Tath± ye buddhaveneyy± bodhaneyyabandhav±, te sabbepi anavasesato sayameva bhagavat± vin²t±. Ye ca s±vakaveneyy± dhammaveneyy± ca, tepi s±vak±d²hi vin²t± vinaya½ gacchanti gamissanti c±ti yadattha½ bhagavat± abhisambodhi abhipatthit±, tadatthassa ekantasiddhiy± abhisambodhi tath± avitath± anaññath±.
Apica yassa yassa ñeyyadhammassa yo yo sabh±vo bujjhitabbo, so so hatthatale µhapita-±malaka½ viya ±vajjanamattapaµibaddhena attano ñ±ºena avipar²ta½ anavasesato bhagavat± abhisambuddhoti evampi abhisambodhi tath± avitath± anaññath±.
Tath± tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ tath± tath± desetabbappak±ra½, tesa½ tesañca satt±na½ ±say±nusayacariy±dhimutti½ sammadeva oloketv± dhammata½ avijahanteneva paññattinaya½ voh±ramatta½ anatidh±vanteneva ca dhammata½ vibh±ventena yath±par±dha½ yath±jjh±saya½ yath±dhammañca anus±santena bhagavat± veneyy± vin²t± ariyabh³mi½ samp±pit±ti dhammavinayapaññ±pan±pissa tadatthasiddhiy± yath±bh³tavuttiy± ca tath± avitath± anaññath±.
Tath± y± s± bhagavat± anuppatt± pathaviy±diphassavedan±dir³p±r³pasabh±vanimutt± lujjanapalujjanabh±v±bh±vato lokasabh±v±t²t± tamas± visa½saµµhatt± kenaci anobh±san²y± lokasabh±v±bh±vato eva gati-±dibh±varahit± appatiµµh± an±rammaº± amatamah±nibb±nadh±tu khandhasaªkh±t±na½ up±d²na½ lesamattass±pi abh±vato “anup±dises±”tipi vuccati. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, tad±yatana½, yattha neva pathav² na ±po na tejo na v±yo na ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ na viññ±ºañc±yatana½ na ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ na nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ n±ya½ loko na paro loko na ca ubho candimas³riy±. Tamaha½, bhikkhave, neva ±gati½ vad±mi na gati½ na µhiti½ na cuti½ na upapatti½; appatiµµha½ appavatta½ an±rammaºameveta½ esevanto dukkhass±”ti (ud±. 71).
S± sabbesampi up±d±nakkhandh±na½ atthaªgamo sabbasaªkh±r±na½ samatho, sabb³padh²na½ paµinissaggo, sabbadukkh±na½ v³pasamo, sabb±lay±na½ samuggh±to, sabbavaµµ±na½ upacchedo, accantasantilakkhaº±ti yath±vuttasabh±vassa kad±cipi avisa½v±danato tath± avitath± anaññath± Evamet± abhij±ti-±dik± tath± gato upagato adhigato paµipanno pattoti tath±gato. Eva½ bhagav± tath± gatoti tath±gato.
Katha½ tath±vidhoti tath±gato? Yath±vidh± purimak± samm±sambuddh±, ayampi bhagav± tath±vidho. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yath±vidh± te bhagavanto maggas²lena, phalas²lena, sabbenapi lokiyalokuttaras²lena, maggasam±dhin±, phalasam±dhin±, sabbenapi lokiyalokuttarasam±dhin±, maggapaññ±ya, phalapaññ±ya, sabb±yapi lokiyalokuttarapaññ±ya, devasika½ va¼añjitabbehi catuv²satikoµisatasahassasam±pattivih±rehi, tadaªgavimuttiy± vikkhambhanavimuttiy± samucchedavimuttiy± paµippassaddhivimuttiy± nissaraºavimuttiy±ti saªkhepato, vitth±rato pana anant±parim±ºabhedehi acinteyy±nubh±vehi sakalasabbaññuguºehi, ayampi amh±ka½ bhagav± tath±vidho. Sabbesañhi samm±sambuddh±na½ ±yuvematta½, sar²rappam±ºavematta½, kulavematta½, dukkaracariy±vematta½, rasmivemattanti imehi pañcahi vemattehi siy± vematta½, na pana s²lavisuddhi-±d²su visuddh²su samathavipassan±paµipattiya½ attan± paµividdhaguºesu ca kiñci n±n±karaºa½ atthi, atha kho majjhe bhinnasuvaººa½ viya añña½mañña½ nibbises± te buddh± bhagavanto. Tasm± yath±vidh± purimak± samm±sambuddh±, ayampi bhagav± tath±vidho. Eva½ tath±vidhoti tath±gato. Vidhattho cettha gatasaddo. Tath± hi lokiy± vidhayuttagatasadde pak±ratthe vadanti.
Katha½ tath±pavattikoti tath±gato? Anaññas±dh±raºena iddh±nubh±vena samann±gatatt± atthapaµisambhid±d²na½ ukka½sap±ramippattiy± an±varaºañ±ºapaµil±bhena ca bhagavato k±yappavattiy±d²na½ katthaci paµigh±t±bh±vato yath±ruci tath± gata½ gati gamana½ k±yavac²cittappavatti etass±ti tath±gato. Eva½ tath±pavattikoti tath±gato.
Katha½ tathehi agatoti tath±gato? Bodhisambh±rasambharaºe tappaµipakkhappavattisaªkh±ta½ natthi etassa gatanti agato. So panassa agatabh±vo maccherad±nap±rami-±d²su avipar²ta½ ±d²nav±nisa½sapaccavekkhaº±dinayappavattehi ñ±ºeh²ti tathehi ñ±ºehi agatoti tath±gato.
Atha v± kiles±bhisaªkh±rappavattisaªkh±ta½ khandhappavattisaªkh±tameva v± pañcasupi gat²su gata½ gamana½ etassa natth²ti agato. Sa-up±disesa-anup±disesanibb±nappattiy± sv±yamassa agatabh±vo tathehi ariyamaggañ±ºeh²ti evampi bhagav± tathehi ±gatoti tath±gato.
Katha½ tath±gatabh±vena tath±gato? Tath±gatabh±ven±ti ca tath±gatassa sabbh±vena, atthit±y±ti attho. Ko panesa tath±gato, yassa atthit±ya bhagav± tath±gatoti vuccat²ti? Saddhammo. Saddhammo hi ariyamaggo t±va yath± yuganaddhasamathavipassan±balena anavasesakilesapakkha½ sam³hanantena samucchedappah±navasena gantabba½, tath± gato. Phaladhammo yath± attano magg±nur³pa½ paµippassaddhippah±navasena gantabba½, tath± gato pavatto. Nibb±nadhammo pana yath± gato paññ±ya paµividdho sakalavaµµadukkhav³pasam±ya sampajjati, buddh±d²hi tath± gato sacchikatoti tath±gato. Pariyattidhammopi yath± purimabuddhehi suttageyy±divasena pavatti-±dippak±sanavasena ca veneyy±na½ ±say±di-anur³pa½ pavattito, amh±kampi bhagavat± tath± gato gadito pavattitoti v± tath±gato. Yath± bhagavat± desito, tath± bhagavato s±vakehi gato avagatoti tath±gato. Eva½ sabbopi saddhammo tath±gato. Ten±ha sakko dev±namindo “tath±gata½ devamanussap³jita½, dhamma½ namass±ma suvatthi hot³”ti (khu. p±. 6.17; su. ni. 240). Sv±ssa atth²ti bhagav± tath±gato.
Yath± ca dhammo, eva½ ariyasaªghopi, yath± attahit±ya parahit±ya ca paµipannehi suvisuddha½ pubbabh±gasamathavipassan±paµipada½ purakkhatv± tena tena maggena gantabba½, ta½ ta½ tath± gatoti tath±gato. Yath± v± bhagavat± saccapaµiccasamupp±d±dinayo desito, tath± ca buddhatt± tath± gadanato ca tath±gato. Ten±ha sakko devar±j±– “tath±gata½ devamanussap³jita½, saªgha½ namass±ma suvatthi hot³”ti (khu. p±. 6.18; su. ni. 241), sv±ssa s±vakabh³to atth²ti bhagav± tath±gato. Eva½ tath±gatabh±vena tath±gato.
Idampi tath±gatassa tath±gatabh±vad²pane mukhamattakameva, sabb±k±rena pana tath±gatova tath±gatassa tath±gatabh±va½ vaººeyya. Idañhi tath±gatapada½ mahattha½, mah±gatika½, mah±visaya½, tassa appam±dapadassa viya tepiµakampi buddhavacana½ yuttito atthabh±vena ±haranto “atitthena dhammakathiko pakkhando”ti na vattabboti.
Tattheta½ vuccati–
“Yatheva loke purim± mahesino,
sabbaññubh±va½ munayo idh±gat±;
tath± aya½ sakyamun²pi ±gato,
tath±gato vuccati tena cakkhum±.
“Pah±ya k±m±dimale asesato,
sam±dhiñ±ºehi yath± gat± jin±;
pur±tan± sakyamun² jutindharo,
tath± gato tena tath±gato mato.
“Tathañca dh±t±yatan±dilakkhaºa½,
sabh±vas±maññavibh±gabhedato;
sayambhuñ±ºena jinoyam±gato,
tath±gato vuccati sakyapuªgavo.
“Tath±ni sacc±ni samantacakkhun±,
tath± idappaccayat± ca sabbaso;
anaññaneyy± nayato vibh±vit±,
tath± gato tena jino tath±gato.
“Anekabhed±supi lokadh±tusu,
jinassa r³p±yatan±digocare;
vicittabhede tathameva dassana½,
tath±gato tena samantalocano.
“Yato ca dhamma½ tathameva bh±sati,
karoti v±c±yanur³pamattano;
guºehi loka½ abhibhuyyir²yati,
tath±gato tenapi lokan±yako.
“Tath± pariññ±ya tath±ya sabbaso,
avedi loka½ pabhava½ atikkami;
gato ca paccakkhakiriy±ya nibbuti½,
ariyamaggañca gato tath±gato.
“Tath± paµiññ±ya tath±ya sabbaso,
hit±ya lokassa yatoyam±gato;
tath±ya n±tho karuº±ya sabbad±,
gato ca ten±pi jino tath±gato.
“Tath±ni ñ±º±ni yatoyam±gato,
yath±sabh±va½ visay±vabodhato;
tath±bhij±tippabhut² tath±gato,
tadatthasamp±danato tath±gato.
“Yath±vidh± te purim± mahesino,
tath±vidhoyampi tath± yath±ruci;
pavattav±c± tanucittabh±vato,
tath±gato vuccati aggapuggalo.
“Sambodhisambh±ravipakkhato pure,
gata½ na sa½s±ragatampi tassa v±;
na catthi n±thassa bhavantadassino,
tathehi tasm± agato tath±gato.
“Tath±gato dhammavaro mahesin±,
yath± pah±tabbamala½ pah²yati;
tath±gato ariyagaºo vin±yako,
tath±gato tena samaªgibh±vato”ti.
Arahanta½ samm±sambuddhanti ettha arah±ti padassa attho heµµh± vuttoyeva. Samm± s±mañca sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± samm±sambuddha½. Ya½kiñci ñeyya½ n±ma, tassa sabbassapi sabb±k±rato avipar²tato sayameva abhisambuddhatt±ti vutta½ hoti. Imin±ssa paropadesarahitassa sabb±k±rena sabbadhamm±vabodhanasamatthassa ±kaªkh±paµibaddhavuttino an±varaºañ±ºasaªkh±tassa sabbaññutaññ±ºassa adhigamo dassito.
Nanu ca sabbaññutaññ±ºato añña½ an±varaºa½, aññath± cha as±dh±raº±ni ñ±º±ni buddhañ±º±n²ti vacana½ virujjheyy±ti? Na virujjhati, visayappavattibhedavasena aññehi as±dh±raºabh±vadassanattha½ ekasseva ñ±ºassa dvidh± vuttatt±. Ekameva hi ta½ ñ±ºa½ anavasesasaªkhat±saªkhatasammutidhammavisayat±ya sabbaññutaññ±ºa½, tattha ca ±varaº±bh±vato nissaªgac±ramup±d±ya an±varaºañ±ºanti vutta½. Yath±ha paµisambhid±ya½–
“Sabba½ saªkhat±saªkhata½ anavasesa½ j±n±t²ti sabbaññutaññ±ºa½. Tattha ±varaºa½ natth²ti an±varaºañ±ºan”ti-±di (paµi. ma. 1.119).
Tasm± natthi nesa½ atthato bhedo, ekanteneveta½ evamicchitabba½. Aññath± sabbaññut±n±varaºañ±º±na½ s±dh±raºat± asabbadhamm±rammaºat± ca ±pajjeyya. Na hi bhagavato ñ±ºassa aºumattampi ±varaºa½ atthi, an±varaºañ±ºassa ca asabbadhamm±rammaºabh±ve yattha ta½ na pavattati tatth±varaºasabbh±vato an±varaºabh±voyeva na siy±. Atha v± pana hotu aññameva an±varaºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºato, idha pana sabbattha appaµihatavuttit±ya an±varaºañ±ºanti sabbaññutaññ±ºameva adhippeta½, tassev±dhigamena bhagav± sabbaññ³ sabbavid³ samm±sambuddhoti vuccati, na saki½yeva sabbadhamm±vabodhato. Tath± ca vutta½ paµisambhid±ya½–
“Vimokkhantikameta½ buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ bodhiy± m³le saha sabbaññutaññ±ºassa paµil±bh± sacchik± paññatti yadida½ buddho”ti.
Sabbadhamm±vabodhanasamatthañ±ºasamadhigamena hi bhagavato sant±ne anavasesadhamme paµivijjhitu½ samatthat± ahos²ti.
Etth±ha– ki½ panida½ ñ±ºa½ pavattam±na½ saki½yeva sabbasmi½ visaye pavattati, ud±hu kamen±ti? Kiñcettha– yadi t±va saki½yeva sabbasmi½ visaye pavattati, at²t±n±gatappaccupanna-ajjhattabahiddh±dibhedabhinn±na½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ asaªkhatasammutidhamm±nañca ekajjha½ upaµµh±ne d³rato cittapaµa½ pekkhantassa viya visayavibh±gen±vabodho na siy±, tath± ca sati “sabbe dhamm± anatt±”ti vipassant±na½ anatt±k±rena viya sabbadhamm± anir³pitar³pena bhagavato ñ±ºassa visay± hont²ti ±pajjati. Yepi “sabbañeyyadhamm±na½ µhitalakkhaºavisaya½ vikapparahita½ sabbak±la½ buddh±na½ ñ±ºa½ pavattati, tena te sabbavid³ti vuccanti. Evañca katv±–