5. Sukkadhammasuttavaººan±

42. Pañcame sukk±ti na vaººasukkat±ya sukk±, sukkabh±v±ya pana paramavod±n±ya sa½vattant²ti nipphattisukkat±ya sukk±. Sarasenapi sabbe kusal± dhamm± sukk± eva kaºhabh±vapaµipakkhato Tesañhi uppattiy± citta½ pabhassara½ hoti parisuddha½. Dhamm±ti kusal± dhamm±. Lokanti sattaloka½. P±lent²ti ±dh±rasandh±raºena mariy±da½ µhapent± rakkhanti. Hir² ca ottappañc±ti ettha hiriyati hiriyitabbena, hiriyanti eten±ti v± hir². Vuttampi ceta½ “ya½ hiriyati hiriyitabbena, hiriyati p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ sam±pattiy±, aya½ vuccati hir²”ti (dha. sa. 30). Ottappati ottappitabbena, ottappanti eten±ti v± ottappa½. Vuttampiceta½ “ya½ ottappati ottappitabbena, ottappati p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ sam±pattiy±, ida½ vuccati ottappan”ti (dha. sa. 31).
Tattha ajjhattasamuµµh±n± hir², bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½. Att±dhipateyy± hir², lok±dhipateyya½ ottappa½. Lajj±sabh±vasaºµhit± hir², bhayasabh±vasaºµhita½ ottappa½. Sappatissavalakkhaº± hir², vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaºa½ ottappa½.
Tattha ajjhattasamuµµh±na½ hiri½ cat³hi k±raºehi samuµµh±peti– j±ti½ paccavekkhitv±, vaya½ paccavekkhitv±, s³rabh±va½ paccavekkhitv±, b±husacca½ paccavekkhitv±. Katha½? “P±pakaraºa½ n±meta½ na j±tisampann±na½ kamma½, h²najacc±na½ kevaµµ±d²na½ kamma½, m±disassa j±tisampannassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ t±va j±ti½ paccavekkhitv± p±º±tip±t±dip±pakamma½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± “p±pakaraºa½ n±meta½ daharehi kattabbakamma½, m±disassa vaye µhitassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ vaya½ paccavekkhitv± p±º±tip±t±dip±pakamma½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± “p±pakaraºa½ n±meta½ dubbalaj±tik±na½ kamma½, m±disassa s³rabh±vasampannassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ s³rabh±va½ paccavekkhitv± p±º±tip±t±dip±pakamma½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± “p±pakaraºa½ n±meta½ andhab±l±na½ kamma½, na paº¹it±na½, m±disassa paº¹itassa bahussutassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ b±husacca½ paccavekkhitv± p±º±tip±t±dip±pakamma½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Eva½ ajjhattasamuµµh±na½ hiri½ cat³hi k±raºehi samuµµh±peti. Samuµµh±petv± ca pana attano citte hiri½ pavesetv± p±pakamma½ na karoti. Eva½ hir² ajjhattasamuµµh±n± n±ma hoti.
Katha½ ottappa½ bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ n±ma? “Sace tva½ p±pakamma½ karissasi, cat³su paris±su garahappatto bhavissasi.
“Garahissanti ta½ viññ³, asuci½ n±gariko yath±;
vajjito s²lavantehi, katha½ bhikkhu karissas²”ti.–
Paccavekkhanto hi bahiddh±samuµµhitena ottappena p±pakamma½ na karoti. Eva½ ottappa½ bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ n±ma hoti.
Katha½ hir² att±dhipateyy± n±ma? Idhekacco kulaputto att±na½ adhipati½ jeµµhaka½ katv± “m±disassa saddh±pabbajitassa bahussutassa dhutav±dissa na yutta½ p±pakamma½ k±tun”ti p±pakamma½ na karoti. Eva½ hir² att±dhipateyy± n±ma hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“So att±na½yeva adhipati½ karitv± akusala½ pajahati, kusala½ bh±veti, s±vajja½ pajahati, anavajja½ bh±veti, suddhamatt±na½ pariharat²”ti (a. ni. 3.40).
Katha½ ottappa½ lok±dhipateyya½ n±ma? Idhekacco kulaputto loka½ adhipati½ jeµµhaka½ katv± p±pakamma½ na karoti. Yath±ha–
“Mah± kho pan±ya½ lokasanniv±so. Mahantasmi½ kho pana lokasanniv±se santi samaºabr±hmaº± iddhimanto dibbacakkhuk± paracittaviduno te d³ratopi passanti, ±sann±pi na dissanti, cetas±pi citta½ paj±nanti, tepi ma½ eva½ j±nissanti ‘passatha bho ima½ kulaputta½, saddh± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito sam±no vokiººo viharati p±pakehi akusalehi dhammeh²’ti. Santi devat± iddhimantiniyo dibbacakkhuk± paracittaviduniyo, t± d³ratopi passanti, ±sann±pi na dissanti, cetas±pi citta½ paj±nanti, t±pi ma½ eva½ j±nissanti ‘passatha bho ima½, kulaputta½, saddh± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito sam±no vokiººo viharati p±pakehi akusalehi dhammeh²’ti. So loka½yeva adhipati½ katv± akusala½ pajahat²”ti (a. ni. 3.40).
Eva½ lok±dhipateyya½ ottappa½.
Lajj±sabh±vasaºµhit±ti ettha lajj±ti lajjan±k±ro, tena sabh±vena saºµhit± hir². Bhayanti ap±yabhaya½, tena sabh±vena saºµhita½ ottappa½. Tadubhaya½ p±paparivajjane p±kaµa½ hoti. Tattha yath± dv²su ayogu¼esu eko s²talo bhaveyya g³thamakkhito, eko uºho ±ditto. Tesu yath± s²tala½ g³thamakkhitatt± jigucchanto viññuj±tiko na gaºh±ti, itara½ d±habhayena, eva½ paº¹ito lajj±ya jigucchanto p±pa½ na karoti, ottappena ap±yabh²to p±pa½ na karoti. Eva½ lajj±sabh±vasaºµhit± hir², bhayasabh±vasaºµhita½ ottappa½.
Katha½ sappatissavalakkhaº± hir², vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaºa½ ottappa½? Ekacco hi j±timahattapaccavekkhaº±, satthumahattapaccavekkhaº±, d±yajjamahattapaccavekkhaº±, sabrahmac±rimahattapaccavekkhaº±ti cat³hi k±raºehi tattha g±ravena sappatissavalakkhaºa½ hiri½ samuµµh±petv± p±pa½ na karoti, ekacco att±nuv±dabhaya½, par±nuv±dabhaya½, daº¹abhaya½, duggatibhayanti cat³hi k±raºehi vajjato bh±yanto vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaºa½ ottappa½ samuµµh±petv± p±pa½ na karoti. Ettha ca ajjhattasamuµµh±n±dit± hirottapp±na½ tattha tattha p±kaµabh±vena vutt±, na pana nesa½ kad±ci aññamaññavippayogo. Na hi lajjana½ nibbhaya½, p±pabhaya½ v± alajjana½ atth²ti.
Ime ce, bhikkhave, dve sukk± dhamm± loka½ na p±leyyunti bhikkhave, ime dve anavajjadhamm± yadi loka½ na rakkheyyu½, lokap±lak± yadi na bhaveyyu½. Nayidha paññ±yetha m±t±ti idha imasmi½ loke janik± m±t± “aya½ me m±t±”ti garucitt²k±ravasena na paññ±yetha, “aya½ m±t±”ti na labbheyya. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. M±tucch±ti m±tubhagin². M±tul±n²ti m±tulabhariy±. Gar³nanti mah±pituc³¼apitujeµµhabh±tu-±d²na½ garuµµh±niy±na½. Sambhedanti saªkara½, mariy±dabheda½ v±. Yath± aje¼ak±ti-±d²hi upama½ dasseti. Ete hi satt± “aya½ me m±t±”ti v± “m±tucch±”ti v± garucitt²k±ravasena na j±nanti, ya½ vatthu½ niss±ya uppann±, tatthapi vippaµipajjanti. Tasm± upama½ ±haranto aje¼ak±dayo ±hari. Ayañhettha saªkhepattho– yath± aje¼ak±dayo tiracch±n± hirottapparahit± m±t±disañña½ akatv± bhinnamariy±d± sabbattha sambhedena vattanti, evamaya½ manussaloko yadi lokap±lakadhamm± na bhaveyyu½, sabbattha sambhedena vatteyya. Yasm± panime lokap±lakadhamm± loka½ p±lenti, tasm± natthi sambhedoti.
G±th±su yesa½ ce hiri-ottappanti ceti nip±tamatta½. Yesa½ satt±na½ hir² ca ottappañca sabbad±va sabbak±lameva na vijjati na upalabbhati. Vokkant± sukkam³l± teti te satt± kusalam³lapacched±vahass±pi kammassa karaºato kusalakamm±na½ patiµµh±nabh³t±na½ hirottapp±nameva v± abh±vato kusalato vokkamitv±, apasakkitv±, µhitatt± vokkant± sukkam³l±, punappuna½ j±yanam²yanasabh±vatt± j±timaraºag±mino sa½s±ra½ n±tivattant²ti attho.
Yesañca hiri-ottappanti yesa½ pana parisuddhamat²na½ satt±na½ hir² ca ottappañc±ti ime dhamm± sad± sabbak±la½ rattindiva½ navamajjhimattherak±lesu samm± upagamma µhit± p±p± jigucchant± bh±yant± tadaªg±divasena p±pa½ pajahant±. Vir³¼habrahmacariy±ti s±sanabrahmacariye maggabrahmacariye ca vir³¼ha½ ±pann±, aggamagg±dhigamena sabbaso santakilesat±ya santaguºat±ya v± santo, punabbhavassa khepitatt± kh²ºapunabbhav± hont²ti.

Pañcamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.