15. Uttar±vim±navaººan±

Abhikkantena vaººen±ti uttar±vim±na½. Tassa k± uppatti? Bhagav± r±jagahe viharati ve¼uvane kalandakaniv±pe. Tena ca samayena puººo n±ma duggatapuriso r±jagahaseµµhi½ upaniss±ya j²vati, tassa bhariy± uttar±, uttar± ca n±ma dh²t±ti dve eva geham±nusak±. Athekadivasa½ r±jagahe “mah±janena satt±ha½ nakkhatta½ k²¼itabban”ti ghosana½ kari½su. Ta½ sutv± seµµhi p±tova ±gata½ puººa½ “t±ta, amh±ka½ parijano nakkhatta½ k²¼ituk±mo, tva½ ki½ nakkhatta½ k²¼issasi, ud±hu bhati½ karissas²”ti ±ha. “S±mi, nakkhatta½ n±ma sadhan±na½ hoti, mama pana gehe sv±tan±ya y±gutaº¹ul±nipi natthi, ki½ me nakkhattena? Goºe labhanto kasitu½ gamiss±m²’ti. “Tena hi goºe gaºhass³”ti. So balavagoºe ca bhaddanaªgalañca gahetv± “bhadde, n±gar± nakkhatta½ k²¼anti, aha½ daliddat±ya bhati½ k±tu½ gamiss±mi, mayhampi t±va ajja diguºa½ niv±pa½ pacitv± bhatta½ ±hareyy±s²”ti bhariya½ vatv± khetta½ agam±si.
S±riputtattheropi satt±ha½ nirodhasam±panno tato vuµµh±ya “kassa nu kho ajja may± saªgaha½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti olokento puººa½ attano ñ±ºaj±lassa anto paviµµha½ disv± “saddho nu kho esa, sakkhissati v± me saªgaha½ k±tun”ti olokento tassa saddhabh±vañca saªgaha½ k±tu½ samatthabh±vañca tappaccay± ca tassa mah±sampattipaµil±bha½ ñatv± pattac²vara½ ±d±ya tassa kasanaµµh±na½ gantv± ±v±µat²re eka½ gumba½ olokento aµµh±si. Puººo thera½ disv±va kasi½ µhapetv± pañcapatiµµhitena thera½ vanditv± “dantakaµµhena attho bhavissat²”ti dantakaµµha½ kappiya½ katv± ad±si. Athassa thero pattañca pariss±vanañca n²haritv± ad±si. So “p±n²yena attho bhavissat²”ti ta½ ±d±ya p±n²ya½ pariss±vetv± ad±si.
Thero cintesi “aya½ paresa½ pacchimagehe vasati, sacassa gehadv±ra½ gamiss±mi, imassa bhariy± ma½ daµµhu½ na sakkhissati, y±vassa bhariy± bhatta½ ±d±ya magga½ paµipajjati, t±va idheva bhaviss±m²”ti. So tattheva thoka½ v²tin±metv± tass± magg±ru¼habh±va½ ñatv± antonagar±bhimukho p±y±si. S± antar±magge thera½ disv± cintesi “appekad±ha½ deyyadhamme sati ayya½ na pass±mi, appekad± me ayya½ passantiy± deyyadhammo na hoti, ajja pana me ayyo ca diµµho, deyyadhammo c±ya½ atthi, karissati nu kho me saªgahan”ti. S± bhattabh±jana½ ot±retv± thera½ pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± “bhante, ida½ l³kha½ v± paº²ta½ v±ti acintetv± d±sassa vo saªgaha½ karoth±”ti ±ha. Atha thero patta½ upan±metv± t±ya ekena hatthena bh±jana½ dh±retv± ekena hatthena tato bhatta½ dadam±n±ya upa¹¹habhatte dinne “alan”ti hatthena patta½ pidahi. S± “bhante, ekova paµiv²so, na sakk± dvidh± k±tu½, tumh±ka½ d±sassa idhalokasaªgaha½ akatv± paralokasaªgaha½ karotha, niravasesameva d±tuk±m±mh²”ti vatv± sabbamevassa patte patiµµh±petv± “tumhehi diµµhadhammassa bh±gin² assan”ti patthana½ ak±si. Thero “eva½ hot³”ti vatv± µhitakova anumodana½ katv± ekasmi½ udakaph±sukaµµh±ne nis²ditv± bhattakicca½ ak±si. S±pi paµinivattitv± taº¹ule pariyesitv± bhatta½ paci.
Puººopi a¹¹hakar²samatta½ µh±na½ kasitv± jighaccha½ sahitu½ asakkonto goºe vissajjetv± eka½ rukkhach±ya½ pavisitv± magga½ olokento nis²di. Athassa bhariy± bhattam±d±ya gaccham±n± ta½ disv±va “esa jighacch±p²¼ito ma½ olokento nisinno, sace ma½ ‘ativiya cir±y²’ti tajjetv± patodalaµµhiy± paharissati, may± katakamma½ niratthaka½ bhavissati, paµikaccevassa ±rocess±m²”ti cintetv± evam±ha “s±mi, ajjekadivasa½ citta½ pas±dehi, m± may± katakamma½ niratthaka½ kari, aha½ p±tova te bhatta½ ±harant² antar±magge dhammasen±pati½ disv± tava bhatta½ tassa datv± puna geha½ gantv± bhatta½ pacitv± ±gat±, pas±dehi, s±mi, cittan”ti. So “ki½ vadesi, bhadde”ti pucchitv± puna tamattha½ sutv± “bhadde s±dhu vata te kata½ mama bhatta½ ayyassa dadam±n±ya, may±pissa ajja p±tova dantakaµµhañca mukhodakañca dinnan”ti pasannam±naso ta½ vacana½ abhinanditv± uss³re laddhabhattat±ya kilantak±yo tass± aªke s²sa½ katv± nidda½ okkami.
Athassa p±tova kasitaµµh±na½ pa½sucuººa½ up±d±ya sabba½ rattasuvaººa½ hutv± kaºik±rapupphar±si viya sobham±na½ aµµh±si. So pabuddho oloketv± bhariya½ ±ha “bhadde, eta½ may± kasitaµµh±na½ sabba½ mama suvaººa½ hutv± paññ±yati, ki½ nu kho me ati-uss³re laddhabhattat±ya akkh²ni bhamant²”ti. “S±mi, mayhampi evameva paññ±yat²”ti. So uµµh±ya tattha gantv± eka½ piº¹a½ gahetv± naªgalas²se paharitv± suvaººabh±va½ ñatv± “aho ayyassa dhammasen±patissa dinnad±ne ajjeva vip±ko dassito, na kho pana sakk± ettaka½ dhana½ paµicch±detv± paribhuñjitun”ti bhariy±ya ±bhata½ bhattap±ti½ suvaººassa p³retv± r±jakula½ gantv± raññ± katok±so pavisitv± r±j±na½ abhiv±detv± “ki½ t±t±”ti vutte “deva, ajja may± kasitaµµh±na½ sabba½ suvaººar±simeva hutv± µhita½, suvaººa½ ±har±petu½ vaµµat²”ti ±ha. “Kosi tvan”ti? “Puººo n±m±han”ti. “Ki½ pana te ajja katan”ti? “Dhammasen±patissa me p±tova dantakaµµhañca mukhodakañca dinna½, bhariy±yapi me mayha½ ±haµabhatta½ tasseva dinnan”ti.
Ta½ sutv± r±j± “ajjeva kira bho dhammasen±patissa dinnad±ne vip±ko dassito”ti vatv± “t±ta, ki½ karom²”ti pucchi. “Bah³ni sakaµasahass±ni pahiºitv± suvaººa½ ±har±peth±”ti. R±j± sakaµ±ni pahiºi. R±japurisesu “rañño santakan”ti gaºhantesu gahita½ gahita½ mattik±va hoti. Tehi gantv± rañño ±rocite “t±t±, tumhehi kinti vatv± gahitan”ti pu-± “tumh±ka½ santakan”ti ±ha½su. Tena hi, t±t±, puna gacchatha, “puººassa santakan”ti vatv± gaºhath±ti. Te tath± kari½su gahita½ gahita½ suvaººameva ahosi. Ta½ sabba½ ±haritv± r±jaªgaºe r±si½ aka½su, as²tihatthubbedho r±si ahosi. R±j± n±gare sannip±t±petv± ±ha “imasmi½ nagare atthi kassaci ettaka½ suvaººan”ti? “Natthi, dev±”ti. “Ki½ panassa d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti? “Seµµhicchatta½, dev±”ti. R±j± “bahudhanaseµµhi n±ma hot³”ti mahantena bhogena saddhi½ tassa seµµhicchatta½ ad±si.
Atha na½ so ±ha “maya½, deva, ettaka½ k±la½ parakule vasimh±, vasanaµµh±na½ no deth±”ti. Tena hi passa, esa gumbo paññ±yati, eta½ har±petv± geha½ k±reh²ti pur±ºaseµµhissa gehaµµh±na½ ±cikkhi. So tasmi½ µh±ne katip±heneva geha½ k±r±petv± gehapavesanamaªgalañca chattamaªgalañca ekatova karonto satt±ha½ buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa d±na½ ad±si. Athassa satth± d±n±numodana½ karonto anupubbi½ katha½ kathesi. Dhammakath±vas±ne puººaseµµhi ca bhariy± cassa dh²t± ca uttar±ti tayopi jan± sot±pann± ahesu½.
Aparabh±ge r±jagahaseµµhi puººaseµµhino dh²tara½ attano puttassa v±resi. So “n±ha½ dass±m²”ti vutto “m± eva½ karotu, ettaka½ k±la½ amhe niss±ya vasanteneva te sampatti laddh±, detu me puttassa te dh²taran”ti ±ha. So “micch±diµµhik± tumhe, mama dh²t± t²hi ratanehi vin± vasitu½ na sakkoti, nevassa dh²tara½ dass±m²”ti ±ha. Atha na½ bah³ seµµhigahapatik±dayo kulaputt± “m± tena saddhi½ viss±sa½ bhindi, dehissa dh²taran”ti y±ci½su. So tesa½ vacana½ sampaµicchitv± ±s±¼hipuººam±ya dh²tara½ ad±si. S± patikula½ gatak±lato paµµh±ya bhikkhu½ v± bhikkhuni½ v± upasaªkamitu½ d±na½ v± d±tu½ dhamma½ v± sotu½ n±lattha, eva½ a¹¹hatiyesu m±sesu v²tivattesu attano santike µhite paric±rike pucchi “id±ni kittaka½ antovassa½ avasiµµhan”ti? “A¹¹ham±so, ayye”ti. S± m±t±pit³na½ s±sana½ pahiºi “kasm± ma½ evar³pe bandhan±g±re pakkhipi½su, vara½ tumhehi ma½ lakkhaº±hata½ katv± paresa½ d±si½ s±vetu½, na evar³passa micch±diµµhikassa kulassa d±tu½, ±gatak±lato paµµh±ya bhikkhudassan±d²su ekampi puñña½ k±tu½ na labh±m²”ti. Athass± pit± “dukkhit± vata me dh²t±”ti anattamanata½ pavedetv± pañcadasa kah±paºasahass±ni pesesi, “imasmi½ nagare sirim± n±ma gaºik± atthi, devasika½ sahassa½ gaºh±ti, imehi kah±paºehi ta½ ±netv± s±mikassa niyy±detv± saya½ yath±ruci puññ±ni karot³”ti s±sanañca pahiºi. Uttar± tath± katv± s±mikena sirima½ disv± “kimidan”ti vutte “s±mi, ima½ a¹¹ham±sa½ mama sah±yik± tumhe paricaratu, aha½ pana ima½ a¹¹ham±sa½ d±nañceva d±tuk±m± dhammañca sotuk±m±”ti ±ha. So ta½ abhir³pa½ itthi½ disv± uppannasineho “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchi.
Uttar±pi kho buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ nimantetv± “bhante, ima½ a¹¹ham±sa½ aññattha agantv± idheva bhikkh± gahetabb±”ti satthu paµiñña½ gahetv± “ito d±ni paµµh±ya y±va mah±pav±raº±, t±va satth±ra½ upaµµh±tu½ dhammañca sotu½ labhiss±m²”ti tuµµham±nas± “eva½ y±gu½ pacatha, eva½ bhatta½ pacatha, eva½ p³va½ pacath±”ti mah±nase sabbakicc±ni sa½vidahant² vicarati. Athass± s±miko “sve mah±pav±raº± bhavissat²”ti mah±nas±bhimukho v±tap±ne µhatv± “ki½ nu kho karont² s± andhab±l± vicarat²”ti oloketv± ta½ sedakilinna½ ch±rik±ya okiººa½ aªg±ramasimakkhita½ tath± sa½vidahitv± vicaram±na½ disv± “aho andhab±l± evar³pe µh±ne ima½ sirisampatti½ n±nubhavati, “muº¹akasamaºe upaµµhahiss±m²’ti tuµµhacitt± vicarat²”ti hasitv± apagañchi.
Tasmi½ apagate tassa santike µhit± sirim± “ki½ nu kho oloketv± esa hasat²”ti teneva v±tap±nena olokent² uttara½ disv± “ima½ oloketv± imin± hasita½, addh± imassa et±ya saddhi½ santhavo atth²”ti cintesi. S± kira a¹¹ham±sa½ tasmi½ gehe b±hiraka-itth² hutv± vasam±n±pi ta½ sampatti½ anubhavam±n± attano b±hiraka-itthibh±va½ aj±nitv± “aha½ gharas±min²”ti saññamak±si. S± uttar±ya ±gh±ta½ bandhitv± “dukkhamass± upp±dess±m²”ti p±s±d± oruyha mah±nasa½ pavisitv± p³vapacanaµµh±ne pakkuthita½ sappi½ kaµacchun± ±d±ya uttar±bhimukha½ p±y±si. Uttar± ta½ ±gacchanti½ disv± “mama sah±yik±ya mayha½ upak±ro kato, cakkav±¼a½ atisamb±dha½, brahmaloko atin²cako, mama pana sah±yik±ya guºova mahanto, ahampi eta½ niss±ya d±nañca d±tu½ dhammañca sotu½ labhi½, sace mama etiss±ya upari kodho atthi, ida½ sappi ma½ dahatu, sace natthi, m± ma½ dahat³”ti ta½ mett±ya phari. T±ya tass± matthake ±siñcitampi pakkuthitasappi s²todaka½ viya ahosi. Atha na½ “ida½ s²tala½ bhavissat²”ti puna kaµacchuka½ p³retv± ±d±ya ±gacchanti½ uttar±ya d±siyo disv± “are dubbin²te na tva½ amh±ka½ ayy±ya upari pakkasappi½ ±siñcitu½ anucchavik±”ti santajjentiyo ito cito ca uµµh±ya hatthehi ca p±dehi ca pothetv± bh³miya½ p±tesu½, uttar± v±rent²pi v±retu½ n±sakkhi. Atha s± upari µhatv± sabb± d±siyo paµib±hitv± “kissa te evar³pa½ bh±riya½ kamma½ katan”ti sirima½ ovaditv± uºhodakena nh±petv± satap±katelena abbhañji.