16. S±riputtasuttavaººan±

962. Na me diµµhoti s±riputtasutta½, “therapañhasuttan”tipi vuccati. K± uppatti? Imassa suttassa uppatti– r±jagahakassa seµµhissa candanaghaµik±ya paµil±bha½ ±di½ katv± t±ya candanaghaµik±ya katassa pattassa ±k±se uss±pana½ ±yasmato piº¹olabh±radv±jassa iddhiy± pattaggahaºa½, tasmi½ vatthusmi½ s±vak±na½ iddhipaµikkhepo, titthiy±na½ bhagavat± saddhi½ p±µih±riya½ kattuk±mat±, p±µih±riyakaraºa½, bhagavato s±vatthigamana½, titthiy±nubandhana½, s±vatthiya½ pasenadino buddh³pagamana½ kaº¹ambap±tubh±vo, catunna½ paris±na½ titthiyajayattha½ p±µih±riyakaraºussukkaniv±raºa½, yamakap±µih±riyakaraºa½, katap±µih±riyassa bhagavato t±vati½sabhavanagamana½, tattha tem±sa½ dhammadesan±, ±yasmat± mah±moggall±nattherena y±citassa devalokato saªkassanagare orohaºanti im±ni vatth³ni antarantare ca j±tak±ni vitth±retv± y±va dasasahassacakkav±¼adevat±hi p³jiyam±no bhagav± majjhe maºimayena sop±nena saªkassanagare oruyha sop±naka¼evare aµµh±si–
“Ye jh±nappasut± dh²r±, nekkhamm³pasame rat±;
dev±pi tesa½ pihayanti, sambuddh±na½ sat²matan”ti. (Dha. pa. 181)–

Imiss± dhammapadag±th±ya vuccam±n±ya vutt±. Sop±naka¼evare µhita½ pana bhagavanta½ sabbapaµhama½ ±yasm± s±riputto vandi, tato uppalavaºº± bhikkhun², ath±paro janak±yo. Tatra bhagav± cintesi– “imissa½ parisati moggall±no iddhiy± aggoti p±kaµo, anuruddho dibbacakkhun±, puººo dhammakathikattena, s±riputta½ pan±ya½ paris± na kenaci guºena eva½ aggoti j±n±ti, ya½n³n±ha½ s±riputta½ paññ±guºena pak±seyyan”ti. Atha thera½ pañha½ pucchi. Thero bhagavat± pucchita½ pucchita½ puthujjanapañha½, sekkhapañha½, asekkhapañhañca, sabba½ vissajjesi. Tad± na½ jano “paññ±ya aggo”ti aññ±si Atha bhagav± “s±riputto na id±neva paññ±ya aggo, at²tepi paññ±ya aggo”ti j±taka½ ±nesi.

At²te parosahass± isayo vanam³laphal±h±r± pabbatap±de vasanti. Tesa½ ±cariyassa ±b±dho uppajji, upaµµh±n±ni vattanti. Jeµµhantev±s² “sapp±yabhesajja½ ±hariss±mi, ±cariya½ appamatt± upaµµhahath±”ti vatv± manussapatha½ agam±si. Tasmi½ an±gateyeva ±cariyo k±lamak±si. Ta½ “id±ni k±la½ karissat²”ti antev±sik± sam±pattim±rabbha pucchi½su. So ±kiñcaññ±yatanasam±patti½ sandh±y±ha– “natthi kiñc²”ti, antev±sino “natthi ±cariyassa adhigamo”ti aggahesu½. Atha jeµµhantev±s² bhesajja½ ±d±ya ±gantv± ta½ k±lakata½ disv± ±cariya½ “kiñci pucchitth±”ti ±ha. ¾ma pucchimh±, “natthi kiñc²”ti ±ha, na kiñci ±cariyena adhigatanti. Natthi kiñc²ti vadanto ±cariyo ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ pavedesi, sakk±tabbo ±cariyoti.
“Parosahassampi sam±gat±na½,
kandeyyu½ te vassasata½ apaññ±;
ekopi seyyo puriso sapañño,
yo bh±sitassa vij±n±ti atthan”ti. (J±. 1.1.99).
Kathite ca pana bhagavat± j±take ±yasm± s±riputto attano saddhivih±rik±na½ pañcanna½ bhikkhusat±namatth±ya sapp±yasen±sanagocaras²lavat±d²ni pucchitu½ “na me diµµho ito pubbe”ti ima½ thutig±tha½ ±di½ katv± aµµha g±th±yo abh±si. Tamattha½ vissajjento bhagav± tato par± sesag±th±ti.
Tattha ito pubbeti ito saªkassanagare otaraºato pubbe. Vagguvadoti sundaravado. Tusit± gaºim±gatoti tusitak±y± cavitv± m±tukucchi½ ±gatatt± tusit± ±gato, gaº±cariyatt± gaº². Santuµµhaµµhena v± tusitasaªkh±t± devalok± gaºi½ ±gato tusit±na½ v± arahant±na½ gaºi½ ±gatoti.
963. Dutiyag±th±ya sadevakassa lokassa yath± dissat²ti sadevakassa lokassa viya manuss±nampi dissati. Yath± v± dissat²ti tacchato avipar²tato dissati cakkhum±ti uttamacakkhu. Ekoti pabbajj±saªkh±t±d²hi eko. Ratinti nekkhammarati-±di½.
964. Tatiyag±th±ya bah³namidha baddh±nanti idha bah³na½ khattiy±d²na½ siss±na½. Siss± hi ±cariye paµibaddhavuttitt± “baddh±”ti vuccanti atthi pañhena ±gamanti atthiko pañhena ±gatomhi, atthik±na½ v± pañhena ±gamana½, pañhena atthi ±gamana½ v±ti.
965. Catutthag±th±ya vijigucchatoti j±ti-±d²hi aµµ²yato rittam±sananti vivitta½ mañcap²µha½. Pabbat±na½ guh±su v±ti pabbataguh±su v± rittam±sana½ bhajatoti sambandhitabba½.
966. Pañcamag±th±ya ucc±vaces³ti h²napaº²tesu. Sayanes³ti vih±r±d²su sen±sanesu. K²vanto tattha bherav±ti kittak± tattha bhayak±raº±. “Kuvanto”tipi p±µho, k³jantoti cassa attho. Na pana pubben±para½ sandhiyati.
967. Chaµµhag±th±ya kat² parissay±ti kittak± upaddav±. Agata½ disanti nibb±na½. Tañhi agatapubbatt± agata½ tath± niddisitabbato dis± c±ti Tena vutta½ “agata½ disan”ti. Abhisambhaveti abhibhaveyya. Pantamh²ti pariyante.
968-9. Sattamag±th±ya ky±ssa byappathayo ass³ti k²dis±ni tassa vacan±ni assu. Aµµhamag±th±ya ekodi nipakoti ekaggacitto paº¹ito.
970. Eva½ ±yasmat± s±riputtena t²hi g±th±hi bhagavanta½ thometv± pañcahi g±th±hi– pañcasat±na½ siss±namatth±ya sen±sanagocaras²lavat±d²ni pucchito bhagav± tamattha½ pak±setu½ “vijiguccham±nass±”ti-±din± nayena vissajjanam±raddho. Tattha paµhamag±th±ya t±vattho– j±ti-±d²hi vijiguccham±nassa ritt±sana½ sayana½ sevato ce sambodhik±massa s±riputta, bhikkhuno yadida½ ph±su yo ph±suvih±ro yath±nudhamma½ yo ca anudhammo, ta½ te pavakkh±mi yath± paj±na½ yath± paj±nanto vadeyya, eva½ vad±m²ti.
971. Dutiyag±th±ya pariyantac±r²ti s²l±d²su cat³su pariyantesu caram±no. Þa½s±dhip±t±nanti piªgalamakkhik±nañca sesamakkhik±nañca. Sesamakkhik± hi tato tato adhipatitv± kh±danti, tasm± “adhip±t±”ti vuccanti. Manussaphass±nanti cor±diphass±na½.
972. Tatiyag±th±ya paradhammik± n±ma satta sahadhammikavajj± sabbepi b±hirak±. Kusal±nu-es²ti kusaladhamme anvesam±no.
973. Catutthag±th±ya ±taªkaphassen±ti rogaphassena. S²ta½ atuºhanti s²tañca uºhañca. So tehi phuµµho bahudh±ti so tehi ±taªk±d²hi anekehi ±k±rehi phuµµho sam±nopi. Anokoti abhisaªkh±raviññ±º±d²na½ anok±sabh³to.
974. Eva½ “bhikkhuno vijigucchato”ti-±d²hi t²hi g±th±hi puµµhamattha½ vissajjetv± id±ni “ky±ssa byappathayo”ti-±din± nayena puµµha½ vissajjento “theyya½ na k±re”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha phasseti phareyya Yad±vilatta½ manaso vijaññ±ti ya½ cittassa ±vilatta½ vij±neyya, ta½ sabba½ “kaºhassa pakkho”ti vinodayeyya.
975. M³lampi tesa½ palikhañña tiµµheti tesa½ kodh±tim±n±na½ ya½ avijj±dika½ m³la½, tampi palikhaºitv± tiµµheyya. Addh± bhavanto abhisambhaveyy±ti eva½ piyappiya½ abhibhavanto eka½seneva abhibhaveyya, na tatra sithila½ parakkameyy±ti adhipp±yo.
976. Pañña½ purakkhatv±ti pañña½ pubbaªgama½ katv±. Kaly±ºap²t²ti kaly±º±ya p²tiy± samann±gato. Caturo sahetha paridevadhammeti anantarag±th±ya vuccam±ne paridevan²yadhamme saheyya.
977. Ki½s³ asiss±m²ti ki½ bhuñjiss±mi. Kuva½ v± asissanti kuhi½ v± asiss±mi. Dukkha½ vata settha kvajja sessanti ima½ ratti½ dukkha½ sayi½, ajja ±gamanaratti½ kattha sayissa½. Ete vitakketi ete piº¹ap±tanissite dve, sen±sananissite dveti catt±ro vitakke. Aniketac±r²ti apalibodhac±r² nittaºhac±r².
978. K±leti piº¹ap±tak±le piº¹ap±tasaªkh±ta½ anna½ v± c²varak±le c²varasaªkh±ta½ vasana½ v± laddh± dhammena samen±ti adhipp±yo. Matta½ so jaññ±ti paµiggahaºe ca paribhoge ca so pam±ºa½ j±neyya. Idh±ti s±sane, nip±tamattameva v± eta½. Tosanatthanti santosattha½, etadattha½ matta½ j±neyy±ti vutta½ hoti. So tesu guttoti so bhikkhu tesu paccayesu gutto. Yatac±r²ti sa½yatavih±ro rakkhitiriy±patho rakkhitak±yavac²manodv±ro c±ti vutta½ hoti. “Yatic±r²”tipi p±µho, soyevattho. Rusitoti rosito, ghaµµitoti vutta½ hoti.
979. Jh±n±nuyuttoti anupannupp±danena uppann±sevanena ca jh±ne anuyutto. Upekkham±rabbha sam±hitattoti catutthajjh±nupekkha½ upp±detv± sam±hitacitto. Takk±saya½ kukkucciy³pachindeti k±mavitakk±di½ takkañca k±masaññ±di½ tassa takkassa ±sayañca, hatthakukkucc±di½ kukkucciyañca upacchindeyya.
980. Cudito vac²bhi satim±bhinandeti upajjh±y±d²hi v±c±hi codito sam±no satim± hutv± ta½ codana½ abhinandeyya. V±ca½ pamuñce kusalanti ñ±ºasamuµµhita½ v±ca½ pamuñceyya. N±tivelanti ativela½ pana v±ca½ k±lavelañca s²lavelañca atikkanta½ nappamuñceyya. Janav±dadhamm±y±ti janav±dakath±ya. Na cetayeyy±ti cetana½ na upp±deyya.
981. Ath±paranti atha id±ni ito parampi. Pañca raj±n²ti r³par±g±d²ni pañca raj±ni. Yesa½ sat²m± vinay±ya sikkheti yesa½ upaµµhitassati hutv± vinayanattha½ tisso sikkh± sikkheyya. Eva½ sikkhanto hi r³pesu…pe… phassesu sahetha r±ga½, na aññeti.
982. Tato so tesa½ vinay±ya sikkhanto anukkamena– etesu dhammes³ti g±th±. Tattha etes³ti r³p±d²su. K±lena so samm± dhamma½ pariv²ma½sam±noti so bhikkhu yv±ya½ “uddhate citte sam±dhissa k±lo”ti-±din± nayena k±lo vutto, tena k±lena sabba½ saªkhatadhamma½ anicc±dinayena pariv²ma½sam±no. Ekodibh³to vihane tama½ soti so ekaggacitto sabba½ moh±ditama½ vihaneyya. Natthi ettha sa½sayo. Sesa½ sabbattha p±kaµameva.
Eva½ bhagav± arahattanik³µena desana½ niµµh±pesi. Desan±pariyos±ne pañcasat± bhikkh³ arahatta½ patt±, ti½sakoµisaªkhy±nañca devamanuss±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya

Suttanip±ta-aµµhakath±ya s±riputtasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.

Niµµhito ca catuttho vaggo atthavaººan±nayato, n±mena

Aµµhakavaggoti.