6. Asubh±nupass²suttavaŗŗan±

85. Chaµµhe asubh±nupass²ti asubha½ anupassant± dvatti½s±k±ravasena ceva uddhum±tak±d²su gahitanimittassa upasa½haraŗavasena ca k±yasmi½ asubha½ asubh±k±ra½ anupassak± hutv± viharatha. ¾n±p±nassat²ti ±n±p±ne sati, ta½ ±rabbha pavatt± sati, ass±sapass±saparigg±hik± sat²ti attho. Vuttańheta½ “±nanti ass±so, no pass±so. P±nanti pass±so, no ass±so”ti-±di (paµi. ma. 1.160).
Voti tumh±ka½. Ajjhattanti idha gocarajjhatta½ adhippeta½. Parimukhanti abhimukha½. S³paµµhit±ti suµµhu upaµµhit±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ±n±p±nassati ca tumh±ka½ kammaµµh±n±bhimukha½ suµµhu upaµµhit± hot³ti. Atha v± parimukhanti pariggahitaniyy±na½. Vuttańheta½ paµisambhid±ya½– “par²ti pariggahaµµho, mukhanti niyy±naµµho sat²ti upaµµh±naµµho, tena vuccati parimukha½ satin”ti (paµi. ma. 1.164). Imin± catusatipaµµh±naso¼asappabhed± ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±nabh±van± dassit±ti daµµhabb±.
Eva½ saŖkhepeneva r±gacaritavitakkacarit±na½ sapp±ya½ paµik³lamanasik±rak±y±nupassan±vasena samathakammaµµh±na½ vipassan±kammaµµh±nańca upadisitv± id±ni suddhavipassan±kammaµµh±nameva dassento “sabbasaŖkh±resu anicc±nupassino viharath±”ti ±ha. Tattha anicca½, aniccalakkhaŗa½, anicc±nupassan±, anicc±nupass²ti ida½ catukka½ veditabba½. Hutv±, abh±vato, udayabbayayogato, t±vak±likato, niccapaµikkhepato ca khandhapańcaka½ anicca½ n±ma. Tassa yo hutv± abh±v±k±ro, ta½ aniccalakkhaŗa½ n±ma. Ta½ ±rabbha pavatt± vipassan± anicc±nupassan±. Ta½ aniccanti vipassako anicc±nupass². Ettha ca ek±dasavidh± asubhakath± paµhamajjh±na½ p±petv±, so¼asavatthuk± ca ±n±p±nakath± catutthajjh±na½ p±petv±, vipassan±kath± ca vitth±rato vattabb±, s± pana sabb±k±rato visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.737-740) kathit±ti tattha vuttanayeneva veditabb±.
Id±ni asubh±nupassan±d²hi nipph±detabba½ phalavisesa½ dassetu½ “asubh±nupass²nan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha subh±ya dh±tuy±ti subhabh±ve, subhanimitteti attho. R±g±nusayoti subh±rammaŗe uppajjan±raho k±mar±g±nusayo. So kes±d²su uddhum±tak±d²su v± asubh±nupass²na½ asubhanimitta½ gahetv± tattha paµhamajjh±na½ nibbattetv± ta½ p±daka½ katv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv± adhigatena an±g±mimaggena pah²yati, sabbaso samucchind²yat²ti attho. Vuttańheta½ “asubh± bh±vetabb± k±mar±gassa pah±n±y±”ti (a. ni. 9.3; ud±. 31). B±hir±ti bahiddh±vatthukatt± anatth±vahatt± ca b±hir± bahibh³t±. Vitakk±say±ti k±masaŖkapp±dimicch±vitakk±. Te hi appah²n± ±say±nugat± sati paccayasamav±ye uppajjanato vitakk±say±ti vutt±. K±mavitakko cettha k±mar±gaggahaŗena gahito ev±ti tadavases± vitakk± eva vutt±ti veditabb±. Vigh±tapakkhik±ti dukkhabh±giy±, icch±vigh±tanibbattanak± v±. Te na hont²ti te pah²yanti. By±p±davitakko, vihi½s±vitakko, ń±tivitakko, janapadavitakko, amar±vitakko, anavańńattipaµisa½yutto vitakko, l±bhasakk±rasilokapaµisa½yutto vitakko, par±nuddayat±paµisa½yutto vitakkoti aµµha, k±mavitakkena saddhi½ navavidh± mah±vitakk± ±n±p±nassatisam±dhin± tannissit±ya ca vipassan±ya pubbabh±ge vikkhambhit±. Ta½ p±daka½ katv± adhigatena ariyamaggena yath±raha½ anavasesato pah²yanti. Vuttampi ceta½ “±n±p±nassati bh±vetabb± vitakkupacched±y±”ti (a. ni. 9.3; ud±. 31).
Y± avijj±, s± pah²yat²ti y± saccasabh±vapaµicch±din² sabb±natthak±r² sakalassa vaµµadukkhassa m³labh³t± avijj±, s± anicc±nupass²na½ viharata½ samucchijjati. Ida½ kira bhagavat± anicc±k±rato vuµµhitassa sukkhavipassakakh²ŗ±savassa vasena vutta½. Tass±ya½ saŖkhepattho– tebh³makesu sabbasaŖkh±resu anicc±dito sammasana½ paµµhapetv± vipassant±na½ yad± aniccanti pavattam±n± vuµµh±nag±min²vipassan± maggena ghaµ²yati, anukkamena arahattamaggo uppajjati, tesa½ anicc±nupass²na½ viharata½ avijj± anavasesato pah²yati, arahattamaggavijj± uppajjat²ti. Anicc±nupass²na½ viharatanti ida½ aniccalakkhaŗassa tesa½ p±kaµabh±vato itarassa lakkhaŗadvayassa gahaŗe up±yabh±vato v± vutta½, na pana ekasseva lakkhaŗassa anupassitabbato. Vuttańheta½ “yadanicca½ ta½ dukkha½, ya½ dukkha½ tadanatt±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.15). Aparampi vutta½ “aniccasańńino hi, meghiya, anattasańń± saŗµh±ti, anattasańń² asmim±nasamuggh±ta½ p±puŗ±t²”ti.
G±th±su ±n±p±ne paµissatoti ±n±p±nanimittasmi½ paµi paµi sato, upaµµhitassat²ti attho. Passanti ±savakkhayań±ŗacakkhun± saŖkh±r³pasama½ nibb±na½ passanto. ¾t±p² sabbad±ti antar±vos±na½ an±pajjitv± asubh±nupassan±d²su satata½ ±t±p² yuttappayutto, tato eva yato v±yamam±no, niyato v± sammattaniy±mena tattha sabbasaŖkh±rasamathe nibb±ne arahattaphalavimuttiy± vimuccati. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.

Chaµµhasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.