12. Dvayat±nupassan±suttavaººan±

Eva½ me sutanti dvayat±nupassan±sutta½. K± uppatti? Imassa suttassa attajjh±sayato uppatti. Attajjh±sayena hi bhagav± ima½ sutta½ desesi. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro panassa atthavaººan±yameva ±vi bhavissati. Tattha eva½ me sutanti-±d²ni vuttanay±neva. Pubb±r±meti s±vatthinagarassa puratthimadis±ya½ ±r±me. Mig±ram±tu p±s±deti ettha vis±kh± up±sik± attano sasurena mig±rena seµµhin± m±tuµµh±ne µhapitatt± “mig±ram±t±”ti vuccati. T±ya mig±ram±tuy± navakoµi-agghanaka½ mah±lat±pi¼andhana½ vissajjetv± k±r±pito p±s±do heµµh± ca upari ca pañca pañca gabbhasat±ni katv± sahassak³µ±g±ragabbho, so “mig±ram±tup±s±do”ti vuccati. Tasmi½ mig±ram±tu p±s±de.
Tena kho pana samayena bhagav±ti ya½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthi½ niss±ya pubb±r±me mig±ram±tu p±s±de viharati, tena samayena. Tadahuposatheti tasmi½ ahu uposathe, uposathadivaseti vutta½ hoti. Pannaraseti ida½ uposathaggahaºena sampatt±vasesuposathapaµikkhepavacana½. Puºº±ya puººam±ya rattiy±ti pannarasadivasatt± divasagaºan±ya abbh±di-upakkilesavirahatt± rattiguºasampattiy± ca puººatt± puºº±ya, paripuººacandatt± puººam±ya ca rattiy±. Bhikkhusaªghaparivutoti bhikkhusaªghena parivuto. Abbhok±se nisinno hot²ti mig±ram±tu ratanap±s±dapariveºe abbhok±se upari appaµicchanne ok±se paññattavarabuddh±sane nisinno hoti. Tuºh²bh³ta½ tuºh²bh³tanti at²va tuºh²bh³ta½, yato yato v± anuviloketi tato tato tuºh²bh³ta½, tuºh²bh³ta½ v±c±ya, puna tuºh²bh³ta½ k±yena. Bhikkhusaªgha½ anuviloketv±ti ta½ pariv±retv± nisinna½ anekasahassabhikkhuparim±ºa½ tuºh²bh³ta½ tuºh²bh³ta½ bhikkhusaªgha½ “ettak± ettha sot±pann±, ettak± sakad±g±mino, ettak± an±g±mino ettak± ±raddhavipassak± kaly±ºaputhujjan±, imassa bhikkhusaªghassa k²dis² dhammadesan± sapp±y±”ti sapp±yadhammadesan±paricchedanattha½ ito cito ca viloketv±.
Ye te, bhikkhave, kusal± dhamm±ti ye te ±rogyaµµhena anavajjaµµhena iµµhaphalaµµhena kosallasambh³taµµhena ca kusal± sattati½sabodhipakkhiyadhamm±, tajjotak± v± pariyattidhamm±. Ariy± niyy±nik± sambodhag±minoti upagantabbaµµhena ariy±, lokato niyy±naµµhena niyy±nik±, sambodhasaªkh±ta½ arahatta½ gamanaµµhena sambodhag±mino. Tesa½ vo bhikkhave…pe… savan±ya, tesa½ bhikkhave kusal±na½…pe… sambodhag±m²na½ k± upanis±, ki½ k±raºa½, ki½ payojana½ tumh±ka½ savan±ya, kimattha½ tumhe te dhamme suº±th±ti vutta½ hoti. Y±vadeva dvayat±na½ dhamm±na½ yath±bh³ta½ ñ±º±y±ti ettha y±vadev±ti paricched±vadh±raºavacana½. Dve avayav± etesanti dvay±, dvay± eva dvayat±, tesa½ dvayat±na½. “Dvay±nan”tipi p±µho. Yath±bh³ta½ ñ±º±y±ti avipar²tañ±º±ya. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yadeta½ lokiyalokuttar±dibhedena dvidh± vavatthit±na½ dhamm±na½ vipassan±saªkh±ta½ yath±bh³tañ±ºa½, etadatth±ya na ito bhiyyoti, savanena hi ettaka½ hoti, taduttari vises±dhigamo bh±van±y±ti. Kiñca dvayata½ vadeth±ti ettha pana sace, vo bhikkhave, siy±, kiñca tumhe, bhante, dvayata½ vadeth±ti ayamadhipp±yo. Padattho pana “kiñca dvayat±bh±va½ vadeth±”ti.
(1) Tato bhagav± dvayata½ dassento “ida½ dukkhan”ti evam±dim±ha. Tattha dvayat±na½ catusaccadhamm±na½ “ida½ dukkha½, aya½ dukkhasamudayo”ti eva½ lokiyassa ekassa avayavassa sahetukassa v± dukkhassa dassanena aya½ ek±nupassan±, itar± lokuttarassa dutiyassa avayavassa sa-up±yassa v± nirodhassa dassanena dutiy±nupassan±. Paµham± cettha tatiyacatutthavisuddh²hi hoti, dutiy± pañcamavisuddhiy±. Eva½ samm± dvayat±nupassinoti imin± vuttanayena samm± dvayadhamme anupassantassa satiy± avippav±sena appamattassa, k±yikacetasikav²riy±t±pena ±t±pino k±ye ca j²vite ca nirapekkhatt± pahitattassa. P±µikaªkhanti icchitabba½. Diµµheva dhamme aññ±ti asmi½yeva attabh±ve arahatta½. Sati v± up±disese an±g±mit±ti “up±disesan”ti punabbhavavasena up±d±tabbakkhandhasesa½ vuccati, tasmi½ v± sati an±g±mibh±vo paµikaªkhoti dasseti. Tattha kiñc±pi heµµhimaphal±nipi eva½ dvayat±nupassinova honti, uparimaphalesu pana uss±ha½ janento evam±ha.
Idamavoc±ti-±di saªg²tik±r±na½ vacana½. Tattha idanti “ye te, bhikkhave”ti-±divuttanidassana½. Etanti id±ni “ye dukkhan”ti evam±divattabbag±th±bandhanidassana½. Im± ca g±th± catusaccad²pakatt± vuttatthad²pik± eva, eva½ santepi g±th±rucik±na½ pacch± ±gat±na½ pubbe vutta½ asamatthat±ya anuggahetv± “id±ni yadi vadeyya sundaran”ti ±kaªkhant±na½ vikkhittacitt±nañca atth±ya vutt±. Visesatthad²pik± v±ti avipassake vipassake ca dassetv± tesa½ vaµµavivaµµadassanato, tasm± visesatthadassanatthameva vutt±. Esa nayo ito parampi g±th±vacanesu.
730. Tattha yattha c±ti nibb±na½ dasseti. Nibb±ne hi dukkha½ sabbaso uparujjhati, sabbappak±ra½ uparujjhati, sahetuka½ uparujjhati, asesañca uparujjhati. Tañca magganti tañca aµµhaªgika½ magga½.
731-3. Cetovimuttih²n± te, atho paññ±vimuttiy±ti ettha arahattaphalasam±dhi r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, arahattaphalapaññ± avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutt²ti veditabb±. Taºh±caritena v± appan±jh±nabalena kilese vikkhambhetv± adhigata½ arahattaphala½ r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, diµµhicaritena upac±rajjh±namatta½ nibbattetv± vipassitv± adhigata½ arahattaphala½ avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutti. An±g±miphala½ v± k±mar±ga½ sandh±ya r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, arahattaphala½ sabbappak±rato avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutt²ti. Antakiriy±y±ti vaµµadukkhassa antakaraºatth±ya J±tijar³pag±ti j±tijara½ upagat±, j±tijar±ya v± upagat±, na parimuccanti j±tijar±y±ti eva½ veditabb±. Sesamettha ±dito pabhuti p±kaµameva. G±th±pariyos±ne ca saµµhimatt± bhikkh³ ta½ desana½ uggahetv± vipassitv± tasmi½yeva ±sane arahatta½ p±puºi½su. Yath± cettha, eva½ sabbav±resu.
(2) Ato eva bhagav± “siy± aññenapi pariy±yen±”ti-±din± nayena n±nappak±rato dvayat±nupassana½ ±ha. Tattha dutiyav±re upadhipaccay±ti s±savakammapaccay±. S±savakammañhi idha “upadh²”ti adhippeta½. Asesavir±ganirodh±ti asesa½ vir±gena nirodh±, asesavir±gasaªkh±t± v± nirodh±.
734. Upadhinid±n±ti kammapaccay±. Dukkhassa j±tippabhav±nupass²ti vaµµadukkhassa j±tik±raºa½ “upadh²”ti anupassanto. Sesamettha p±kaµameva. Eva½ ayampi v±ro catt±ri sacc±ni d²petv± arahattanik³µeneva vutto. Yath± c±ya½, eva½ sabbav±r±.
(3) Tattha tatiyav±re avijj±paccay±ti bhavag±mikammasambh±ra-avijj±paccay±. Dukkha½ pana sabbattha vaµµadukkhameva.
735. J±timaraºasa½s±ranti khandhanibbatti½ j±ti½ khandhabheda½ maraºa½ khandhapaµip±µi½ sa½s±rañca. Vajant²ti gacchanti upenti. Itthabh±vaññath±bh±vanti ima½ manussabh±va½ ito avasesa-aññanik±yabh±vañca. Gat²ti paccayabh±vo.
736. Avijj± h±yanti avijj± hi aya½. Vijj±gat± ca ye satt±ti ye ca arahattamaggavijj±ya kilese vijjhitv± gat± kh²º±savasatt±. Sesamutt±natthameva.
(4) Catutthav±re saªkh±rapaccay±ti puññ±puññ±neñj±bhisaªkh±rapaccay±.
738-9. Etam±d²nava½ ñatv±ti yadida½ dukkha½ saªkh±rapaccay±, eta½ ±d²navanti ñatv±. Sabbasaªkh±rasamath±ti sabbesa½ vuttappak±r±na½ saªkh±r±na½ maggañ±ºena samath±, upahatat±ya phalasamatthat±y±ti vutta½ hoti. Saññ±nanti k±masaññ±d²na½ maggeneva uparodhan±. Eta½ ñatv± yath±tathanti eta½ dukkhakkhaya½ avipar²ta½ ñatv±. Sammaddas±ti samm±dassan±. Sammadaññ±y±ti saªkhata½ anicc±dito, asaªkhatañca nicc±dito ñatv±. M±rasa½yoganti tebh³makavaµµa½. Sesamutt±natthameva.
(5) Pañcamav±re viññ±ºapaccay±ti kammasahaj±ta-abhisaªkh±raviññ±ºapaccay±.
741. Nicch±toti nittaºho. Parinibbutoti kilesaparinibb±nena parinibbuto hoti. Sesa½ p±kaµameva.
(6) Chaµµhav±re phassapaccay±ti abhisaªkh±raviññ±ºasampayuttaphassapaccay±ti attho. Eva½ ettha padapaµip±µiy± vattabb±ni n±mar³pasa¼±yatan±ni avatv± phasso vutto. T±ni hi r³pamissakatt± kammasampayutt±neva na honti, idañca vaµµadukkha½ kammato v± sambhaveyya kammasampayuttadhammato v±ti.
742-3. Bhavasot±nus±rinanti taºh±nus±rina½. Pariññ±y±ti t²hi pariññ±hi parij±nitv±. Aññ±y±ti arahattamaggapaññ±ya ñatv±. Upasame rat±ti phalasam±pattivasena nibb±ne rat±. Phass±bhisamay±ti phassanirodh±. Sesa½ p±kaµameva.
(7) Sattamav±re vedan±paccay±ti kammasampayuttavedan±paccay±.
744-5. Adukkhamasukha½ sah±ti adukkhamasukhena saha. Eta½ dukkhanti ñatv±n±ti eta½ sabba½ vedayita½ “dukkhak±raºan”ti ñatv±, vipariº±maµµhiti-aññ±ºadukkhat±hi v± dukkha½ ñatv±. Mosadhammanti nassanadhamma½. Palokinanti jar±maraºehi palujjanadhamma½. Phussa phuss±ti udayabbayañ±ºena phusitv± phusitv±. Vaya½ passanti ante bhaªgameva passanto. Eva½ tattha vij±nat²ti eva½ t± vedan± vij±n±ti, tattha v± dukkhabh±va½ vij±n±ti. Vedan±na½ khay±ti tato para½ maggañ±ºena kammasampayutt±na½ vedan±na½ khay±. Sesamutt±nameva.
(8) Aµµhamav±re taºh±paccay±ti kammasambh±rataºh±paccay±
747. Etam±d²nava½ ñatv±, taºha½ dukkhassa sambhavanti eta½ dukkhassa sambhava½ taºh±ya ±d²nava½ ñatv±. Sesamutt±nameva.
(9) Navamav±re up±d±napaccay±ti kammasambh±ra-up±d±napaccay±.
748-9. Bhavoti vip±kabhavo khandhap±tubh±vo. Bh³to dukkhanti bh³to sambh³to vaµµadukkha½ nigacchati. J±tassa maraºanti yatr±pi “bh³to sukha½ nigacchat²”ti b±l± maññanti, tatr±pi dukkhameva dassento ±ha– “j±tassa maraºa½ hot²”ti. Dutiyag±th±ya yojan±– anicc±d²hi sammadaññ±ya paº¹it± up±d±nakkhay± j±tikkhaya½ nibb±na½ abhiññ±ya na gacchanti punabbhavanti.
(10) Dasamav±re ±rambhapaccay±ti kammasampayuttav²riyapaccay±.
751. An±rambhe vimuttinoti an±rambhe nibb±ne vimuttassa. Sesamutt±nameva.
(11) Ek±dasamav±re ±h±rapaccay±ti kammasampayutt±h±rapaccay±. Aparo nayo– catubbidh± satt± r³p³pag±, vedan³pag±, saññ³pag±, saªkh±r³pag±ti. Tattha ek±dasavidh±ya k±madh±tuy± satt± r³p³pag± kaba¼²k±r±h±rasevanato. R³padh±tuy± satt± aññatra asaññehi vedan³pag± phass±h±rasevanato. Heµµh± tividh±ya ar³padh±tuy± satt± saññ³pag± saññ±bhinibbattamanosañcetan±h±rasevanato Bhavagge satt± saªkh±r³pag± saªkh±r±bhinibbattaviññ±º±h±rasevanatoti. Evampi ya½ kiñci dukkha½ sambhoti, sabba½ ±h±rapaccay±ti veditabba½.
755. ¾rogyanti nibb±na½. Saªkh±ya sev²ti catt±ro paccaye paccavekkhitv± sevam±no, “pañcakkhandh± dv±das±yatan±ni aµµh±rasadh±tuyo”ti eva½ v± loka½ saªkh±ya “anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±”ti ñ±ºena sevam±no. Dhammaµµhoti catusaccadhamme µhito. Saªkhya½ nopet²ti “devo”ti v± “manusso”ti v± ±dika½ saªkhya½ na gacchati. Sesamutt±nameva.
(12) Dv±dasamav±re iñjitapaccay±ti taºh±m±nadiµµhikammakilesa-iñjitesu yato kutoci kammasambh±riñjitapaccay±.
757. Eja½ vossajj±ti taºha½ cajitv±. Saªkh±re uparundhiy±ti kamma½ kammasampayutte ca saªkh±re nirodhetv±. Sesamutt±nameva.
(13) Terasamav±re nissitassa calitanti taºh±ya taºh±diµµhim±nehi v± khandhe nissitassa s²hasutte (sa½. ni. 3.78) dev±na½ viya bhayacalana½ hoti. Sesamutt±nameva.
(14) Cuddasamav±re r³peh²ti r³pabhavehi r³pasam±patt²hi v±. Ar³p±ti ar³pabhav± ar³pasam±pattiyo v±. Nirodhoti nibb±na½.
761. Maccuh±yinoti maraºamaccu kilesamaccu devaputtamaccuh±yino, tividhampi ta½ maccu½ hitv± g±minoti vutta½ hoti. Sesamutt±nameva.
(15) Pannarasamav±re yanti n±mar³pa½ sandh±y±ha. Tañhi lokena dhuvasubhasukhattavasena “ida½ saccan”ti upanijjh±yita½ diµµham±lokita½. Tadamariy±nanti ida½ ariy±na½, anun±sika-ik±ralopa½ katv± vutta½. Eta½ mus±ti eta½ dhuv±divasena gahitampi mus±, na t±disa½ hot²ti. Puna yanti nibb±na½ sandh±y±ha. Tañhi lokena r³pavedan±d²namabh±vato “ida½ mus± natthi kiñc²”ti upanijjh±yita½. Tadamariy±na½ eta½ saccanti ta½ ida½ ariy±na½ eta½ nikkilesasaªkh±t± subhabh±v±, pavattidukkhapaµipakkhasaªkh±t± sukhabh±v±, accantasantisaªkh±t± niccabh±v± ca anapagamanena paramatthato “saccan”ti yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya sudiµµha½.
762-3. Anattani attam±ninti anattani n±mar³pe attam±ni½. Ida½ saccanti maññat²ti ida½ n±mar³pa½ dhuv±divasena “saccan”ti maññati. Yena yena h²ti yena yena r³pe v± vedan±ya v± “mama r³pa½, mama vedan±”ti-±din± nayena maññanti. Tato tanti tato maññit±k±r± ta½ n±mar³pa½ hoti aññath±. Ki½ k±raºa½? Tañhi tassa mus± hoti, yasm± ta½ yath±maññit±k±r± mus± hoti, tasm± aññath± hot²ti attho. Kasm± pana mus± hot²ti? Mosadhammañhi ittara½, yasm± ya½ ittara½ parittapaccupaµµh±na½, ta½ mosadhamma½ nassanadhamma½ hoti, tath±r³pañca n±mar³panti. Sacc±bhisamay±ti sacc±vabodh±. Sesamutt±nameva.
(16) So¼asamav±re yanti chabbidhamiµµh±rammaºa½ sandh±y±ha. Tañhi lokena salabhamacchamakkaµ±d²hi pad²paba¼isalep±dayo viya “ida½ sukhan”ti upanijjh±yita½. Tadamariy±na½ eta½ dukkhanti ta½ ida½ ariy±na½ “k±m± hi citr± madhur± manoram±, vir³par³pena mathenti cittan”ti-±din± (su. ni. 50; c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddesa 136) nayena “eta½ dukkhan”ti yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya sudiµµha½. Puna yanti nibb±nameva sandh±y±ha. Tañhi lokena k±maguº±bh±v± “dukkhan”ti upanijjh±yita½. Tadamariy±nanti ta½ ida½ ariy±na½ paramatthasukhato “eta½ sukhan”ti yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya sudiµµha½.
765-6. Keval±ti anavases±. Iµµh±ti icchit± patthit±. Kant±ti piy±. Man±p±ti manavu¹¹hikar±. Y±vatatth²ti vuccat²ti y±vat± ete cha ±rammaº± atth²ti vuccanti. Vacanabyattayo veditabbo. Ete voti ettha voti nip±tamatta½.
767-8. Sukhanti diµµhamariyehi, sakk±yassuparodhananti “sukha”miti ariyehi pañcakkhandhanirodho diµµho, nibb±nanti vutta½ hoti. Paccan²kamida½ hot²ti paµilomamida½ dassana½ hoti. Passatanti passant±na½, paº¹it±nanti vutta½ hoti. Ya½ pareti ettha yanti vatthuk±me sandh±y±ha. Puna ya½ pareti ettha nibb±na½.
769-71. Pass±ti sot±ra½ ±lapati. Dhammanti nibb±nadhamma½. Sampam³¼hetthaviddas³ti sampam³¼h± ettha aviddas³ b±l±. Ki½k±raºa½ sampam³¼h±? Nivut±na½ tamo hoti , andhak±ro apassata½ b±l±na½ avijj±ya nivut±na½ otthaµ±na½ andhabh±vakaraºo tamo hoti, yena nibb±nadhamma½ daµµhu½ na sakkonti. Satañca vivaµa½ hoti, ±loko passat±miv±ti satañca sappuris±na½ paññ±dassanena passata½ ±lokova vivaµa½ hoti nibb±na½. Santike na vij±nanti, mag± dhammassakovid±ti ya½ attano sar²re tacapañcakamatta½ paricchinditv± anantarameva adhigantabbato, attano khandh±na½ v± nirodhamattato santike nibb±na½, ta½ eva½ santike santampi na vij±nanti magabh³t± jan± magg±maggadhammassa saccadhammassa v± akovid±, sabbath± bhavar±ga…pe… susambudho. Tattha m±radheyy±nupanneh²ti tebh³makavaµµa½ anupannehi.
772. Pacchimag±th±ya sambandho “eva½ asusambudha½ ko nu aññatra mariyeh²”ti. Tassattho– µhapetv± ariye ko nu añño nibb±napada½ j±nitu½ arahati, ya½ pada½ catutthena ariyamaggena sammadaññ±ya anantarameva an±sav± hutv± kilesaparinibb±nena parinibbanti, sammadaññ±ya v± an±sav± hutv± ante anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibbant²ti arahattanik³µena desana½ niµµh±pesi.
Attaman±ti tuµµhaman±. Abhinandunti abhinandi½su. Imasmiñca pana veyy±karaºasminti imasmi½ so¼asame veyy±karaºe. Bhaññam±neti bhaºiyam±ne. Sesa½ p±kaµameva.
Eva½ sabbesupi so¼asasu veyy±karaºesu saµµhimatte saµµhimatte katv± saµµhi-adhik±na½ navanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ anup±d±ya ±savehi citt±ni vimucci½su, so¼asakkhattu½ catt±ri catt±ri katv± catusaµµhi sacc±nettha veneyyavasena n±nappak±rato desit±n²ti.

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