Seyyathidanti nip±to, tassa et±ni katam±n²ti attho. Cakkaratana½…pe… pariº±yakaratanameva sattamanti t±ni sabbappak±rato ratanasuttavaººan±ya½ vutt±ni. Tesu aya½ cakkavattir±j± cakkaratanena ajita½ jin±ti, hatthi-assaratanehi vijite yath±sukhamanuvicarati, pariº±yakaratanena vijitamanurakkhati, sesehi upabhogasukhamanubhavati. Paµhamena cassa uss±hasattiyogo, hatthi-assagahapatiratanehi pabhusattiyogo, pariº±yakaratanena mantasattiyogo suparipuººo hoti, itthimaºiratanehi ca tividhasattiyogaphala½. So itthimaºiratanehi bhogasukhamanubhoti, sesehi issariyasukha½. Visesato cassa purim±ni t²ºi adosakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±vena sampajjanti, majjhim±ni alobhakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±vena, pacchimameka½ amohakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±ven±ti veditabba½.
Parosahassanti atirekasahassa½. S³r±ti abh²rukaj±tik±. V²raªgar³p±ti devaputtasadisak±y±, eva½ t±veke. Aya½ panettha sabh±vo v²r±ti uttamas³r± vuccanti, v²r±na½ aªga½ v²raªga½, v²rak±raºa½ v²riyanti vutta½ hoti. V²raªga½ r³pa½ etesanti v²raªgar³p±, v²riyamayasar²r± viy±ti vutta½ hoti. Parasenappamaddan±ti sace paµimukha½ tiµµheyya parasen±, ta½ pamadditu½ samatth±ti adhipp±yo. Dhammen±ti “p±ºo na hantabbo”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.244; ma. ni. 3.257) pañcas²ladhammena. Araha½ hoti samm±sambuddho loke vivaµµacchadoti ettha r±gadosamoham±nadiµµhi-avijj±duccaritachadanehi sattahi paµicchanne kilesandhak±re loke ta½ chadana½ vivaµµetv± samantato sañj±t±loko hutv± µhitoti vivaµµacchado. Tattha paµhamena padena p³j±rahat±, dutiyena tass± hetu yasm± samm±sambuddhoti. Tatiyena buddhattahetu vivaµµacchadat± vutt±ti veditabb±. Atha v± vivaµµo ca vicchado c±ti vivaµµacchado, vaµµarahito chadanarahito c±ti vutta½ hoti. Tena araha½ vaµµ±bh±vena samm±sambuddho chadan±bh±ven±ti eva½ purimapadadvayasseva hetudvaya½ vutta½ hoti. Dutiyena ves±rajjena cettha purimasiddhi, paµhamena dutiyasiddhi, tatiyacatutthehi tatiyasiddhi hoti. Purimañca dhammacakkhu½, dutiya½ buddhacakkhu½, tatiya½ samantacakkhu½ s±dhet²ti veditabba½.
Id±ni bhagavato santika½ gantuk±mo ±ha– “kaha½ pana bho…pe… samm±sambuddho”ti. Eva½ vutteti-±d²su yenes±ti yena dis±bh±gena es±. N²lavanar±j²ti n²lavaººarukkhapanti. Vana½ kira meghapantisadisa½. Yattha bhagav± tad± vih±si, ta½ niddisanto ±ha– “yenes± bho, sela, n²lavanar±j²”ti. Tattha “so viharat²”ti aya½ panettha p±µhaseso, bhummatthe v± karaºavacana½. Pade padanti padasam²pe pada½. Tena turitagamana½ paµisedheti. Dur±sad± h²ti k±raºa½ ±ha, yasm± te dur±sad±, tasm± eva½ bhonto ±gacchant³ti. Ki½ pana k±raº± dur±sad±ti ce? S²h±va ekacar±. Yath± hi s²h± sah±yakicc±bh±vato ekacar±, eva½ tepi vivekak±mat±ya. “Yad± c±han”ti-±din± pana te m±ºavake upac±ra½ sikkh±peti. Tattha m± op±teth±ti m± pavesetha, m± katheth±ti vutta½ hoti. ¾gament³ti paµim±nentu, y±va kath± pariyos±na½ gacchati, t±va tuºh² bhavant³ti attho.
Samannes²ti gavesi. Yebhuyyen±ti bahuk±ni addasa, appak±ni n±ddasa. Tato y±ni na addasa t±ni d²pento ±ha “µhapetv± dve”ti. Kaªkhat²ti kaªkha½ upp±deti patthana½ “aho vata passeyyan”ti. Vicikicchat²ti tato tato t±ni vicinanto kicchati na sakkoti daµµhu½. N±dhimuccat²ti t±ya vicikicch±ya sanniµµh±na½ na gacchati. Na sampas²dat²ti tato “paripuººalakkhaºo ayan”ti bhagavati pas±da½ n±pajjati. Kaªkh±ya v± sudubbalavimati vutt±, vicikicch±ya majjhim±, anadhimuccanat±ya balavat², asampas±dena tehi t²hi dhammehi cittassa k±lussiyabh±vo.
Kosohiteti vatthikosena paµicchanne. Vatthaguyheti aªgaj±te. Bhagavato hi varav±raºasseva kosohita½ vatthaguyha½ suvaººavaººa½ padumagabbhasam±na½. Ta½ so vatthapaµicchannatt± apassanto antomukhagat±ya ca jivh±ya pah³tabh±va½ asallakkhento tesu dv²su lakkhaºesu kaªkh² ahosi vicikicch². Tath±r³panti katha½ r³pa½? Kimettha amhehi vattabba½, vuttameta½ n±gasenatthereneva milindaraññ± puµµhena (mi. pa. 4.3.3)–
“Dukkara½, bhante n±gasena, bhagavat± katanti. Ki½, mah±r±j±ti? Mah±janena hirikaraºok±sa½ brahm±yubr±hmaºassa ca antev±si-uttarassa ca b±varissa antev±s²na½ so¼asanna½ br±hmaº±nañca selassa br±hmaºassa antev±s²na½ tisatam±ºav±nañca dassesi, bhanteti. Na, mah±r±ja, bhagav± guyha½ dasseti, ch±ya½ bhagav± dasseti, iddhiy± abhisaªkharitv± niv±sananivattha½ k±yabandhanabaddha½ c²varap±ruta½ ch±y±r³pakamatta½ dasseti, mah±r±j±ti. Ch±y±r³pe diµµhe sati diµµho eva nanu, bhanteti. Tiµµhateta½, mah±r±ja, hadayar³pa½ disv± bujjhanakasatto bhaveyya, hadayama½sa½ n²haritv± dasseyya samm±sambuddhoti. Kallosi, bhante, n±gasen±”ti (mi. pa. 4.3.3).
Ninn±metv±ti n²haritv±. Kaººasot±numasanena cettha d²ghabh±vo, n±sik±sot±numasanena tanubh±vo, nal±µacch±danena puthulabh±vo pak±sitoti veditabbo. ¾cariyap±cariy±nanti ±cariy±nañceva ±cariy±cariy±nañca. Sake vaººeti attano guºe.
554. Paripuººak±yoti lakkhaºehi paripuººat±ya ah²naªgapaccaªgat±ya ca paripuººasar²ro Suruc²ti sundarasar²rappabho. Suj±toti ±rohapariº±hasampattiy± saºµh±nasampattiy± ca sunibbatto. C±rudassanoti sucirampi passant±na½ atittijanaka½ appaµik³la½ ramaº²ya½ c±ru eva dassana½ ass±ti c±rudassano. Keci pana bhaºanti “c±rudassanoti sundaranetto”ti. Suvaººavaººoti suvaººasadisavaººo. As²ti bhavasi. Eta½ sabbapadehi yojetabba½. Susukkad±µhoti suµµhu sukkad±µho. Bhagavato hi d±µh±hi candakiraº± viya ativiya paº¹arara½siyo niccharanti. Ten±ha– “susukkad±µhos²”ti.
555. Mah±purisalakkhaº±ti pubbe vuttabyañjan±neva vacanantarena nigamento ±ha.
556. Id±ni tesu lakkhaºesu attano abhirucitehi lakkhaºehi bhagavanta½ thunanto ±ha– “pasannanetto”ti-±di. Bhagav± hi pañcavaººapas±dasampattiy± pasannanetto, paripuººacandamaº¹alasadisamukhatt± sumukho, ±rohapariº±hasampattiy± brah±, bahmujugattat±ya uju, jutimantat±ya pat±pav±. Yampi cettha pubbe vutta½, ta½ “majjhe samaºasaªghass±”ti imin± pariy±yena thunat± puna vutta½. ¿diso hi eva½ virocati. Esa nayo uttarag±th±yapi.
557-8. Uttamavaººinoti uttamavaººasampannassa. Jambusaº¹ass±ti jambud²passa. P±kaµena issariya½ vaººayanto ±ha, apica cakkavatti catunnampi d²p±na½ issaro hoti.
559. Khattiy±ti j±tikhattiy±. Bhoj±ti bhogiy±. R±j±noti ye keci rajja½ k±rent±. Anuyant±ti anug±mino sevak±. R±j±bhir±j±ti r±j³na½ p³janiyo r±j± hutv±, cakkavatt²ti adhipp±yo. Manujindoti manuss±dhipati paramissaro hutv±.
560. Eva½ vutte bhagav± “ye te bhavanti arahanto samm±sambuddh±, te sake vaººe bhaññam±ne att±na½ p±tukaront²”ti ima½ selassa manoratha½ p³rento ±ha “r±j±hamasm²”ti. Tatr±yamadhipp±yo– ya½ kho ma½ tva½ sela y±casi “r±j± arahasi bhavitu½ cakkavatt²”ti, ettha appossukko hoti, r±j±hamasmi, sati ca r±jatte yath± añño r±j± sam±nopi yojanasata½ v± anus±sati, dve t²ºi v± catt±ri v± pañca v± yojanasat±ni yojanasahassa½ v± cakkavatti hutv±pi catud²papariyantamatta½ v±, n±hameva½ paricchinnavisayo. Ahañhi dhammar±j± anuttaro bhavaggato av²cipariyanta½ katv± tiriya½ appameyy± lokadh±tuyo anus±s±mi. Y±vat± hi apadadvipad±dibhed± satt±, aha½ tesa½ aggo. Na hi me koci s²lena v±…pe… vimuttiñ±ºadassanena v± paµibh±go atthi. Sv±ha½ eva½ dhammar±j± anuttaro anuttareneva catusatipaµµh±n±dibhedabodhipakkhiyasaªkh±tena dhammena cakka½ vattemi “ida½ pajahatha, ida½ upasampajja viharath±”ti-±din± ±º±cakka½, “ida½ kho pana, bhikkhave, dukkha½ ariyasaccan”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 14) pariyattidhammena dhammacakkameva v±. Cakka½ appaµivattiyanti ya½ cakka½ appaµivattiya½ hoti samaºena v±…pe… kenaci lokasminti.
561-2. Eva½ att±na½ ±vikaronta½ bhagavanta½ disv± p²tisomanassaj±to selo da¼hikaraºattha½ “sambuddho paµij±n±s²”ti g±th±dvayam±ha. Tattha ko nu sen±pat²ti dhammarañño bhoto, dhammena pavattitassa dhammacakkassa anuppavattako sen±pati koti pucchi.
563. Tena ca samayena bhagavato dakkhiºapasse ±yasm± s±riputto nisinno hoti suvaººapuñjo viya siriy± sobham±no, ta½ dassento bhagav± “may± pavattitan”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha anuj±to tath±gatanti tath±gatahetu anuj±to, tath±gatena hetun± j±toti attho.
564. Eva½ “ko nu sen±pat²”ti pañha½ by±karitv± ya½ selo ±ha– “sambuddho paµij±n±s²”ti, tatra na½ nikkaªkha½ k±tuk±mo “n±ha½ paµiññ±matteneva paµij±n±mi, apic±ha½ imin± k±raºena buddho”ti ñ±petu½ “abhiññeyyan”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha abhiññeyyanti vijj± ca vimutti ca. Maggasaccasamudayasacc±ni pana bh±vetabbapah±tabb±ni, hetuvacanena pana phalasiddhito tesa½ phal±ni nirodhasaccadukkhasacc±nipi vutt±neva bhavanti. Yato sacchik±tabba½ sacchikata½, pariññeyya½ pariññ±tanti evampettha vuttameva hoti. Eva½ catusaccabh±van±phalañca vijj±vimutti½ dassento “bujjhitabba½ bujjhitv± buddho j±tosm²”ti yuttena hetun± buddhatta½ s±dheti.
565-7. Eva½ nippariy±yena att±na½ p±tukatv± attani kaªkh±vitaraºattha½ br±hmaºa½ abhittharayam±no “vinayass³”ti g±th±ttayam±ha. Tattha sallakattoti r±gasall±disattasallakattano. Brahmabh³toti seµµhabh³to. Atituloti tula½ at²to upama½ at²to, nir³pamoti attho. M±rasenappamaddanoti “k±m± te paµham± sen±”ti-±dik±ya “pare ca avaj±n±t²”ti (su. ni. 440; mah±ni. 28; c³¼ani. nandam±ºavapucch±niddesa 47) eva½ vutt±ya m±raparisasaªkh±t±ya m±rasen±ya pamaddano. Sabb±mitteti khandhakiles±bhisaªkh±ramaccudevaputtam±r±dike sabbapaccatthike. Vas²katv±ti attano vase vattetv±. Akutobhayoti kutoci abhayo.
568-70. Eva½ vutte selo br±hmaºo t±vadeva bhagavati sañj±tappas±do pabbajj±pekkho hutv± “ima½ bhavanto”ti g±th±ttayam±ha yath± ta½ parip±kagat±ya upanissayasampattiy± samm± codiyam±no. Tattha kaºh±bhij±tikoti caº¹±l±din²cakule j±to.
571. Tato tepi m±ºavak± tatheva pabbajj±pekkh± hutv± “etañce ruccati bhoto”ti g±tham±ha½su yath± ta½ tena saddhi½ kat±dhik±r± kulaputt±.
572. Atha selo tesu m±ºavakesu tuµµhacitto te dassento pabbajja½ y±cam±no “br±hmaº±”ti g±tham±ha.
573. Tato bhagav± yasm± selo at²te padumuttarassa bhagavato s±sane tesa½yeva tiººa½ purisasat±na½ gaºaseµµho hutv± tehi saddhi½ pariveºa½ k±r±petv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni ca katv± kamena devamanussasampatti½ anubhavam±no pacchime bhave tesa½yeva ±cariyo hutv± nibbatto, tañca nesa½ kamma½ vimuttiparip±k±ya paripakka½ ehibhikkhubh±vassa ca upanissayabh³ta½, tasm± te sabbeva ehibhikkhupabbajj±ya pabb±jento “sv±kkh±tan”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha sandiµµhikanti paccakkha½. Ak±likanti magg±nantaraphaluppattito na k±lantare pattabbaphala½. Yatth±ti yannimitt±. Maggabrahmacariyanimitt± hi pabbajj± appamattassa sativippav±savirahitassa t²su sikkh±su sikkhato amogh± hoti. Ten±ha– “sv±kkh±ta½…pe… sikkhato”ti.
Evañca vatv± “etha bhikkhavo”ti bhagav± avoca. Te sabbe pattac²varadhar± hutv± ±k±sen±gamma bhagavanta½ abhiv±desu½. Evamima½ tesa½ ehibhikkhubh±va½ sandh±ya saªg²tik±r± “alattha kho selo…pe… upasampadan”ti ±ha½su.
Bhutt±vinti bhuttavanta½. On²tapattap±ºinti pattato on²tap±ºi½, apan²tahatthanti vutta½ hoti. Tattha “upagantv±”ti p±µhaseso daµµhabbo. Itarath± hi bhagavanta½ ekamanta½ nis²d²ti na yujjati.
574. Aggihuttamukh±ti bhagav± keºiyassa citt±nuk³lavasena anumodanto evam±ha. Tattha aggiparicariya½ vin± br±hmaº±na½ yaññ±bh±vato “aggihuttamukh± yaññ±”ti vutta½. Aggihuttaseµµh± aggihuttapadh±n±ti attho. Vede sajjh±yantehi paµhama½ sajjh±yitabbato s±vitt² “chandaso mukhan”ti vutt±. Manuss±na½ seµµhato r±j± “mukhan”ti vutto. Nad²na½ ±dh±rato paµisaraºato ca s±garo “mukhan”ti vutto. Candayogavasena “ajja kattik± ajja rohin²”ti sañj±nanato ±lokakaraºato sommabh±vato ca “nakkhatt±na½ mukha½ cando”ti vutto. Tapant±na½ aggatt± ±dicco “tapata½ mukhan”ti vutto. Dakkhiºeyy±na½ pana aggatt± visesena tasmi½ samaye buddhappamukha½ saªgha½ sandh±ya “puñña½ ±kaªkham±n±na½, saªgho ve yajata½ mukhan”ti vutto. Tena saªgho puññassa ±yamukhanti dasseti.
576. Ya½ ta½ saraºanti aññaby±karaºag±tham±ha. Tassattho pañcahi cakkh³hi cakkhum± bhagav±, yasm± maya½ ito aµµhame divase ta½ saraºa½ agamamha, tasm± sattarattena tava s±sane anuttarena damathena dantamha. Aho te saraºassa ±nubh±voti.
577-8. Tato para½ bhagavanta½ dv²hi g±th±hi thunitv± tatiy±ya vandana½ y±cati–
579. “Bhikkhavo tisat± ime, tiµµhanti pañjal²kat±;
p±de v²ra pas±rehi, n±g± vandantu satthuno”ti.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya

Suttanip±ta-aµµhakath±ya selasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.