Tasmi½ khaºe s± attano b±hirakitthibh±va½ ñatv± cintesi “may± bh±riya½ kamma½ kata½ s±mikassa hasitamattak±raº± imiss± upari pakkasappi½ ±siñcantiy±, aya½ ‘gaºhatha nan’ti d±siyo na ±º±petv± ma½ viheµhanak±lepi sabb± d±siyo paµib±hitv± mayha½ kattabbameva ak±si. Sac±ha½ ima½ na kham±pess±mi, muddh± me sattadh± phaleyy±”ti tass± p±dam³le nipajjitv± “ayye, kham±hi me dosan”ti ±ha. “Aha½ sappitik± dh²t±, pitari me kham±pite khamiss±m²”ti. “Hotu, ayye, pitarampi te puººaseµµhi½ kham±pess±m²”ti. “Puººo mama vaµµe janakapit±, vivaµµe janakapitari kham±pite pana aha½ khamiss±m²”ti. “Ko pana te vivaµµe janakapit±”ti? “Samm±sambuddho”ti. “Mayha½ tena saddhi½ viss±so natthi, aha½ ki½ kariss±m²”ti? “Satth± sve bhikkhusaªgha½ ±d±ya idh±gamissati, tva½ yath±laddha½ sakk±ra½ gahetv± idheva ±gantv± ta½ kham±peh²”ti. S± “s±dhu, ayye”ti uµµh±ya attano geha½ gantv± pañcasataparic±rikitthiyo ±º±petv± n±n±vidh±ni kh±dan²yabhojan²y±ni ceva s³peyy±ni ca samp±detv± punadivase ta½ sakk±ra½ ±d±ya uttar±ya geha½ ±gantv± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa patte patiµµh±petu½ avisahant² aµµh±si, ta½ sabba½ gahetv± uttar±va sa½vidahi.
Sirim±pi satthu bhattakicc±vas±ne saddhi½ pariv±rena satthu p±dam³le nipajji. Atha na½ satth± pucchi “ko te apar±dho”ti. “Bhante may± hiyyo ida½ n±ma kata½, atha me sah±yik± ma½ viheµhayam±n± d±siyo niv±retv± mayha½ upak±rameva ak±si. S±ha½ imiss± guºa½ j±nitv± ima½ kham±pesi½, atha ma½ es± ‘tumhesu kham±pitesu khamiss±m²’ti ±h±”ti. “Eva½ kira uttare”ti. “¾ma, bhante, s²se me sah±yik±ya pakkasappi ±sittan”ti. “Atha tay± ki½ cintitan”ti? “Cakkav±¼a½ atisamb±dha½, brahmaloko atin²cako, mama sah±yik±ya guºova mahanto, ahañhi eta½ niss±ya d±nañca d±tu½ dhammañca sotu½ alattha½, sace me imiss± upari kodho atthi, ida½ ma½ dahatu, no ce, m± dahat³”ti eva½ cintetv± ima½ mett±ya phari½, bhanteti. Satth± “s±dhu s±dhu, uttare, eva½ kodha½ jinitu½ vaµµati. Kodhano hi n±ma akkodhena, akkosako anakkosantena, paribh±sako aparibh±santena thaddhamacchar² attano santakassa d±nena, mus±v±d² saccavacanena jinitabbo”ti imamattha½ dassento–
“Akkodhena jine kodha½, as±dhu½ s±dhun± jine;
jine kadariya½ d±nena, saccen±likav±dinan”ti. (Dha. pa. 223)–

Ima½ g±tha½ vatv± g±th±pariyos±ne catusaccakatha½ abh±si. Saccapariyos±ne uttar± sakad±g±miphale patiµµhahi, s±miko ca sasuro ca sassu ca sot±pattiphala½ sacchikari½su, sirim±pi pañcasatapariv±r± sot±pann± ahosi. Aparabh±ge uttar± k±la½ katv± t±vati½sabhavane uppajji. Ath±yasm± mah±moggall±no heµµh± vuttanayeneva devac±rika½ caranto uttara½ devadh²tara½ disv±–

124. “Abhikkantena vaººena, y± tva½ tiµµhasi devate;
obh±sent² dis± sabb±, osadh² viya t±rak±.
125. “Kena tet±diso vaººo, kena te idha mijjhati;
uppajjanti ca te bhog±, ye keci manaso piy±.
126. “Pucch±mi ta½ devi mah±nubh±ve,
manussabh³t± kimak±si puñña½;
ken±si eva½ jalit±nubh±v±,
vaººo ca te sabbadis± pabh±sat²”ti.– Paµipucchi.
127. “S± devat± attaman±, moggall±nena pucchit±;
pañha½ puµµh± viy±k±si, yassa kammassida½ phala½”.
128. “Iss± ca maccheramatho pa¼±so, n±hosi mayha½ gharam±vasantiy±;
akkodhan± bhattu vas±nuvattin², uposathe niccahamappamatt±.
129. “C±tuddasi½ pañcadasi½, y± ca pakkhassa aµµham²;
p±µih±riyapakkhañca, aµµhaªgasusam±gata½.
130. “Uposatha½ upavasissa½, sad± s²lesu sa½vut±;
saññam± sa½vibh±g± ca, vim±na½ ±vas±maha½.
131. “P±º±tip±t± virat±, mus±v±d± ca saññat±;
theyy± ca atic±r± ca, majjap±n± ca ±rak±.
132. “Pañcasikkh±pade rat±, ariyasacc±na kovid±;
up±sik± cakkhumato, gotamassa yasassino.
133. “S±ha½ sakena s²lena, yasas± ca yasassin²;
anubhomi saka½ puñña½, sukhit± camhin±may±.
134. “Tena met±diso vaººo, tena me idha mijjhati;
uppajjanti ca me bhog±, ye keci manaso piy±.
135. “Akkh±mi te bhikkhu mah±nubh±va, manussabh³t± yamaha½ ak±si½;
tenamhi eva½ jalit±nubh±v±, vaººo ca me sabbadis± pabh±sat²”ti.–

Devat±pissa vissajjesi.

126. Mama ca, bhante, vacanena bhagavato p±de siras± vandeyy±si “uttar± n±ma bhante, up±sik± bhagavato p±de siras± vandat²”ti. Anacchariya½ kho paneta½, bhante, ya½ ma½ bhagav± aññatarasmi½ s±maññaphale by±kareyya, ta½ bhagav± sakad±g±miphale by±k±s²ti.
128. Tattha iss± ca maccheramatho pa¼±so, n±hosi mayha½ gharam±vasantiy±ti y± ca ag±ramajjhe vasant²na½ aññ±sa½ itth²na½ sampatti-±divisay± parasampatti-us³yanalakkhaº± iss±, yañca t±vak±lik±divasen±pi kiñci y±cant±na½ ad±tuk±mat±ya attasampattinig³hanalakkhaºa½ macchariya½ yo ca kulapades±din± parehi yugagg±halakkhaºo pa¼±so uppajjati, so tividhopi p±padhammo gehe µhit±ya mayha½ satipi paccayasamav±ye n±hosi na uppajji. Akkodhan±ti khantimett±nuddayasampannat±ya akujjhanasabh±v±. Bhattu vas±nuvattin²ti pubbuµµh±napacch±nip±tan±din± s±mikassa anuk³labh±vena vase vattanas²l±, man±pac±rin²ti attho. Uposathe niccahamappamatt±ti aha½ uposathas²larakkhaºe nicca½ appamatt± appam±davih±rin².
129. Tameva uposathe appam±da½ dassent² yesu divasesu ta½ rakkhitabba½, y±disa½ yath± ca rakkhitabba½, ta½ dassetu½ “c±tuddasin”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha c±tuddasi½ pañcadasinti pakkhass±ti sambandho, accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½. Y± ca pakkhassa aµµham²ti ettha ti vacanaseso. P±µih±riyapakkhañc±ti paµiharaºakapakkhañca, c±tuddas²pañcadas²-aµµham²na½ yath±kkama½ ±dito antato c±ti pavesananikkhamanavasena uposathas²lassa paµiharitabba½ pakkhañca teras² p±µipad± sattam² navam² c±ti attho. Aµµhaªgasusam±gatanti p±º±tip±t±veramaº²-±d²hi aµµhahaªgehi eva suµµhu sam±gata½ samann±gata½.
130. Upavasissanti upavasi½. At²tatthe hi ida½ an±gatavacana½. Keci pana “upavasi½”icceva paµhanti. Sad±ti sappaµih±rikesu sabbesu uposathadivasesu. S²les³ti uposathas²lesu s±dhetabbesu. Nipph±detabbe hi ida½ bhumma½. Sa½vut±ti k±yav±c±cittehi sa½vut±. Sad±ti v± sabbak±la½. S²les³ti niccas²lesu. Sa½vut±ti k±yav±c±hi sa½vut±.
131. Id±ni ta½ niccas²la½ dassetu½ “p±º±tip±t± virat±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha p±ºoti voh±rato satto, paramatthato j²vitindriya½. P±ºassa atip±to p±ºavadho p±ºagh±to p±º±tip±to, atthato p±ºe p±ºasaññino j²vitindriyupacchedaka-upakkamasamuµµh±pik± k±yavac²dv±r±na½ aññataradv±rapavatt± vadhakacetan±. Tato p±º±tip±t±. Virat±ti orat±, nivatt±ti attho.
Mus±v±d±ti mus± n±ma visa½v±danapurekkh±rassa atthabhañjanako vac²payogo v± k±yapayogo v±, visa½v±dan±dhipp±yena parassa visa½v±dakak±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± mus±v±do. Atha v± mus±ti abh³ta½ ataccha½ vatthu, v±doti tassa bh³tato tacchato viññ±petuk±massa tath± viññattisamuµµh±pik± cetan±. Tato mus±v±d± saññat± orat±, virat±ti attho. Ca-saddo sampiº¹anattho.
Theyy±ti theyya½ vuccati thenabh±vo, corik±ya parassaharaºanti attho. Atthato parapariggahite parapariggahitasaññino tad±d±yaka-upakkamasamuµµh±pik± theyyacetan± theyya½. Tato theyy± saññat±, ±rak±ti v± sambandho.
Atic±r±ti aticca c±ro atic±ro, lokamariy±da½ atikkamitv± agaman²yaµµh±ne k±mavasena c±ro micch±c±roti attho. Agaman²yaµµh±na½ n±ma– puris±na½ m±turakkhit± piturakkhit± m±t±piturakkhit± bh±turakkhit± bhaginirakkhit± ñ±tirakkhit± gottarakkhit± dhammarakkhit± s±rakkh± saparidaº¹±ti dasa, dhanakk²t± chandav±sin² bhogav±sin² paµav±sin² odapattakin² obhaµacumbaµ± d±s² ca bhariy± kammak±r² ca bhariy± dhaj±haµ± muhuttik±ti das±ti v²sati itthiyo. Itth²su pana dvinna½ s±rakkhasaparidaº¹±na½ dasannañca dhanakk²t±d²nanti dv±dasanna½ aññapuris± agaman²yaµµh±na½, idameva idha adhippeta½. Lakkhaºato pana asaddhamm±dhipp±yena k±yadv±rapavatt± agaman²yaµµh±nav²tikkamacetan± atic±ro. Tasm± atic±r±.
Majjap±n±ti majja½ vuccatimadan²yaµµhena sur± ca merayañca, pivanti ten±ti p±na½, majjassa p±na½ majjap±na½. Y±ya duss²lyacetan±ya majjasaªkh±ta½ piµµhasur±, p³vasur±, odaniyasur±, kiººapakkhitt±, sambh±rasa½yutt±ti pañcabheda½ sura½ v±, pupph±savo, phal±savo, madhv±savo, gu¼±savo, sambh±rasa½yuttoti pañcabheda½ meraya½ v± b²jato paµµh±ya kusaggen±pi pivati, s± cetan± majjap±na½. Tasm± majjap±n± ±rak± virat±.
132. Eva½ “p±º±tip±t± virat±”ti-±din± pah±tabbadhammavasena vibhajitv± dassita½ niccas²la½ puna sam±d±tabbat±vasena ekato katv± dassent² “pañcasikkh±pade rat±”ti ±ha. Tattha sikkh±padanti sikkhitabbapada½, sikkh±koµµh±seti attho. Atha v± jh±n±dayo sabbepi kusal± dhamm± sikkhitabbato sikkh±, pañcasu pana s²laªgesu ya½kiñci aªga½ t±sa½ sikkh±na½ patiµµh±naµµhena padanti sikkh±na½ padatt± sikkh±pada½, pañca s²laªg±ni. Tasmi½ pañcavidhe sikkh±pade rat± abhirat±ti pañcasikkh±pade rat±. Ariyasacc±na kovid±ti pariññ±pah±nasacchikiriy±bh±van±bhisamayavasena dukkhasamudayanirodhamaggasaªkh±tesu cat³su ariyasaccesu kusal± nipuº±, paµividdhacatusacc±ti attho. Gotamass±ti bhagavanta½ gottena kitteti. Yasassinoti kittimato, pariv±ravato v±.
133. S±hanti s± yath±vuttaguº± aha½. Sakena s²len±ti anussukit±din± attano sabh±vas²lena ca uposathas²l±disam±d±nas²lena ca k±raºabh³tena. Tañhi satt±na½ kammassakat±ya hitasukh±vahat±ya ca visesato “sakan”ti vuccati. Tenev±ha–
“Tañhi tassa saka½ hoti, tañca ±d±ya gacchati;
tañcassa anuga½ hoti, ch±y±va anap±yin²”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.115).
Yasas± ca yasassin²ti “uttar± up±sik± s²l±c±rasampann± anussuk² amacchar² akkodhan±”ti-±din± “±gataphal± viññ±tas±san±”ti-±din± ca yath±bh³taguº±dhigatena jalatale telena viya samantato patthaµena kittisaddena yasassin² kittimat², tena v± s²laguºena idha adhigatena yasapariv±rena yasassin² sampannapariv±r±. Anubhomi saka½ puññanti yath³pacita½ attano puñña½ paccanubhomi. Yassa hi puññaphala½ anubh³yati, phal³pac±rena ta½ puññampi anubh³yat²ti vuccati. Atha v± puthujjanabh±vato sucaritaphalampi “puññan”ti vuccati. Yath±ha “kusal±na½, bhikkhave, dhamm±na½ sam±d±nahetu evamida½ puñña½ pava¹¹hat²”ti. Sukhit± camhin±may±ti dibbasukhena ca phalasukhena ca sukhit± camhi bhav±mi, k±yikacetasikadukkh±bh±vato an±may± arog±.
136. Mama c±ti ca-saddo samuccayattho. Tena “mama vacanena ca vandeyy±si, na tava sabh±venev±”ti vandana½ samuccinoti. Anacchariyanti-±din± attano ariyas±vik±bh±vassa p±kaµabh±va½ dasseti. Ta½ bhagav±ti-±di saªg²tik±ravacana½. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti.

Uttar±vim±navaººan± niµµhit±.