6. Jar±suttavaººan±

811. Appa½ vata j²vitanti jar±sutta½. K± uppatti? Eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ vassa½ vasitv± y±ni t±ni buddh±na½ sar²r±rogyasamp±dana½ anuppannasikkh±padapaññ±pana½ veneyyadamana½ tath±r³p±ya aµµhuppattiy± j±tak±dikathananti-±d²ni janapadac±rik±nimitt±ni, t±ni samavekkhitv± janapadac±rika½ pakk±mi. Anupubbena c±rika½ caram±no s±ya½ s±keta½ anuppatto añjanavana½ p±visi. S±ketav±sino sutv± “ak±lo id±ni bhagavanta½ dassan±y±”ti vibh±t±ya rattiy± m±l±gandh±d²ni gahetv± bhagavato santika½ gantv± p³janavandanasammodan±d²ni katv± pariv±retv± aµµha½su y±va bhagavato g±mappavesanavel±, atha bhagav± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto piº¹±ya p±visi. Ta½ aññataro s±ketako br±hmaºamah±s±lo nagar± nikkhanto nagaradv±re addasa. Disv± puttasineha½ upp±detv± “ciradiµµhosi, putta, may±”ti paridevayam±no abhimukho agam±si. Bhagav± bhikkh³ saññ±pesi– “aya½, bhikkhave, br±hmaºo ya½ icchati, ta½ karotu, na v±retabbo”ti.
Br±hmaºopi vacchagiddhin²va g±v² ±gantv± bhagavato k±ya½ purato ca pacchato ca dakkhiºato ca v±mato c±ti samant± ±liªgi “ciradiµµhosi, putta, cira½ vin± ahos²”ti bhaºanto. Yadi pana so tath± k±tu½ na labheyya, hadaya½ ph±letv± mareyya. So bhagavanta½ avoca– “bhagav± tumhehi saddhi½ ±gatabhikkh³na½ ahameva bhikkha½ d±tu½ samattho, mameva anuggaha½ karoth±”ti. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena. Br±hmaºo bhagavato patta½ gahetv± purato gacchanto br±hmaºiy± pesesi– “putto me ±gato, ±sana½ paññ±petabban”ti. S± tath± katv± ±gamana½ passant² µhit± bhagavanta½ antarav²thiya½yeva disv± puttasineha½ upp±detv± “ciradiµµhosi, putta, may±”ti p±desu gahetv± roditv± ghara½ atinetv± sakkacca½ bhojesi. Bhutt±vino br±hmaºo patta½ apan±mesi. Bhagav± tesa½ sapp±ya½ viditv± dhamma½ desesi, desan±pariyos±ne ubhopi sot±pann± ahesu½. Atha bhagavanta½ y±ci½su– “y±va, bhante, bhagav± ima½ nagara½ upaniss±ya viharati, amh±ka½yeva ghare bhikkh± gahetabb±”ti. Bhagav± “na buddh± eva½ eka½ nibaddhaµµh±na½yeva gacchant²”ti paµikkhipi. Te ±ha½su– “tena hi, bhante, bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ piº¹±ya caritv±pi tumhe idheva bhattakicca½ katv± dhamma½ desetv± vih±ra½ gacchath±”ti. Bhagav± tesa½ anuggahatth±ya tath± ak±si. Manuss± br±hmaºañca br±hmaºiñca “buddhapit± buddham±t±” tveva vohari½su. Tampi kula½ “buddhakulan”ti n±ma½ labhi.
¾nandatthero bhagavanta½ pucchi– “aha½ bhagavato m±t±pitaro j±n±mi, ime pana kasm± vadanti ‘aha½ buddham±t± aha½ buddhapit±”’ti. Bhagav± ±ha– “nirantara½ me, ±nanda, br±hmaº² ca br±hmaºo ca pañca j±tisat±ni m±t±pitaro ahesu½, pañca j±tisat±ni m±t±pit³na½ jeµµhak±, pañca j±tisat±ni kaniµµhak±. Te pubbasineheneva kathent²”ti imañca g±thamabh±si–
“Pubbeva sanniv±sena, paccuppannahitena v±;
eva½ ta½ j±yate pema½, uppala½va yathodake”ti. (J±. 1.2.174).
Tato bhagav± s±kete yath±bhiranta½ viharitv± puna c±rika½ caram±no s±vatthimeva agam±si. Sopi br±hmaºo ca br±hmaº² ca bhikkh³ upasaªkamitv± patir³pa½ dhammadesana½ sutv± sesamagge p±puºitv± anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi½su. Nagare br±hmaº± sannipati½su “amh±ka½ ñ±take sakkariss±m±”ti. Sot±pannasakad±g±mi-an±g±mino up±sak±pi sannipati½su up±sik±yo ca “amh±ka½ sahadhammike sakkariss±m±”ti. Te sabbepi kambalak³µ±g±ra½ ±ropetv± m±l±gandh±d²hi p³jent± nagar± nikkh±mesu½.
Bhagav±pi ta½ divasa½ pacc³sasamaye buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokento tesa½ parinibb±nabh±va½ ñatv± “tattha mayi gate dhammadesana½ sutv± bahujanassa dhamm±bhisamayo bhavissat²”ti ñatv± pattac²varam±d±ya s±vatthito ±gantv± ±¼±hanameva p±visi. Manuss± disv± “m±t±pit³na½ sar²rakicca½ k±tuk±mo bhagav± ±gato”ti vanditv± aµµha½su. N±gar±pi k³µ±g±ra½ p³jent± ±¼±hana½ ±netv± bhagavanta½ pucchi½su– “gahaµµha-ariyas±vak± katha½ p³jetabb±”ti. Bhagav± “yath± asekkh± p³jiyanti, tath± p³jetabb± ime”ti adhipp±yena tesa½ asekkhamunibh±va½ d²pento ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Ahi½sak± ye munayo, nicca½ k±yena sa½vut±;
te yanti accuta½ µh±na½, yattha gantv± na socare”ti. (Dha. pa. 225).
Tañca parisa½ oloketv± taªkhaº±nur³pa½ dhamma½ desento ima½ suttamabh±si.
Tattha appa½ vata j²vita½ idanti “ida½ vata manuss±na½ j²vita½ appa½ paritta½ µhitiparittat±ya sarasaparittat±y±”ti sallasuttepi vuttanayameta½. Ora½ vassasat±pi miyyat²ti vassasat± ora½ kalal±dik±lepi miyyati. Aticc±ti vassasata½ atikkamitv±. Jaras±pi miyyat²ti jar±yapi miyyati.
812-6. Mam±yiteti mam±yitavatthuk±raº±. Vin±bh±vasantamevidanti santavin±bh±va½ vijjam±navin±bh±vameva ida½, na sakk± avin±bh±vena bhavitunti vutta½ hoti. M±makoti mama up±sako bhikkhu v±ti saªkha½ gato, buddh±d²ni v± vatth³ni mam±yam±no. Saªgatanti sam±gata½ diµµhapubba½ v±. Piy±yitanti piya½ kata½. N±ma½yev±vasissati akkheyyanti sabba½ r³p±didhammaj±ta½ pah²yati, n±mamattameva tu avasissati “buddharakkhito, dhammarakkhito”ti eva½ saªkh±tu½ kathetu½. Munayoti kh²º±savamunayo. Khemadassinoti nibb±nadassino.
817. Sattamag±th± eva½ maraºabbh±hate loke anur³papaµipattidassanattha½ vutt±. Tattha patil²nacarass±ti tato tato patil²na½ citta½ katv± carantassa. Bhikkhunoti kaly±ºaputhujjanassa sekkhassa v±. S±maggiyam±hu tassa ta½, yo att±na½ bhavane na dassayeti tasseta½ patir³pam±hu, yo eva½paµipanno niray±dibhede bhavane att±na½ na dasseyya. Evañhi so imamh± maraº± mucceyy±ti adhipp±yo.
818-20. Id±ni yo “att±na½ bhavane na dassaye”ti eva½ kh²º±savo vibh±vito, tassa vaººabhaºanattha½ ito par± tisso g±th±yo ±ha. Tattha sabbatth±ti dv±dasasu ±yatanesu. Yadida½ diµµhasuta½ mutesu v±ti ettha pana yadida½ diµµhasuta½, ettha v± mutesu v± dhammesu eva½ muni na upalimpat²ti eva½ sambandho veditabbo. Dhono na hi tena maññati, yadida½ diµµhasuta½ mutesu v±ti atr±pi yadida½ diµµhasutta½, tena vatthun± na maññati, mutesu v± dhammesu na maññat²ti evameva sambandho veditabbo. Na hi so rajjati no virajjat²ti. B±laputhujjan± viya na rajjati, kaly±ºaputhujjanasekkh± viya na virajjati, r±gassa pana kh²ºatt± “vir±go”tveva saªkha½ gacchati. Sesa½ sabbattha p±kaµamev±ti. Desan±pariyos±ne catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahass±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya

Suttanip±ta-aµµhakath±ya jar±suttavaººan± niµµhit±.