8. Paµhamanakuhanasuttavaººan±

35. Aµµhame nayidanti ettha naiti paµisedhe nip±to, tassa “vussat²”ti imin± sambandho, yak±ro padasandhikaro. Ida½-saddo “ekamid±ha½, bhikkhave, samaya½ ukkaµµh±ya½ vihar±mi subhagavane s±lar±jam³le”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.501) nip±tamatta½. “Ida½ kho ta½, bhikkhave, appamattaka½ oramattaka½ s²lamattakan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.27) yath±vutte ±sannapaccakkhe ±gato.
“Idañhi ta½ jetavana½, isisaªghanisevita½;
±vuttha½ dhammar±jena, p²tisañjanana½ mam±”ti.–

¾d²su (sa½. ni. 1.48) vakkham±ne ±sannapaccakkhe. Idh±pi vakkham±neyeva ±sannapaccakkhe daµµhabbo.

Brahmacariya-saddo–
“Ki½ te vata½ ki½ pana brahmacariya½,
kissa suciººassa aya½ vip±ko;
iddh² jut² balav²riy³papatti,
idañca te n±ga mah±vim±na½.
“Ahañca bhariy± ca manussaloke,
saddh± ubho d±napat² ahumh±;
op±nabh³ta½ me ghara½ tad±si,
santappit± samaºabr±hmaº± ca.
“Ta½ me vata½ ta½ pana brahmacariya½,
tassa suciººassa aya½ vip±ko;
iddh² jut² balav²riy³papatti,
idañca me dh²ra mah±vim±nan”ti. (J±. 2.22.1592-1593, 1595)–

Imasmi½ puººakaj±take d±ne ±gato.

“Kena p±ºi k±madado, kena p±ºi madhussavo;
kena te brahmacariyena, puñña½ p±ºimhi ijjhati.
“Tena p±ºi k±madado, tena p±ºi madhussavo;
tena me brahmacariyena, puñña½ p±ºimhi ijjhat²”ti. (Pe va. 275, 277)–

Imasmi½ aªkurapetavatthusmi½ veyy±vacce. “Ida½ kho ta½, bhikkhave, tittiriya½ n±ma brahmacariya½ ahos²”ti (c³¼ava. 311) imasmi½ tittiraj±take pañcasikkh±padas²le. “Ta½ kho pana, pañcasikha, brahmacariya½ neva nibbid±ya na vir±g±ya…pe… y±vadeva brahmalok³papattiy±”ti (d². ni. 2.329) imasmi½ mah±govindasutte brahmavih±re. “Pare abrahmac±r² bhavissanti, mayamettha brahmac±rino bhaviss±m±”ti (ma. ni. 1.83) sallekhasutte methunaviratiya½.

“Mayañca bhariy± n±tikkam±ma,
amhe ca bhariy± n±tikkamanti;
aññatra t±hi brahmacariya½ car±ma,
tasm± hi amha½ dahar± na m²yare”ti. (J±. 1.10.97)–

Mah±dhammap±laj±take sad±rasantose. “Abhij±n±mi kho pan±ha½, s±riputta, caturaªgasamann±gata½ brahmacariya½ carit±– tapass² suda½ hom²”ti (ma. ni. 1.155) lomaha½sasutte v²riye.

“H²nena brahmacariyena, khattiye upapajjati;
majjhimena ca devatta½, uttamena visujjhat²”ti. (J±. 1.8.75)–

Nimij±take attadamanavasena kate aµµhaªgika-uposathe. “Ida½ kho pana, pañcasikha, brahmacariya½ ekantanibbid±ya vir±g±ya…pe… ayameva ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo”ti (d². ni. 2.329) mah±govindasutteyeva ariyamagge. “Tayida½ brahmacariya½ iddhañceva ph²tañca vitth±rika½ b±hujañña½ puthubh³ta½ y±va devamanussehi suppak±sitan”ti (d². ni. 3.174) p±s±dikasutte sikkhattayasaªgahe sakalasmi½ s±sane. Idh±pi ariyamagge s±sane ca vattati.

Vussat²ti vas²yati, car²yat²ti attho. Janakuhanatthanti “aho ayyo s²lav± vattasampanno appiccho santuµµho mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo”ti-±din± janassa sattalokassa vimh±panattha½. Janalapanatthanti “evar³passa n±ma ayyassa dinna½ mahapphala½ bhavissat²”ti pasannacittehi “kenattho, ki½ ±har²yat³”ti manussehi vad±panattha½. L±bhasakk±rasilok±nisa½satthanti yv±ya½ “±kaªkheyya ce, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ‘l±bh² assa½ c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±nan’ti, s²le-svevassa parip³rak±r²”ti (ma. ni. 1.65) s²l±nisa½sabh±vena vutto catupaccayal±bho, yo ca catunna½ paccay±na½ sakkaccad±nasaªkh±to ±darabahum±nagarukaraºasaªkh±to ca sakk±ro, yo ca “s²lasampanno bahussuto sutadharo ±raddhav²riyo”ti-±din± nayena uggatathutighosasaªkh±to siloko brahmacariya½ carant±na½ diµµhadhammiko ±nisa½so, tadattha½. Iti ma½ jano j±n±t³ti “eva½ brahmacariyav±se sati ‘aya½ s²lav± kaly±ºadhammo’ti-±din± ma½ jano j±n±tu sambh±vet³”ti attano santaguºavasena sambh±vanatthampi na ida½ brahmacariya½ vussat²ti sambandho.
Keci pana “janakuhanatthanti p±picchassa icch±pakatassa sato s±mantajappana-iriy±pathanissitapaccayapaµisevanasaªkh±tena tividhena kuhanavatthun± kuhanabh±vena janassa vimh±panattha½. Janalapanatthanti p±picchasseva sato paccayattha½ parikathobh±s±divasena lapanabh±vena upal±panabh±vena v± janassa lapanattha½. L±bhasakk±rasilok±nisa½satthanti p±picchasseva sato l±bh±digarut±ya l±bhasakk±rasilokasaªkh±tassa ±nisa½sa-udayassa nipph±danattha½. Iti ma½ jano j±n±t³ti p±picchasseva sato asantaguºasambh±van±dhipp±yena ‘iti eva½ ma½ jano j±n±t³’ti na ida½ brahmacariya½ vussat²”ti evamettha attha½ vadanti. Purimoyeva pana attho s±rataro.
Atha khoti ettha ath±ti aññadatthe nip±to, khoti avadh±raºe. Tena kuhan±dito aññadatth±yeva pana ida½, bhikkhave, brahmacariya½ vussat²ti dasseti. Id±ni ta½ payojana½ dassento “sa½varatthañceva pah±natthañc±”ti ±ha. Tattha pañcavidho sa½varo– p±timokkhasa½varo, satisa½varo, ñ±ºasa½varo, khantisa½varo, v²riyasa½varoti.
Tattha “imin± p±timokkhasa½varena upeto hoti samupeto”ti (vibha. 511) hi ±din± nayena ±gato aya½ p±timokkhasa½varo n±ma, yo s²lasa½varoti ca pavuccati. “Rakkhati cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjat²”ti (d². ni. 1.213; ma. ni. 1.295; sa½. ni. 4.239; a. ni. 3.16) ±gato aya½ satisa½varo.
“Y±ni sot±ni lokasmi½ (ajit±ti bhagav±),
sati tesa½ niv±raºa½;
sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³mi,
paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti. (Su. ni. 1041)–

¾gato aya½ ñ±ºasa½varo. “Khamo hoti s²tassa uºhass±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.24; a. ni. 4.114; 6.58) nayena ±gato aya½ khantisa½varo. “Uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ n±dhiv±set²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.26; a. ni. 4.114; 6.58) nayena ±gato aya½ v²riyasa½varo. Atthato pana p±º±tip±t±d²na½ pajahanavasena, vattapaµivatt±na½ karaºavasena ca pavatt± cetan± viratiyo ca. Saªkhepato sabbo k±yavac²sa½yamo, vitth±rato sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±na½ av²tikkamo s²lasa½varo. Sati eva satisa½varo, satippadh±n± v± kusal± khandh±. ѱºameva ñ±ºasa½varo. Adhiv±sanavasena adoso, adosappadh±n± v± tath± pavatt± kusal± khandh± khantisa½varo, paññ±ti eke. K±mavitakk±d²na½ anadhiv±sanavasena pavatta½ v²riyameva v²riyasa½varo. Tesu paµhamo k±yaduccarit±diduss²lyassa sa½varaºato sa½varo, dutiyo muµµhassaccassa, tatiyo aññ±ºassa, catuttho akkhantiy±, pañcamo kosajjassa sa½varaºato pidahanato sa½varoti veditabbo. Evametassa sa½varassa atth±ya sa½varattha½, sa½varanipph±danatthanti attho.

Pah±nampi pañcavidha½– tadaªgappah±na½, vikkhambhanappah±na½, samucchedappah±na½, paµippassaddhippah±na½, nissaraºappah±nanti. Tattha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± ekakanip±te paµhamasuttavaººan±ya½ vuttameva. Tassa pana pañcavidhassapi tath± tath± r±g±dikiles±na½ paµinissajjanaµµhena samatikkamanaµµhena v± pah±nassa atth±ya pah±nattha½, pah±nas±dhanatthanti attho. Tattha sa½varena kiles±na½ cittasant±ne pavesananiv±raºa½ pah±nena pavesananiv±raºañceva samuggh±to c±ti vadanti. Ubhayen±pi pana yath±raha½ ubhaya½ sampajjat²ti daµµhabba½. S²l±didhamm± eva hi sa½varaºato sa½varo, pajahanato pah±nanti.
G±th±su an²tihanti ²tiyo vuccanti upaddav±– diµµhadhammik± ca sampar±yik± ca. ¿tiyo hanati vin±seti pajahat²ti ²tiha½, anu ²tihanti an²tiha½, s±sanabrahmacariya½ maggabrahmacariyañca. Atha v± ²t²hi anatthehi saddhi½ hananti gacchanti pavattant²ti ²tih±, taºh±di-upakkiles±. Natthi ettha ²tih±ti an²tiha½. ¿tih± v± yath±vuttenaµµhena titthiyasamay±, tappaµipakkhato ida½ an²tiha½. “Anitihan”tipi p±µho. Tassattho– “itih±yan”ti dhammesu aneka½sagg±habh±vato vicikicch± itiha½ n±ma, samm±sambuddhappaveditatt± yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjant±na½ nikkaªkhabh±vas±dhanato natthi ettha itihanti anitiha½, aparappaccayanti attho. Vuttañheta½ “paccatta½ veditabbo viññ³h²”ti “atakk±vacaro”ti ca. G±th±sukhattha½ pana “an²tihan”ti d²gha½ katv± paµhanti.
Nibb±nasaªkh±ta½ ogadha½ patiµµha½ p±ra½ gacchat²ti nibb±nogadhag±m², vimuttirasatt± ekanteneva nibb±nasamp±pakoti attho. Ta½ nibb±nogadhag±mina½ brahmacariya½. Soti yo so samati½sa p±ramiyo p³retv± sabbakilese bhinditv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho, so bhagav± adesayi desesi. Nibb±nogadhoti v± ariyamaggo vuccati. Tena vin± nibb±nog±hanassa asambhavato tassa ca nibb±na½ an±lambitv± appavattanato, tañca ta½ ekanta½ gacchat²ti nibb±nogadhag±m². Atha v± nibb±nogadhag±minanti nibb±nassa antog±mina½ maggabrahmacariya½ nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ karitv± tassa anto eva vattati pavattat²ti. Mahatteh²ti mah±-±tumehi u¼±rajjh±sayehi. Mahanta½ nibb±na½, mahante v± s²lakkhandh±dike esanti gavesant²ti mahesino buddh±dayo ariy±. Tehi anuy±to paµipanno. Yath± buddhena desitanti yath± abhiññeyy±didhamme abhiññeyy±dibh±veneva samm±sambuddhena may± desita½, eva½ ye eta½ maggabrahmacariya½ tadattha½ s±sanabrahmacariyañca paµipajjanti. Te diµµhadhammikasampar±yikatthehi yath±raha½ anus±santassa satthu mayha½ s±sanak±rino ov±dappaµikar± sakalassa vaµµadukkhassa anta½ pariyanta½ appavatti½ karissanti, dukkhassa v± anta½ nibb±na½ sacchikarissant²ti.

Aµµhamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.