3. Duµµhaµµhakasuttavaŗŗan±

787. Vadanti ve duµµhaman±p²ti duµµhaµµhakasutta½. K± uppatti? ¾dig±th±ya t±va uppatti– munisuttanayena bhagavato bhikkhusaŖghassa ca uppannal±bhasakk±ra½ asaham±n± titthiy± sundari½ paribb±jika½ uyyojesu½. S± kira janapadakaly±ŗ² setavatthaparibb±jik±va ahosi. S± sunh±t± sunivatth± m±l±gandhavilepanavibh³sit± bhagavato dhamma½ sutv± s±vatthiv±s²na½ jetavanato nikkhamanavel±ya s±vatthito nikkhamitv± jetavan±bhimukh² gacchati. Manussehi ca “kuhi½ gacchas²”ti pucchit± “samaŗa½ gotama½ s±vake cassa ramayitu½ gacch±m²”ti vatv± jetavanadv±rakoµµhake vicaritv± jetavanadv±rakoµµhake pidahite nagara½ pavisitv± pabh±te puna jetavana½ gantv± gandhakuµisam²pe pupph±ni vicinant² viya carati Buddhupaµµh±na½ ±gatehi ca manussehi “kimattha½ ±gat±s²”ti pucchit± ya½kińcideva bhaŗati. Eva½ a¹¹ham±samatte v²tikkante titthiy± ta½ j²vit± voropetv± parikh±taµe nikkhipitv± pabh±te “sundari½ na pass±m±”ti kol±hala½ katv± rańńo ca ±rocetv± tena anuńń±t± jetavana½ pavisitv± vicinant± viya ta½ nikkhittaµµh±n± uddharitv± mańcaka½ ±ropetv± nagara½ abhiharitv± upakkosa½ aka½su. Sabba½ p±¼iya½ (ud±. 38) ±gatanayeneva veditabba½.
Bhagav± ta½ divasa½ pacc³sasamaye buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokento “titthiy± ajja ayasa½ upp±dessant²”ti ńatv± “tesa½ saddahitv± m±dise citta½ pakopetv± mah±jano ap±y±bhimukho m± ahos²”ti gandhakuµidv±ra½ pidahitv± antogandhakuµiya½yeva acchi, na nagara½ piŗ¹±ya p±visi. Bhikkh³ pana dv±ra½ pidahita½ disv± pubbasadisameva pavisi½su. Manuss± bhikkh³ disv± n±nappak±rehi akkosi½su. Atha ±yasm± ±nando bhagavato ta½ pavatti½ ±rocetv± “titthiyehi, bhante, mah±-ayaso upp±dito, na sakk± idha vasitu½, vipulo jambud²po, ańńattha gacch±m±”ti ±ha. Tatthapi ayase uµµhite kuhi½ gamissasi ±nand±ti? “Ańńa½ nagara½ bhagav±”ti. Atha bhagav± “±gamehi, ±nanda, satt±hamev±ya½ saddo bhavissati, satt±haccayena yehi ayaso kato, tesa½yeva upari patissat²”ti vatv± ±nandattherassa dhammadesanattha½ “vadanti ve”ti ima½ g±thamabh±si.
Tattha vadant²ti bhagavanta½ bhikkhusaŖghańca upavadanti. Duµµhaman±pi eke athopi ve saccaman±ti ekacce duµµhacitt±, ekacce tathasańńinopi hutv±, titthiy± duµµhacitt±, ye tesa½ vacana½ sutv± saddahi½su, te saccaman±ti adhipp±yo. V±dańca j±tanti eta½ akkosav±da½ uppanna½. Muni no upet²ti ak±rakat±ya ca akuppanat±ya ca buddhamuni na upeti. Tasm± mun² natthi khilo kuhińc²ti tena k±raŗena aya½ muni r±g±dikhilehi natthi khilo kuhińc²ti veditabbo.
788. Imańca g±tha½ vatv± bhagav± ±nandatthera½ pucchi, “eva½ khu½setv± vambhetv± vuccam±n± bhikkh³, ±nanda, ki½ vadant²”ti. Na kińci bhagav±ti. “Na, ±nanda, ‘aha½ s²lav±’ti sabbattha tuŗh² bhavitabba½, loke hi n±bh±sam±na½ j±nanti missa½ b±lehi paŗ¹itan”ti vatv±, “bhikkh³, ±nanda, te manusse eva½ paµicodent³”ti dhammadesanatth±ya “abh³tav±d² niraya½ upet²”ti ima½ g±thamabh±si. Thero ta½ uggahetv± bhikkh³ ±ha– “manuss± tumhehi im±ya g±th±ya paµicodetabb±”ti. Bhikkh³ tath± aka½su. Paŗ¹itamanuss± tuŗh² ahesu½. R±j±pi r±japurise sabbato pesetv± yesa½ dhutt±na½ lańja½ datv± titthiy± ta½ m±r±pesu½, te gahetv± niggayha ta½ pavatti½ ńatv± titthiye paribh±si. Manuss±pi titthiye disv± le¹¹un± paharanti, pa½sun± okiranti “bhagavato ayasa½ upp±desun”ti. ¾nandatthero ta½ disv± bhagavato ±rocesi, bhagav± therassa ima½ g±thamabh±si “sakańhi diµµhi½…pe… vadeyy±”ti.
Tassattho– y±ya½ diµµhi titthiyajanassa “sundari½ m±retv± samaŗ±na½ sakyaputtiy±na½ avaŗŗa½ pak±setv± etenup±yena laddha½ sakk±ra½ s±diyiss±m±”ti, so ta½ diµµhi½ katha½ atikkameyya, atha kho so ayaso tameva titthiyajana½ pacc±gato ta½ diµµhi½ accetu½ asakkonta½. Yo v± sassat±div±d², sopi saka½ diµµhi½ katha½ accayeyya tena diµµhicchandena anun²to t±ya ca diµµhiruciy± niviµµho, apica kho pana saya½ samatt±ni pakubbam±no attan±va paripuŗŗ±ni t±ni diµµhigat±ni karonto yath± j±neyya, tatheva vadeyy±ti.
789. Atha r±j± satt±haccayena ta½ kuŗapa½ cha¹¹±petv± s±yanhasamaya½ vih±ra½ gantv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ±ha– “nanu, bhante, ²dise ayase uppanne mayhampi ±rocetabba½ siy±”ti. Eva½ vutte bhagav±, “na, mah±r±ja, ‘aha½ s²lav± guŗasampanno’ti paresa½ ±rocetu½ ariy±na½ patir³pan”ti vatv± tass± aµµhuppattiya½ “yo attano s²lavat±n²”ti avasesag±th±yo abh±si.
Tattha s²lavat±n²ti p±timokkh±d²ni s²l±ni ±rańńik±d²ni dhutaŖgavat±ni ca. An±nupuµµhoti apucchito. P±v±ti vadati. Anariyadhamma½ kusal± tam±hu, yo ±tum±na½ sayameva p±v±ti yo eva½ att±na½ sayameva vadati, tassa ta½ v±da½ “anariyadhammo eso”ti kusal± eva½ kathenti.
790. Santoti r±g±dikilesav³pasamena santo, tath± abhinibbutatto. Itihanti s²lesu akattham±noti “ahamasmi s²lasampanno”ti-±din± nayena iti s²lesu akattham±no, s²lanimitta½ att³pan±yika½ v±ca½ abh±sam±noti vutta½ hoti. Tamariyadhamma½ kusal± vadant²ti tassa ta½ akatthana½ “ariyadhammo eso”ti buddh±dayo khandh±dikusal± vadanti. Yassussad± natthi kuhińci loketi yassa kh²ŗ±savassa r±g±dayo satta ussad± kuhińci loke natthi, tassa ta½ akatthana½ “ariyadhammo eso”ti eva½ kusal± vadant²ti sambandho.
791. Eva½ kh²ŗ±savapaµipatti½ dassetv± id±ni diµµhigatik±na½ titthiy±na½ paµipatti½ rańńo dassento ±ha– “pakappit± saŖkhat±”ti. Tattha pakappit±ti parikappit±. SaŖkhat±ti paccay±bhisaŖkhat±. Yass±ti yassa kassaci diµµhigatikassa. Dhamm±ti diµµhiyo. Purakkhat±ti purato kat±. Sant²ti sa½vijjanti. Av²vad±t±ti avod±t±. Yadattani passati ±nisa½sa½, ta½ nissito kuppapaµiccasantinti yassete diµµhidhamm± purakkhat± avod±t± santi, so eva½vidho yasm± attani tass± diµµhiy± diµµhidhammikańca sakk±r±di½, sampar±yikańca gativises±di½ ±nisa½sa½ passati, tasm± tańca ±nisa½sa½, tańca kuppat±ya ca paµiccasamuppannat±ya ca sammutisantit±ya ca kuppapaµiccasantisaŖkh±ta½ diµµhi½ nissitova hoti, so tannissitatt± att±na½ v± ukka½seyya pare v± vambheyya abh³tehipi guŗadosehi.
792. Eva½ nissitena ca diµµh²nives±…pe… ±diyat² ca dhammanti. Tattha diµµh²nives±ti ida½sacc±bhinivesasaŖkh±t±ni diµµhinivesan±ni. Na hi sv±tivatt±ti sukhena ativattitabb± na honti. Dhammesu niccheyya samuggah²tanti dv±saµµhidiµµhidhammesu ta½ ta½ samuggahita½ abhiniviµµha½ dhamma½ nicchinitv± pavattatt± diµµhinives± na hi sv±tivatt±ti vutta½ hoti. Tasm± naro tesu nivesanesu, nirassat² ±diyat² ca dhammanti yasm± na hi sv±tivatt± tasm± naro tesuyeva diµµhinivesanesu ajas²lagos²lakukkuras²lapańc±tapamaruppap±ta-ukkuµikappadh±nakaŗµak±passay±dibheda½ satth±radhammakkh±nagaŗ±dibhedańca ta½ ta½ dhamma½ nirassati ca ±diyati ca jahati ca gaŗh±ti ca vanamakkaµo viya ta½ ta½ s±khanti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ nirassanto ca ±diyanto ca anavaµµhitacittatt± asantehipi guŗadosehi attano v± parassa v± yas±yasa½ upp±deyya.
793. Yo pan±ya½ sabbadiµµhigat±didosadhunan±ya pańń±ya samann±gatatt± dhono, tassa dhonassa hi…pe… an³payo so. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Dhonadhammasamann±gam± dhonassa dhutasabbap±passa arahato katthaci loke tesu tesu bhavesu pakappit± diµµhi natthi, so tass± diµµhiy± abh±vena, y±ya ca attan± kata½ p±pakamma½ paµicch±dent± titthiy± m±y±ya m±nena v± eta½ agati½ gacchanti, tampi m±yańca m±nańca pah±ya dhono r±g±d²na½ dos±na½ kena gaccheyya, diµµhadhamme sampar±ye v± niray±d²su gativisesesu kena saŖkha½ gaccheyya, an³payo so, so hi taŗh±diµµhi-upay±na½ dvinna½ abh±vena an³payoti.
794. Yo pana tesa½ dvinna½ bh±vena upayo hoti, so upayo hi…pe… diµµhimidheva sabbanti. Tattha upayoti taŗh±diµµhinissito. Dhammesu upeti v±danti “ratto”ti v± “duµµho”ti v± eva½ tesu tesu dhammesu upeti v±da½. An³paya½ kena katha½ vadeyy±ti taŗh±diµµhipah±nena an³paya½ kh²ŗ±sava½ kena r±gena v± dosena v± katha½ “ratto”ti v± “duµµho”ti v± vadeyya, eva½ anupavajjo ca so ki½ titthiy± viya katapaµicch±dako bhavissat²ti adhipp±yo. Att± niratt± na hi tassa atth²ti tassa hi attadiµµhi v± ucchedadiµµhi v± natthi, gahaŗa½ muńcana½ v±pi attanirattasańńita½ natthi. Ki½k±raŗ± natth²ti ce? Adhosi so diµµhimidheva sabba½, yasm± so idheva attabh±ve ń±ŗav±tena sabba½ diµµhigata½ adhosi, pajahi, vinodes²ti arahattanik³µena desana½ niµµh±pesi. Ta½ sutv± r±j± attamano bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± pakk±m²ti.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya

Suttanip±ta-aµµhakath±ya duµµhaµµhakasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.