197. Tattha antassa p³ro antap³ro. Udarassa p³ro udarap³ro. Udaranti ca udariyasseta½ adhivacana½. Tañhi µh±nan±mena “udaran”ti vutta½. Yakanape¼ass±ti yakanapiº¹assa. Vatthinoti muttassa. Ýh±n³pac±rena paneta½ “vatth²”ti vutta½. P³roti adhik±ro, tasm± yakanape¼assa p³ro vatthino p³roti eva½ yojetabba½. Esa nayo hadayass±ti-±d²su. Sabb±neva cet±ni ant±d²ni vaººasaºµh±nadisok±saparicchedabhedena aby±p±ranayena ca visuddhimagge vuttanayavaseneva veditabb±ni.
199-200. Eva½ bhagav± “na kiñcettha ekampi gayh³paga½ mutt±maºisadisa½ atthi, aññadatthu asuciparip³rov±ya½ k±yo”ti abbhantarakuºapa½ dassetv± id±ni tameva abbhantarakuºapa½ bahinikkhamanakuºapena p±kaµa½ katv± dassento pubbe vuttañca saªgaºhitv± “athassa navahi soteh²”ti g±th±dvayam±ha.
Tattha ath±ti pariy±yantaranidassana½, aparen±pi pariy±yena asucibh±va½ pass±ti vutta½ hoti. Ass±ti imassa k±yassa. Navahi soteh²ti ubho-akkhicchiddakaººacchiddan±s±chiddamukhavaccamaggapass±vamaggehi. Asuci savat²ti sabbalokap±kaµan±nappak±raparamaduggandhajeguccha-asuciyeva savati, sandati, paggharati, na añña½ kiñci agarucandan±digandhaj±ta½ v± maºimutt±diratanaj±ta½ v±. Sabbad±ti tañca kho sabbad± rattimpi div±pi pubbaºhepi s±yanhepi tiµµhatopi gacchatop²ti. Ki½ ta½ asuc²ti ce? “Akkhimh± akkhig³thako”ti-±di. Etassa hi dv²hi akkhicchiddehi apan²tatacama½sasadiso akkhig³thako, kaººacchiddehi rajojallasadiso kaººag³thako, n±s±chiddehi pubbasadis± siªgh±ºik± ca savati, mukhena ca vamati. Ki½ vamat²ti ce? Ekad± pitta½, yad± abaddhapitta½ kuppita½ hoti, tad± ta½ vamat²ti adhipp±yo. Semhañc±ti na kevalañca pitta½, yampi udarapaµale ekapatthap³rappam±ºa½ semha½ tiµµhati, tampi ekad± vamati. Ta½ paneta½ vaºº±dito visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.203-204, 210-211) vuttanayeneva veditabba½. “Semhañc±”ti ca-saddena semhañca aññañca evar³pa½ udariyalohit±di-asuci½ vamat²ti dasseti. Eva½ sattahi dv±rehi asucivamana½ dassetv± k±laññ³ puggalaññ³ parisaññ³ ca bhagav± taduttari dve dv±r±ni visesavacanena an±masitv± aparena pariy±yena sabbasm±pi k±y± asucisavana½ dassento ±ha “k±yamh± sedajallik±”ti. Tattha sedajallik±ti sedo ca loºapaµalamalabhed± jallik± ca, tassa “savati sabbad±”ti imin± saddhi½ sambandho.
201. Eva½ bhagav± yath± n±ma bhatte paccam±ne taº¹ulamalañca udakamalañca pheºena saddhi½ uµµhahitv± ukkhalimukha½ makkhetv± bahi ga¼ati, tath± asitap²t±dibhede ±h±re kammajena aggin± paccam±ne ya½ asitap²t±dimala½ uµµhahitv± “akkhimh± akkhig³thako”ti-±din± bhedena nikkhamanta½ akkhi-±d²ni makkhetv± bahi ga¼ati, tass±pi vasena imassa k±yassa asucibh±va½ dassetv± id±ni ya½ loke uttamaªgasammata½ s²sa½ ativisiµµhabh±vato paccent± vandaneyy±nampi vandana½ na karonti, tass±pi niss±rat±ya asucit±ya cassa asucibh±va½ dassento “athassa susira½ s²san”ti ima½ g±tham±ha.
Tattha susiranti chidda½. Matthaluªgassa p³ritanti dadhibharita-al±buka½ viya matthaluªgabharita½. Tañca paneta½ matthaluªga½ visuddhimagge vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Subhato na½ maññati b±loti tamena½ eva½ n±n±vidhakuºapabharitampi k±ya½ duccintitacint² b±lo subhato maññati, subha½ suci½ iµµha½ kanta½ man±panti t²hipi taºh±diµµhim±namaññan±hi maññati. Kasm±? Yasm± avijj±ya purakkhato catusaccapaµicch±dakena mohena purakkhato, codito, pavattito, “eva½ ±diya, eva½ abhinivisa eva½ maññ±h²”ti g±hitoti adhipp±yo. Passa y±va anatthakar± c±ya½ avijj±ti.
202. Eva½ bhagav± saviññ±ºakavasena asubha½ dassetv± id±ni aviññ±ºakavasena dassetu½, yasm± v± cakkavattiraññopi k±yo yath±vuttakuºapabharitoyeva hoti, tasm± sabbappak±renapi sampattibhave asubha½ dassetv± id±ni vipattibhave dassetu½ “yad± ca so mato set²”ti g±tham±ha.
Tassattho– sv±yameva½vidho k±yo yad± ±yu-usm±viññ±º±pagamena mato v±tabharitabhast± viya uddhum±tako vaººaparibhedena vin²lako sus±nasmi½ nirattha½va kaliªgara½ cha¹¹itatt± apaviddho seti, atha “na d±nissa puna uµµh±na½ bhavissat²”ti eka½satoyeva anapekkh± honti ñ±tayo. Tattha matoti aniccata½ dasseti, set²ti nir²hakatta½. Tadubhayena ca j²vitabalamadappah±ne niyojeti. Uddhum±toti saºµh±navipatti½ dasseti, vin²lakoti chavir±gavipatti½. Tadubhayena ca r³pamadappah±ne vaººapokkharata½ paµicca m±nappah±ne ca niyojeti. Apaviddhoti gahetabb±bh±va½ dasseti, sus±nasminti anto adhiv±setumanaraha½ jigucchan²yabh±va½. Tadubhayenapi “maman”ti g±hassa subhasaññ±ya ca pah±ne niyojeti. Anapekkh± honti ñ±tayoti paµikiriy±bh±va½ dasseti, tena ca pariv±ramadappah±ne niyojeti.
203. Evamim±ya g±th±ya aparibhinn±viññ±ºakavasena asubha½ dassetv± id±ni paribhinnavasen±pi dassetu½ “kh±danti nan”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha ye caññeti ye ca aññepi k±kakulal±dayo kuºapabhakkh± p±ºino santi, tepi na½ kh±dant²ti attho. Sesa½ utt±nameva.
204. Eva½ “cara½ v±”ti-±din± nayena suññatakammaµµh±navasena, “aµµhinah±rusa½yutto”ti-±din± saviññ±ºak±subhavasena “yad± ca so mato set²”ti-±din± aviññ±ºak±subhavasena k±ya½ dassetv± eva½ niccasukhattabh±vasuññe ekanta-asubhe c±pi k±yasmi½ “subhato na½ maññati b±lo, avijj±ya purakkhato”ti imin± b±lassa vutti½ pak±setv± avijj±mukhena ca vaµµa½ dassetv± id±ni tattha paº¹itassa vutti½ pariññ±mukhena ca vivaµµa½ dassetu½ “sutv±na buddhavacanan”ti ±rabhi.
Tattha sutv±n±ti yoniso nis±metv±. Buddhavacananti k±yavicchandanakara½ buddhavacana½. Bhikkh³ti sekkho v± puthujjano v±. Paññ±ºav±ti paññ±ºa½ vuccati vipassan± anicc±dippak±resu pavattatt±, t±ya samann±gatoti attho. Idh±ti s±sane. So kho na½ parij±n±t²ti so ima½ k±ya½ t²hi pariññ±hi parij±n±ti. Katha½? Yath± n±ma kusalo v±ºijo idañcidañc±ti bhaº¹a½ oloketv± “ettakena gahite ettako n±ma udayo bhavissat²”ti tulayitv± tath± katv± puna sa-udaya½ m³la½ gaºhanto ta½ bhaº¹a½ cha¹¹eti, evameva½ “aµµhinh±ru-±dayo ime kesalom±dayo c±”ti ñ±ºacakkhun± olokento ñ±tapariññ±ya parij±n±ti, “anicc± ete dhamm± dukkh± anatt±”ti tulayanto t²raºapariññ±ya parij±n±ti, eva½ t²rayitv± ariyamagga½ p±puºanto tattha chandar±gappah±nena pah±napariññ±ya parij±n±ti. Saviññ±ºak±viññ±ºaka-asubhavasena v± passanto ñ±tapariññ±ya parij±n±ti, anicc±divasena passanto t²raºapariññ±ya, arahattamaggena tato chandar±ga½ apaka¹¹hitv± ta½ pajahanto pah±napariññ±ya parij±n±ti.
Kasm± so eva½ parij±n±t²ti ce? Yath±bh³tañhi passati, yasm± yath±bh³ta½ passat²ti attho. “Paññ±ºav±”ti-±din± eva ca etasmi½ atthe siddhe yasm± buddhavacana½ sutv± tassa paññ±ºavatta½ hoti, yasm± ca sabbajanassa p±kaµop±ya½ k±yo asutv± buddhavacana½ na sakk± parij±nitu½, tasm± tassa ñ±ºahetu½ ito b±hir±na½ eva½ daµµhu½ asamatthatañca dassetu½ “sutv±na buddhavacanan”ti ±ha. Nand±bhikkhuni½ tañca vipallatthacitta½ bhikkhu½ ±rabbha desan±pavattito aggaparisato tappaµipattippatt±na½ bhikkhubh±vadassanato ca “bhikkh³”ti ±ha.
205. Id±ni “yath±bh³tañhi passat²”ti ettha yath± passanto yath±bh³ta½ passati, ta½ dassetu½ ±ha “yath± ida½ tath± eta½, yath± eta½ tath± idan”ti. Tassattho– yath± ida½ saviññ±ºak±subha½ ±yu-usm±viññ±º±na½ anapagam± carati, tiµµhati, nis²dati, sayati; tath± eta½ etarahi sus±ne sayita½ aviññ±ºakampi pubbe tesa½ dhamm±na½ anapagam± ahosi. Yath± ca eta½ etarahi matasar²ra½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ apagam± na carati, na tiµµhati, na nis²dati, na seyya½ kappeti, tath± ida½ saviññ±ºakampi tesa½ dhamm±na½ apagam± bhavissati. Yath± ca ida½ saviññ±ºaka½ etarahi na sus±ne mata½ seti, na uddhum±tak±dibh±vamupagata½, tath± eta½ etarahi matasar²rampi pubbe ahosi. Yath± paneta½ etarahi aviññ±ºak±subha½ mata½ sus±ne seti, uddhum±tak±dibh±vañca upagata½, tath± ida½ saviññ±ºakampi bhavissat²ti.
Tattha yath± ida½ tath± etanti attan± matassa sar²rassa sam±nabh±va½ karonto b±hire dosa½ pajahati. Yath± eta½ tath± idanti matasar²rena attano sam±nabh±va½ karonto ajjhattike r±ga½ pajahati. Yen±k±rena ubhaya½ sabha½ karoti, ta½ paj±nanto ubhayattha moha½ pajahati. Eva½ yath±bh³tadassanena pubbabh±geyeva akusalam³lappah±na½ s±dhetv±, yasm± eva½ paµipanno bhikkhu anupubbena arahattamagga½ patv± sabba½ chandar±ga½ vir±jetu½ samattho hoti, tasm± ±ha “ajjhattañca bahiddh± ca, k±ye chanda½ vir±jaye”ti. Eva½ paµipanno bhikkhu anupubben±ti p±µhaseso.
206. Eva½ sekkhabh³mi½ dassetv± id±ni asekkhabh³mi½ dassento ±ha “chandar±gaviratto so”ti. Tassattho– so bhikkhu arahattamaggañ±ºena paññ±ºav± magg±nantara½ phala½ p±puº±ti, atha sabbaso chandar±gassa pah²natt± “chandar±gaviratto”ti ca, maraº±bh±vena paº²taµµhena v± amata½ sabbasaªkh±rav³pasamanato santi½ taºh±saªkh±tav±n±bh±vato nibb±na½, cavan±bh±vato accutanti sa½vaººita½ padamajjhag±ti ca vuccati. Atha v± so bhikkhu arahattamaggañ±ºena paññ±ºav± magg±nantaraphale µhito chandar±gaviratto n±ma hoti, vuttappak±rañca padamajjhag±ti veditabbo. Tena “idamassa pah²na½, idañc±nena laddhan”ti d²peti.
207-208. Eva½ saviññ±ºak±viññ±ºakavasena asubhakammaµµh±na½ saha nipphattiy± kathetv± puna saªkhepadesan±ya eva½ mahato ±nisa½sassa antar±yakara½ pam±davih±ra½ garahanto “dvip±dakoyan”ti g±th±dvayam±ha. Tattha kiñc±pi ap±dak±dayopi k±y± asuc²yeva, idh±dhik±ravasena pana ukkaµµhaparicchedavasena v±, yasm± v± aññe asucibh³t±pi k±y± loºambil±d²hi abhisaªkharitv± manuss±na½ bhojanepi upan²yanti, na tveva manussak±yo, tasm± asucitarabh±vamassa dassentopi “dvip±dako”ti ±ha.
Ayanti manussak±ya½ dasseti. Duggandho parih²rat²ti duggandho sam±no pupphagandh±d²hi abhisaªkharitv± parih²rati. N±n±kuºapaparip³roti kes±di-anekappak±rakuºapabharito. Vissavanto tato tatoti pupphagandh±d²hi paµicch±detu½ ghaµent±nampi ta½ v±y±ma½ nipphala½ katv± navahi dv±rehi khe¼asiªgh±ºik±d²ni, lomak³pehi ca sedajallika½ vissavantoyeva. Tattha d±ni passatha– et±disena k±yena yo puriso v± itth² v± koci b±lo maññe uººametave taºh±diµµhim±namaññan±hi “ahan”ti v± “maman”ti v± “nicco”ti v±ti-±din± nayena yo uººamitu½ maññeyya, para½ v± j±ti-±d²hi avaj±neyya att±na½ ucce µh±ne µhapento, kimaññatra adassan± µhapetv± ariyamaggena ariyasaccadassan±bh±va½ kimañña½ tassa eva½ uººam±vaj±nanak±raºa½ siy±ti.
Desan±pariyos±ne nand± bhikkhun² sa½vegam±p±di– “aho vata re, aha½ b±l±, y± ma½yeva ±rabbha eva½ vividhadhammadesan±pavattakassa bhagavato upaµµh±na½ n±gam±sin”ti. Eva½ sa½vigg± ca tameva dhammadesana½ samann±haritv± teneva kammaµµh±nena katipayadivasabbhantare arahatta½ sacch±k±si. Dutiyaµµh±nepi kira desan±pariyos±ne catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahass±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahosi, sirim± devakaññ± an±g±miphala½ patt±, so ca bhikkhu sot±pattiphale patiµµhah²ti.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya

Suttanip±ta-aµµhakath±ya vijayasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.