11. Kalahaviv±dasuttavaººan±

869. Kuto pah³t± kalah± viv±d±ti kalahaviv±dasutta½. K± uppatti? Idampi tasmi½yeva mah±samaye “kuto nu, kho, kalah±dayo aµµha dhamm± pavattant²”ti uppannacitt±na½ ekacc±na½ devat±na½ te dhamme ±vik±tu½ purimanayeneva nimmitabuddhena att±na½ pucch±petv± vutta½ tattha pucch±vissajjanakkamena µhitatt± sabbag±th± p±kaµasambandh±yeva.
Anutt±napadavaººan± panet±sa½ eva½ veditabb±– kutopah³t± kalah± viv±d±ti kalaho ca tassa pubbabh±go viv±do c±ti ime kuto j±t±. Paridevasok± sahamacchar± c±ti paridevasok± ca macchar± ca kutopah³t±. M±n±tim±n± sahapesuº± c±ti m±n± ca atim±n± ca pesuº± ca kutopah³t±. Teti te sabbepi aµµha kilesadhamm±. Tadiªgha br³h²ti ta½ may± pucchitamattha½ br³hi y±c±mi ta½ ahanti. Y±canattho hi iªgh±ti nip±to.
870. Piyappah³t±ti piyavatthuto j±t±. Yutti panettha niddese (mah±ni. 98) vutt± eva. Maccherayutt± kalah± viv±d±ti imin± kalahaviv±d±d²na½ na kevala½ piyavatthumeva, macchariyampi paccaya½ dasseti. Kalahaviv±das²sena cettha sabbepi te dhamm± vutt±ti veditabb±. Yath± ca etesa½ macchariya½, tath± pesuº±nañca viv±da½. Ten±ha– “viv±daj±tesu ca pesuº±n²”ti.
871. Piy±su lokasmi½ kutonid±n± ye c±pi lobh± vicaranti loketi “piy± pah³t± kalah±”ti ye ettha vutt±. Te piy± lokasmi½ kutonid±n±, na kevalañca piy±, ye c±pi khattiy±dayo lobh± vicaranti lobhahetuk± lobhen±bhibh³t± vicaranti, tesa½ so lobho ca kutonid±noti dve atthe ek±ya pucch±ya pucchati. ¾s± ca niµµh± c±ti ±s± ca tass± ±s±ya samiddhi ca. Ye sampar±y±ya narassa hont²ti ye narassa sampar±y±ya honti, par±yan± hont²ti vutta½ hoti. Ek± ev±yampi pucch±.
872. Chand±nid±n±n²ti k±macchand±dichandanid±n±ni. Ye c±pi lobh± vicarant²ti ye c±pi khattiy±dayo lobh± vicaranti tesa½ lobhopi chandanid±noti dvepi atthe ekato vissajjeti. Itonid±n±ti chandanid±n± ev±ti vutta½ hoti. “Kutonid±n± kutonid±n±”ti (su. ni. 273) etesu ca saddasiddhi s³cilomasutte vuttanayeneva veditabb±.
873. Vinicchay±ti taºh±diµµhivinicchay±. Ye v±pi dhamm± samaºena vutt±ti ye ca aññepi kodh±d²hi sampayutt±, tath±r³p± v± akusal± dhamm± buddhasamaºena vutt±, te kutopah³t±ti.
874. Tam³paniss±ya pahoti chandoti ta½ sukhadukkhavedana½. Tadubhayavatthusaªkh±ta½ s±t±s±ta½ upaniss±ya sa½yogaviyogapatthan±vasena chando pahoti. Ett±vat± “chando nu lokasmi½ kutonid±no”ti aya½ pañho vissajjito hoti. R³pesu disv± vibhava½ bhavañc±ti r³pesu vayañca upp±dañca disv±. Vinicchaya½ kubbati jantu loketi ap±y±dike loke aya½ jantu bhog±dhigamanattha½ taºh±vinicchaya½ “att± me uppanno”ti-±din± nayena diµµhivinicchayañca kurute. Yutti panettha niddese (mah±ni. 102) vutt± eva. Ett±vat± “vinicchay± c±pi kutopah³t±”ti aya½ pañho vissajjito hoti.
875. Etepi dhamm± dvayameva santeti etepi kodh±dayo dhamm± s±t±s±tadvaye sante eva pahonti uppajjanti. Uppatti ca nesa½ niddese (mah±ni. 103) vutt±yeva. Ett±vat± tatiyapañhopi vissajjito hoti. Id±ni yo eva½ vissajjitesu etesu pañhesu katha½kath² bhaveyya, tassa katha½kath±pah±n³p±ya½ dassento ±ha– “katha½kath² ñ±ºapath±ya sikkhe”ti, ñ±ºadassanañ±º±dhigamanattha½ tisso sikkh± sikkheyy±ti vutta½ hoti. Ki½ k±raºa½? Ñatv± pavutt± samaºena dhamm±. Buddhasamaºena hi ñatv±va dhamm± vutt±, natthi tassa dhammesu aññ±ºa½. Attano pana ñ±º±bh±vena te aj±nanto na j±neyya, na desan± dosena, tasm± katha½kath² ñ±ºapath±ya sikkhe, ñatv± pavutt± samaºena dhamm±ti.
876-7. S±ta½ as±tañca kutonid±n±ti ettha s±ta½ as±tanti sukhadukkhavedan± eva adhippet±. Na bhavanti heteti na bhavanti ete. Vibhava½ bhavañc±pi yametamattha½ eta½ me pabr³hi yatonid±nanti s±t±s±t±na½ vibhava½ bhavañca etampi ya½ attha½. Liªgabyattayo ettha kato. Ida½ pana vutta½ hoti– s±t±s±t±na½ vibhavo bhavo c±ti yo esa attho, eva½ me pabr³hi yatonid±nanti. Ettha ca s±t±s±t±na½ vibhavabhavavatthuk± vibhavabhavadiµµhiyo eva vibhavabhav±ti atthato veditabb±. Tath± hi imassa pañhassa vissajjanapakkhe “bhavadiµµhipi phassanid±n±, vibhavadiµµhipi phassanid±n±”ti niddese (mah±ni. 105) vutta½. Itonid±nanti phassanid±na½.
878. Kismi½ vibh³te na phusanti phass±ti kismi½ v²tivatte cakkhusamphass±dayo pañca phass± na phusanti.
879. N±mañca r³pañca paµicc±ti sampayuttakan±ma½ vatth±rammaºar³pañca paµicca. R³pe vibh³te na phusanti phass±ti r³pe v²tivatte pañca phass± na phusanti.
880. Katha½ sametass±ti katha½ paµipannassa. Vibhoti r³panti r³pa vibhavati, na bhaveyya v±. Sukha½ dukhañc±ti iµµh±niµµha½ r³pameva pucchati.
881. Na saññasaññ²ti yath± sametassa vibhoti r³pa½, so pakatisaññ±ya saññ²pi na hoti. Na visaññasaññ²ti visaññ±yapi vir³p±ya saññ±ya saññ² na hoti ummattako v± khittacitto v±. Nopi asaññ²ti saññ±virahitopi na hoti nirodhasam±panno v± asaññasatto v±. Na vibh³tasaññ²ti “sabbaso r³pasaññ±nan”ti-±din± (dha sa. 265; vibha. 602) nayena samatikkantasaññ²pi na hoti ar³pajjh±nal±bh². Eva½ sametassa vibhoti r³panti etasmi½ saññasaññit±dibh±ve aµµhatv± yadeta½ vutta½ “so eva½ sam±hite citte…pe… ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattipaµil±bhatth±ya citta½ abhin²harat²”ti. Eva½ sametassa ar³pamaggasamaªgino vibhoti r³pa½. Saññ±nid±n± hi papañcasaªkh±ti eva½ paµipannass±pi y± saññ±, tannid±n± taºh±diµµhipapañc± appah²n± eva hont²ti dasseti.
882-3. Ett±vatagga½ nu vadanti, heke yakkhassa suddhi½ idha paº¹it±se. Ud±hu aññampi vadanti ettoti ett±vat± nu idha paº¹it± samaºabr±hmaº± agga½ suddhi½ sattassa vadanti, ud±hu aññampi etto ar³pasam±pattito adhika½ vadant²ti pucchati. Ett±vataggampi vadanti heketi eke sassatav±d± samaºabr±hmaº± paº¹itam±nino ett±vat±pi agga½ suddhi½ vadanti. Tesa½ paneke samaya½ vadant²ti tesa½yeva eke ucchedav±d± samaya½ uccheda½ vadanti. Anup±disese kusal± vad±n±ti anup±disese kusalav±d± sam±n±.
884. Ete ca ñatv± upanissit±ti ete ca diµµhigatike sassatucchedadiµµhiyo nissit±ti ñatv±. Ñatv± mun² nissaye so vima½s²ti nissaye ca ñatv± so v²ma½s² paº¹ito buddhamuni. Ñatv± vimuttoti dukkh±nicc±dito dhamme ñatv± vimutto. Bhav±bhav±ya na samet²ti punappuna½ upapattiy± na sam±gacchat²ti arahattanik³µena desana½ niµµh±pesi. Desan±pariyos±ne pur±bhedasutte vuttasadisoyev±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

Paramatthajotik±ya khuddaka-aµµhakath±ya

Suttanip±ta-aµµhakath±ya kalahaviv±dasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.