13. Mah±by³hasuttavaººan±

902. Ye kecimeti mah±by³hasutta½. K± uppatti? Idampi tasmi½yeva mah±samaye “ki½ nu kho ime diµµhiparibbas±n± viññ³na½ santik± nindameva labhanti, ud±hu pasa½samp²”ti uppannacitt±na½ ekacc±na½ devat±na½ tamattha½ ±vik±tu½ purimanayena nimmitabuddhena att±na½ pucch±petv± vutta½. Tattha anv±nayant²ti anu ±nayanti, punappuna½ ±haranti.
903. Id±ni yasm± te “idameva saccan”ti vadant± diµµhigatik± v±dino kad±ci katthaci pasa½sampi labhanti, ya½ eta½ pasa½s±saªkh±ta½ v±daphala½, ta½ appa½ r±g±d²na½ sam±ya samattha½ na hoti, ko pana v±do dutiye nind±phale, tasm± etamattha½ dassento ima½ t±va vissajjanag±tham±ha. “Appañhi eta½ na ala½ sam±ya, duve viv±dassa phal±ni br³m²”ti-±di. Tattha duve viv±dassa phal±n²ti nind± pasa½s± ca, jayapar±jay±d²ni v± ta½sabh±g±ni. Etampi disv±ti “nind± aniµµh± eva, pasa½s± n±la½ sam±y±”ti etampi viv±daphale ±d²nava½ disv±. Khem±bhipassa½ aviv±dabh³minti aviv±dabh³mi½ nibb±na½ “kheman”ti passam±no.
904. Evañhi avivadam±no– y± k±cim±ti g±th±. Tattha sammutiyoti diµµhiyo. Puthujj±ti puthujjanasambhav±. So upaya½ kimeyy±ti so upagantabbaµµhena upaya½ r³p±d²su ekampi dhamma½ ki½ upeyya, kena v± k±raºena upeyya. Diµµhe sute khantimakubbam±noti diµµhasutasuddh²su pema½ akaronto.
905. Ito b±hir± pana– s²luttam±ti g±th±. Tassattho– s²la½yeva “uttaman”ti maññam±n± s²luttam± eke bhonto sa½yamamattena suddhi½ vadanti, hatthivat±diñca vata½ sam±d±ya upaµµhit±, idheva diµµhiya½ assa satthuno suddhinti bhav³pan²t± bhavajjhosit± sam±n± vadanti, apica te kusal± vad±n± “kusal± mayan”ti eva½ v±d±.
906. Eva½ s²luttamesu ca tesu tath± paµipanno yo koci– sace cutoti g±th±. Tassattho– sace tato s²lavatato paravicchandanena v± anabhisambhuºanto v± cuto hoti, so ta½ s²labbat±dikamma½ puññ±bhisaªkh±r±dikamma½ v± vir±dhayitv± pavedhat². Na kevalañca vedhati, apica kho ta½ s²labbatasuddhi½ pajappat² ca vippalapati patthayat² ca. Kimiva? Satth±va h²no pavasa½ gharamh±. Gharamh± pavasanto satthato h²no yath± ta½ ghara½ v± sattha½ v± pattheyy±ti.
907. Eva½ pana s²luttam±na½ vedhak±raºa½ ariyas±vako– s²labbata½ v±pi pah±ya sabbanti g±th±. Tattha s±vajjanavajjanti sabb±kusala½ lokiyakusalañca. Eta½ suddhi½ asuddhinti apatthay±noti pañcak±maguº±dibheda½ eta½ suddhi½, akusal±dibheda½ asuddhiñca apatthayam±no. Virato careti suddhiy± asuddhiy± ca virato careyya. Santimanuggah±y±ti diµµhi½ agahetv±.
908. Eva½ ito b±hirake s²luttame sa½yamena visuddhiv±de tesa½ vigh±ta½ s²labbatappah±yino arahato ca paµipatti½ dassetv± id±ni aññath±pi suddhiv±de b±hirake dassento “tam³paniss±y±”ti g±tham±ha. Tassattho– santaññepi samaºabr±hmaº±, te jigucchita½ amarantapa½ v± diµµhasuddhi-±d²su v± aññataraññatara½ upaniss±ya akiriyadiµµhiy± v± uddha½sar± hutv± bhav±bhavesu av²tataºh±se suddhimanutthunanti vadanti kathent²ti.
909. Eva½ tesa½ av²tataºh±na½ suddhi½ anutthunant±na½ yopi suddhippattameva att±na½ maññeyya, tassapi av²tataºhatt± bhav±bhavesu ta½ ta½ vatthu½ patthayam±nassa hi jappit±ni punappuna½ hontiyev±ti adhipp±yo. Taºh± hi ±sevit± taºha½ va¹¹hayateva. Na kevalañca jappit±ni, pavedhita½ v±pi pakappitesu, taºh±diµµh²hi cassa pakappitesu vatth³su pavedhitampi hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Bhav±bhavesu pana v²tataºhatt± ±yati½ cut³pap±to idha yassa natthi, sakena vedheyya kuhi½va jappeti ayametiss± g±th±ya sambandho. Sesa½ niddese vuttanayameva.
910-11. Yam±h³ti pucch±g±th±. Id±ni yasm± ekopi ettha v±do sacco natthi, kevala½ diµµhimattakena hi te vadanti, tasm± tamattha½ dassento “sakañh²”ti ima½ t±va vissajjanag±tham±ha. Tattha sammutinti diµµhi½.
912. Evametesu saka½ dhamma½ paripuººa½ bruvantesu aññassa pana dhamma½ “h²nan”ti vadantesu yassa kassaci– parassa ce vambhayitena h²noti g±th±. Tassattho– yadi parassa ninditak±raº± h²no bhaveyya, na koci dhammesu visesi aggo bhaveyya. Ki½ k±raºa½? Puth³ hi aññassa vadanti dhamma½, nih²nato sabbeva te samhi da¼ha½ vad±n± sakadhamme da¼hav±d± eva.
913. Kiñca bhiyyo– saddhammap³j±ti g±th±. Tassattho– te ca titthiy± yath± pasa½santi sak±yan±ni, saddhammap³j±pi nesa½ tatheva vattati. Te hi ativiya satth±r±d²ni sakkaronti. Tattha yadi te pam±º± siyu½, eva½ sante sabbeva v±d± tathiy± bhaveyyu½. Ki½ k±raºa½? Suddh² hi nesa½ paccattameva, na s± aññatra sijjhati, n±pi paramatthato. Attani diµµhig±hamattameva hi ta½ tesa½ parapaccayaneyyabuddh²na½.
914. Yo v± pana vipar²to b±hitap±patt± br±hmaºo, tassa– na br±hmaºassa paraneyyamatth²ti g±th±. Tassattho– br±hmaºassa hi “sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±”ti-±din± (dha. pa. 277; netti. 5) nayena sudiµµhatt± parena netabba½ ñ±ºa½ natthi, diµµhidhammesu “idameva saccan”ti nicchinitv± samuggah²tampi natthi. Ta½k±raº± so diµµhikalah±ni at²to, na ca so seµµhato passati dhammamañña½ aññatra satipaµµh±n±d²hi.
915. J±n±m²ti g±th±ya sambandho attho ca– eva½ t±va paramatthabr±hmaºo na hi seµµhato passati dhammamañña½, aññe pana titthiy± paracittañ±º±d²hi j±nant± passant±pi “j±n±mi pass±mi tatheva etan”ti eva½ vadant±pi ca diµµhiy± suddhi½ paccenti. Kasm±? Yasm± tesu ekopi addakkhi ce addasa cepi tena paracittañ±º±din± yath±bh³ta½ attha½, kiñhi tumassa tena tassa tena dassanena ki½ kata½, ki½ dukkhapariññ± s±dhit±, ud±hu samudayapah±n±d²na½ aññatara½, yato sabbath±pi atikkamitv± ariyamagga½ te titthiy± aññeneva vadanti suddhi½, atikkamitv± v± te titthiye buddh±dayo aññeneva vadanti suddhinti.
916. Passa½ naroti g±th±ya sambandho attho ca. Kiñca bhiyyo? Yv±ya½ paracittañ±º±d²hi addakkhi, so passa½ naro dakkhati n±mar³pa½, na tato para½ disv±na v± ñassati t±nimeva n±mar³p±ni niccato sukhato v± na aññath±. So eva½ passanto k±ma½ bahu½ passatu appaka½ v± n±mar³pa½ niccato sukhato ca, athassa evar³pena dassanena na hi tena suddhi½ kusal± vadant²ti.
917. Nivissav±d²ti g±th±ya sambandho attho ca– tena ca dassanena suddhiy± asatiy±pi yo “j±n±mi pass±mi tatheva etan”ti eva½ nivissav±d², eta½ v± dassana½ paµicca diµµhiy± suddhi½ paccento “idameva saccan”ti eva½ nivissav±d², so subbinayo na hoti ta½ tath± pakappita½ abhisaªkhata½ diµµhi½ purekkhar±no. So hi ya½ satth±r±di½ nissito, tattheva subha½ vad±no suddhi½ vado, “parisuddhav±do parisuddhadassano v± ahan”ti att±na½ maññam±no tattha tathaddas± so, tattha sak±ya diµµhiy± avipar²tameva so addasa. Yath± s± diµµhi pavattati, tatheva na½ addasa, na aññath± passitu½ icchat²ti adhipp±yo.
918. Eva½ pakappita½ diµµhi½ purekkhar±nesu titthiyesu– na br±hmaºo kappamupeti saªkh±ti g±th±. Tattha saªkh±ti saªkh±ya, j±nitv±ti attho. Napi ñ±ºabandh³ti sam±pattiñ±º±din± akatataºh±diµµhibandhu. Tattha viggaho– n±pi assa ñ±ºena kato bandhu atth²ti napi ñ±ºabandhu. Sammutiyoti diµµhisammutiyo. Puthujj±ti puthujjanasambhav±. Uggahaºanti maññeti uggahaºanti aññe, aññe t± sammutiyo uggaºhant²ti vutta½ hoti.
919. Kiñca bhiyyo– vissajja ganth±n²ti g±th±. Tattha anuggahoti uggahaºavirahito, sopi n±ssa uggahoti anuggaho, na v± uggaºh±t²ti anuggaho.
920. Kiñca bhiyyo– so evar³po– pubb±saveti g±th±. Tattha pubb±saveti at²tar³p±d²ni ±rabbha uppajjam±nadhamme kilese. Naveti paccuppannar³p±d²ni ±rabbha uppajjam±nadhamme. Na chandag³ti chand±divasena na gacchati. Anattagarah²ti kat±katavasena att±na½ agarahanto.
921. Eva½ anattagarah² ca– sa sabbadhammes³ti g±th±. Tattha sabbadhammes³ti dv±saµµhidiµµhidhammesu “ya½ kiñci diµµha½ v±”ti eva½pabhedesu. Pannabh±roti patitabh±ro. Na kappet²ti na kappiyo, duvidhampi kappa½ na karot²ti attho. N³paratoti puthujjanakaly±ºakasekkh± viya uparatisamaªg²pi na hoti. Na patthiyoti nittaºho. Taºh± hi patthiyat²ti patthiy±, n±ssa patthiy±ti na patthiyoti. Sesa½ tattha tattha p±kaµamev±ti na vutta½. Eva½ arahattanik³µena desana½ niµµh±pesi, desan±pariyos±ne pur±bhedasutte vuttasadiso ev±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya

Suttanip±ta-aµµhakath±ya mah±by³hasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.