Kasm± panettha bhagav± att±na½ p±µibhogabh±ve µhapesi? Tesa½ bhikkh³na½ an±g±mimagg±dhigam±ya uss±hajananattha½. Passati hi bhagav± “may± ‘ekadhamma½, bhikkhave, pajahatha, aha½ vo p±µibhogo an±g±mit±y±’ti vutte ime bhikkh³ addh± ta½ ekadhamma½ pah±ya sakk± tatiyabh³mi½ samadhigantu½, yato dhammass±mi paµhamam±ha ‘aha½ p±µibhogo’ti uss±haj±t± tadatth±ya paµipajjitabba½ mańńissant²”ti. Tasm± uss±hajananattha½ an±g±mit±ya tesa½ bhikkh³na½ att±na½ p±µibhogabh±ve µhapesi.
Katama½ ekadhammanti ettha katamanti pucch±vacana½. Pucch± ca n±mes± pańcavidh±– adiµµhajotan±pucch±, diµµhasa½sandan±pucch±, vimaticchedan±pucch±, anumatipucch± kathetukamyat±pucch±ti. Tattha pakatiy± lakkhaŗa½ ańń±ta½ hoti adiµµha½ atulita½ at²rita½ avibh³ta½ avibh±vita½, tassa ń±ŗ±ya dassan±ya tulan±ya t²raŗ±ya vibh³tatth±ya vibh±vanatth±ya pańha½ pucchati, aya½ adiµµhajotan±pucch±. Pakatiy± lakkhaŗa½ ń±ta½ hoti diµµha½ tulita½ t²rita½ vibh³ta½ vibh±vita½. So ańńehi paŗ¹itehi saddhi½ sa½sandanatth±ya pańha½ pucchati, aya½ diµµhasa½sandan±pucch±. Pakatiy± sa½sayapakkhando hoti vimatipakkhando dve¼hakaj±to– “eva½ nu kho, na nu kho, ki½ nu kho, katha½ nu kho”ti, so vimaticchedanatth±ya pańha½ pucchati, aya½ vimaticchedan±pucch±. Bhagav± hi anumatiggahaŗattha½ pańha½ pucchati– “ta½ ki½ mańńatha, bhikkhave, r³pa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 3.59; mah±va. 21), aya½ anumatipucch±. Bhagav± bhikkh³na½ kathetukamyat±ya pańha½ pucchati– “catt±rome, bhikkhave, ±h±r± bh³t±na½ v± satt±na½ µhitiy± sambhaves²na½ v± anuggah±ya. Katame catt±ro”ti (sa½. ni. 2.11) aya½ kathetukamyat±pucch±.
Tattha purim± tisso pucch± buddh±na½ natthi. Kasm±? T²su hi addh±su kińci saŖkhata½ addh±vimutta½ v± asaŖkhata½ samm±sambuddh±na½ adiµµha½ atulita½ at²rita½ avibh³ta½ avibh±vita½ n±ma natthi. Tena nesa½ adiµµhajotan±pucch± natthi. Ya½ pana tehi attano ń±ŗena paµividdha½, tassa ańńena samaŗena v± br±hmaŗena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± saddhi½ sa½sandanakicca½ natthi, tena nesa½ diµµhasa½sandan±pucch±pi natthi. Yasm± pana buddh± bhagavanto akatha½kath² tiŗŗavicikicch± sabbadhammesu vigatasa½say±, tena nesa½ vimaticchedan±pucch±pi natthi. Itar± pana dve pucch± atthi, t±su aya½ kathetukamyat±pucch±ti veditabb±.
Id±ni t±ya pucch±ya puµµhamattha½ sar³pato dassento “lobha½, bhikkhave, ekadhamman”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha lubbhanti tena, saya½ v± lubbhati, lubbhanamattameva v± tanti lobho. Sv±ya½ ±rammaŗaggahaŗalakkhaŗo makkaµ±lepo viya, abhisaŖgaraso tattakap±le pakkhittama½sapesi viya, aparicc±gapaccupaµµh±no telańjanar±go viya, sa½yojaniyesu dhammesu ass±dadassanapadaµµh±no, taŗh±nadibh±vena va¹¹ham±no yattha samuppanno, s²ghasot± nad² viya mah±samudda½ ap±yameva ta½ satta½ gahetv± gacchat²ti daµµhabbo. Kińc±pi aya½ lobhasaddo sabbalobhas±mańńavacano, idha pana k±mar±gavacanoti veditabbo. So hi an±g±mimaggavajjho.
Puna bhikkhaveti ±lapana½ dhammassa paµigg±hakabh±vena abhimukh²bh³t±na½ tattha ±darajananattha½. Pajahath±ti imin± pah±n±bhisamayo vihito, so ca parińń±sacchikiriy±bh±van±bhisamayehi saddhi½ eva pavattati, na visunti catusacc±dhiµµh±n±ni catt±ripi samm±diµµhiy± kicc±ni vihit±neva honti. Yath± ca “lobha½ pajahath±”ti vutte pah±nekaµµhabh±vato dos±d²nampi pah±na½ atthato vuttameva hoti, eva½ samudayasaccavisaye samm±diµµhikicce pah±n±bhisamaye vutte tass± sahak±r²k±raŗabh³t±na½ samm±saŖkapp±d²na½ sesamaggaŖg±nampi samudayasaccavisayakicca½ atthato vuttameva hot²ti paripuŗŗo ariyamaggaby±p±ro idha kathitoti daµµhabbo. Imin± nayena satipaµµh±n±d²nampi bodhipakkhiyadhamm±na½ by±p±rassa idha vuttabh±vo yath±raha½ vitth±retabbo.
Apicettha lobha½ pajahath±ti etena pah±naparińń± vutt±. S± ca t²raŗaparińń±dhiµµh±n±, t²raŗaparińń± ca ń±taparińń±dhiµµh±n±ti avin±bh±vena tissopi parińń± bodhit± honti. Evamettha saha phalena catusaccakammaµµh±na½ paripuŗŗa½ katv± pak±sitanti daµµhabba½. Atha v± lobha½ pajahath±ti saha phalena ń±ŗadassanavisuddhi desit±. S± ca paµipad±ń±ŗadassanavisuddhisannissay±…pe… cittavisuddhis²lavisuddhisannissay± c±ti n±nantarikabh±vena saha phalena sabb±pi satta visuddhiyo vibh±vit±ti veditabba½.
Evamet±ya visuddhikkamabh±van±ya parińń±ttayasamp±danena lobha½ pajahituk±mena–
“Anatthajanano lobho, lobho cittappakopano;
bhayamantarato j±ta½, ta½ jano n±vabujjhati.
“Luddho attha½ na j±n±ti, luddho dhamma½ na passati;
andhatama½ tad± hoti, ya½ lobho sahate nara½”. (Itivu. 88).
Ratto kho, ±vuso, r±gena abhibh³to pariy±dinnacitto p±ŗampi hanati, adinnampi ±diyati, sandhimpi chindati, nillopampi harati, ek±g±rikampi karoti, paripanthepi tiµµhati, parad±rampi gacchati, mus±pi bhaŗati. Tadapi tesa½ bhavata½ samaŗabr±hmaŗ±na½ aj±nata½ apassata½ avedayata½ taŗh±nugat±na½ paritassita½ vipphanditameva (a. ni. 3.54).
“Taŗh±dutiyo puriso, d²ghamaddh±na sa½sara½;
itthabh±vańńath±bh±va½, sa½s±ra½ n±tivattati”. (Itivu. 15, 105).
“Natthi r±gasamo aggi, natthi dosasamo kali”. (Dha. pa. 202, 251).
“K±mar±gena ¹ayh±mi, citta½ me pari¹ayhati”. (Sa½. ni. 1.212).
“Ye r±garatt±nupatanti sota½, saya½kata½ makkaµakova j±lan”ti. (Dha. pa. 347) ca–

Evam±disuttapad±nus±rena n±n±nayehi lobhassa ±d²nava½ paccavekkhitv± tassa pah±n±ya paµipajjitabba½.

Apica cha dhamm± k±mar±gassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti, asubhanimittassa uggaho, asubhabh±van±nuyogo, indriyesu guttadv±rat±, bhojane mattańńut±, kaly±ŗamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti. Dasavidhańhi asubhanimitta½ uggaŗhantass±pi k±mar±go pah²yati, k±yagat±satibh±van±vasena savińń±ŗake uddhum±tak±divasena avińń±ŗake asubhe asubhabh±van±nuyogamanuyuttass±pi, manacchaµµhesu indriyesu sa½varaŗavasena satikav±µena pihitadv±rass±pi catunna½ pańcanna½ v± ±lop±na½ ok±se sati udaka½ pivitv± y±panas²lat±ya bhojane mattańńunopi. Tenev±ha–
“Catt±ro pańca ±lope, abhutv± udaka½ pive;
ala½ ph±suvih±r±ya, pahitattassa bhikkhuno”ti. (Therag±. 983).
Asubhakammaµµh±nabh±van±rate kaly±ŗamitte sevantass±pi, µh±nanisajj±d²su dasa-asubhanissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tenev±ha–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, asubhanimitta½, tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro, ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± k±macchandassa anupp±d±ya uppannassa v± k±macchandassa pah±n±y±”ti.
Eva½ pubbabh±ge k±mar±gasaŖkh±tassa lobhassa pah±n±ya paµipanno vipassana½ ussukk±petv± tatiyamaggena ta½ anavasesato samucchindati. Tena vutta½ “lobha½, bhikkhave, ekadhamma½ pajahatha, aha½ vo p±µibhogo an±g±mit±y±”ti.
Etth±ha “ko panettha lobho pah²yati, ki½ at²to, atha an±gato, ud±hu paccuppanno”ti? Kińcettha– na t±va at²to lobho pah²yeyya, na an±gato v± tesa½ abh±vato. Na hi niruddha½ anuppanna½ v± atth²ti vuccati, v±y±mo ca aphalo ±pajjati. Atha paccuppanno, evampi aphalo v±y±mo tassa sarasabhaŖgatt±, sa½kiliµµh± ca maggabh±van± ±pajjati, cittavippayutto v± lobho siy±, na c±ya½ nayo icchitoti. Vuccate– na vuttanayena at²t±n±gatapaccuppanno lobho pah²yati. Seyyath±pi idha taruŗarukkho asańj±taphalo, ta½ puriso kuµh±riy± m³le chindeyya, tassa rukkhassa chede asati y±ni phal±ni nibbatteyyu½, t±ni rukkhassa chinnatt± aj±t±ni eva na j±yeyyu½, evameva ariyamagg±dhigame asati uppajjan±raho lobho ariyamagg±dhigamena paccayagh±tassa katatt± na uppajjati. Ayańhi aµµhakath±su “bh³miladdhuppanno”ti vuccati. Vipassan±ya hi ±rammaŗabh³t± pańcakkhandh± tassa uppajjanaµµh±nat±ya bh³mi n±ma. S± bh³mi tena laddh±ti katv± bh³miladdhuppanno. ¾rammaŗ±dhiggahituppanno avikkhambhituppanno asam³hatuppannoti ca ayameva vuccati.
Tatth±ti tasmi½ sutte. Etanti eta½ atthaj±ta½. Id±ni g±th±bandhavasena vuccam±na½. Iti vuccat²ti kena pana vuccati? Bhagavat± va. Ańńesu hi t±disesu µh±nesu saŖg²tik±rehi upanibandhag±th± honti, idha pana bhagavat± va g±th±rucik±na½ puggal±na½ ajjh±sayavasena vuttamevattha½ saŖgahetv± g±th± bh±sit±.
Tattha yena lobhena luddh±se, satt± gacchanti duggatinti yena ±rammaŗaggahaŗalakkhaŗena tato eva abhisaŖgarasena lobhena luddh± ajjhattikab±hiresu ±yatanesu giddh± gadhit±. Seti hi nip±tamatta½. Akkharacintak± pana ²disesu µh±nesu se-k±r±gama½ icchanti. Tath± luddhatt± eva k±yasucarit±d²su kińci sucarita½ akatv± k±yaduccarit±d²ni ca upacinitv± r³p±d²su sattavisattat±ya satt±ti laddhan±m± p±ŗino dukkhassa nibbattiµµh±nat±ya duggat²ti saŖkha½ gata½ niraya½ tiracch±nayoni½ pettivisayańca paµisandhiggahaŗavasena gacchanti upapajjanti.
Ta½ lobha½ sammadańń±ya, pajahanti vipassinoti ta½ yath±vutta½ lobha½ sabh±vato samudayato atthaŖgamato ass±dato ±d²navato nissaraŗatoti imehi ±k±rehi samm± avipar²ta½ hetun± ń±yena ańń±ya ń±tat²raŗaparińń±saŖkh±t±ya pańń±ya j±nitv± r³p±dike pańcup±d±nakkhandhe anicc±d²hi vividhehi ±k±rehi passanato vipassino avasiµµhakilese vipassan±pańń±pubbaŖgam±ya maggapańń±ya samucchedappah±navasena pajahanti, na puna attano sant±ne uppajjitu½ denti. Pah±ya na pun±yanti, ima½ loka½ kud±cananti eva½ sahajekaµµhapah±nekaµµhehi avasiµµhakilesehi saddhi½ ta½ lobha½ an±g±mimaggena pajahitv± puna pacch± ima½ k±madh±tusaŖkh±ta½ loka½ paµisandhiggahaŗavasena kad±cipi na ±gacchanti orambh±giy±na½ sa½yojan±na½ suppah²natt±. Iti bhagav± an±g±miphalena desana½ niµµh±pesi.
Ayampi atthoti nid±n±vas±nato pabhuti y±va g±th±pariyos±n± imin± suttena pak±sito attho. Api-saddo id±ni vakkham±nasuttatthasampiŗ¹ano. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Imasmi½ sutte samudayasacca½ sar³peneva ±gata½, pah±n±padesena maggasacca½. Itara½ saccadvayańca tadubhayahetut±ya niddh±retabba½. G±th±ya pana dukkhasamudayamaggasacc±ni yath±rutavaseneva ń±yanti, itara½ niddh±retabba½. Eseva nayo ito paresupi suttesu.

Paramatthad²paniy± khuddakanik±ya-aµµhakath±ya

Itivuttakavaŗŗan±ya paµhamasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.