Aparo nayo– it²ti imin± pubbe vuttanayena n±nappak±rappaµivedhad²pakena attano atthapaµibh±napaµisambhid±sampattisabbh±va½ d²peti. Sutanti imin± itisaddasannidh±nato vakkham±n±pekkh±ya v± sotabbabhedappaµivedhad²pakena dhammaniruttipaµisambhid±sampattisabbh±va½ d²peti. It²ti ca ida½ vuttanayeneva yonisomanasik±rad²paka½ vacana½ bh±sam±no “ete may± dhamm± manas±nupekkhit± diµµhiy± suppaµividdh±”ti d²peti. Pariyattidhamm± hi “idha s²la½ kathita½, idha sam±dhi, idha pańń±, ettak± ettha anusandhiyo”ti-±din± nayena manas± anupekkhit± anussav±k±raparivitakkasahit±ya dhammanijjh±nakkhantibh³t±ya ń±taparińń±saŖkh±t±ya v± diµµhiy± tattha tattha vuttar³p±r³padhamme “iti r³pa½, ettaka½ r³pan”ti-±din± nayena suµµhu vavatthapetv± paµividdh± attano paresańca hitasukh±vah± hont²ti. Suttanti ida½ savanayogaparid²pakavacana½ bh±sam±no “bah³ may± dhamm± sut± dh±t± vacas± paricit±”ti d²peti. Sot±vadh±nappaµibaddh± hi pariyattidhammassa savanadh±raŗaparicay±. Tadubhayenapi dhammassa sv±kkh±tabh±vena atthabyańjanap±rip³ri½ d²pento savane ±dara½ janeti. Atthabyańjanaparipuŗŗańhi dhamma½ ±darena assuŗanto mahat± hit± parib±hiro hot²ti ±dara½ janetv± sakkacca½ dhammo sotabbo.
Iti me sutanti imin± pana sakalena vacanena ±yasm± ±nando tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ attano adahanto asappurisabh³mi½ atikkamati, s±vakatta½ paµij±nanto sappurisabh³mi½ okkamati. Tath± asaddhamm± citta½ vuµµh±peti, saddhamme citta½ patiµµh±peti. “Kevala½ sutameveta½ may±, tasseva pana bhagavato vacanan”ti d²pento att±na½ parimoceti, satth±ra½ apadisati, jinavacana½ appeti, dhammanetti½ patiµµh±peti.
Apica iti me sutanti attan± upp±ditabh±va½ appaµij±nanto purimassavana½ vivaranto sammukh± paµiggahitamida½ may± tassa bhagavato catuves±rajjavis±radassa dasabaladharassa ±sabhaµµh±naµµh±yino s²han±dan±dino sabbasattuttamassa dhammissarassa dhammar±jassa dhamm±dhipatino dhammad²passa dhammasaraŗassa saddhammavaracakkavattino samm±sambuddhassa. Na ettha atthe v± dhamme v± pade v± byańjane v± kaŖkh± v± vimati v± k±tabb±ti sabbadevamanuss±na½ imasmi½ dhammavinaye assaddhiya½ vin±seti, saddh±sampada½ upp±deti. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Vin±sayati assaddha½, saddha½ va¹¹heti s±sane;
iti me sutamicceva½, vada½ gotamas±vako”ti.
Etth±ha– “kasm± panettha yath± ańńesu suttesu ‘eva½ me suta½, eka½ samaya½ bhagav±’ti-±din± k±ladese apadisitv±va nid±na½ bh±sita½, eva½ na bh±sitan”ti? Apare t±va ±hu– na pana therena bh±sitatt±. Idańhi nid±na½ na ±yasmat± ±nandena paµhama½ bh±sita½ khujjuttar±ya pana bhagavat± up±sik±su bahussutabh±vena etadagge µhapit±ya sekkhappaµisambhid±ppatt±ya ariyas±vik±ya s±m±vatippamukh±na½ pańcanna½ itthisat±na½ paµhama½ bh±sita½.
Tatr±ya½ anupubb²kath±– ito kira kappasatasahassamatthake padumuttaro n±ma samm±sambuddho loke uppajjitv± pavattitavaradhammacakko ha½savatiya½ viharati. Athekadivasa½ ha½savatiya½ ek± kuladh²t± satthu dhammadesana½ sotu½ gacchant²hi up±sik±hi saddhi½ ±r±ma½ gat±. Satth±ra½ eka½ up±sika½ bahussut±na½ etadagge µhapenta½ disv± adhik±ra½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi. Satth±pi na½ by±k±si “an±gate gotamassa n±ma samm±sambuddhassa s±vik±na½ up±sik±na½ bahussut±na½ agg± bhavissat²”ti. Tass± y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devaloke nibbattitv± puna manusses³ti eva½ devamanussesu sa½sarantiy± kappasatasahassa½ atikkanta½. Atha imasmi½ bhaddakappe amh±ka½ bhagavato k±le s± devalokato cavitv± ghosakaseµµhissa gehe d±siy± kucchismi½ paµisandhi½ gaŗhi, uttar±tiss± n±ma½ aka½su. S± j±tak±le khujj± ahos²ti khujjuttar±tveva pańń±yittha. S± aparabh±ge ghosakaseµµhin± rańńo utenassa s±m±vatiy± dinnak±le tass± paric±rikabh±vena dinn± rańńo utenassa antepure vasati.
Tena ca samayena kosambiya½ ghosakaseµµhikukkuµaseµµhip±v±rikaseµµhino bhagavanta½ uddissa tayo vih±re k±retv± janapadac±rika½ carante tath±gate kosambinagara½ sampatte buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaŖghassa vih±re niyy±detv± mah±d±n±ni pavattesu½, m±samatta½ atikkami. Atha nesa½ etadahosi– “buddh± n±ma sabbalok±nukampak±, ańńesampi ok±sa½ dass±m±”ti kosambinagarav±sinopi janassa ok±sa½ aka½su. Tato paµµh±ya n±gar± v²thisabh±gena gaŗasabh±gena mah±d±na½ denti. Athekadivasa½ satth± bhikkhusaŖghaparivuto m±l±k±rajeµµhakassa gehe nis²di. Tasmi½ khaŗe khujjuttar± s±m±vatiy± pupph±ni gahetu½ aµµha kah±paŗe ±d±ya ta½ geha½ agam±si. M±l±k±rajeµµhako ta½ disv± “amma uttare, ajja tuyha½ pupph±ni d±tu½ khaŗo natthi, aha½ buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaŖgha½ parivis±mi, tvampi parivesan±ya sah±yik± hohi, eva½ ito paresa½ veyy±vaccakaraŗato muccissas²”ti ±ha. Tato khujjuttar± buddh±na½ bhattagge veyy±vacca½ ak±si. S± satth±r± upanisinnakath±vasena kathita½ sabbameva dhamma½ uggaŗhi, anumodana½ pana sutv± sot±pattiphale patiµµh±si.
S± ańńesu divasesu catt±rova kah±paŗe datv± pupph±ni gahetv± gacchati, tasmi½ pana divase diµµhasaccabh±vena parasantake citta½ anupp±detv± aµµhapi kah±paŗe datv± pacchi½ p³retv± pupph±ni gahetv± s±m±vatiy± santika½ agam±si. Atha na½ s± pucchi “amma uttare, tva½ ańńesu divasesu na bah³ni pupph±ni ±harasi, ajja pana bahuk±ni, ki½ no r±j± uttaritara½ pasanno”ti? S± mus± vattu½ abhabbat±ya at²te attan± kata½ anig³hitv± sabba½ kathesi. Atha “kasm± ajja bah³ni ±haras²”ti ca vutt± “ajj±ha½ samm±sambuddhassa dhamma½ sutv± amata½ sacch±k±si½, tasm± tumhe na vańcem²”ti ±ha. Ta½ sutv± “are duµµhad±si, ettaka½ k±la½ tay± gahite kah±paŗe deh²”ti atajjetv± pubbahetun± codiyam±n± “amma, tay± p²ta½ amata½, amhepi p±yeh²”ti vatv± “tena hi ma½ nh±peh²”ti vutte so¼asahi gandhodakaghaµehi nh±petv± dve maµµhas±µake d±pesi. S± eka½ niv±setv± eka½ p±rupitv± ±sana½ pańń±petv± ±sane nis²ditv± vicitrab²jani½ ±d±ya n²c±sanesu nisinn±ni pańca m±tug±masat±ni ±mantetv± sekhappaµisambhid±su µhatv± satth±r± desitaniy±meneva t±sa½ dhamma½ desesi. Desan±vas±ne t± sabb± sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi½su. T± sabb±pi khujjuttara½ vanditv± “amma, ajja paµµh±ya tva½ kiliµµhakamma½ m± kari, amh±ka½ m±tuµµh±ne ±cariyaµµh±ne ca patiµµh±h²”ti garuµµh±ne µhapayi½su.
Kasm± panes± d±s² hutv± nibbatt±ti? S± kira kassapasamm±sambuddhak±le b±r±ŗasiya½ seµµhidh²t± hutv± nibbatt±. Ek±ya kh²ŗ±savattheriy± upaµµh±kakula½ gat±ya “eta½ me ayye, pas±dhanape¼ika½ deth±”ti veyy±vacca½ k±resi. Ther²pi “adentiy± mayi ±gh±ta½ upp±detv± niraye nibbattissati, dentiy± paresa½ d±s² hutv± nibbattissati, nirayasant±pato d±sibh±vo seyyo”ti anuddaya½ paµicca tass± vacana½ ak±si. S± tena kammena pańca j±tisat±ni paresa½ d±s²yeva hutv± nibbatti.
Kasm± pana khujj± ahosi? Anuppanne kira buddhe aya½ b±r±ŗasirańńo gehe vasant² eka½ r±jakul³paka½ paccekabuddha½ thoka½ khujjadh±tuka½ disv± attan± sahav±s²na½ m±tug±m±na½ purato parih±sa½ karont² yath±vajja½ ke¼ivasena khujj±k±ra½ dassesi, tasm± khujj± hutv± nibbatti.
Ki½ pana katv± pańńavant² j±t±ti? Anuppanne kira buddhe aya½ b±r±ŗasirańńo gehe vasant² aµµha paccekabuddhe r±jagehato uŗhap±y±sassa p³rite patte parivattitv± parivattitv± gaŗhante disv± attano santak±ni aµµha dantavalay±ni “idha µhapetv± gaŗhath±”ti ad±si. Te tath± katv± olokesu½. “Tumh±kańńeva t±ni pariccatt±ni, gahetv± gacchath±”ti ±ha. Te nandam³lakapabbh±ra½ agama½su. Ajj±pi t±ni valay±ni arog±neva. S± tassa nissandena pańńavant² j±t±.
Atha na½ s±m±vatippamukh±ni pańca itthisat±ni “amma, tva½ divase divase satthu santika½ gantv± bhagavat± desita½ dhamma½ sutv± amh±ka½ deseh²”ti vadi½su. S± tath± karont² aparabh±ge tipiµakadhar± j±t±. Tasm± na½ satth±– “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vik±na½ bahussut±na½ up±sik±na½ yadida½ khujjuttar±”ti etadagge µhapesi. Iti up±sik±su bahussutabh±vena satth±r± etadagge µhapit± paµisambhid±ppatt± khujjuttar± ariyas±vik± satthari kosambiya½ viharante k±lena k±la½ satthu santika½ gantv± dhamma½ sutv± antepura½ gantv± s±m±vatippamukh±na½ pańcanna½ itthisat±na½ ariyas±vik±na½ satth±r± desitaniy±mena yath±suta½ dhamma½ kathent² att±na½ parimocetv± satthu santike sutabh±va½ pak±sent² “vuttańheta½ bhagavat± vuttamarahat±ti me sutan”ti nid±na½ ±ropesi.
Yasm± pana tasmi½yeva nagare bhagavato sammukh± sutv± tadaheva t±ya t±sa½ bh±sita½, tasm± “eka½ samaya½ bhagav± kosambiya½ viharat²”ti k±ladesa½ apadisitu½ payojanasambhavova natthi sup±kaµabh±vato. Bhikkhuniyo cass± santike im±ni sutt±ni gaŗhi½su. Eva½ parampar±ya bhikkh³supi t±ya ±ropita½ nid±na½ p±kaµa½ ahosi. Atha ±yasm± ±nando tath±gatassa parinibb±nato aparabh±ge sattapaŗŗiguh±ya½ aj±tasattun± k±r±pite saddhammamaŗ¹ape mah±kassapappamukhassa vas²gaŗassa majjhe nis²ditv± dhamma½ saŖg±yanto imesa½ sutt±na½ nid±nassa dve¼haka½ pariharanto t±ya ±ropitaniy±meneva nid±na½ ±ropes²ti.
Keci panettha bahuppak±re papańcenti. Ki½ tehi? Apica n±n±nayehi saŖg²tik±r± dhammavinaya½ saŖg±yi½su. Anubuddh± hi dhammasaŖg±hakamah±ther±, te sammadeva dhammavinayassa saŖg±yan±k±ra½ j±nant± katthaci “eva½ me sutan”ti-±din±, katthaci “tena samayen±”ti-±din±, katthaci g±th±bandhavasena nid±na½ µhapent±, katthaci sabbena sabba½ nid±na½ aµµhapent± vaggasaŖgah±divasena dhammavinaya½ saŖg±yi½su. Tattha idha vuttańhetanti-±din± nid±na½ µhapetv± saŖg±yi½su, kińci suttageyy±divasena navaŖgamida½ buddhavacana½. Yath± ceta½, eva½ sabbesampi samm±sambuddh±na½. Vuttańheta½ “appakańca nesa½ ahosi sutta½ geyyan”ti-±di. Tattha itivuttakaŖgassa ańńa½ kińci na pańń±yati tabbh±vanimitta½ µhapetv± “vuttańheta½…pe… me sutan”ti ida½ vacana½. Ten±hu aµµhakath±cariy± “vuttańheta½ bhagavat±ti ±dinayappavatt± dv±dasuttarasatasuttant± itivuttakan”ti. Tasm± satthu adhipp±ya½ j±nantehi dhammasaŖg±hakehi ariyas±vik±ya v± imesa½ sutt±na½ itivuttakaŖgabh±vań±panattha½ imin±va nayena nid±na½ µhapitanti veditabba½.
Kimattha½ pana dhammavinayasaŖgahe kayiram±ne nid±navacana½? Nanu bhagavat± bh±sitavacanasseva saŖgaho k±tabboti? Vuccate– desan±ya µhiti-asammosasaddheyyabh±vasamp±danattha½. K±ladesadesakaparis±padesehi upanibandhitv± µhapit± hi desan± ciraµµhitik± hoti asammosadhamm± saddheyy± ca desak±lakattuhetunimittehi upanibaddho viya voh±ravinicchayo. Teneva ca ±yasmat± mah±kassapena brahmaj±lam³lapariy±yasutt±d²na½ des±dipucch±su kat±su t±sa½ vissajjana½ karontena dhammabhaŗ¹±g±rikena “eva½ me sutan”ti-±din± nid±na½ bh±sita½. Idha pana desak±lassa aggahaŗe k±raŗa½ vuttameva.
Apica satthu sampattippak±sanattha½ nid±navacana½. Tath±gatassa hi bhagavato pubbaracan±num±n±gamatakk±bh±vato samm±sambuddhabh±vasiddhi. Na hi samm±sambuddhassa pubbaracan±d²hi attho atthi sabbattha appaµihatań±ŗ±c±rat±ya ekappam±ŗatt± ca ńeyyadhammesu. Tath± ±cariyamuµµhidhammamacchariyas±sanas±vak±nur±g±bh±vato kh²ŗ±savabh±vasiddhi. Na hi sabbaso kh²ŗ±savassa te sambhavant²ti suvisuddhassa par±nuggahapavatti. Eva½ desakasa½kilesabh³t±na½ diµµhis²lasampad±d³sak±na½ avijj±taŗh±na½ accant±bh±vasa½s³cakehi ń±ŗasampad±pah±nasampad±bhibyańjakehi ca sambuddhavisuddhabh±vehi purimaves±rajjadvayasiddhi, tato ca antar±yikaniyy±nikadhammesu asammohabh±vasiddhito pacchimaves±rajjadvayasiddh²ti bhagavato catuves±rajjasamann±gamo attahitaparahitapaµipatti ca nid±navacanena pak±sit± hoti, tattha tattha sampattaparis±ya ajjh±say±nur³pa½ µh±nuppattikappaµibh±nena dhammadesan±d²panato. Idha pana anavasesato k±madosappah±na½ vidh±ya desan±d²panato c±ti yojetabba½. Tena vutta½ “satthu sampattippak±sanattha½ nid±navacanan”ti. Ettha ca “bhagavat± arahat±”ti imehi padehi yath±vutta-atthavibh±vanat± heµµh± dassit± eva.
Tath± s±sanasampattippak±sanattha½ nid±navacana½. ѱŗakaruŗ±pariggahitasabbakiriyassa hi bhagavato natthi niratthak± paµipatti attahit± v±. Tasm± paresa½yevatth±ya pavattasabbakiriyassa samm±sambuddhassa sakalampi k±yavac²manokamma½ yath±pavatta½ vuccam±na½ diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi yath±raha½ satt±na½ anus±sanatthena s±sana½, na kabbaracan±. Tayida½ satthu carita½ k±ladesadesakaparis±padesehi tattha tattha nid±navacanehi yath±raha½ pak±siyati. Idha pana desakaparis±padeseh²ti yojetabba½. Tena vutta½ “s±sanasampattippak±sanattha½ nid±navacanan”ti.
Apica satthuno pam±ŗabh±vappak±sanena s±sanassa pam±ŗabh±vadassanattha½ nid±navacana½. Tańcassa pam±ŗabh±vadassana½ heµµh± vuttanay±nus±rena “bhagavat± arahat±”ti imehi padehi vibh±vitanti veditabba½. Idamettha nid±navacanappayojanassa mukhamattanidassananti.

Nid±navaŗŗan± niµµhit±.