6. Aj±tasuttavaººan±

43. Chaµµhe atthi, bhikkhaveti k± uppatti? Ekadivasa½ kira bhagavat± anekapariy±yena sa½s±re ±d²nava½ pak±setv± tadupasaman±divasena nibb±napaµisa½yutt±ya dhammadesan±ya kat±ya bhikkh³na½ etadahosi “aya½ sa½s±ro bhagavat± avijj±d²hi k±raºehi sahetuko vutto, nibb±nassa pana tadupasamassa na kiñci k±raºa½ vutta½, tayida½ ahetuka½ katha½ saccikaµµhaparamatthena upalabbhat²”ti. Atha bhagav± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ vimatividhamanatthañceva, “idha samaºabr±hmaº±na½ ‘nibb±na½ nibb±nan’ti v±c±vatthumattameva, natthi hi paramatthato nibb±na½ n±ma anupalabbham±nasabh±vatt±”ti lok±yatik±dayo viya vippaµipann±na½ bahiddh± ca puthudiµµhigatik±na½ micch±v±dabhañjanatthañca, amatamah±nibb±nassa paramatthato atthibh±vad²panattha½ tassa ca nissaraºabh±v±di-±nubh±vavantat±d²panattha½ p²tivegena ud±navasena ida½ sutta½ abh±si. Tath± hi ida½ sutta½ ud±nepi (ud±. 72-74) saªg²ta½.
Tattha atth²ti vijjati paramatthato upalabbhati. Aj±ta½ abh³ta½ akata½ asaªkhatanti sabb±nipi pad±ni aññamaññavevacan±ni. Atha v± vedan±dayo viya hetupaccayasamav±yasaªkh±t±ya k±raºas±maggiy± na j±ta½ na nibbattanti aj±ta½. K±raºena vin± sayameva na bh³ta½ na p±tubh³ta½ na uppannanti abh³ta½. Eva½ aj±tatt± abh³tatt± ca yena kenaci k±raºena na katanti akata½. J±tabh³takatasabh±vo ca n±mar³p±d²na½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ hoti, na asaªkhatasabh±vassa nibb±nass±ti dassanattha½ asaªkhatanti vutta½. Paµilomato v± samecca sambhuyya paccayehi katanti saªkhata½, tath± na saªkhata½, saªkhatalakkhaºarahitanti ca asaªkhatanti eva½ anekehi k±raºehi nibbattitabh±ve paµisiddhe “siy± nu kho ekeneva k±raºena katan”ti ±saªk±ya½ “na kenaci katan”ti dassanattha½ “akatan”ti vutta½. Eva½ appaccayampi sam±na½ “sayameva nu kho ida½ bh³ta½ p±tubh³tan”ti ±saªk±ya½ tannivattanattha½ “abh³tan”ti vutta½. Ayañca etassa asaªkhat±kat±bh³tabh±vo sabbena sabba½ aj±tidhammatt±ti dassetu½ “aj±tan”ti vuttanti. Evametesa½ catunnampi pad±na½ s±tthakabh±vo veditabbo.
Iti bhagav± “atthi, bhikkhave, aj±ta½ abh³ta½ akata½ asaªkhatan”ti paramatthato nibb±nassa atthibh±va½ vatv± tattha hetu½ dassento “no ceta½, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha. Tass±ya½ saªkhepo– bhikkhave, yadi aj±t±disabh±v± asaªkhat± dh±tu na abhavissa na siy±, idha loke j±t±disabh±vassa r³p±dikkhandhapañcakasaªkh±tassa saªkh±ragatassa nissaraºa½ anavasesavaµµupasamo na paññ±yeyya na upalabbheyya na sambhaveyya. Nibb±nañhi ±rammaºa½ katv± pavattam±n± samm±diµµhi-±dayo ariyamaggadhamm± anavasesato kilese samucchindanti, tenettha sabbassapi vaµµadukkhassa appavatti apagamo nissaraºa½ paññ±yati.
Eva½ byatirekavasena nibb±nassa atthibh±va½ dassetv± id±ni anvayavasenapi ta½ dassetu½ “yasm± ca kho”ti-±di vutta½, ta½ vuttatthameva. Ettha ca yasm± “apaccay± dhamm±, asaªkhat± dhamm± (dha. sa. dukam±tik± 7, 8). Atthi, bhikkhave, tad±yatana½, yattha neva pathav² (ud±. 71). Idampi kho µh±na½ duddasa½ yadida½ sabbasaªkh±rasamatho sabb³padhipaµinissaggo (mah±va. 7; ma. ni. 1.281). Asaªkhatañca vo, bhikkhave, dhamma½ desess±mi asaªkhatag±miniñca paµipadan”ti-±d²hi (sa½. ni. 4.366) anekehi suttapadehi “atthi, bhikkhave, aj±tan”ti imin±pi suttena nibb±nadh±tuy± paramatthato sabbh±vo sabbaloka½ anukampam±nena samm±sambuddhena desito, tasm± na paµikkhipitabba½. Tattha appaccakkhak±r²nampi viññ³na½ kaªkh± v± vimati v± natthi eva. Ye pana abuddhipuggal±, tesa½ vimativinodanattha½ ayamettha adhipp±yaniddh±raºamukhena yuttivic±raº±– yath± pariññeyyat±ya sa-uttar±na½ k±m±na½ r³p±nañca paµipakkhabh³ta½ tabbidhurasabh±va½ nissaraºa½ paññ±yati, eva½ ta½sabh±v±na½ sabbesa½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ paµipakkhabh³tena tabbidhurasabh±vena nissaraºena bhavitabba½. Yañceta½ nissaraºa½, s± asaªkhat± dh±tu. Kiñca bhiyyo, saªkhatadhamm±rammaºa½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½ api anulomañ±ºa½ kilese samucchedavasena pajahitu½ na sakkoti, tath± sammutisacc±rammaºa½ paµhamajjh±n±d²su ñ±ºa½ vikkhambhanavaseneva kilese pajahati, na samucchedavasena. Iti saªkhatadhamm±rammaºassa sammutisacc±rammaºassa ca ñ±ºassa kiles±na½ samucchedappah±ne asamatthabh±vato tesa½ samucchedappah±nakarassa ariyamaggañ±ºassa tadubhayavipar²tasabh±vena ±rammaºena bhavitabba½ s± asaªkhat± dh±tu. Tath± “atthi, bhikkhave, aj±ta½ abh³ta½ akata½ asaªkhatan”ti ida½ nibb±nassa paramatthato atthibh±vajotakavacana½ avipar²tattha½ bhagavat± bh±sitatt±. Yañhi bhagavat± bh±sita½, ta½ avipar²tattha½ paramatthanti yath± ta½ “sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±, sabbe saªkh±r± dukkh±, sabbe dhamm± anatt±”ti (dha. pa. 277-279; c³¼ani. hemakam±ºavapucch±niddesa 56). Tath± nibb±nasaddo katthaci visaye yath±bh³taparamatthavisayo upac±ravuttisabbh±vato seyyath±pi s²hasaddo. Atha v± attheva paramatthato asaªkhat±dh±tu itaratabbipar²tavinimuttasabh±vatt± seyyath±pi pathav²dh±tu vedan±ti. Evam±d²hi nayehi yuttitopi asaªkhat±ya dh±tuy± paramatthato atthibh±vo veditabbo.
G±th±su j±tanti j±yanaµµhena j±ta½, j±tilakkhaºappattanti attho. Bh³tanti bhavanaµµhena bh³ta½, ahutv± sambh³tanti attho. Samuppannanti sahitabh±vena uppanna½, sahitehi dhammehi ca uppannanti attho. Katanti k±raºabh³tehi paccayehi nibbattita½. Saªkhatanti tehiyeva samecca sambhuyya katanti saªkhata½, sabbameta½ paccayanibbattassa adhivacana½. Niccas±r±divirahitato addhuva½. Jar±ya maraºena ca ekanteneva saªghaµita½ sa½saµµhanti jar±maraºasaªgh±ta½. “Jar±maraºasaªghaµµan”tipi paµhanti, jar±ya maraºena ca upadduta½ p²¼itanti attho. Akkhirog±d²na½ anekesa½ rog±na½ n²¼a½ kul±vakanti rogan²¼a½. Sarasato upakkamato ca pabhaªguparamas²lat±ya pabhaªgura½.
Catubbidho ±h±ro ca taºh±saªkh±t± netti ca pabhavo samuµµh±na½ etass±ti ±h±ranettippabhava½. Sabbopi v± paccayo ±h±ro. Idha pana taºh±ya nettiggahaºena gahitatt± taºh±vajj± veditabb±. Tasm± ±h±ro ca netti ca pabhavo etass±ti ±h±ranettippabhava½. ¾h±ro eva v± nayanaµµhena pavattanaµµhena nett²ti evampi ±h±ranettippabhava½. N±la½ tadabhinanditunti ta½ up±d±nakkhandhapañcaka½ eva½ paccay±dh²navuttika½, tato eva anicca½, dukkhañca taºh±diµµh²hi abhinanditu½ ass±detu½ na yutta½.
Tassa nissaraºanti “j±ta½ bh³tan”ti-±din± vuttassa tassa sakk±yassa nissaraºa½ nikkamo anupasantasabh±vassa r±g±dikilesassa sabbasaªkh±rassa ca abh±vena tadupasamabh±vena pasatthabh±vena ca santa½, takkañ±ºassa agocarabh±vato atakk±vacara½, niccaµµhena dhuva½, tato eva aj±ta½ asamuppanna½, sokahet³na½ abh±vato asoka½, vigatar±g±dirajatt± viraja½, sa½s±radukkhaµµitehi paµipajjitabbatt± pada½, j±ti-±didukkhadhamm±na½ nirodhahetut±ya nirodho dukkhadhamm±na½, sabbasaªkh±r±na½ upasamahetut±ya saªkh±r³pasamo, tato eva accantasukhat±ya sukhoti sabbapadehi amatamah±nibb±nameva thometi. Eva½ bhagav± paµhamag±th±ya byatirekavasena, dutiyag±th±ya anvayavasena ca nibb±na½ vibh±vesi.

Chaµµhasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.