1. Itthivim±na½

1. P²µhavaggo

1. Paµhamap²µhavim±navaººan±

Tattha paµhamavatthussa aya½ aµµhuppatti– bhagavati s±vatthiya½ viharante jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me raññ± pasenadin± kosalena buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa satt±ha½ asadisad±ne pavattite tadanur³pena an±thapiº¹ikena mah±seµµhin± tayo divase, tath± vis±kh±ya mah±-up±sik±ya mah±d±ne dinne asadisad±nassa pavatti sakalajambud²pe p±kaµ± ahosi. Atha mah±jano tattha tattha katha½ samuµµh±pesi “ki½ nu kho eva½ u¼±ravibhavaparicc±geneva d±na½ mahapphalatara½ bhavissati, ud±hu attano vibhav±nur³paparicc±gen±p²”ti. Bhikkh³ ta½ katha½ sutv± bhagavato ±rocesu½. Bhagav± “na, bhikkhave, deyyadhammasampattiy±va d±na½ mahapphalatara½ bhavissati, atha kho cittapas±dasampattiy± ca khettasampattiy± ca, tasm± kuº¹akamuµµhimattampi pilotik±mattampi tiºapaººasanth±ramattampi p³timuttahar²takamattampi vippasannena cetas± dakkhiºeyyapuggale patiµµh±pita½, tampi mahapphalatara½ bhavissati mah±jutika½ mah±vipph±ran”ti ±ha. Tath± hi vutta½ sakkena dev±namindena–
“Natthi citte pasannamhi, appik± n±ma dakkhiº±;
tath±gate v± sambuddhe, atha v± tassa s±vake”ti. (Vi. va. 804).
S± panes± kath± sakalajambud²pe vitth±rik± ahosi. Manuss± samaºabr±hmaºakapaºaddhikavaºibbakay±cak±na½ yath±vibhava½ d±n±ni denti, gehaªgaºe p±n²ya½ upaµµhapenti, dv±rakoµµhakesu ±san±ni µhapenti. Tena ca samayena aññataro piº¹ap±tac±riko thero p±s±dikena abhikkantena paµikkantena ±lokitena vilokitena samiñjitena pas±ritena okkhittacakkhu iriy±pathasampanno piº¹±ya caranto upakaµµhe k±le aññatara½ geha½ samp±puºi. Tatthek± kuladh²t± saddh± pasann± thera½ passitv± sañj±tag±ravabahum±n± u¼±rap²tisomanassa½ upp±detv± geha½ pavesetv± pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± attano p²µha½ paññ±petv± tassa upari p²taka½ maµµhavattha½ attharitv± ad±si. Atha there tattha nisinne “ida½ mayha½ uttama½ puññakkhetta½ upaµµhitan”ti pasannacitt± yath±vibhava½ ±h±rena parivisi, b²janiñca gahetv± b²ji. So thero katabhattakicco ±sanad±nabhojanad±n±dipaµisa½yutta½ dhammi½ katha½ kathetv± pakk±mi. S± itth² ta½ attano d±na½ tañca dhammakatha½ paccavekkhant² p²tiy± nirantara½ phuµµhasar²r± hutv± ta½ p²µhampi therassa ad±si.
Tato aparena samayena aññatarena rogena phuµµh± k±la½ katv± t±vati½sabhavane dv±dasayojanike kanakavim±ne nibbatti. Acchar±sahassa½ cass± pariv±ro ahosi, p²µhad±n±nubh±vena cass± yojaniko kanakapallaªko nibbatti ±k±sac±r² s²ghajavo upari k³µ±g±rasaºµh±no, tena ta½ “p²µhavim±nan”ti vuccati. Tañhi suvaººavaººa½ vattha½ attharitv± dinnatt± kammasarikkhata½ vibh±venta½ suvaººamaya½ ahosi, p²tivegassa balavabh±vena s²ghajava½, dakkhiºeyyassa cittarucivasena dinnatt± yath±rucig±m² pas±dasampattiy± u¼±rat±ya sabbasova p±s±dika½ sobh±tisayayuttañca ahosi.
Athekasmi½ ussavadivase devat±su yath±saka½ dibb±nubh±vena uyy±nak²¼anattha½ nandanavana½ gacchant²su s± devat± dibbavatthanivatth± dibb±bharaºavibh³sit± acchar±sahassapariv±r± sakabhavan± nikkhamitv± ta½ p²µhavim±na½ abhiruyha mahatiy± deviddhiy± mahantena sirisobhaggena samantato cando viya s³riyo viya ca obh±sent² uyy±na½ gacchati. Tena ca samayena ±yasm± mah±moggall±no heµµh± vuttanayeneva devac±rika½ caranto t±vati½sabhavana½ upagato tass± devat±ya avid³re att±na½ dassesi. Atha s± devat± ta½ disv± samuppannabalavapas±dag±rav± sahas± pallaªkato oruyha thera½ upasaªkamitv± pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± dasanakhasamodh±nasamujjala½ añjali½ paggayha namassam±n± aµµh±si. Thero kiñc±pi t±ya aññehi ca sattehi yath³pacita½ kusal±kusala½ attano yath±kamm³pagañ±º±nubh±vena hatthatale µhapita-±malaka½ viya paññ±balabhedena paccakkhato passati, tath±pi yasm± devat±na½ upapattisamanantarameva “kuto nu kho aha½ cavitv± idh³papann±, ki½ nu kho kusalakamma½ katv± ima½ sampatti½ paµilabh±m²”ti at²tabhava½ yath³pacitañca kamma½ uddissa yebhuyyena dhammat±siddh± upadh±raº± tass± ca y±th±vato ñ±ºa½ uppajjati, tasm± t±ya devat±ya katakamma½ kath±petv± sadevakassa lokassa kammaphala½ paccakkha½ k±tuk±mo–
1. “P²µha½ te sovaººamaya½ u¼±ra½, manojava½ gacchati yenak±ma½;
alaªkate malyadhare suvatthe, obh±sasi vijjurivabbha k³µa½.
2. “Kena tet±diso vaººo, kena te idha mijjhati;
uppajjanti ca te bhog±, ye keci manaso piy±.
3. “Pucch±mi ta½ devi mah±nubh±ve,
manussabh³t± kimak±si puñña½;
ken±si eva½ jalit±nubh±v±,
vaººo ca te sabbadis± pabh±sat²”ti. ¾ha–
4. “S± devat± attaman±, moggall±nena pucchit±;
pañha½ puµµh± viy±k±si, yassa kammassida½ phala½”.
5. “Aha½ manussesu manussabh³t±, abbh±gat±n±sanaka½ ad±si½;
abhiv±dayi½ añjalika½ ak±si½, yath±nubh±vañca ad±si d±na½.
6. “Tena met±diso vaººo, tena me idha mijjhati;
uppajjanti ca me bhog±, ye keci manaso piy±.
7. “Akkh±mi te bhikkhu mah±nubh±va, manussabh³t± yamak±si puñña½;
tenamhi eva½ jalit±nubh±v±, vaººo ca me sabbadis± pabh±sat²”ti.
1. Tattha p²µhanti ya½kiñci t±disa½ d±rukkhandhampi ±paºampi balikaraºap²µhampi vett±sanampi mas±rak±divisesan±ma½ d±rumay±di-±sanampi vuccati. Tath± hi “p±dap²µha½ p±dakathalikan”ti (mah±va. 209; c³¼ava. 75) ettha p±daµhapanayogga½ p²µh±dika½ d±rukkhandha½ vuccati, “p²µhasapp²”ti (mi. pa. 5.3.1) ettha hatthena gahaºayogga½. “P²µhik±”ti pana ekaccesu janapadesu desavoh±rena ±paºa½. “Bh³tap²µhik± devakulap²µhik±”ti ettha devat±na½ balikaraºaµµh±nabh³ta½ p²µha½. “Bhaddap²µhan”ti ettha vettalat±d²hi upari v²ta½ ±sana½, ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “bhaddap²µha½ up±nay²”ti “Supaññatta½ mañcap²µha½. Mañca½ v± p²µha½ v± k±rayam±nen±”ti (p±ci. 522) ca ±d²su mas±rak±dibheda½ d±rumay±di-±sana½. Idha pana pallaªk±k±rasaºµhita½ devat±ya puññ±nubh±v±bhinibbatta½ yojanika½ kanakavim±na½ veditabba½.
Teti te-saddo “na te sukha½ paj±nanti, ye na passanti nandanan”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.11, 226) ta-saddassa vasena paccattabahuvacane ±gato. “Namo te puris±jañña, namo te purisuttama (d². ni. 3.278; su. ni. 549). Namo te buddha v²ratth³”ti (sa½. ni. 1.90) ca ±d²su tumha-saddassa vasena sampad±ne, tuyhanti attho. “Ki½ te diµµha½ kinti te suta½. Upadh² te samatikkant±, ±sav± te pad±lit±”ti (ma. ni. 2.400; su. ni. 551) ca ±d²su karaºe. “Ki½ te vata½ ki½ pana brahmacariyan”ti-±d²su (vi. va. 1251; j±. 1.10.92) s±mi-atthe. Idh±pi s±mi-atthe daµµhabbo. Tav±ti hi attho.
Sovaººamayanti ettha suvaººa-saddo “suvaººe dubbaººe sugate duggate”ti (ma. ni. 1.148) ca “suvaººat± susarat±”ti (khu. p±. 8.11) ca evam±d²su chavisampattiya½ ±gato. “K±ka½ suvaºº± pariv±rayant²”ti-±d²su (j±. 1.1.77) garu¼e. “Suvaººavaººo kañcanasannibhattaco”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.200) j±tar³pe. Idh±pi j±tar³pe eva daµµhabbo. Tañhi buddh±na½ sam±navaººat±ya sobhano vaººo etass±ti suvaººanti vuccati. Suvaººameva sovaººa½ yath± “vekata½ vesaman”ti ca. Maya-saddo ca “anuññ±tapaµiññ±t±, tevijj± mayamasmubho”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 599; ma. ni. 2.455) asmadatthe ±gato. “Maya½ niss±ya hem±ya, j±tamaº¹o dar² subh±”ti ettha paññattiya½. “Manomay± p²tibhakkh± saya½pabh±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.39; 3.38) nibbatti-atthe, b±hirena paccayena vin± manas±va nibbatt±ti manomay±ti vutt±. “Ya½n³n±ha½ s±ma½ cikkhalla½ madditv± sabbamattik±maya½ kuµika½ kareyyan”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 84) vik±ratthe. “D±namaya½ s²lamayan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.305) padap³raºamatte. Idh±pi vik±ratthe, padap³raºamatte v± daµµhabbo. Yad± hi suvaººena nibbatta½ sovaººamayanti ayamattho, tad± suvaººassa vik±ro sovaººamayanti vik±ratthe maya-saddo daµµhabbo, “nibbatti-atthe”tipi vattu½ vaµµatiyeva. Yad± pana suvaººena nibbatta½ sovaººanti ayamattho, tad± sovaººameva sovaººamayanti padap³raºamatte maya-saddo daµµhabbo.
U¼±ranti paº²tampi seµµhampi mahantampi. U¼±ra-saddo hi “pubben±para½ u¼±ra½ visesa½ adhigacchat²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.376) paº²te ±gato. “U¼±r±ya khalu bhava½ vacch±yano samaºa½ gotama½ pasa½s±ya pasa½sat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.288) seµµhe. “U¼±rabhog± u¼±rayas± o¼±rikan”ti ca ±d²su (dha. sa. 894, 896; ma. ni. 1.244) mahante. Tampi ca vim±na½ manuññabh±vena upabhuñjant±na½ atittikaraºatthena paº²ta½, samantap±s±dikat±din± pasa½sitat±ya seµµha½, pam±ºamahantat±ya ca mahagghat±ya ca mahanta½, t²hipi atthehi u¼±ramev±ti vutta½ u¼±ranti.
Manojavanti ettha manoti citta½. Yadipi mano-saddo sabbesampi kusal±kusal±by±katacitt±na½ s±dh±raºav±c², “manojavan”ti pana vuttatt± yattha katthaci ±rammaºe pavattanakassa kiriyamayacittassa vasena veditabba½. Tasm± manaso viya javo etass±ti manojava½ yath± oµµhamukhoti, ativiya s²ghagamananti attho. Mano hi lahuparivattit±ya atid³repi visaye khaºeneva nipatati, ten±ha bhagav±– “n±ha½, bhikkhave, añña½ ekadhammampi samanupass±mi ya½ eva½ lahuparivatta½, yathayida½, bhikkhave, cittan”ti (a. ni. 1.48) “d³raªgama½ ekacaran”ti (dha. pa. 37) ca. Gacchat²ti tass± devat±ya vasanavim±nato uyy±na½ uddissa ±k±sena gacchati.
Yenak±manti ettha k±ma-saddo “k±m± hi citr± madhur± manoram±, vir³par³pena mathenti cittan”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 50; therag±. 787) man±piye r³p±divisaye ±gato. “Chando k±mo r±go k±mo”ti-±d²su (vibha. 564; mah±ni. 1; c³¼ani. 8 ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa) chandar±ge. “Kilesak±mo k±mup±d±nan”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 1219; mah±ni. 2) sabbasmi½ lobhe. “Attak±map±ricariy±ya vaººa½ bh±seyy±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 291) g±madhamme. “Santettha tayo kulaputt± attak±mar³p± viharant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.325; mah±va. 466) hitacchande. “Att±dh²no apar±dh²no bhujisso yenak±ma½gamo”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.221; ma. ni. 1.426) seribh±ve. Idh±pi seribh±ve eva daµµhabbo, tasm± yenak±manti yath±ruci, devat±ya icch±nur³panti attho.
Alaªkateti alaªkatagatte, n±n±vidhara½sij±lasamujjalavividharatanavijjotitehi hatth³pagap±d³pag±dibhedehi saµµhisakaµabh±raparim±ºehi dibb±laªk±rehi vibh³sitasar²reti attho. Sambodhane ceta½ ekavacana½. Malyadhareti kapparukkhap±ricchattakasant±nakalat±disambhavehi, suvisuddhac±m²karavividharatanamayapattakiñjakkhakesarehi, samantato vijjotam±navipphurantakiraºanikararucirehi dibbakusumehi sumaº¹itakesahatth±dit±ya m±l±bh±rin². Suvattheti kappalat±nibbatt±na½, n±n±vir±gavaººavises±na½ suparisuddhabh±surappabh±na½ niv±sanuttariyapaµicchad±d²na½ dibbavatth±na½ vasena sundaravatthe. Obh±sas²ti vijjotasi. Vijjuriv±ti vijjulat± viya. Abbhak³µanti val±hakasikhare. Bhummatthe hi eta½ upayogavacana½. Obh±sas²ti v± antogadhahetu-atthavacana½, obh±ses²ti attho. Imasmi½ pakkhe “abbhak³µan”ti upayogatthe eva upayogavacana½ daµµhabba½.