3. Devasaddasuttavaººan±

82. Tatiye deves³ti µhapetv± ar³p±vacaradeve ceva asaññadeve ca tadaññesu upapattidevesu. Devasadd±ti dev±na½ p²tisamud±h±rasadd±. Niccharant²ti aññamañña½ ±l±pasall±pavasena pavattanti. Samay± samaya½ up±d±y±ti samayato samaya½ paµicca. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yasmi½ k±le µhit± te dev± ta½ k±la½ ±gamma na½ passissanti, tato ta½ samaya½ sampatta½ ±gamm±ti. “Samaya½ samaya½ up±d±y±”ti ca keci paµhanti, tesa½ ta½ ta½ samaya½ paµicc±ti attho. Yasmi½ samayeti yad± “aµµhikaªkal³pam± k±m±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.234; p±ci. 417), “samb±dho ghar±v±so”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.191; sa½. ni. 2.154) ca k±mesu ghar±v±se ca ±d²nav±, tappaµipakkhato nekkhamme ±nisa½s± ca sudiµµh± honti, tasmi½ samaye. Tad± hissa ekantena pabbajj±ya citta½ namati. Ariyas±vakoti ariyassa buddhassa bhagavato s±vako, s±vakabh±va½ upagantuk±mo, ariyas±vako v± avassa½bh±v² Antimabhavika½ s±vakabodhisatta½ sandh±ya ayam±rambho. Kesamassu½ oh±retv±ti kese ca massuñca oh±retv± apanetv±. K±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv±ti kas±yena rattat±ya k±s±y±ni brahmacariya½ carant±na½ anucchavik±ni vatth±ni niv±setv± ceva p±rupitv± ca. Ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajj±ya cetet²ti ag±rasm± ghar± nikkhamitv± anag±riya½ pabbajja½ pabbajeyyanti pabbajj±ya ceteti pakappeti, pabbajat²ti attho. Ettha ca yasm± ag±rassa hita½ kasivaºijj±dikamma½ ag±riyanti vuccati, tañca pabbajj±ya natthi, tasm± pabbajj± anag±riyanti ñ±tabb±.
M±ren±ti kilesam±rena. Saªg±m±ya cetet²ti yujjhanatth±ya citta½ upp±deti, m±ra½ abhivijetu½ sannayhati. Yasm± pana evar³passa paµipajjanakapuggalassa devaputtam±ropi antar±y±ya upakkamati, tasm± tassapi vasena m±ren±ti ettha devaputtam±ren±tipi attho veditabbo. Tass±pi aya½ icch±vigh±ta½ karissatev±ti. Yasm± pana pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya khuraggato v± paµµh±ya s²l±ni sam±diyanto parisodhento samathavipassan±su kamma½ karonto yath±raha½ tadaªgappah±navikkhambhanappah±n±na½ vasena kilesam±ra½ parip±teti n±ma, na yujjhati n±ma sampah±rassa abh±vato, tasm± vutta½ “m±rena saddhi½ saªg±m±ya cetet²”ti.
Sattannanti koµµh±sato sattanna½, pabhedato pana te sattati½sa honti. Katha½? Catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, catt±ro sammappadh±n±, catt±ro iddhip±d±, pañcindriy±ni, pañca bal±ni, satta bojjhaªg± ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggoti. Eva½ pabhedato sattati½savidh±pi satipaµµh±n±dikoµµh±sato satteva hont²ti vutta½ “sattannan”ti. Bodhipakkhiy±nanti bujjhanaµµhena bodh²ti laddhan±massa ariyapuggalassa maggañ±ºasseva v± pakkhe bhav±na½ bodhipakkhiy±na½ bodhikoµµh±siy±nanti attho. “Bodhipakkhik±nan”tipi p±µho, bodhipakkhavant±na½, bodhipakkhe v± niyutt±nanti attho. Bh±van±nuyogamanuyuttoti vipassana½ ussukk±petv± ariyamaggabh±van±nuyogamanuyutto. Vipassan±kkhaºe hi satipaµµh±n±dayo pariy±yena bodhipakkhiy± n±ma, maggakkhaºeyeva pana te nippariy±yena bodhipakkhiy± n±ma honti.
¾sav±na½ khay±ti k±m±sav±d²na½ sabbesa½ ±sav±na½ khay±. ¾savesu hi kh²ºesu sabbe kiles± kh²º±yeva honti. Tena arahattamaggo vutto hoti. An±savanti ±savavirahita½. Cetovimutti½ paññ±vimuttinti ettha cetovacanena arahattaphalasam±dhi, paññ±vacanena ta½sampayutt± ca paññ± vutt±. Tattha sam±dhi r±gato vimuttatt± cetovimutti, paññ± avijj±ya vimuttatt± paññ±vimutt²ti veditabb±. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Yo hissa, bhikkhave, sam±dhi, tadassa sam±dhindriya½. Y± hissa, bhikkhave, paññ±, tadassa paññindriya½. Iti kho, bhikkhave, r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutt²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.516).
Apicettha samathaphala½ cetovimutti, vipassan±phala½ paññ±vimutt²ti veditabb±. Diµµheva dhammeti imasmi½yeva attabh±ve. Saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv±ti attan±yeva abhivisiµµh±ya paññ±ya paccakkha½ katv± aparappaccayena ñatv±. Upasampajja viharat²ti p±puºitv± samp±detv± viharati. Tameva saªg±mas²sa½ abhivijiya ajjh±vasat²ti m±ra½ abhivijinitv± vijitavijayatt± tena katasaªg±masaªkh±tassa ariyamaggassa s²sabh³ta½ arahattaphalasam±patti-issariyaµµh±na½, abhibhavanto ±vasati, sam±pajjati icceva attho. Ime ca devasadd± diµµhasaccesu devesu pavattanti, visesato suddh±v±sadeves³ti veditabba½.
G±th±su mahantanti s²l±diguºamahattena mahanta½. V²tas±radanti s±rajjakar±na½ kiles±na½ abh±vena vigatas±rajja½ apagatamaªkubh±va½. Puris±jaññ±ti ass±d²su ass±j±n²y±dayo viya purisesu ±j±n²yabh³t± uttamapuris±. Dujjayamajjhabh³ti pacurajanehi jetu½ asakkuºeyya½ kilesav±hini½ abhibhavi ajjhotthari. “Ajjay²”tipi paµhanti, ajin²ti attho. Jetv±na maccuno sena½, vimokkhena an±varanti lokattay±bhiby±panato diya¹¹hasahass±divibh±gato ca vipulatt± aññehi ±varitu½ paµisedhetu½ asakkuºeyyatt± ca an±vara½, maccuno m±rassa sena½ vimokkhena ariyamaggena jetv± yo tva½ dujjaya½ ajayi, tassa namo, te puris±jaññ±ti sambandho.
It²ti vuttappak±rena. Hi-iti nip±tamatta½. Eta½ pattam±nasa½ adhigat±rahatta½ kh²º±sava½ devat± namassant²ti vuttamevattha½ nigamanavasena dasseti. Atha v± it²ti imin± k±raºena. Ki½ pana eta½ k±raºa½? Namucisen±vijayena pattam±nasatta½. Imin± k±raºena ta½ devat± namassant²ti attho. Id±ni ta½ k±raºa½ phalato dassetu½ “tañhi tassa na passanti, yena maccuvasa½ vaje”ti vutta½. Tassattho– yasm± tassa puris±jaññassa paºidh±ya gavesant±pi dev± aºumattampi ta½ k±raºa½ na passanti, yena so maccuno maraºassa vasa½ vaje upagaccheyya. Tasm± ta½ visuddhidev± namassant²ti.

Tatiyasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.