8. Kaly±ºas²lasuttavaººan±

97. Aµµhame kaly±ºas²loti sundaras²lo, pasatthas²lo, paripuººas²lo. Tattha s²lap±rip³r² dv²hi k±raºehi hoti sammadeva s²lavipattiy± ±d²navadassanena, s²lasampattiy± ca ±nisa½sadassanena. Idha pana sabbaparibandhavippamuttassa sabb±k±raparipuººassa maggas²lassa phalas²lassa ca vasena kaly±ºat± veditabb±. Kaly±ºadhammoti sabbe bodhipakkhiyadhamm± adhippet±, tasm± kaly±º± satipaµµh±n±dibodhipakkhiyadhamm± etass±ti kaly±ºadhammo. Kaly±ºapaññoti ca maggaphalapaññ±vaseneva kaly±ºapañño. Lokuttar± eva hi s²l±didhamm± ekantakaly±º± n±ma akuppasabh±vatt±. Keci pana “catup±risuddhis²lavasena kaly±ºas²lo, vipassan±maggadhammavasena kaly±ºadhammo, maggaphalapaññ±vasena kaly±ºapañño”ti vadanti. Asekkh± eva te s²ladhammapaññ±ti eke. Apare pana bhaºanti– sot±pannasakad±g±m²na½ maggaphalas²la½ kaly±ºas²la½ n±ma, tasm± “kaly±ºas²lo”ti imin± sot±panno sakad±g±m² ca gahit± honti. Te hi s²lesu parip³rak±rino n±ma. An±g±mimaggaphaladhamm± aggamaggadhamm± ca kaly±ºadhamm± n±ma. Tattha hi bodhipakkhiyadhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti. Tasm± “kaly±ºadhammo”ti imin± tatiyamaggaµµhato paµµh±ya tayo ariy± gahit± honti. Paññ±kiccassa matthakappattiy± aggaphale paññ± kaly±ºapaññ± n±ma, tasm± paññ±vepullappatto arah± “kaly±ºapañño”ti vutto. Evameva puggal± gahit± hont²ti. Ki½ imin± papañcena? Aggamaggaphaladhamm± idha kaly±ºas²l±dayo vutt±ti ayamamh±ka½ khanti. Dhammavibh±gena hi aya½ puggalavibh±go, na dhammavibh±goti.
Keval²ti ettha kevala½ vuccati kenaci avomissakat±ya sabbasaªkhatavivitta½ nibb±na½, tassa adhigatatt± arah± keval². Atha v± pah±nabh±van±p±rip³riy± pariyos±na-anavajjadhammap±rip³riy± ca kaly±ºakaµµhena aby±sekasukhat±ya ca kevala½ arahatta½, tadadhigamena keval² kh²º±savo. Maggabrahmacariyav±sa½ vasitv± pariyos±petv± µhitoti vusitav±. Uttamehi aggabh³tehi v± asekkhadhammehi samann±gatatt± “uttamapuriso”ti vuccati.
S²lav±ti ettha kenaµµhena s²la½? S²lanaµµhena s²la½. Kimida½ s²lana½ n±ma? Sam±dh±na½, sus²lyavasena k±yakamm±d²na½ avippakiººat±ti attho. Atha v± upadh±raºa½, jh±n±dikusaladhamm±na½ patiµµh±navasena ±dh±rabh±voti attho. Tasm± s²lati, s²let²ti v± s²la½. Aya½ t±va saddalakkhaºanayena s²laµµho. Apare pana “siraµµho s²laµµho, s²talaµµho s²laµµho, sivaµµho s²laµµho”ti niruttinayena attha½ vaººayanti. Tayida½ p±rip³rito atisayato v± s²la½ assa atth²ti s²lav±, catup±risuddhis²lavasena s²lasampannoti attho. Tattha ya½ jeµµhakas²la½ ta½ vitth±retv± dassetu½ “p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto”ti-±di vuttanti ekacc±na½ ±cariy±na½ adhipp±yo.
Aparena pana bhaºanti– ubhayatth±pi p±timokkhasa½varo bhagavat± vutto. P±timokkhasa½varo eva hi s²la½, itaresu indriyasa½varo chadv±rarakkhaºamattameva, ±j²vap±risuddhi dhammena paccayupp±danamattameva, paccayasannissita½ paµiladdhapaccaye “idamatthan”ti paccavekkhitv± paribhuñjanamattameva. Nippariy±yena p±timokkhasa½varova s²la½. Yassa so bhinno, so s²sacchinno puriso viya hatthap±de “ses±ni rakkhissat²”ti na vattabbo. Yassa pana so arogo, acchinnas²so viya puriso, t±ni puna p±katik±ni katv± rakkhitu½ sakkoti. Tasm± s²lav±ti imin± p±timokkhas²lameva uddisitv± ta½ vitth±retu½ “p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto”ti-±di vuttanti.
Tattha p±timokkhanti sikkh±padas²la½. Tañhi yo na½ p±ti rakkhati, ta½ mokkheti moceti ±p±yik±d²hi dukkheh²ti p±timokkha½. Sa½varaºa½ sa½varo, k±yav±c±hi av²tikkamo. P±timokkhameva sa½varo p±timokkhasa½varo, tena sa½vuto pihitak±yav±coti p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto. Idamassa tasmi½ s²le patiµµhitabh±vaparid²pana½. Viharat²ti tadanur³pavih±rasamaªgibh±vaparid²pana½. ¾c±ragocarasampannoti heµµh± p±timokkhasa½varassa, upari vises±nuyogassa ca upak±rakadhammaparid²pana½. Aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v²ti p±timokkhas²lato acavanadhammat±parid²pana½. Sam±d±y±ti sikkh±pad±na½ anavasesato ±d±naparid²pana½. Sikkhat²ti sikkh±ya samaªgibh±vaparid²pana½. Sikkh±pades³ti sikkhitabbadhammaparid²pana½.
Aparo nayo– kiles±na½ balavabh±vato p±pakiriy±ya sukarabh±vato puññakiriy±ya ca dukkarabh±vato bahukkhattu½ ap±yesu patanas²loti p±t², puthujjano. Aniccat±ya v± bhav±d²su kammavegakkhitto ghaµiyanta½ viya anavaµµh±nena paribbhamanato gamanas²loti p±t², maraºavasena v± tamhi tamhi sattanik±ye attabh±vassa p±tanas²loti p±t², sattasant±no, cittameva v±. Ta½ p±tina½ sa½s±radukkhato mokkhet²ti p±timokkho. Cittassa hi vimokkhena satto vimutto “Cittavod±n± visujjhant²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.100) “anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan”ti (ma. ni. 2.206) ca vutta½. Atha v± avijj±din± hetun± sa½s±re patati gacchati pavattat²ti p±ti. “Avijj±n²varaº±na½ satt±na½ taºh±sa½yojan±na½ sandh±vata½ sa½saratan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.124; 5.520) hi vutta½. Tassa p±tino sattassa taºh±disa½kilesattayato mokkho eten±ti p±timokkho. “Kaºµhek±lo”ti-±d²na½ viyassa sam±sasiddhi veditabb±.
Atha v± p±teti vinip±teti dukkheti p±ti, citta½. Vuttañhi “cittena n²yati loko, cittena parikassat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.62). Tassa p±tino mokkho eten±ti p±timokkho. Patati v± etena ap±yadukkhe sa½s±radukkhe c±ti p±ti, taºh±disa½kileso. Vuttañhi “taºh± janeti purisa½ (sa½. ni. 1.56-57), taºh±dutiyo puriso”ti (itivu. 15, 105; c³¼ani. p±r±yan±nug²tig±th±niddesa 107) ca ±di. Tato p±tito mokkhoti p±timokkho. Atha v± patati etth±ti p±ti, cha ajjhattik±ni b±hir±ni ca ±yatan±ni. Vuttañhi “chasu loko samuppanno, chasu kubbati santhavan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.70). Tato cha-ajjhattikab±hir±yatanasaªkh±tato p±tito mokkhoti p±timokkho. Atha v± p±to vinip±to assa atth²ti p±t², sa½s±ro. Tato mokkhoti p±timokkho. Atha v± sabbalok±dhipatibh±vato dhammissaro bhagav± pat²ti vuccati, muccati eten±ti mokkho, patino mokkho tena paññattatt±ti patimokkho, patimokkho eva p±timokkho. Sabbaguº±na½ v± m³labh±vato uttamaµµhena pati ca so yath±vuttaµµhena mokkho c±ti patimokkho, patimokkho eva p±timokkho. Tath± hi vutta½ “p±timokkhanti mukhameta½ pamukhametan”ti (mah±va. 135) vitth±ro.
Atha v± paiti pak±re, at²ti accantatthe nip±to. Tasm± pak±rehi accanta½ mokkhet²ti p±timokkho. Idañhi s²la½ saya½ tadaªgavasena, sam±dhisahita½ paññ±sahitañca vikkhambhanavasena samucchedavasena ca accanta½ mokkheti mocet²ti p±timokkha½. Pati pati mokkhoti v± patimokkho, tamh± tamh± v²tikkamitabbadosato pati pacceka½ mokkhoti attho. Patimokkho eva p±timokkho. Mokkhoti v± nibb±na½, tassa mokkhassa paµibimbabh³tanti patimokkha½. P±timokkhas²lasa½varo hi s³riyassa aruºuggamana½ viya nibb±nassa udayabh³to tappaµibh±go viya hoti yath±raha½ kilesanibb±panatoti patimokkha½, patimokkha½ eva p±timokkha½. Atha v± mokkha½ pati vattati mokkh±bhimukhanti patimokkha½, patimokkhameva p±timokkhanti eva½ t±vettha p±timokkhasaddassa attho veditabbo.
Sa½varati pidahati eten±ti sa½varo, p±timokkhameva sa½varoti p±timokkhasa½varo. Atthato pana tato tato v²tikkamitabbato viratiyo cetan± v±, tena p±timokkhasa½varena upeto samann±gato p±timokkhasa½varasa½vutoti vutto. Vuttañheta½ vibhaªge–
“Imin± p±timokkhasa½varena upeto hoti samupeto upagato samupagato sampanno samann±gato. Tena vuccati p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto”ti (vibha. 511).
Viharat²ti iriy±pathavih±rena viharati, iriyati, vattati. ¾c±ragocarasampannoti ve¼ud±n±dimicch±j²vassa k±yap±gabbhiy±d²nañca akaraºena, sabbaso an±c±ra½ vajjetv± “k±yiko av²tikkamo, v±casiko av²tikkamo”ti eva½ vuttabhikkhus±ruppa-±c±rasampattiy± vesiy±di-agocara½ vajjetv± piº¹ap±t±di-attha½ upasaªkamitu½ yuttaµµh±nasaªkh±tagocarena ca sampannatt± ±c±ragocarasampanno. Apica yo bhikkhu satthari sag±ravo sappatisso sabrahmac±r²su sag±ravo sappatisso hirottappasampanno sunivattho sup±ruto p±s±dikena abhikkantena paµikkantena ±lokitena vilokitena samiñjitena pas±ritena okkhittacakkhu iriy±pathasampanno indriyesu guttadv±ro bhojane mattaññ³ j±gariy±nuyutto satisampajaññena samann±gato appiccho santuµµho pavivitto asa½saµµho ±bhisam±c±rikesu sakkaccak±r² garucitt²k±rabahulo viharati, aya½ vuccati ±c±rasampanno.
Gocaro pana– upanissayagocaro, ±rakkhagocaro, upanibandhagocaroti tividho. Tattha dasakath±vatthuguºasamann±gato vuttalakkhaºo kaly±ºamitto ya½ niss±ya asuta½ suº±ti, suta½ pariyodapeti, kaªkha½ vitarati, diµµhi½ ujuka½ karoti, citta½ pas±deti, yassa ca anusikkhanto saddh±ya va¹¹hati, s²lena, sutena, c±gena, paññ±ya va¹¹hati, aya½ upanissayagocaro. Yo bhikkhu antaraghara½ paviµµho v²thi½ paµipanno okkhittacakkhu yugamattadass±v² sa½vuto gacchati, na hatthi½ olokento, na assa½, na ratha½, na patti½, na itthi½, na purisa½ olokento, na uddha½ olokento, na adho olokento, na dis±vidis± pekkham±no gacchati, aya½ ±rakkhagocaro. Upanibandhagocaro pana catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, yattha bhikkhu attano citta½ upanibandhati. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Ko ca, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno gocaro sako pettiko visayo? Yadida½– catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.372).
Iti yath±vutt±ya ±c±rasampattiy± im±ya ca gocarasampattiy± samann±gatatt± ±c±ragocarasampanno.
Aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v²ti appamattakesu aºuppam±ºesu asañcicca ±pannasekhiya-akusalacittupp±d±dibhedesu vajjesu bhayadassanas²lo. Yo hi bhikkhu param±ºumatta½ vajja½ aµµhasaµµhiyojanasatasahassubbedhasinerupabbatar±jasadisa½ katv± passati, yopi bhikkhu sabbalahuka½ dubbh±sitamatta½ p±r±jikasadisa½ katv± passati, aya½ aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v² n±ma. Sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±pades³ti ya½ kiñci sikkh±padesu sikkhitabba½, ta½ sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ anavasesa½ sam±diyitv± sikkhati vattati, p³ret²ti attho. Iti kaly±ºas²loti imin± pak±rena kaly±ºas²lo sam±no. Puggal±dhiµµh±navasena hi niddiµµha½ s²la½ “eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kaly±ºas²lo hot²”ti vuttapuggal±dhiµµh±navaseneva nigametv± “kaly±ºadhammo”ti ettha vuttadhamme niddisituk±mena “tesa½ dhamm±na½ ida½ s²la½ adhiµµh±nan”ti dassetu½ puna “iti kaly±ºas²lo”ti vutta½. Sattanna½ bodhipakkhiy±nanti-±di sabba½ heµµh± vuttatthameva. Puna kaly±ºas²loti-±di nigamana½.
G±th±su dukkaµanti duµµhu kata½, duccaritanti attho. Hirimananti hirimanta½ hirisampanna½, sabbaso p±papavattiy± jigucchanasabh±vanti attho. Hirimananti v± hirisahitacitta½. Hiriggahaºeneva cettha ottappampi gahitanti veditabba½. Hirottappaggahaºena ca sabbaso duccarit±bh±vassa hetu½ dassento kaly±ºas²lata½ hetuto vibh±veti. Sambodh²ti ariyañ±ºa½, ta½ gacchanti bhajant²ti sambodhig±mino, bodhipakkhik±ti attho. Anussadanti r±gussad±dirahita½. “Tath±vidhan”tipi paµhanti. “Bodhipakkhik±na½ dhamm±na½ bh±van±nuyogamanuyutto”ti yath± yath± pubbe vutta½, tath±vidha½ t±disanti attho. Dukkhass±ti vaµµadukkhassa, vaµµadukkhahetuno v±. Idheva khayamattanoti ±savakkhay±dhigamena attano vaµµadukkhahetuno samudayapakkhiyassa kilesagaºassa idheva imasmi½yeva attabh±ve khaya½ anupp±da½ paj±n±ti, vaµµadukkhasseva v± idheva carimakacittanirodhena khaya½ kh²ºabh±va½ paj±n±ti. Tehi dhammehi sampannanti tehi yath±vuttas²l±didhammehi samann±gata½. Asitanti taºh±diµµhinissay±na½ pah²natt± asita½, katthaci anissita½. Sabbalokass±ti sabbasmi½ sattaloke. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.

Aµµhamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.