ayuttav±han”ti? Yadipi devaloke rathavim±n±ni yuttav±h±nipi honti “sahassayutta½ ±jaññarathan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.264) ±divacanato, te pana devaputt± eva kiccakaraºak±le v±har³pena att±na½ dassenti yath± er±vaºo devaputto k²¼anak±le hatthir³pena. Ida½ pana aññañca edisa½ ayuttav±ha½ daµµhabba½.
Yadi eva½ ki½ tassa vim±nassa abbhantar± v±yodh±tu gamane visesapaccayo, ud±hu b±hir±ti? Abbhantar±ti gahetabba½. Yath± hi candavim±nas³riyavim±n±d²na½ desantaragamane tadupaj²v²na½ satt±na½ s±dh±raºakammanibbatta½ ativiya s²ghajava½ mahanta½ v±yumaº¹ala½ t±ni pelenta½ pavatteti, na eva½ ta½ peletv± pavattent² b±hir± v±yodh±tu atthi. Yath± ca pana cakkaratana½ antosamuµµhit±ya v±yodh±tuy± vasena pavattati. Na hi tassa candavim±n±d²na½ viya b±hir± v±yodh±tu peletv± pavattik± atthi rañño cakkavattissa cittavasena “pavattatu bhava½ cakkaratanan”ti-±divacanasamananantarameva pavattanato, eva½ tass± devat±ya cittavasena attasannissit±ya v±yodh±tuy± gacchat²ti veditabba½. Tena vutta½ “manojava½ gacchati yenak±man”ti.
2. Eva½ paµhamag±th±ya tass± devat±ya puññaphalasampatti½ kittetv± id±ni tass± k±raºabh³ta½ puññasampada½ vibh±vetu½ “kena tet±diso vaººo”ti-±di g±th±dvaya½ vutta½. Tattha ken±ti ki½-saddo “ki½ r±j± yo loka½ na rakkhati, ki½ nu kho n±ma tumhe ma½ vattabba½ maññath±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 424) garahaºe ±gato. “Ya½kiñci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppannan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.244; sa½. ni. 3.59) aniyame. “Ki½ s³dha vitta½ purisassa seµµhan”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 183; sa½. ni. 1.73) pucch±ya½. Idh±pi pucch±yameva daµµhabbo. “Ken±”ti ca hetu-atthe karaºavacana½, kena hetun±ti attho. Teti tava. Et±disoti ediso, etarahi yath±dissam±noti attho. Vaººoti vaººa-saddo “kad± saññ³¼h± pana te, gahapati, ime samaºassa gotamassa vaºº±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.77) guºe ±gato. “Anekapariy±yena buddhassa vaººa½ bh±sati, dhammassa vaººa½ bh±sati, saªghassa vaººa½ bh±sat²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.4) thutiya½. “Atha kena nu vaººena, gandhathenoti vuccat²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.234; j±. 1.6.116) k±raºe. “Tayo pattassa vaºº±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 602) pam±ºe. “Catt±rome, bho gotama, vaºº±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.115; ma. ni. 2.379-380) j±tiya½. “Mahanta½ hatthir±javaººa½ abhinimminitv±”ti-±d²su saºµh±ne. “Suvaººavaººosi bhagav±, susukkad±µhosi v²riyav±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.399; su. ni. 553) chavivaººe. Idh±pi chavivaººe eva daµµhabbo. Ayañhettha attho– kena k²disena puññavisesena hetubh³tena devate, tava et±diso eva½vidho dv±dasayojan±ni pharaºakappabho sar²ravaººo j±toti?
Kena te idha mijjhat²ti kena puññ±tisayena te idha imasmi½ µh±ne id±ni tayi labbham±na½ u¼±ra½ sucaritaphala½ ijjhati nipphajjati. Uppajjant²ti nibbattanti, avicchedavasena upar³pari vattant²ti attho. Bhog±ti paribhuñjitabbaµµhena “bhog±”ti laddhan±m± vatth±bharaº±divitt³pakaraºavises±. Yeti s±maññena aniyamaniddeso, kec²ti pak±rabheda½ ±masitv± aniyamaniddeso, ubhayen±pi paº²tapaº²tatar±dibhede tattha labbham±ne t±dise bhoge anavasesato by±petv± saªgaºh±ti. Anavasesaby±pako hi aya½ niddeso yath± “ye keci saªkh±r±”ti. Manaso piy±ti manas± piy±yitabb±, man±piy±ti attho.
Ettha ca “et±diso vaººo”ti imin± heµµh± vuttavises± tass± devat±ya attabh±vapariy±pann± vaººasampad± dassit±. “Bhog±”ti imin± upabhogaparibhogavatthubh³t± dibbar³pasaddagandharasaphoµµhabbabhed± k±maguºasampad±. “Manaso piy±”ti imin± tesa½ r³p±d²na½ iµµhakantaman±pat±. “Idha mijjhat²”ti imin± pana dibba-±yuvaººayasasukha-±dhipateyyasampad± dassit±. “Ye keci manaso piy±”ti imin± y±ni “so aññe deve dasahi µh±nehi adhiggaºh±ti dibbena ±yun± dibbena vaººena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena ±dhipateyyena dibbehi r³pehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi phoµµhabbeh²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.341) sutte ±gat±ni dasa µh±n±ni. Tesa½ idha anavasesato saªgaho dassitoti veditabbo.
3. Pucch±m²ti pañha½ karomi, ñ±tumicch±m²ti attho. K±mañceta½ “kena tet±diso vaººo, kena te idha mijjhati. Kimak±si puñña½, ken±si eva½ jalit±nubh±v±”ti ca ki½-saddaggahaºeneva atthantarassa asambhavato pucch±vasena g±th±ttaya½ vuttanti viññ±yati. Pucch±visesabh±vañ±panattha½ pana “pucch±m²”ti vutta½. Ayañhi pucch± adiµµhajotan± t±va na hoti edisassa atthassa mah±therassa adiµµhabh±v±bh±vato, vimaticchedan±pi na hoti sabbaso samuggh±titasa½sayatt±, anumatipucch±pi na hoti “ta½ ki½ maññasi r±jaññ±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.413) viya anumatigahaº±k±rena appavattatt±, kathetukamyat±pucch±pi na hoti tass± devat±ya kathetukamyat±vasena therena apucchitatt±. Visesena pana diµµhasa½sandan±ti veditabb±. Sv±yamattho heµµh± aµµhuppattikath±ya½ “thero kiñc±p²”ti-±din± vibh±vito eva. Tanti tva½. Tayida½ pubb±par±pekkha½, pubb±pekkhat±ya upayogekavacana½, par±pekkhat±ya pana paccattekavacana½ daµµhabba½.
Dev²ti ettha deva-saddo “im±ni te deva catur±s²ti nagarasahass±ni kusavat²r±jadh±nipamukh±ni, ettha, deva, chanda½ karohi j²vite apekkhan”ti ca ±d²su (d². ni. 2.266) sammutidevavasena ±gato, “tassa dev±tidevassa, s±sana½ sabbadassino”ti-±d²su visuddhidevavasena. Visuddhidev±nañhi bhagavato atidevabh±ve vutte itaresa½ vutto eva hot²ti. “C±tumah±r±jik± dev± d²gh±yuk± vaººavanto sukhabahul±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.337) upapattidevavasena. Idh±pi upapattidevavaseneva veditabbo. Padatthato pana– dibbati attano puññiddhiy± k²¼ati la¼ati pañcahi k±maguºehi ramati, atha v± heµµh± vuttanayena jotati obh±sati, ±k±sena vim±nena ca gacchat²ti dev². “Tva½ dev²”ti sambodhane ceta½ ekavacana½. Mah±nubh±veti u¼±rappabh±ve, so panass±nubh±vo heµµh± dv²hi g±th±hi dassitoyeva.
Manussabh³t±ti ettha manassa ussannat±ya manuss±, satis³rabh±vabrahmacariyayogyat±diguºavasena upacitam±nas± ukkaµµhaguºacitt±. Ke pana te? Jambud²pav±sino sattavises±. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“T²hi, bhikkhave, µh±nehi jambud²pak± manuss± uttarakuruke manusse adhiggaºhanti deve ca t±vati½se. Katamehi t²hi? S³r±, satimanto, idha brahmacariyav±so”ti (a. ni. 9.21).