9. D±nasuttavaººan±

98. Navame d±nanti d±tabba½, savatthuk± v± cetan± d±na½, sampattiparicc±gasseta½ adhivacana½. ¾misad±nanti catt±ro paccay± deyyabh±vavasena ±misad±na½ n±ma. Te hi taºh±d²hi ±masitabbato ±misanti vuccanti. Tesa½ v± paricc±gacetan± ±misad±na½. Dhammad±nanti idhekacco “ime dhamm± kusal±, ime dhamm± akusal±, ime dhamm± s±vajj±, ime dhamm± anavajj±, ime viññugarahit±, ime viññuppasatth±; ime samatt± sam±dinn± ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattanti, ime hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattant²”ti kusal±kusalakammapathe vibhajanto kammakammavip±ke idhalokaparaloke paccakkhato dassento viya p±kaµa½ karonto akusalehi dhammehi nivatt±pento, kusalesu dhammesu patiµµh±pento, dhamma½ deseti, ida½ dhammad±na½. Yo pana “ime dhamm± abhiññeyy± ime pariññeyy±, ime pah±tabb±, ime sacchik±tabb±, ime bh±vetabb±”ti sacc±ni vibh±vento amat±dhigam±ya paµipattidhamma½ deseti, ida½ sikh±ppatta½ dhammad±na½ n±ma. Etadagganti eta½ agga½. Yadidanti ya½ ida½ dhammad±na½ vutta½, eta½ imesu dv²su d±nesu agga½ seµµha½ uttama½. Vivaµµag±midhammad±nañhi niss±ya sabb±natthato parimuccati, sakala½ vaµµadukkha½ atikkamati. Lokiya½ pana dhammad±na½ sabbesa½ d±n±na½ nid±na½ sabbasampatt²na½ m³la½. Ten±ha–
“Sabbad±na½ dhammad±na½ jin±ti, sabbarasa½ dhammaraso jin±ti;
sabbarati½ dhammarat² jin±ti, taºhakkhayo sabbadukkha½ jin±t²”ti. (Dha. pa. 354)–

Abhayad±namettha dhammad±neneva saªgahitanti daµµhabba½.

S±dh±raºabhogit±dhipp±yena attan± paribhuñjitabbato catupaccayato sayameva abhuñjitv± paresa½ sa½vibhajana½ ±misasa½vibh±go. S±dh±raºabhogit±dhipp±yeneva attan± viditassa adhigatassa dhammassa appossukko ahutv± paresa½ upadeso dhammasa½vibh±go. Cat³hi paccayehi cat³hi ca saªgahavatth³hi paresa½ anuggaºhana½ anukampana½ ±mis±nuggaho. Vuttanayeneva dhammena paresa½ anuggaºhana½ anukampana½ dhamm±nuggaho. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
G±th±su yam±hu d±na½ paramanti ya½ d±na½ cittakhettadeyyadhamm±na½ u¼±rabh±vena parama½ uttama½, bhogasampatti-±d²na½ v± p³raºato phalanato, parassa v± lobhamacchariy±dikassa paµipakkhassa maddanato hi½sanato “paraman”ti buddh± bhagavanto ±hu. Anuttaranti ya½ d±na½ cetan±disampattiy± s±tisayapavattiy± aggabh±vena aggavip±katt± ca uttararahita½ anuttarabh±vas±dhana½ c±ti ±hu. Ya½ sa½vibh±ganti etth±pi “parama½ anuttaran”ti padadvaya½ ±netv± yojetabba½. Avaººay²ti kittayi, “bhojana½, bhikkhave, dadam±no d±yako paµigg±hak±na½ pañca µh±n±ni det²”ti-±din± (a. ni. 5.37), “eva½ ce, bhikkhave, satt± j±neyyu½ d±nasa½vibh±gassa vip±kan”ti-±din± (itivu. 26) ca pasa½sayi. Yath± pana d±na½ sa½vibh±go ca parama½ anuttarañca hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “aggamh²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha aggamh²ti s²l±diguºavisesayogena seµµhe anuttare puññakkhette samm±sambuddhe ariyasaªghe ca. Pasannacittoti kammaphalasaddh±ya ratanattayasaddh±ya ca citta½ pas±dento okappento. Cittasampattiy± hi khettasampattiy± ca parittepi deyyadhamme d±na½ mah±nubh±va½ hoti mah±jutika½ mah±vipph±ra½. Vuttañheta½–
“Natthi citte pasannamhi, appak± n±ma dakkhiº±;
tath±gate v± sambuddhe, atha v± tassa s±vake”ti. (Vi. va. 804; netti. 95).
Viññ³ti sappañño. Paj±nanti sammadeva d±naphala½ d±n±nisa½sa½ paj±nanto. Ko na yajetha k±leti yuttappattak±le ko n±ma d±na½ na dadeyya? Saddh±, deyyadhammo, paµigg±hak±ti imesa½ tiººa½ sammukhibh³tak±leyeva hi d±na½ sambhavati, na aññath±, paµigg±hak±na½ v± d±tu½ yuttak±le.
Eva½ paµhamag±th±ya ±misad±nasa½vibh±g±nuggahe dassetv± id±ni dhammad±nasa½vibh±g±nuggahe dassetu½ “ye ceva bh±sant²”ti dutiyag±tham±ha. Tattha ubhayanti “bh±santi suºant²”ti vutt± desak± paµigg±hak±ti ubhaya½. Aya½ panettha saªkhepattho– ye sugatassa bhagavato s±sane saddhamme pasannacitt± vimutt±yatanas²se µhatv± desenti paµiggaºhanti ca, tesa½ desakapaµigg±hak±na½ so dhammad±nadhammasa½vibh±gadhamm±nuggahasaªkh±to attho. Paramatthas±dhanato paramo. Taºh±sa½kiles±disabbasa½kilesamalavisodhanena visujjhati. K²dis±na½? Ye appamatt± sugatassa s±sane. Ye ca–
“Sabbap±passa akaraºa½, kusalassa upasampad±;
sacittapariyodapana½, eta½ buddh±na s±sanan”ti. (D². ni. 2.90; dha. pa. 183)–

Saªkhepato eva½ pak±site samm±sambuddhassa s±sane ov±de anusiµµhiya½ appamatt± adhis²lasikkh±dayo sakkacca½ samp±denti. Tesa½ visujjhati, arahattaphalavisuddhiy± ativiya vod±yat²ti.

Navamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.