4. Suddhaµµhakasuttavaººan±

795. Pass±mi suddhanti suddhaµµhakasutta½. K± uppatti? At²te kira kassapassa bhagavato k±le b±r±ºasiv±s² aññataro kuµumbiko pañcahi sakaµasatehi paccantajanapada½ agam±si bhaº¹aggahaºattha½. Tattha vanacarakena saddhi½ mitta½ katv± tassa paºº±k±ra½ datv± pucchi– “kacci, te samma, candanas±ra½ diµµhapubban”ti? “¾ma s±m²”ti ca vutte teneva saddhi½ candanavana½ pavisitv± sabbasakaµ±ni candanas±rassa p³retv± tampi vanacaraka½ “yad±, samma, b±r±ºasi½ ±gacchasi, tad± candanas±ra½ gahetv± ±gaccheyy±s²”ti vatv± b±r±ºasi½yeva agam±si. Ath±parena samayena sopi vanacarako candanas±ra½ gahetv± tassa ghara½ agam±si. So ta½ disv± sabba½ paµisanth±ra½ katv± s±yanhasamaye candanas±ra½ pis±petv± samugga½ p³retv± “gaccha, samma, nh±yitv± ±gacch±”ti attano purisena saddhi½ nh±natittha½ pesesi. Tena ca samayena b±r±ºasiya½ ussavo hoti. Atha b±r±ºasiv±sino p±tova d±na½ datv± s±ya½ suddhavatthanivatth± m±l±gandh±d²ni gahetv± kassapassa bhagavato mah±cetiya½ vanditu½ gacchanti. So vanacarako te disv± “mah±jano kuhi½ gacchat²”ti pucchi. “Vih±ra½ cetiyavandanatth±y±”ti ca sutv± sayampi agam±si. Tattha manusse harit±lamanosil±d²hi n±nappak±rehi cetiye p³ja½ karonte disv± kiñci citra½ k±tu½ aj±nanto ta½ candana½ gahetv± mah±cetiye suvaººiµµhak±na½. Upari ka½sap±timatta½ maº¹ala½ ak±si. Atha tattha s³riyuggamanavel±ya½ s³riyarasmiyo uµµhahi½su. So ta½ disv± pas²di, patthanañca ak±si “yattha yattha nibbatt±mi, ²dis± me rasmiyo ure uµµhahant³”ti. So k±la½ katv± t±vati½sesu nibbatti. Tassa ure rasmiyo uµµhahi½su, candamaº¹ala½ viyassa uramaº¹ala½ virocati, “cand±bho devaputto”tveva ca na½ sañj±ni½su.
So t±ya sampattiy± chasu devalokesu anulomapaµilomato eka½ buddhantara½ khepetv± amh±ka½ bhagavati uppanne s±vatthiya½ br±hmaºamah±s±lakule nibbatti, tathevassa ure candamaº¹alasadisa½ rasmimaº¹ala½ ahosi. N±makaraºadivase cassa maªgala½ katv± br±hmaº± ta½ maº¹ala½ disv± “dhaññapuññalakkhaºo aya½ kum±ro”ti vimhit± “cand±bho” tveva n±ma½ aka½su. Ta½ vayappatta½ br±hmaº± gahetv± alaªkaritv± rattakañcuka½ p±rup±petv± rathe ±ropetv± “mah±brahm± ayan”ti p³jetv± “yo cand±bha½ passati, so yasadhan±d²ni labhati, sampar±yañca sagga½ gacchat²”ti ugghosent± g±manigamar±jadh±n²su ±hiº¹anti. Gatagataµµh±ne manuss± “esa kira bho cand±bho n±ma, yo eta½ passati, so yasadhanasagg±d²ni labhat²”ti upar³pari ±gacchanti, sakalajambud²po cali. Br±hmaº± tucchahatthak±na½ ±gat±na½ na dassenti, sata½ v± sahassa½ v± gahetv± ±gat±nameva dassenti. Eva½ cand±bha½ gahetv± anuvicarant± br±hmaº± kamena s±vatthi½ anuppatt±.
Tena ca samayena bhagav± pavattitavaradhammacakko anupubbena s±vatthi½ ±gantv± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane bahujanahit±ya dhamma½ desento. Atha cand±bho s±vatthi½ patv± samuddapakkhantakunnad² viya ap±kaµo ahosi, cand±bhoti bhaºantopi natthi. So s±yanhasamaye mah±janak±ya½ m±l±gandh±d²ni ±d±ya jetavan±bhimukha½ gacchanta½ disv± “kuhi½ gacchath±”ti pucchi. “Buddho loke uppanno, so bahujanahit±ya dhamma½ deseti, ta½ sotu½ jetavana½ gacch±m±”ti ca tesa½ vacana½ sutv± sopi br±hmaºagaºaparivuto tattheva agam±si. Bhagav± ca tasmi½ samaye dhammasabh±ya½ varabuddh±sane nisinnova hoti. Cand±bho bhagavanta½ upasaªkamma madhurapaµisanth±ra½ katv± ekamanta½ nis²di, t±vadeva cassa so ±loko antarahito. Buddh±lokassa hi sam²pe as²tihatthabbhantare añño ±loko n±bhibhoti. So “±loko me naµµho”ti nis²ditv±va uµµh±si, uµµhahitv± ca gantum±raddho. Atha na½ aññataro puriso ±ha– “ki½ bho cand±bha, samaºassa gotamassa bh²to gacchas²”ti. N±ha½ bh²to gacch±mi, apica me imassa tejena ±loko na sampajjat²ti punadeva bhagavato purato nis²ditv± p±datal± paµµh±ya y±va kesagg± r³para½silakkhaº±disampatti½ disv± “mahesakkho samaºo gotamo, mama ure appamattako ±loko uµµhito, t±vatakenapi ma½ gahetv± br±hmaº± sakalajambud²pa½ vicaranti. Eva½ varalakkhaºasampattisamann±gatassa samaºassa gotamassa neva m±no uppanno, addh± aya½ anomaguºasamann±gato bhavissati satth± devamanuss±nan”ti ativiya pasannacitto bhagavanta½ vanditv± pabbajja½ y±ci. Bhagav± aññatara½ thera½ ±º±pesi– “pabb±jehi nan”ti. So ta½ pabb±jetv± tacapañcakakammaµµh±na½ ±cikkhi. So vipassana½ ±rabhitv± na cireneva arahatta½ patv± “cand±bhatthero”ti vissuto ahosi. Ta½ ±rabbha bhikkh³ katha½ samuµµh±pesu½ “ki½ nu kho, ±vuso, ye cand±bha½ addasa½su. Te yasa½ v± dhana½ v± labhi½su, sagga½ v± gacchi½su, visuddhi½ v± p±puºi½su tena cakkhudv±rikar³padassanen±”ti. Bhagav± tassa½ aµµhuppattiya½ ima½ suttamabh±si.
Tattha paµhamag±th±ya t±vattho– na, bhikkhave, evar³pena dassanena suddhi hoti. Apica kho kilesamalinatt± asuddha½, kilesarog±na½ avigam± sarogameva cand±bha½ br±hmaºa½ añña½ v± evar³pa½ disv± diµµhigatiko b±lo abhij±n±ti “pass±mi suddha½ parama½ aroga½, tena ca diµµhisaªkh±tena dassanena sa½suddhi narassa hot²”ti, so eva½ abhij±nanto ta½ dassana½ “paraman”ti ñatv± tasmi½ dassane suddh±nupass² sam±no ta½ dassana½ “maggañ±ºan”ti pacceti. Ta½ pana maggañ±ºa½ na hoti. Ten±ha– “diµµhena ce suddh²”ti dutiyag±tha½.
796. Tassattho– tena r³padassanasaªkh±tena diµµhena yadi kilesasuddhi narassa hoti. Tena v± ñ±ºena so yadi j±ti-±didukkha½ pajah±ti. Eva½ sante ariyamaggato aññena asuddhimaggeneva so sujjhati, r±g±d²hi upadh²hi sa-upadhiko eva sam±no sujjhat²ti ±panna½ hoti, na ca eva½vidho sujjhati. Tasm± diµµh² hi na½ p±va tath± vad±na½, s± na½ diµµhiyeva “micch±diµµhiko ayan”ti katheti diµµhi-anur³pa½ “sassato loko”ti-±din± nayena tath± tath± vadanti.
797. Na br±hmaºoti tatiyag±th±. Tassattho– yo pana b±hitap±patt± br±hmaºo hoti, so maggena adhigat±savakkhayo kh²º±savabr±hmaºo ariyamaggañ±ºato aññena abhimaªgalasammatar³pasaªkh±te diµµhe tath±vidhasaddasaªkh±te sute av²tikkamasaªkh±te s²le hatthivat±dibhede vate pathavi-±dibhede mute ca uppannena micch±ñ±ºena suddhi½ na ±ha. Sesamassa br±hmaºassa vaººabhaºanattha½ vutta½. So hi tedh±tukapuññe sabbasmiñca p±pe an³palitto, tassa pah²natt± attadiµµhiy± yassa kassaci v± gahaºassa pah²natt± attañjaho, puññ±bhisaªkh±r±d²na½ akaraºato nayidha pakubbam±noti vuccati. Tasm± na½ eva½ pasa½santo ±ha. Sabbasseva cassa purimap±dena sambandho veditabbo– puññe ca p±pe ca an³palitto, attañjaho nayidha pakubbam±no, na br±hmaºo aññato suddhim±h±ti.
798. Eva½ na br±hmaºo aññato suddhim±h±ti vatv± id±ni ye diµµhigatik± aññato suddhi½ bruvanti, tesa½ tass± diµµhiy± anibb±hakabh±va½ dassento “purima½ pah±y±”ti g±tham±ha. Tassattho– te hi aññato suddhiv±d± sam±n±pi yass± diµµhiy± appah²natt± gahaºamuñcana½ hoti. T±ya purima½ satth±r±di½ pah±ya apara½ nissit± ej±saªkh±t±ya taºh±ya anugat± abhibh³t± r±g±dibheda½ na taranti saªga½, tañca atarant± ta½ ta½ dhamma½ uggaºhanti ca nirassajanti ca makkaµova s±khanti.
799. Pañcamag±th±ya sambandho– yo ca so “diµµh² hi na½ p±va tath± vad±nan”ti vutto, so saya½ sam±d±y±ti. Tattha sayanti s±ma½. Sam±d±y±ti gahetv±. Vat±n²ti hatthivat±d²ni. Ucc±vacanti apar±para½ h²napaº²ta½ v± satth±rato satth±r±di½. Saññasattoti k±masaññ±d²su laggo. Vidv± ca vedehi samecca dhammanti paramatthavidv± ca arah± cat³hi maggañ±ºavedehi catusaccadhamma½ abhisamecc±ti. Sesa½ p±kaµameva.
800. Sa sabbadhammesu visenibh³to, ya½ kiñci diµµha½va suta½ muta½ v±ti sobh³ripañño kh²º±savo ya½ kiñci diµµha½ v± suta½ v± muta½ v± tesu sabbadhammesu m±rasena½ vin±setv± µhitabh±vena visenibh³to. Tamevadassinti ta½ eva½ visuddhadassi½. Vivaµa½ carantantitaºhacchadan±divigamena vivaµa½ hutv± caranta½. Ken²dha lokasmi½ vikappayeyy±ti kena idha loke taºh±kappena v± diµµhikappena v± koci vikappeyya, tesa½ v± pah²natt± r±g±din± pubbe vutten±ti.
801. Na kappayant²ti g±th±ya sambandho attho ca– kiñca bhiyyo? Te hi t±dis± santo dvinna½ kapp±na½ purekkh±r±nañca kenaci na kappayanti na purekkharonti, paramattha-accantasuddhi-adhigatatt± anaccantasuddhi½yeva akiriyasassatadiµµhi½ accanta suddh²ti na te vadanti. ¾d±nagantha½ gathita½ visajj±ti catubbidhampi r³p±d²na½ ±d±yakatt± ±d±nagantha½ attano cittasant±ne gathita½ baddha½ ariyamaggasatthena visajja chinditv±. Sesa½ p±kaµameva.
802. S²m±tigoti g±th± ekapuggal±dhiµµh±n±ya desan±ya vutt±. Pubbasadiso eva panass± sambandho, so eva½ atthavaººan±ya saddhi½ veditabbo– kiñca bhiyyo so ²diso bh³ripañño catunna½ kilesas²m±na½ at²tatt± s²m±tigo b±hitap±patt± ca br±hmaºo, itthambh³tassa ca tassa natthi paracittapubbeniv±sañ±ºehi ñatv± v± ma½sacakkhudibbacakkh³hi disv± v± kiñci samuggah²ta½, abhiniviµµhanti vutta½ hoti. So ca k±mar±g±bh±vato na r±gar±g², r³p±r³par±g±bh±vato na vir±garatto Yato eva½vidhassa “ida½ paran”ti kiñci idha uggahita½ natth²ti arahattanik³µena desana½ niµµh±pesi.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya

Suttanip±ta-aµµhakath±ya suddhaµµhakasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.