8. Pas³rasuttavaººan±

831. Idheva suddh²ti pas³rasutta½. K± uppatti? Bhagavati kira s±vatthiya½ viharante pas³ro n±ma paribb±jako mah±v±d², so “ahamasmi sakalajambud²pe v±dena aggo, tasm± yath± jambud²passa jambupaññ±ºa½, eva½ mam±pi bhavitu½ arahat²”ti jambus±kha½ dhaja½ katv± sakalajambud²pe paµiv±da½ an±s±dento anupubbena s±vatthi½ ±gantv± nagaradv±re v±likatthala½ katv± tattha s±kha½ uss±petv± “yo may± saddhi½ v±da½ k±tu½ samattho, so ima½ s±kha½ bhañjat³”ti vatv± nagara½ p±visi. Ta½ µh±na½ mah±jano pariv±retv± aµµh±si. Tena ca samayena ±yasm± s±riputto bhattakicca½ katv± s±vatthito nikkhamati. So ta½ disv± sambahule g±mad±rake pucchi– “ki½ eta½ d±rak±”ti, te sabba½ ±cikkhi½su. “Tena hi na½ tumhe uddharitv± p±dehi bhañjatha, ‘v±datthiko vih±ra½ ±gacchat³’ti ca bhaºath±”ti vatv± pakk±mi.
Paribb±jako piº¹±ya caritv± katabhattakicco ±gantv± uddharitv± bhagga½ s±kha½ disv± “kenida½ k±ritan”ti pucchi. “Buddhas±vakena s±riputten±”ti ca vutte pamudito hutv± “ajja mama jaya½ samaºassa ca par±jaya½ paº¹it± passant³”ti pañhav²ma½sake k±raºike ±netu½ s±vatthi½ pavisitv± v²thisiªgh±µakacaccaresu vicaranto “samaºassa gotamassa aggas±vakena saha v±de paññ±paµibh±na½ sotuk±m± bhonto nikkhamant³”ti ugghosesi. “Paº¹it±na½ vacana½ soss±m±”ti s±sane pasann±pi appasann±pi bah³ manuss± nikkhami½su. Tato pas³ro mah±janaparivuto “eva½ vutte eva½ bhaºiss±m²”ti-±d²ni vitakkento vih±ra½ agam±si. Thero “vih±re ucc±saddamah±saddo janaby±kulañca m± ahos²”ti jetavanadv±rakoµµhake ±sana½ paññ±petv± nis²di.
Paribb±jako thera½ upasaªkamitv± “tva½, bho, pabbajita, mayha½ jambudhaja½ bhañj±pes²”ti ±ha. “¾ma paribb±jak±”ti ca vutte “hotu no, bho, k±ci kath±pavatt²”ti ±ha. “Hotu paribb±jak±”ti ca therena sampaµicchite “tva½, samaºa, puccha, aha½ vissajjess±m²”ti ±ha. Tato na½ thero avaca “ki½, paribb±jaka, dukkara½ pucch±, ud±hu vissajjanan”ti. Vissajjana½ bho, pabbajita, pucch±ya ki½ dukkara½. Ta½ yo hi koci ya½kiñci pucchat²ti. “Tena hi, paribb±jaka, tva½ puccha, aha½ vissajjess±m²”ti eva½ vutte paribb±jako “s±dhur³po bhikkhu µh±ne s±kha½ bhañj±pes²”ti vimhitacitto hutv± thera½ pucchi– “ko purisassa k±mo”ti. “Saªkappar±go purisassa k±mo”ti (a. ni. 6.63) thero ±ha. So ta½ sutv± there viruddhasaññ² hutv± par±jaya½ ±ropetuk±mo ±ha– “citravicitr±rammaºa½ pana bho, pabbajita, purisassa k±ma½ na vades²”ti? “¾ma, paribb±jaka, na vadem²”ti. Tato na½ paribb±jako y±va tikkhattu½ paµiñña½ k±r±petv± “suºantu bhonto samaºassa v±de dosan”ti pañhav²ma½sake ±lapitv± ±ha– “bho, pabbajita, tumh±ka½ sabrahmac±rino araññe viharant²”ti? “¾ma, paribb±jaka, viharant²”ti. “Te tattha viharant± k±mavitakk±dayo vitakke vitakkent²”ti? “¾ma, paribb±jaka, puthujjan± sahas± vitakkent²”ti. “Yadi eva½ tesa½ samaºabh±vo kuto? Nanu te ag±rik± k±mabhogino hont²”ti evañca pana vatv± ath±para½ etadavoca–
“Na te ve k±m± y±ni citr±ni loke,
saªkappar±gañca vadesi k±ma½;
saªkappaya½ akusale vitakke,
bhikkhupi te hessati k±mabhog²”ti. (Sa½. ni. aµµha. 1.1.34).
Atha thero paribb±jakassa v±de dosa½ dassento ±ha– “ki½, paribb±jaka, saªkappar±ga½ purisassa k±ma½ na vadesi, citravicitr±rammaºa½ vades²”ti? “¾ma, bho, pabbajit±”ti. Tato na½ thero y±va tikkhattu½ paµiñña½ k±r±petv± “suº±tha, ±vuso, paribb±jakassa v±de dosan”ti pañhav²ma½sake ±lapitv± ±ha– “±vuso pas³ra, tava satth± atth²”ti? “¾ma, pabbajita, atth²”ti. “So cakkhuviññeyya½ r³p±rammaºa½ passati sadd±rammaº±d²ni v± sevat²”ti? “¾ma, pabbajita, sevat²”ti. “Yadi eva½ tassa satthubh±vo kuto, nanu so ag±riko k±mabhog² hot²”ti evañca pana vatv± ath±para½ etadavoca–
“Te ve k±m± y±ni citr±ni loke,
saªkappar±ga½ na vadesi k±ma½;
passanto r³p±ni manoram±ni,
suºanto sadd±ni manoram±ni.
“Gh±yanto gandh±ni manoram±ni,
s±yanto ras±ni manoram±ni;
phusanto phass±ni manoram±ni,
satth±pi te hessati k±mabhog²”ti.
Eva½ vutte nippaµibh±no paribb±jako “aya½ pabbajito mah±v±d², imassa santike pabbajitv± v±dasattha½ sikkhiss±m²”ti s±vatthi½ pavisitv± pattac²vara½ pariyesitv± jetavana½ paviµµho tattha l±lud±yi½ suvaººavaººa½ k±y³papanna½ sar²r±k±r±kappesu samantap±s±dika½ disv± “aya½ bhikkhu mah±pañño mah±v±d²”ti mantv± tassa santike pabbajitv± ta½ v±dena niggahetv± saliªgena ta½yeva titth±yatana½ pakkamitv± puna “samaºena gotamena saddhi½ v±da½ kariss±m²”ti s±vatthiya½ purimanayeneva ugghosetv± mah±janaparivuto “eva½ samaºa½ gotama½ niggahess±m²”ti-±d²ni vadanto jetavana½ agam±si. Jetavanadv±rakoµµhake adhivatth± devat± “aya½ abh±janabh³to”ti mukhabandhamassa ak±si. So bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± m³go viya nis²di. Manuss± “id±ni pucchissati, id±ni pucchissat²”ti tassa mukha½ ulloketv± “vadehi, bho pas³ra, vadehi, bho pas³r±”ti ucc±saddamah±sadd± ahesu½. Atha bhagav± “ki½ pas³ro vadissat²”ti vatv± tattha sampattaparis±ya dhammadesanattha½ ima½ sutta½ abh±si.
Tattha paµhamag±th±ya t±va aya½ saªkhepo– ime diµµhigatik± attano diµµhi½ sandh±ya idheva suddh² iti v±dayanti n±ññesu dhammesu visuddhim±hu. Eva½ sante attano satth±r±d²ni nissit± tattheva “esa v±do subho”ti eva½ subha½ vad±n± hutv± puth³ samaºabr±hmaº± “sassato loko”ti-±d²su paccekasaccesu niviµµh±.
832. Eva½ niviµµh± ca– te v±dak±m±ti g±th±. Tattha b±la½ dahant² mithu aññamaññanti “aya½ b±lo aya½ b±lo”ti eva½ dvepi jan± aññamañña½ b±la½ dahanti, b±lato passanti. Vadanti te aññasit± kathojjanti te aññamañña½ satth±r±di½ nissit± kalaha½ vadanti. Pasa½sak±m± kusal± vad±n±ti pasa½satthik± ubhopi “maya½ kusalav±d± paº¹itav±d±”ti eva½saññino hutv±.
833. Eva½ vad±nesu ca tesu eko niyamato eva– yutto kath±yanti g±th±. Tattha yutto kath±yanti viv±dakath±ya ussukko. Pasa½samiccha½ vinigh±ti hot²ti attano pasa½sa½ icchanto “katha½ nu kho niggahess±m²”ti-±din± nayena pubbeva sall±p± katha½kath² vinigh±t² hoti. Ap±hatasminti pañhav²ma½sakehi “atth±pagata½ te bhaºita½, byañjan±pagata½ te bhaºitan”ti-±din± nayena apah±rite v±de. Nind±ya so kuppat²ti eva½ ap±hatasmiñca v±de uppann±ya nind±ya so kuppati. Randhames²ti parassa randhameva gavesanto.
834. Na kevalañca kuppati, apica kho pana yamassa v±danti g±th±. Tattha parih²nam±hu ap±hatanti atthabyañjan±dito ap±hata½ parih²na½ vadanti. Paridevat²ti tato nimitta½ so “añña½ may± ±vajjitan”ti-±d²hi vippalapati. Socat²ti “tassa jayo”ti-±d²ni ±rabbha socati. Upaccag± manti anutthun±t²ti “so ma½ v±dena v±da½ atikkanto”ti-±din± nayena suµµhutara½ vippalapati.
835. Ete viv±d± samaºes³ti ettha pana samaº± vuccanti b±hiraparibb±jak±. Etesu uggh±ti nigh±ti hot²ti etesu v±desu jayapar±jay±divasena cittassa uggh±ta½ nigh±tañca p±puºanto uggh±t² nigh±t² ca hoti. Virame kathojjanti pajaheyya kalaha½. Na haññadatthatthi pasa½sal±bh±ti na hi ettha pasa½sal±bhato añño attho atthi.
836-7. Chaµµhag±th±ya attho– yasm± ca na haññadatthatthi pasa½sal±bh±, tasm± parama½ l±bha½ labhantopi “sundaro ayan”ti tattha diµµhiy± pasa½sito v± pana hoti ta½ v±da½ paris±ya majjhe d²petv±, tato so tena jayatthena tuµµhi½ v± dantavida½saka½ v± ±pajjanto hasati, m±nena ca uººamati. Ki½ k±raºa½? Yasm± ta½ jayattha½ pappuyya yath±m±no j±to, eva½ uººamato ca y± uººat²ti g±th±. Tattha m±n±tim±na½ vadate panesoti eso pana ta½ uººati½ “vigh±tabh³m²”ti abujjham±no m±nañca atim±nañca vadatiyeva.
838. Eva½ v±de dosa½ dassetv± id±ni tassa v±da½ asampaµicchanto “s³ro”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha r±jakh±d±y±ti r±jakh±dan²yena, bhattavetanen±ti vutta½ hoti. Abhigajjameti paµis³ramicchanti yath± so paµis³ra½ icchanto abhigajjanto eti, eva½ diµµhigatiko diµµhigatikanti dasseti. Yeneva so, tena paleh²ti yena so tuyha½ paµis³ro, tena gaccha. Pubbeva natthi yadida½ yudh±y±ti ya½ pana ida½ kilesaj±ta½ yuddh±ya siy±, ta½ eta½ pubbeva natthi, bodhim³leyeva pah²nanti dasseti. Sesag±th± p±kaµasambandh±yeva.
839-40. Tattha viv±dayant²ti vivadanti. Paµisenikatt±ti paµilomak±rako. Visenikatv±ti kilesasena½ vin±setv±. Ki½ labhethoti paµimalla½ ki½ labhissasi. Pas³r±ti ta½ paribb±jaka½ ±lapati. Yes²dha natth²ti yesa½ idha natthi.
841. Pavitakkanti “jayo nu kho me bhavissat²”ti ±d²ni vitakkento. Dhonena yuga½ sam±gam±ti dhutakilesena buddhena saddhi½ yugagg±ha½ sam±panno. Na hi tva½ sakkhasi sampay±taveti kotthuk±dayo viya s²h±d²hi, dhonena saha yuga½ gahetv± ekapadampi sampay±tu½ yugagg±hameva v± samp±detu½ na sakkhissas²ti. Sesa½ sabbattha p±kaµamev±ti.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya

Suttanip±ta-aµµhakath±ya pas³rasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.