12. Dvayat±nupassan±sutta½

Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati pubb±r±me mig±ram±tup±s±de. Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± tadahuposathe pannarase puºº±ya puººam±ya rattiy± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto abbhok±se nisinno hoti Atha kho bhagav± tuºh²bh³ta½ tuºh²bh³ta½ bhikkhusaªgha½ anuviloketv± bhikkh³ ±mantesi–
“‘Ye te, bhikkhave, kusal± dhamm± ariy± niyy±nik± sambodhag±mino, tesa½ vo, bhikkhave, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ ariy±na½ niyy±nik±na½ sambodhag±m²na½ k± upanis± savan±y±’ti iti ce, bhikkhave, pucchit±ro assu, te evamassu vacan²y±– ‘y±vadeva dvayat±na½ dhamm±na½ yath±bh³ta½ ñ±º±y±’ti. Kiñca dvayata½ vadetha?
(1) “Ida½ dukkha½, aya½ dukkhasamudayoti ayamek±nupassan±. Aya½ dukkhanirodho, aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm± dvayat±nupassino kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno appamattassa ±t±pino pahitattassa viharato dvinna½ phal±na½ aññatara½ phala½ p±µikaªkha½– diµµheva dhamme aññ±, sati v± up±disese an±g±mit±”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Ida½ vatv±na sugato ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
729. “Ye dukkha½ nappaj±nanti, atho dukkhassa sambhava½;
yattha ca sabbaso dukkha½, asesa½ uparujjhati;
tañca magga½ na j±nanti, dukkh³pasamag±mina½.
730. “Cetovimuttih²n± te, atho paññ±vimuttiy±;
abhabb± te antakiriy±ya, te ve j±tijar³pag±.
731. “Ye ca dukkha½ paj±nanti, atho dukkhassa sambhava½;
yattha ca sabbaso dukkha½, asesa½ uparujjhati;
tañca magga½ paj±nanti, dukkh³pasamag±mina½.
732. “Cetovimuttisampann±, atho paññ±vimuttiy±;
bhabb± te antakiriy±ya, na te j±tijar³pag±”ti.
(2) “‘Siy± aññenapi pariy±yena samm± dvayat±nupassan±’ti, iti ce, bhikkhave, pucchit±ro assu; ‘siy±’tissu vacan²y±. Kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ upadhipaccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Upadh²na½ tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
733. “Upadhinid±n± pabhavanti dukkh±, ye keci lokasmimanekar³p±;
yo ve avidv± upadhi½ karoti, punappuna½ dukkhamupeti mando;
tasm± paj±na½ upadhi½ na kayir±, dukkhassa j±tippabhav±nupass²”ti.
(3) “‘Siy± aññenapi pariy±yena samm± dvayat±nupassan±’ti, iti ce, bhikkhave, pucchit±ro assu; ‘siy±’tissu vacan²y±. Kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ avijj±paccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Avijj±ya tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
734. “J±timaraºasa½s±ra½ ye vajanti punappuna½;
itthabh±vaññath±bh±va½, avijj±yeva s± gati.
735. “Avijj± h±ya½ mah±moho, yenida½ sa½sita½ cira½;
vijj±gat± ca ye satt±, na te gacchanti [n±gacchanti (s². p².)] punabbhavan”ti.
(4) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ saªkh±rapaccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Saªkh±r±na½ tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
736. “Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti, sabba½ saªkh±rapaccay±;
saªkh±r±na½ nirodhena, natthi dukkhassa sambhavo.
737. “Etam±d²nava½ ñatv±, dukkha½ saªkh±rapaccay±;
sabbasaªkh±rasamath±, saññ±na½ uparodhan±;
eva½ dukkhakkhayo hoti, eta½ ñatv± yath±tatha½.
738. “Sammaddas± vedaguno, sammadaññ±ya paº¹it±;
abhibhuyya m±rasa½yoga½, na gacchanti [n±gacchanti (s². p².)] punabbhavan”ti.
(5) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ viññ±ºapaccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Viññ±ºassa tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
739. “Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti, sabba½ viññ±ºapaccay±;
viññ±ºassa nirodhena, natthi dukkhassa sambhavo.
740. “Etam±d²nava½ ñatv±, dukkha½ viññ±ºapaccay±;
viññ±º³pasam± bhikkhu, nicch±to parinibbuto”ti.
(6) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ phassapaccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Phassassa tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
741. “Tesa½ phassaparet±na½, bhavasot±nus±rina½;
kummaggapaµipann±na½, ±r± sa½yojanakkhayo.
742. “Ye ca phassa½ pariññ±ya, aññ±yupasame [paññ±ya upasame (sy±.)] rat±;
te ve phass±bhisamay±, nicch±t± parinibbut±”ti.
(7) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ vedan±paccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Vedan±na½ tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
743. “Sukha½ v± yadi v± dukkha½, adukkhamasukha½ saha;
ajjhattañca bahiddh± ca, ya½ kiñci atthi vedita½.
744. “Eta½ dukkhanti ñatv±na, mosadhamma½ palokina½ [palokita½ (s².)];
phussa phussa vaya½ passa½, eva½ tattha vij±nati [virajjati (ka. s².)];
vedan±na½ khay± bhikkhu, nicch±to parinibbuto”ti.
(8) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ taºh±paccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Taºh±ya tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
745. “Taºh±dutiyo puriso, d²ghamaddh±na sa½sara½;
itthabh±vaññath±bh±va½, sa½s±ra½ n±tivattati.
746. “Etam±d²nava½ ñatv±, taºha½ [taºh± (bah³su) itivuttake 15 passitabba½] dukkhassa sambhava½;
v²tataºho an±d±no, sato bhikkhu paribbaje”ti.
(9) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ up±d±napaccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Up±d±n±na½ [up±d±nassa (sy±. ka.)] tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
747. “Up±d±napaccay± bhavo, bh³to dukkha½ nigacchati;
j±tassa maraºa½ hoti, eso dukkhassa sambhavo.
748. “Tasm± up±d±nakkhay±, sammadaññ±ya paº¹it±;
j±tikkhaya½ abhiññ±ya, na gacchanti punabbhavan”ti.
(10) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ ±rambhapaccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. ¾rambh±na½ tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
749. “Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti, sabba½ ±rambhapaccay±;
±rambh±na½ nirodhena, natthi dukkhassa sambhavo.
750. “Etam±d²nava½ ñatv±, dukkha½ ±rambhapaccay±;
sabb±rambha½ paµinissajja, an±rambhe vimuttino.
751. “Ucchinnabhavataºhassa, santacittassa bhikkhuno;
vikkh²ºo [vitiººo (s².)] j±tisa½s±ro, natthi tassa punabbhavo”ti.
(11) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ ±h±rapaccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. ¾h±r±na½ tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
752. “Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti, sabba½ ±h±rapaccay±;
±h±r±na½ nirodhena, natthi dukkhassa sambhavo.
753. “Etam±d²nava½ ñatv±, dukkha½ ±h±rapaccay±;
sabb±h±ra½ pariññ±ya, sabb±h±ramanissito.
754. “¾rogya½ sammadaññ±ya, ±sav±na½ parikkhay±;
saªkh±ya sev² dhammaµµho, saªkhya½ [saªkha½ (s². p².)] nopeti vedag³”ti.
(12) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti sabba½ iñjitapaccay±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Iñjit±na½ tveva asesavir±ganirodh± natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
755. “Ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti, sabba½ iñjitapaccay±;
iñjit±na½ nirodhena, natthi dukkhassa sambhavo.
756. “Etam±d²nava½ ñatv±, dukkha½ iñjitapaccay±;
tasm± hi eja½ vossajja, saªkh±re uparundhiya;
anejo anup±d±no, sato bhikkhu paribbaje”ti.
(13) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Nissitassa calita½ hot²ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Anissito na calat²ti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
757. “Anissito na calati, nissito ca up±diya½;
itthabh±vaññath±bh±va½, sa½s±ra½ n±tivattati.
758. “Etam±d²nava½ ñatv±, nissayesu mahabbhaya½;
anissito anup±d±no, sato bhikkhu paribbaje”ti.
(14) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? R³pehi, bhikkhave, ar³p± [±rupp± (s². p².)] santatar±ti, ayamek±nupassan±. Ar³pehi nirodho santataroti, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
759. “Ye ca r³p³pag± satt±, ye ca ar³paµµh±yino [±ruppav±sino (s². p².)];
nirodha½ appaj±nant±, ±gant±ro punabbhava½.
760. “Ye ca r³pe pariññ±ya, ar³pesu asaºµhit± [susaºµhit± (s². sy±. p².)];
nirodhe ye vimuccanti, te jan± maccuh±yino”ti.
(15) “Siy± aññenapi…pe… kathañca siy±? Ya½, bhikkhave, sadevakassa lokassa sam±rakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaºabr±hmaºiy± paj±ya sadevamanuss±ya ida½ saccanti upanijjh±yita½ tadamariy±na½ eta½ mus±ti yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya sudiµµha½, ayamek±nupassan±. Ya½ bhikkhave, sadevakassa…pe… sadevamanuss±ya ida½ mus±ti upanijjh±yita½, tadamariy±na½ eta½ saccanti yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya sudiµµha½, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm±…pe… ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
761. “Anattani attam±ni½ [attam±n² (sy±.), attam±na½ (p². ka.)], passa loka½ sadevaka½;
niviµµha½ n±mar³pasmi½, ida½ saccanti maññati.
762. “Yena yena hi maññanti, tato ta½ hoti aññath±;
tañhi tassa mus± hoti, mosadhammañhi ittara½.
763. “Amosadhamma½ nibb±na½, tadariy± saccato vid³;
te ve sacc±bhisamay±, nicch±t± parinibbut±”ti.
(16) “‘Siy± aññenapi pariy±yena samm± dvayat±nupassan±’ti, iti ce, bhikkhave, pucchit±ro assu; ‘siy±’tissu vacan²y±. Kathañca siy±? Ya½, bhikkhave, sadevakassa lokassa sam±rakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaºabr±hmaºiy± paj±ya sadevamanuss±ya ida½ sukhanti upanijjh±yita½, tadamariy±na½ eta½ dukkhanti yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya sudiµµha½, ayamek±nupassan± Ya½, bhikkhave, sadevakassa…pe… sadevamanuss±ya ida½ dukkhanti upanijjh±yita½ tadamariy±na½ eta½ sukhanti yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya sudiµµha½, aya½ dutiy±nupassan±. Eva½ samm± dvayat±nupassino kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno appamattassa ±t±pino pahitattassa viharato dvinna½ phal±na½ aññatara½ phala½ p±µikaªkha½– diµµheva dhamme aññ±, sati v± up±disese an±g±mit±ti. Idamavoca bhagav±. Ida½ vatv±na sugato ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
764. “R³p± sadd± ras± gandh±, phass± dhamm± ca keval±;
iµµh± kant± man±p± ca, y±vatatth²ti vuccati.
765. “Sadevakassa lokassa, ete vo sukhasammat±;
yattha cete nirujjhanti, ta½ nesa½ dukkhasammata½.
766. “Sukhanti diµµhamariyehi, sakk±yassuparodhana½;
paccan²kamida½ hoti, sabbalokena passata½.
767. “Ya½ pare sukhato ±hu, tadariy± ±hu dukkhato;
ya½ pare dukkhato ±hu, tadariy± sukhato vid³.
768. “Passa dhamma½ dur±j±na½, sampam³¼hetthaviddasu [sampam³¼hettha aviddasu (s². p².), samm³¼hettha aviddasu (?)];
Nivut±na½ tamo hoti, andhak±ro apassata½.
769. “Satañca vivaµa½ hoti, ±loko passat±miva;
santike na vij±nanti, magg± dhammassa kovid±.
770. “Bhavar±gaparetehi bhavasot±nus±ribhi;
m±radheyy±nupannehi, n±ya½ dhammo susambudho.
771. “Ko nu aññatramariyehi, pada½ sambuddhumarahati;
ya½ pada½ sammadaññ±ya, parinibbanti an±sav±”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti. Imasmi½ ca [imasmi½ kho (s².)] pana veyy±karaºasmi½ bhaññam±ne saµµhimatt±na½ bhikkh³na½ anup±d±ya ±savehi citt±ni vimucci½s³ti.

Dvayat±nupassan±sutta½ dv±dasama½ niµµhita½.

Tassudd±na½
Sacca½ upadhi avijj± ca, saªkh±re viññ±ºapañcama½;
phassavedaniy± taºh±, up±d±n±rambha-±h±r±;
iñjita½ calita½ r³pa½, sacca½ dukkhena so¼as±ti.

Mah±vaggo tatiyo niµµhito.

Tassudd±na½
Pabbajj± ca padh±nañca, subh±sitañca sundari;
m±ghasutta½ sabhiyo ca, selo sallañca vuccati.
V±seµµho c±pi kok±li, n±lako dvayat±nupassan±;
dv±daset±ni sutt±ni, mah±vaggoti vuccat²ti.