Nidassanatthena– “n±ha½ sayambh³, na may± ida½ sacchikatan”ti att±na½ parimocento– “iti me suta½, may±pi eva½ sutan”ti id±ni vattabba½ sakala½ sutta½ nidasseti.
Avadh±raºatthena– “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ bahussut±na½ yadida½ ±nando, gatimant±na½, satimant±na½, dhitimant±na½, upaµµh±k±na½ yadida½ ±nando”ti (a. ni. 1.219-223) eva½ bhagavat±, “±yasm± ±nando atthakusalo dhammakusalo byañjanakusalo niruttikusalo pubb±parakusalo”ti (a. ni. 5.169) eva½ dhammasen±patin± ca pasatthabh±v±nur³pa½ attano dh±raºabala½ dassento satt±na½ sotukamyata½ janeti– “iti me suta½, tañca kho atthato v± byañjanato v± an³namanadhika½, evameva, na aññath±, daµµhabban”ti. Aññath±ti bhagavato sammukh± sut±k±rato aññath±, na pana bhagavat± desit±k±rato. Acinteyy±nubh±v± hi bhagavato desan±, s± na sabb±k±rena sakk± viññ±tunti vuttov±yamattho. Sut±k±r±virujjhanameva hi dh±raºabala½. Na hettha atthantarat±parih±ro dvinnampi atth±na½ ekavisayatt±. Itarath± hi thero bhagavato desan±ya sabbath± paµiggahaºe samattho asamatthoti v± ±pajjeyy±ti.
Me-saddo t²su atthesu dissati. Tath± hissa– “g±th±bhig²ta½ me abhojaneyyan”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.194; su. ni. 81) may±ti attho. “S±dhu me, bhante, bhagav± sa½khittena dhamma½ deset³”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 4.88; 5.381; a. ni. 4.257) mayhanti attho. “Dhammad±y±d± me, bhikkhave, bhavath±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.29) mam±ti attho. Idha pana “may± sutan”ti ca “mama sutan”ti ca atthadvaye yujjati.
Ettha ca yo paro na hoti, so att±ti eva½ vattabbe niyakajjhattasaªkh±te sakasant±ne vattanato tividhopi me-saddo yadipi ekasmi½yeva atthe dissati, karaºasampad±n±divisesasaªkh±to panassa vijjatev±ya½ atthabhedoti ±ha– “me-saddo t²su atthesu dissat²”ti.
Sutanti aya½ suta-saddo sa-upasaggo anupasaggo ca gamanavissutakilinn³pacit±nuyogasotaviññeyyasotadv±r±nus±raviññ±t±di-anekatthappabhedo. Kiñc±pi hi kiriy±visesako upasaggo, jotakabh±vato pana satipi tasmi½ suta-saddo eva ta½ ta½ attha½ vadat²ti anupasaggassa sutasaddassa atthuddh±re sa-upasaggopi ud±har²yati.
Tattha “sen±ya pasuto”ti-±d²su gacchantoti attho. “Sutadhammassa passato”ti-±d²su (ud±. 11) vissutadhammass±ti attho. “Avassut± avassutass±”ti-±d²su (p±ci. 657) kilinn± kilinnass±ti attho. “Tumhehi puñña½ pasuta½ anappakan”ti-±d²su (khu. p±. 7.12) upacitanti attho. “Ye jh±nappasut± dh²r±”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 181) jh±n±nuyutt±ti attho. “Diµµha½ suta½ mutan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.241) sotaviññeyyanti attho. “Sutadharo sutasannicayo”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.339) sotadv±r±nus±raviññ±tadharoti attho. Idha panassa “sotadv±r±nus±rena upadh±ritan”ti v± “upadh±raºan”ti v± attho. Me-saddassa hi may±ti atthe sati “iti me suta½, may± sotadv±r±nus±rena upadh±ritan”ti attho. Mam±ti atthe sati “iti mama suta½ sotadv±r±nus±rena upadh±raºan”ti attho.
Evametesu t²su padesu yasm± sutasaddasannidh±ne payuttena itisaddena savanakiriy±jotakena bhavitabba½. Tasm± it²ti sotaviññ±º±diviññ±ºakiccanidassana½. Meti vuttaviññ±ºasamaªgipuggalanidassana½. Sabb±nipi v±ky±ni evak±ratthasahit±niyeva avadh±raºaphalatt±. Tena sutanti assavanabh±vappaµikkhepato an³n±vipar²taggahaºanidassana½. Yath± hi suta½ sutamev±ti vattabbata½ arahati, ta½ samm± suta½ an³naggahaºa½ avipar²taggahaºañca hot²ti. Atha v± saddantaratth±pohanavasena saddo attha½ vadat²ti, yasm± sutanti etassa asuta½ na hot²ti ayamattho, tasm± sutanti assavanabh±vappaµikkhepato an³n±vipar²taggahaºanidassana½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– iti me suta½, na diµµha½, na sayambhuñ±ºena sacchikata½, na aññath± v± upaladdha½, apica suta½va, tañca kho sammadev±ti. Avadh±raºatthe v± itisadde ayamatthayojan±ti tadapekkhassa suta-saddassa niyamattho sambhavat²ti assavanabh±vappaµikkhepo, an³n±vipar²taggahaºanidassanat± ca veditabb±. Eva½ savanahetusavanavisesavasena padattayassa atthayojan± kat±ti daµµhabba½.
Tath± it²ti sotadv±r±nus±rena pavatt±ya viññ±ºav²thiy± n±natthabyañjanaggahaºato n±nappak±rena ±rammaºe pavattibh±vappak±sana½ ±k±rattho itisaddoti katv±. Meti attappak±sana½. Sutanti dhammappak±sana½ yath±vutt±ya viññ±ºav²thiy± pariyattidhamm±rammaºatt±. Ayañhettha saªkhepo– n±nappak±rena ±rammaºe pavatt±ya viññ±ºav²thiy± k±raºabh³t±ya may± na añña½ kata½, ida½ pana kata½, aya½ dhammo sutoti.
Tath± it²ti nidassitabbappak±sana½ nidassanattho iti-saddoti katv± nidassetabbassa nidassitabbatt±bh±v±bh±vato. Tasm± itisaddena sakalampi suta½ pacc±maµµhanti veditabba½. Meti puggalappak±sana½. Sutanti puggalakiccappak±sana½. Suta-saddena hi labbham±n± savanakiriy± savanaviññ±ºappabandhappaµibaddh±, tattha ca puggalavoh±ro. Na hi puggalavoh±rarahite dhammappabandhe savanakiriy± labbhati. Tass±ya½ saªkhepattho– ya½ sutta½ niddisiss±mi, ta½ may± iti sutanti.
Tath± it²ti yassa cittasant±nassa n±n±rammaºappavattiy± n±natthabyañjanaggahaºa½ hoti, tassa n±n±k±raniddeso ±k±rattho itisaddoti katv±. It²ti hi aya½ ±k±rapaññatti dhamm±na½ ta½ ta½ pavatti-±k±ra½ up±d±ya paññ±petabbasabh±vatt±. Meti kattuniddeso. Sutanti visayaniddeso. Sotabbo hi dhammo savanakiriy±kattupuggalassa savanakiriy±vasena pavattiµµh±na½ hoti. Ett±vat± n±nappak±rappavattena cittasant±nena ta½samaªgino kattu visaye gahaºasanniµµh±na½ dassita½ hoti.
Atha v± it²ti puggalakiccaniddeso. Sut±nañhi dhamm±na½ gahit±k±rassa nidassanassa avadh±raºassa v± pak±sanabh±vena itisaddena tad±k±r±didh±raºassa puggalavoh±r³p±d±nadhammaby±p±rabh±vato puggalakicca½ n±ma niddiµµha½ hot²ti. Sutanti viññ±ºakiccaniddeso. Puggalav±dinopi hi savanakiriy± viññ±ºanirapekkh± na hot²ti. Meti ubhayakiccayuttapuggalaniddeso Meti hi saddappavatti ekanteneva sattavisesavisay±, viññ±ºakiccañca tattheva samodahitabbanti. Aya½ panettha saªkhepo– may± savanakiccaviññ±ºasamaªgin± puggalena viññ±ºavasena laddhassavanakiccavoh±rena sutanti.
Tath± it²ti ca meti ca saccikaµµhaparamatthavasena avijjam±napaññatti. Sabbassa hi sadd±dhigaman²yassa atthassa paññattimukheneva paµipajjitabbatt± sabbapaññatt²nañca vijjam±n±d²su chasveva paññatt²su avarodho, tasm± yo m±y±mar²ci-±dayo viya abh³tattho, anussav±d²hi gahetabbo viya anuttamattho ca na hoti. So r³pasadd±diko ruppan±nubhavan±diko ca paramatthasabh±vo saccikaµµhaparamatthavasena vijjati. Yo pana it²ti ca meti ca vuccam±no ±k±r±di-aparamatthasabh±vo saccikaµµhaparamatthavasena anupalabbham±no avijjam±napaññatti n±ma, kimettha ta½ paramatthato atthi, ya½ it²ti v± meti v± niddesa½ labhetha. Sutanti vijjam±napaññatti. Yañhi ta½ sotena upaladdha½, ta½ paramatthato vijjam±nanti.
Tath± it²ti sotapatham±gate dhamme up±d±ya tesa½ upadh±rit±k±r±d²na½ pacc±masanavasena. Meti sasantatipariy±panne khandhe karaº±divisesavisiµµhe up±d±ya vattabbato up±d±paññatti. Sutanti diµµh±d²ni upanidh±ya vattabbato upanidh±paññatti. Diµµh±disabh±varahite sadd±yatane pavattam±nopi sutavoh±ro dutiya½, tatiyanti ±diko viya paµham±di½ niss±ya “ya½ na diµµhamutaviññ±tanirapekkha½, ta½ sutan”ti viññeyyatt± diµµh±d²ni upanidh±ya vattabbo hoti. Asuta½ na hot²ti hi sutanti pak±sitoyamatthoti.
Ettha ca it²ti vacanena asammoha½ d²peti. Paµividdh± hi atthassa pak±ravises± it²ti idha ±yasmat± ±nandena pacc±maµµh±, tenassa asammoho d²pito. Na hi samm³¼ho n±nappak±rappaµivedhasamattho hoti, lobhappah±n±divasena n±nappak±r± duppaµividdh± ca suttatth± niddis²yanti Sutanti vacanena asammosa½ d²peti sut±k±rassa y±th±vato dassiyam±natt± yassa hi suta½ sammuµµha½ hoti, na so k±lantare may± sutanti paµij±n±ti. Iccassa asammohena sammoh±bh±vena paññ±ya eva v± savanak±lasambh³t±ya taduttarik±lapaññ±siddhi, tath± asammosena satisiddhi. Tattha paññ±pubbaªgam±ya satiy± byañjan±vadh±raºasamatthat±. Byañjan±nañhi paµivijjhitabbo ±k±ro n±tigambh²ro, yath±sutadh±raºameva tattha karaº²yanti satiy± by±p±ro adhiko, paññ± tattha guº²bh³t± hoti paññ±ya pubbaªgam±ti katv±. Satipubbaªgam±ya paññ±ya atthappaµivedhasamatthat±. Atthassa hi paµivijjhitabbo ±k±ro gambh²roti paññ±ya by±p±ro adhiko, sati tattha guº²bh³t± hoti satiy± pubbaªgam±ti katv±. Tadubhayasamatthat±yogena atthabyañjanasampannassa dhammakosassa anup±lanasamatthat±ya dhammabhaº¹±g±rikattasiddhi.
Aparo nayo– it²ti vacanena yonisomanasik±ra½ d²peti. Tena vuccam±n±na½ ±k±ranidassan±vadh±raºatth±na½ upari vakkham±n±na½ n±nappak±rappaµivedhajotak±na½ avipar²tasaddhammavisayatt±. Na hi ayoniso manasikaroto n±nappak±rappaµivedho sambhavati. Sutanti vacanena avikkhepa½ d²peti, nid±napucch±vasena pakaraºappattassa vakkham±nassa suttassa savana½ na sam±dh±namantarena sambhavati vikkhittacittassa savan±bh±vato. Tath± hi vikkhittacitto puggalo sabbasampattiy± vuccam±nopi “na may± suta½, puna bhaºath±”ti vadati. Yonisomanasik±rena cettha attasamm±paºidhi½ pubbekatapuññatañca s±dheti, samm± appaºihitattassa pubbe akatapuññassa v± tadabh±vato. Avikkhepena saddhammassavana½ sappuris³panissayañca s±dheti, assutavato sappuris³panissayarahitassa ca tadabh±vato. Na hi vikkhittacitto saddhamma½ sotu½ sakkoti, na ca sappurise anupassayam±nassa savana½ atthi.
Aparo nayo– “yassa cittasant±nassa n±n±k±rappavattiy± n±natthabyañjanaggahaºa½ hoti, tassa n±n±k±raniddeso”ti vutta½. Yasm± ca so bhagavato vacanassa atthabyañjanappabhedaparicchedavasena sakalas±sanasampati-og±hanena niravasesaparahitap±rip³rik±raºabh³to eva½bhaddako ±k±ro na samm± appaºihitattano pubbe akatapuññassa v± hoti, tasm± it²ti imin± bhaddakena ±k±rena pacchimacakkadvayasampattimattano d²peti, sutanti savanayogena purimacakkadvayasampatti½. Na hi appatir³pe dese vasato sappuris³panissayarahitassa v± savana½ atthi. Iccassa pacchimacakkadvayasiddhiy± ±sayasuddhi siddh± hoti, samm± paºihitatto pubbe ca katapuñño visuddh±sayo hoti, tadavisuddhihet³na½ kiles±na½ d³r²bh±vato. Tath± hi vutta½– “samm± paºihita½ citta½, seyyaso na½ tato kare”ti (dha. pa. 43) “katapuññosi tva½, ±nanda, padh±namanuyuñja, khippa½ hohisi an±savo”ti (d². ni. 2.207) ca. Purimacakkadvayasiddhiy± payogasuddhi. Patir³padesav±sena hi sappuris³panissayena ca s±dh³na½ diµµh±nugati-±pajjanenapi visuddhappayogo hoti. T±ya ca ±sayasuddhiy± adhigamabyattisiddhi, pubbe eva taºh±diµµhisa½kiles±na½ visodhitatt± payogasuddhiy± ±gamabyattisiddhi. Suparisuddhak±yavac²payogo hi vippaµis±r±bh±vato avikkhittacitto pariyattiya½ vis±rado hoti. Iti payog±sayasuddhassa ±gam±dhigamasampannassa vacana½ aruºuggamana½ viya s³riyassa udayato, yonisomanasik±ro viya ca kusaladhammassa, arahati bhagavato vacanassa pubbaªgama½ bhavitunti µh±ne nid±na½ µhapento iti me sutanti-±dim±ha.