2. Dutiyavaggo

1. Puññakiriyavatthusuttavaººan±

60. Dutiyavaggassa paµhame puññakiriyavatth³n²ti pujjabhavaphala½ nibbattenti, attano sant±na½ punant²ti v± puññ±ni, puññ±ni ca t±ni hetupaccayehi kattabbato kiriy± c±ti puññakiriy±. T± eva ca tesa½ tesa½ ±nisa½s±na½ vatthubh±vato puññakiriyavatth³ni. D±namayanti anupacchinnabhavam³lassa anuggahavasena p³j±vasena v± attano deyyadhammassa paresa½ paricc±gacetan± d²yati et±y±ti d±na½, d±nameva d±namaya½. C²var±d²su hi cat³su paccayesu ann±d²su v± dasasu d±navatth³su r³p±d²su v± chasu ±rammaºesu ta½ ta½ dentassa tesa½ upp±danato paµµh±ya pubbabh±ge paricc±gak±le pacch± somanassacittena anussaraºe c±ti t²su k±lesu vuttanayena pavattacetan± d±namaya½ puññakiriyavatthu n±ma.
S²lamayanti niccas²la-uposathaniyam±divasena pañca, aµµha, dasa v± s²l±ni sam±diyantassa s²lap³raºattha½ pabbajiss±m²ti vih±ra½ gacchantassa pabbajantassa manoratha½ matthaka½ p±petv± “pabbajito vatamhi s±dhu suµµh³”ti ±vajjentassa saddh±ya p±timokkha½ parip³rentassa paññ±ya c²var±dike paccavekkhantassa satiy± ±p±thagatesu r³p±d²su cakkhudv±r±d²ni sa½varantassa v²riyena ±j²va½ sodhentassa ca pavatt± cetan± s²lat²ti s²lamaya½ puññakiriyavatthu n±ma.
Tath± paµisambhid±ya½ (paµi. ma. 1.48) vuttena vipassan±maggena cakkhu½ aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassantassa sota½, gh±na½, jivha½, k±ya½, mana½. R³pe…pe… dhamme, cakkhuviññ±ºa½…pe… manoviññ±ºa½. Cakkhusamphassa½…pe… manosamphassa½, cakkhusamphassaja½ vedana½…pe… manosamphassaja½ vedana½. R³pasañña½…pe… dhammasañña½. Jar±maraºa½ aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassantassa y± cetan±, y± ca pathav²kasiº±d²su aµµhati½s±ya ±rammaºesu pavatt± jh±nacetan±, y± ca anavajjesu kamm±yatanasipp±yatanavijj±µµh±nesu paricayamanasik±r±divasena pavatt± cetan±, sabb± bh±veti et±y±ti bh±van±maya½ vuttanayena puññakiriyavatthu c±ti.
Ekamekañcettha yath±raha½ pubbabh±gato paµµh±ya k±yena karontassa k±yakamma½ hoti, tadattha½ v±ca½ nicch±rentassa vac²kamma½, k±yaªga½ v±caªgañca acopetv± manas± cintentassa manokamma½. Ann±d²ni dentassa c±pi “annad±n±d²ni dem²”ti v± d±nap±rami½ ±vajjetv± v± d±nak±le d±namaya½ puññakiriyavatthu hoti. Vattas²se µhatv± dadato s²lamaya½, khayato vayato kammato sammasana½ paµµhapetv± dadato bh±van±maya½ puññakiriyavatthu hoti.
Apar±nipi satta puññakiriyavatth³ni– apacitisahagata½ puññakiriyavatthu veyy±vaccasahagata½ patti-anuppad±na½ abbhanumodana½ desan±maya½ savanamaya½ diµµhijugata½ puññakiriyavatth³ti. Saraºagamanampi hi diµµhijugateneva saªgayhati. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ parato ±vi bhavissati.
Tattha vu¹¹hatara½ disv± paccuggamanapattac²varapaµiggahaº±bhiv±danamaggasampad±n±divasena apac±yanasahagata½ veditabba½. Vu¹¹hatar±na½ vattapaµipattikaraºavasena, g±ma½ piº¹±ya paviµµha½ bhikkhu½ disv± patta½ gahetv± g±me bhikkha½ samp±detv± upasa½haraºavasena “gaccha bhikkh³na½ patta½ ±har±”ti sutv± vegena gantv± patt±haraº±divasena ca veyy±vaccasahagata½ veditabba½. Catt±ro paccaye datv± pupphagandh±d²hi ratanattayassa p³ja½ katv± añña½ v± t±disa½ puñña½ katv± “sabbasatt±na½ patti hot³”ti pariº±mavasena patti-anuppad±na½ veditabba½. Tath± parehi dinn±ya pattiy± kevala½ v± parehi kata½ puñña½ “s±dhu, suµµh³”ti anumodanavasena abbhanumodana½ veditabba½. Attano paguºadhamma½ apacc±s²santo hitajjh±sayena paresa½ deseti– ida½ desan±maya½ puññakiriyavatthu n±ma. Ya½ pana eko “eva½ ma½ dhammakathikoti j±nissant²”ti icch±ya µhatv± l±bhasakk±rasilokasannissito dhamma½ deseti, ta½ na mahapphala½ hoti. “Addh± aya½ attahitaparahit±na½ paµipajjan³p±yo”ti yonisomanasik±rapurec±rikahitapharaºena muducittena dhamma½ suº±ti, ida½ savanamaya½ puññakiriyavatthu hoti. Ya½ paneko “iti ma½ saddhoti j±nissant²”ti suº±ti, ta½ na mahapphala½ hoti. Diµµhiy± ujugamana½ diµµhijugata½, “atthi dinnan”ti-±dinayappavattassa samm±dassanassa eta½ adhivacana½. Idañhi pubbabh±ge v± pacch±bh±ge v± ñ±ºavippayuttampi ujukaraºak±le ñ±ºasampayuttameva hoti. Apare pan±hu “vij±nanapaj±nanavasena dassana½ diµµhi kusalañca viññ±ºa½ kammassakat±ñ±º±di ca samm±dassanan”ti Tattha kusalena viññ±ºena ñ±ºassa anupp±depi attan± katapuññ±nussaraºavaºº±rahavaººan±d²na½ saªgaho, kammassakat±ñ±ºena kammapathasamm±diµµhiy± Itara½ pana diµµhijugata½ sabbesa½ niyamalakkhaºa½. Yañhi kiñci puñña½ karontassa diµµhiy± ujubh±veneva ta½ mahapphala½ hoti.
Imesa½ pana sattanna½ puññakiriyavatth³na½ purimehi t²hi d±namay±d²hi puññakiriyavatth³hi saªgaho. Tattha hi apac±yanaveyy±vacc±ni s²lamaye, patti-anuppad±na-abbhanumodan±ni d±namaye, dhammadesan±savan±ni bh±van±maye, diµµhijugata½ t²supi. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“T²ºim±ni, bhikkhave, puññakiriyavatth³ni. Katam±ni t²ºi? D±namaya½…pe… bh±van±maya½ puññakiriyavatth³”ti (a. ni. 8.36).
Ettha ca aµµhanna½ k±m±vacarakusalacetan±na½ vasena tiººampi puññakiriyavatth³na½ pavatti hoti. Yath± hi paguºa½ dhamma½ parivattentassa ekacce anusandhi½ asallakkhentasseva gacchanti, eva½ paguºa½ samathavipassan±bh±vana½ anuyuñjantassa antarantar± ñ±ºavippayuttacitten±pi manasik±ro pavattati. Sabba½ ta½ pana mahaggatakusalacetan±na½ vasena bh±van±mayameva puññakiriyavatthu hoti, na itar±ni. G±th±ya attho heµµh± vuttoyeva.

Paµhamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.