5. Bahujanahitasuttavaººan±

84. Pañcame loketi ettha tayo lok±– sattaloko, saªkh±raloko, ok±salokoti. Tesu indriyabaddh±na½ r³padhamm±na½ ar³padhamm±na½ r³p±r³padhamm±nañca sant±navasena vattam±n±na½ sam³ho sattaloko, pathav²pabbat±dibhedo ok±saloko, ubhayepi khandh± saªkh±raloko. Tesu sattaloko idha adhippeto. Tasm± loketi sattaloke. Tatth±pi na devaloke, na brahmaloke, manussaloke. Manussalokepi na aññasmi½ cakkav±¼e, imasmi½yeva cakkav±¼e. Tatr±pi na sabbaµµh±nesu, “puratthim±ya dis±ya gajaªgala½ n±ma nigamo, tassa aparena mah±s±l±, tato para½ paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe; puratthimadakkhiº±ya dis±ya sallavat² n±ma nad², tato para½ paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe; dakkhiº±ya dis±ya setakaººika½ n±ma nigamo, tato para½ paccantim± janapad± orato majjhe; pacchim±ya dis±ya th³ºa½ n±ma br±hmaºag±mo, tato para½ paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe; uttar±ya dis±ya usiraddhajo n±ma pabbato, tato para½ paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe”ti (mah±va. 259) eva½ paricchinne ±y±mato tiyojanasate vitth±rato a¹¹hateyyayojanasate parikkhepato navayojanasate majjhimadese uppajjati tath±gato. Na kevalañca tath±gatova paccekabuddh± aggas±vak± as²timah±ther± buddham±t± buddhapit± cakkavattir±j± aññe ca s±rappatt± br±hmaºagahapatik± ettheva uppajjanti. Idha pana tath±gatav±reyeva sabbatthakavasena aya½ nayo labbhati, itaresu ekadesavasena.
Uppajjam±n± uppajjant²ti ida½ pana ubhayampi vippakatavacanameva, uppajjant± bahujanahitatth±ya uppajjanti, na aññena k±raºen±ti evamettha attho veditabbo. Evar³pañhettha saddalakkhaºa½ na sakk± aññena saddalakkhaºena paµib±hitu½.
Apica uppajjam±no n±ma uppajjati n±ma uppanno n±m±ti aya½ pabhedo veditabbo. Tath±gato hi mah±bhin²h±ra½ karonto, buddhakare dhamme pariyesanto, p±ramiyo p³rento, pañca mah±paricc±ge pariccajanto, ñ±tatthacariya½ caranto, lokatthacariya½, buddhatthacariya½ koµi½ p±pento, p±ramiyo p³retv± tusitabhavane tiµµhanto, tato otaritv± carimabhave paµisandhi½ gaºhanto, ag±ramajjhe vasanto, abhinikkhamanto, mah±padh±na½ padahanto, paripakkañ±ºo bodhimaº¹a½ ±ruyha m±rabala½ vidhamento paµhamay±me pubbeniv±sa½ anussaranto, majjhimay±me dibbacakkhu½ visodhento, pacchimay±me paµiccasamupp±de ñ±ºa½ ot±retv± anek±k±ra½ sabbasaªkh±re sammasitv± sot±pattimagga½ paµivijjhanto y±va an±g±miphala½ sacchikarontopi uppajjam±no eva n±ma, arahattamaggakkhaºe uppajjati n±ma, arahattaphalakkhaºe pana uppanno n±ma. Buddh±nañhi s±vak±na½ viya na paµip±µiy± iddhividhañ±º±d²na½ upp±danakicca½ atthi, saheva pana arahattamaggena sakalopi buddhaguºar±si ±gatova n±ma hoti. Tasm± te nibbattasabbakiccatt± arahattaphalakkhaºe uppann± n±ma honti. Idha arahattaphalakkhaºa½ sandh±ya “uppajjat²”ti vutto. Uppanno hot²ti ayañhettha attho.
S±vakopi kh²º±savo s±vakabodhiy± hetubh³te puññasambh±re sambharanto pubbayoga½ pubbacariya½ gatapacc±gatavatta½ p³rento carimabhave nibbattanto anukkamena viññuta½ patv± sa½s±re ±d²nava½ disv± pabbajj±ya cetayam±no pabbajja½ matthaka½ p±petv± s²l±d²ni parip³rento dhutadhamme sam±d±ya vattam±no j±gariya½ anuyuñjanto ñ±º±ni nibbattento vipassana½ paµµhapetv± heµµhimamagge adhigacchantopi uppajjam±no eva n±ma, arahattamaggakkhaºe uppajjati n±ma, arahattaphalakkhaºe pana uppanno n±ma. Sekkho pana pubb³panissayato paµµh±ya y±va gotrabhuñ±º± uppajjam±no n±ma, paµhamamaggakkhaºe uppajjati n±ma, paµhamaphalakkhaºato paµµh±ya uppanno n±ma. Ett±vat± “tayome, bhikkhave, puggal± loke uppajjam±n± uppajjant²”ti pad±na½ attho vutto hoti.
Id±ni bahujanahit±y±ti-±d²su bahujanahit±y±ti mah±janassa hitatth±ya. Bahujanasukh±y±ti mah±janassa sukhatth±ya. Lok±nukamp±y±ti sattalokassa anukampa½ paµicca. Katarasattalokass±ti Yo tath±gatassa dhammadesana½ sutv± dhamma½ paµivijjhati, amatap±na½ pivati, tassa. Bhagavato hi dhammacakkappavattanasuttantadesan±ya aññ±takoº¹aññappamukh± aµµh±rasa brahmakoµiyo dhamma½ paµivijjhi½su. Eva½ y±va subhaddaparibb±jakavinayan± dhamma½ paµividdhasatt±na½ gaºan± natthi, mah±samayasuttantadesan±ya½ maªgalasutta½, c³¼ar±hulov±da½, samacittadesan±yanti imesu cat³su µh±nesu abhisamaya½ pattasatt±na½ paricchedo natthi. Evametassa aparim±ºassa sattalokassa anukamp±ya. S±vakassa pana arahato sekkhassa ca lok±nukamp±ya uppatti dhammasen±pati-±d²hi dhammabhaº¹±g±rik±d²hi ca desitadesan±ya paµivedhappattasatt±na½ vasena, aparabh±ge ca mah±mahindatther±d²hi desitadesan±ya paµividdhasacc±na½ vasena, y±vajjatan± ito para½ an±gate ca s±sana½ niss±ya saggamokkhamaggesu patiµµhahant±na½ vasenapi ayamattho vibh±vetabbo.
Apica bahujanahit±y±ti bahujanassa hitatth±ya, nesa½ paññ±sampattiy± diµµhadhammikasampar±yikahit³padesakoti. Bahujanasukh±y±ti bahujanassa sukhatth±ya, c±gasampattiy± upakaraºasukhasampad±yakoti. Lok±nukamp±y±ti lokassa anukampanatth±ya, mett±karuº±sampattiy± m±t±pitaro viya lokassa rakkhit± gopit±ti. Atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya devamanuss±nanti idha devamanussaggahaºena bhabbapuggale veneyyasatte eva gahetv± tesa½ nibb±namaggaphal±dhigam±ya tath±gatassa uppatti dassit± paµhamav±re, dutiyatatiyav±resu pana arahato sekkhassa ca vasena yojetabba½. Tattha atth±y±ti imin± paramatth±ya, nibb±n±y±ti vutta½ hoti. Hit±y±ti ta½samp±pakamaggatth±y±ti vutta½ hoti. Nibb±nasamp±pakamaggato hi uttari½ hita½ n±ma natthi. Sukh±y±ti phalasam±pattisukhatth±y±ti vutta½ hoti, tato uttari sukh±bh±vato. Vuttañheta½ “aya½ sam±dhi paccuppannasukho ceva ±yatiñca sukhavip±ko”ti (d². ni. 3.355; a. ni. 5.27; vibha. 804).
Tath±gatoti-±d²na½ pad±na½ attho heµµh± vutto. Vijj±caraºasampannoti-±d²su tissopi vijj± bhayabherave (ma. ni. 1.34 ±dayo) ±gatanayena, chapi vijj± cha¼abhiññ±vasena, aµµhapi vijj± ambaµµhasutte ±gat±ti vijj±hi, s²lasa½var±d²hi, pannarasahi caraºadhammehi ca, anaññas±dh±raºehi sampanno samann±gatoti vijj±caraºasampanno. Sobhanagamanatt±, sundara½ µh±na½ gatatt±, samm± gatatt±, samm± gadatt± ca sugato. Sabbath± viditalokatt± lokavid³. Natthi etassa uttaroti anuttaro. Purisadamme purisaveneyye s±reti vinet²ti purisadammas±rathi. Diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi yath±raha½ anus±sat²ti satth±. Sabbass±pi neyyassa sabbappak±rena sayambhuñ±ºena buddhatt± buddhoti ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimaggato (visuddhi. 1.132-133) gahetabbo.
So dhamma½ deseti ±di…pe… pariyos±nakaly±ºanti so bhagav± sattesu k±ruñña½ paµicca hitv±pi anuttara½ vivekasukha½ dhamma½ deseti. Tañca kho appa½ v± bahu½ v± desento ±dikaly±º±dippak±rameva deseti. Katha½? Ekag±th±pi hi samantabhaddakatt± dhammassa paµhamap±dena ±dikaly±º±, dutiyatatiyehi majjhekaly±º±, pacchimena pariyos±nakaly±º±. Ek±nusandhika½ sutta½ nid±nena ±dikaly±ºa½, nigamanena pariyos±nakaly±ºa½, sesena majjhekaly±ºa½. N±n±nusandhika½ sutta½ paµhamena anusandhin± ±dikaly±ºa½, pacchimena pariyos±nakaly±ºa½, sesehi majjhekaly±ºa½. Sakalopi v± s±sanadhammo attano atthabh³tena s²lena ±dikaly±ºo, samathavipassan±maggaphalehi majjhekaly±ºo, nibb±nena pariyos±nakaly±ºo. S²lasam±dh²hi v± ±dikaly±ºo, vipassan±maggehi majjhekaly±ºo, phalanibb±nehi pariyos±nakaly±ºo. Buddhasubuddhat±ya v± ±dikaly±ºo, dhammasudhammat±ya majjhekaly±ºo, saªghasuppaµipattiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo. Ta½ sutv± tathatt±ya paµipannena adhigantabb±ya abhisambodhiy± v± ±dikaly±ºo, paccekabodhiy± majjhekaly±ºo, s±vakabodhiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo. Suyyam±no cesa n²varaºavikkhambhanato savanenapi kaly±ºameva ±vahat²ti ±dikaly±ºo, paµipajjiyam±no samathavipassan±sukh±vahanato paµipattiy±pi sukhameva ±vahat²ti majjhekaly±ºo, tath±paµipanno ca paµipattiphale niµµhite t±dibh±v±vahanato paµipattiphalenapi kaly±ºameva ±vahat²ti pariyos±nakaly±ºo. N±thappabhavatt± ca pabhavasuddhiy± ±dikaly±ºo, atthasuddhiy± majjhekaly±ºo, kiccasuddhiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo. Tena vutta½ “so dhamma½ deseti ±di…pe… pariyos±nakaly±ºan”ti.
Ya½ pana bhagav± dhamma½ desento s±sanabrahmacariya½ maggabrahmacariyañca pak±seti, n±n±nayehi d²peti, ta½ yath±nur³pa½ atthasampattiy± s±ttha½, byañjanasampattiy± sabyañjana½. Saªk±sana, pak±sana, vivaraºa, vibhajana, utt±n²karaºa paññatti-atthapadasam±yogato s±ttha½, akkharapadabyañjan±k±raniruttiniddesasampattiy± sabyañjana½, atthagambh²rat±paµivedhagambh²rat±hi v± s±ttha½, dhammagambh²rat±desan±gambh²rat±hi sabyañjana½. Atthapaµibh±napaµisambhid±visayato v± s±ttha½, dhammaniruttipaµisambhid±visayato sabyañjana½. Paº¹itavedan²yato parikkhakajanappas±dakanti s±ttha½, saddheyyato lokiyajanappas±dakanti sabyañjana½. Gambh²r±dhipp±yato s±ttha½, utt±napadato sabyañjana½. Upanetabbassa abh±vato sakalaparipuººabh±vena kevalaparipuººa½, apanetabbassa abh±vato niddosabh±vena parisuddha½, apica paµipattiy± adhigamabyattito s±ttha½, pariyattiy± ±gamabyattito sabyañjana½, s²l±dipañcadhammakkhandhap±rip³riy± paripuººa½, nirupakkilesato nittharaºatth±ya pavattito lok±misanirapekkhato ca parisuddha½, sikkhattayapariggahitatt± brahmabh³tehi seµµhehi caritabbato tesa½ cariyabh±vato ca brahmacariya½. Tasm± “s±ttha½ sabyañjana½…pe… pak±set²”ti vuccati. Paµhamoti gaºan±nupubbato sabbalokuttamabh±vato ca paµhamo puggalo.
Tasseva satthu s±vakoti tasseva yath±vuttaguºassa satthu samm±sambuddhassa dhammadesan±ya savanante j±to dhammasen±patisadiso s±vako, na p³raº±di viya paµiññ±mattena satthu s±vako. P±µipadoti paµipad±saªkh±tena ariyamaggena ariy±ya j±tiy± j±to bhavoti p±µipado, aniµµhitapaµipattikicco paµipajjam±noti attho. Suttageyy±di pariyattidhammo bahu½ suto eten±ti bahussuto. P±timokkhasa½var±dis²lena ceva ±raññikaªg±didhutaªgavatehi ca upapanno sampanno samann±gatoti s²lavat³papanno. Iti bhagav± “lok±nukamp± n±ma hitajjh±sayena dhammadesan±, s± ca imesu eva t²su puggalesu paµibaddh±”ti dasseti. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.
G±th±su tassanvayoti tasseva satthu paµipattiy± dhammadesan±ya ca anugamanena tassanvayo anuj±to. Avijjandhak±ra½ vidhamitv± saparasant±nesu dhamm±lokasaªkh±t±ya pabh±ya karaºato pabhaªkar±. Dhammamud²rayant±ti catusaccadhamma½ kathent±. Ap±purant²ti uggh±µenti. Amatassa nibb±nassa. Dv±ra½ ariyamagga½. Yog±ti k±mayog±dito. Satthav±hen±ti veneyyasatthav±hanato bhavakant±ranittharaºato satthav±ho, bhagav±, tena satthav±hena. Sudesita½ maggamanukkamant²ti tena samm± desita½ ariyamagga½ tassa desan±nus±rena anugacchanti paµipajjanti. Idhev±ti imasmi½yeva attabh±ve. Sesa½ utt±nameva.

Pañcamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.