7. Mett±bh±van±suttavaººan±

27. Sattame y±ni k±nic²ti anavasesapariy±d±na½. Opadhik±ni puññakiriyavatth³n²ti
Tesa½ niyamana½. Tattha upadhi vuccanti khandh±, upadhissa karaºa½ s²la½ etesa½, upadhippayojan±ni v± opadhik±ni. Sampattibhave attabh±vajanak±ni paµisandhipavattivip±kad±yak±ni. Puññakiriyavatth³n²ti puññakiriy± ca t± tesa½ tesa½ phal±nisa½s±na½ vatth³ni c±ti puññakiriyavatth³ni. T±ni pana saªkhepato d±namaya½, s²lamaya½, bh±van±mayanti tividh±ni honti. Tattha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ parato tikanip±tavaººan±ya½ ±vi bhavissati. Mett±ya cetovimuttiy±ti mett±bh±van±vasena paµiladdhatikacatukkajjh±nasam±pattiy±. “Mett±”ti hi vutte upac±ropi labbhati appan±pi, “cetovimutt²”ti pana vutte appan±jh±nameva labbhati. Tañhi n²varaº±dipaccan²kadhammato cittassa suµµhu vimuttibh±vena cetovimutt²ti vuccati. Kala½ n±gghanti so¼asinti mett±brahmavih±rassa so¼asabh±ga½ opadhik±ni puññakiriyavatth³ni na agghanti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– mett±ya cetovimuttiy± yo vip±ko, ta½ so¼asa koµµh±se katv± tato eka½ puna so¼asa koµµh±se katv± tattha yo ekakoµµh±so, na ta½ aññ±ni opadhik±ni puññakiriyavatth³ni agghant²ti. Adhiggahetv±ti abhibhavitv±. Bh±sateti upakkilesavisuddhiy± dippati. Tapateti tato eva anavasese paµipakkhadhamme santapati. Virocat²ti ubhayasampattiy± virocati. Mett± hi cetovimutti cand±lokasaªkh±t± vigat³pakkiles± juºh± viya dippati, ±tapo viya andhak±ra½ paccan²kadhamme vidhamant² tapati, osadhit±rak± viya vijjotam±n± virocati ca.
Seyyath±p²ti opammadassanatthe nip±to. T±rakar³p±nanti jot²na½. Candiy±ti candassa ayanti cand², tass± candiy±, pabh±ya juºh±y±ti attho. Vass±nanti vass±na½ bahuvasena laddhavoh±rassa utuno. Pacchime m±seti kattikam±se. Saradasamayeti saradak±le. Assayujakattikam±s± hi loke “sarada-ut³”ti vuccanti. Viddheti ubbiddhe, meghavigamena d³r²bh³teti attho. Tenev±ha “vigataval±hake”ti. Deveti ±k±se. Nabha½ abbhussakkam±noti udayaµµh±nato ±k±sa½ ullaªghanto. Tamagatanti tama½. Abhivihacc±ti abhihantv± vidhamitv±. Osadhit±rak±ti ussann± pabh± et±ya dh²yati, osadh²na½ v± anubalappad±yikatt± osadh²ti laddhan±m± t±rak±.
Etth±ha– kasm± pana bhagavat± sam±nepi opadhikabh±ve mett± itarehi opadhikapuññehi visesetv± vutt±ti? Vuccate– seµµhaµµhena niddosabh±vena ca sattesu suppaµipattibh±vato. Seµµh± hi ete vih±r±, sabbasattesu samm±paµipattibh³t±ni yadida½ mett±jh±n±ni. Yath± ca brahm±no niddosacitt± viharanti, eva½ etehi samann±gat± yogino brahmasam±va hutv± viharanti. Tath± hime “brahmavih±r±”ti vuccanti. Iti seµµhaµµhena niddosabh±vena ca sattesu suppaµipattibh±vato mett±va itarehi opadhikapuññehi visesetv± vutt±.
Evampi kasm± mett±va eva½ visesetv± vutt±? Itaresa½ brahmavih±r±na½ adhiµµh±nabh±vato d±n±d²na½ sabbesa½ kaly±ºadhamm±na½ parip³rikatt± ca. Ayañhi sattesu hit±k±rappavattilakkhaº± mett±, hit³pasa½h±ras±, ±gh±tavinayapaccupaµµh±n±. Yadi anodhiso bh±vit± bahul²kat±, atha sukheneva karuº±dibh±van± sampajjant²ti mett± itaresa½ brahmavih±r±na½ adhiµµh±na½. Tath± hi sattesu hitajjh±sayat±ya sati nesa½ dukkh±sahanat±, sampattivises±na½ ciraµµhitik±mat±, pakkhap±t±bh±vena sabbattha samappavattacittat± ca sukheneva ijjhanti. Evañca sakalalokahitasukhavidh±n±dhimutt± mah±bodhisatt± “imassa d±tabba½, imassa na d±tabban”ti uttamavicayavasena vibh±ga½ akatv± sabbasatt±na½ niravasesasukhanid±na½ d±na½ denti, hitasukhatthameva nesa½ s²la½ sam±diyanti, s²laparip³raºattha½ nekkhamma½ bhajanti, tesa½ hitasukhesu asammohatth±ya pañña½ pariyodapenti, hitasukh±bhiva¹¹hanatthameva da¼ha½ v²riyam±rabhanti, uttamav²riyavasena v²rabh±va½ patt±pi satt±na½ n±nappak±ra½ hitajjh±sayeneva apar±dha½ khamanti, “ida½ vo dass±ma, kariss±m±”ti-±din± kata½ paµiññ±ta½ na visa½v±denti, tesa½ hitasukh±yeva acal±dhiµµh±n± honti. Tesu acal±ya mett±ya pubbak±rino hitajjh±sayeneva nesa½ vippak±re ud±s²n± honti, pubbak±rit±yapi na paccupak±ram±sisant²ti. Eva½ te p±ramiyo p³retv± y±va dasabalacatu-ves±rajja-cha-as±dh±raºañ±ºa-aµµh±ras±veºikabuddhadhammappabhede sabbepi kaly±ºadhamme parip³renti. Eva½ d±n±d²na½ sabbesa½ kaly±ºadhamm±na½ p±rip³rik± mett±ti ca imassa visesassa dassanattha½ s± itarehi visesetv± vutt±.
Apica mett±ya itarehi opadhikapuññehi mah±nubh±vat± vel±masuttena d²petabb±. Tattha hi yath± n±ma mahat± vel±massa d±nato ekassa sot±pannassa d±na½ mahapphalatara½ vutta½, eva½ sot±pannasatato ekassa sakad±g±missa d±na½…pe… paccekabuddhasatato bhagavato, tatopi buddhappamukhassa saªghassa d±na½, tatopi c±tuddisassa saªghassa vih±rad±na½, tatopi saraºagamana½, tatopi s²lasam±d±na½, tatopi gadd³hanamatta½ k±la½ mett±bh±van± mahapphalatar± vutt±. Yath±ha–
“Ya½ gahapati vel±mo br±hmaºo d±na½ ad±si mah±d±na½. Yo ceka½ diµµhisampanna½ bhojeyya, ida½ tato mahapphalatara½. Yo ca sata½ diµµhisampanna½ bhojeyya…pe… sur±merayamajjappam±daµµh±n± veramaºi½. Yo ca antamaso gadd³hanamattampi mettacitta½ bh±veyya, ida½ tato mahapphalataran”ti (a. ni. 9.20).
Mahaggatapuññabh±vena panass± parittapuññato s±tisayat±ya vattabbameva natthi. Vuttañheta½ “ya½ pam±ºakata½ kamma½, na ta½ tatr±vasissati, na ta½ tatr±vatiµµhat²”ti (d². ni. 1.556; sa½. ni. 4.360). K±m±vacarakammañhi pam±ºakata½ n±ma, mahaggatakamma½ pana pam±ºa½ atikkamitv± odhisak±nodhisakapharaºavasena va¹¹hitv± katatt± appam±ºakata½ n±ma. K±m±vacarakamma½ tassa mahaggatakammassa antar± laggitu½ v± ta½ kamma½ abhibhavitv± attano vip±kassa ok±sa½ gahetv± µh±tu½ v± na sakkoti, atha kho mahaggatakammameva ta½ parittakamma½ mahogho viya paritta½ udaka½ abhibhavitv± attano ok±sa½ gahetv± tiµµhati, tassa vip±ka½ paµib±hitv± sayameva brahmasahabyata½ upanet²ti ayañhi tassa atthoti.
G±th±su yoti yo koci gahaµµho v± pabbajito v±. Mettanti mett±jh±na½. Appam±ºanti bh±van±vasena ±rammaºavasena ca appam±ºa½. Asubhabh±van±dayo viya hi ±rammaºe ekadesaggahaºa½ akatv± anavasesapharaºavasena anodhisopharaºavasena ca appam±º±rammaºat±ya paguºabh±van±vasena appam±ºa½. Tan³ sa½yojan± hont²ti mett±jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± sammasitv± heµµhime ariyamagge adhigacchantassa sukheneva paµighasa½yojan±dayo pah²yam±n± tan³ honti. Ten±ha “passato upadhikkhayan”ti. “Upadhikkhayo”ti hi nibb±na½ vuccati. Tañcassa sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena maggañ±ºena passati. Atha v± tan³ sa½yojan± hont²ti mett±jh±napadaµµh±n±ya vipassan±ya anukkamena upadhikkhayasaªkh±ta½ arahatta½ patv± ta½ passato pageva dasapi sa½yojan± tan³ honti, pah²yant²ti attho. Atha v± tan³ sa½yojan± hont²ti paµigho ceva paµighasampayuttasa½yojan± ca tanuk± honti. Passato upadhikkhayanti tesa½yeva kiles³padh²na½ khayasaªkh±ta½ metta½ adhigamavasena passanta ss±ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo.
Eva½ kilesappah±na½ nibb±n±dhigamañca mett±bh±van±ya sikh±ppattam±nisa½sa½ dassetv± id±ni aññe ±nisa½se dassetu½ “ekampi ce”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha aduµµhacittoti mett±balena suµµhu vikkhambhitaby±p±dat±ya by±p±dena ad³sitacitto. Mett±yat²ti hitapharaºavasena metta½ karoti. Kusaloti atisayena kusalav± mah±puñño, paµigh±di-anatthavigamena vo. Khem² ten±ti tena mett±yitena. Sabbe ca p±ºeti casaddo byatireke. Manas±nukampanti cittena anukampanto. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ekasattavisay±pi t±va mett± mah±kusalar±si, sabbe pana p±ºe attano piyaputta½ viya hitapharaºena manas± anukampanto pah³ta½ bahu½ anappaka½ apariyanta½ catusaµµhimah±kappepi attano vip±kappabandha½ pavattetu½ samattha½ u¼±rapuñña½ ariyo parisuddhacitto puggalo pakaroti nipph±deti.
Sattasaº¹anti sattasaªkh±tena saº¹ena samann±gata½ bharita½, sattehi avira¼a½ ±kiººamanussanti attho. Vijitv±ti adaº¹ena asatthena dhammeneva vijinitv±. R±jisayoti isisadis± dhammikar±j±no. Yajam±n±ti d±n±ni dadam±n±. Anupariyag±ti vicari½su.
Assamedhanti-±d²su por±ºakar±jak±le kira sassamedha½, purisamedha½, samm±p±sa½, v±c±peyyanti catt±ri saªgahavatth³ni ahesu½, yehi r±j±no loka½ saªgaºhi½su. Tattha nipphannasassato dasamabh±gaggahaºa½ sassamedha½ n±ma, sassasamp±dane, medh±vit±ti attho. Mah±yodh±na½ cham±sika½ bhattavetan±nuppad±na½ purisamedha½ n±ma, purisasaªgaºhane medh±vit±ti attho. Daliddamanuss±na½ potthake lekha½ gahetv± t²ºi vass±ni vin± va¹¹hiy± sahassadvisahassamattadhan±nuppad±na½ samm±p±sa½ n±ma. Tañhi samm± manusse p±seti hadaye bandhitv± viya µhapeti, tasm± “samm±p±san”ti vuccati. “T±ta m±tul±”ti-±din± pana saºhav±c±ya saªgahaºa½ v±c±peyya½ n±ma, peyyavajja½ piyav±cat±ti attho. Eva½ cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi saªgahita½ raµµha½ iddhañceva hoti ph²tañca pah³ta-annap±na½ khema½ nirabbuda½. Manuss± mud± modam±n± ure putte naccent± ap±rutaghar± viharanti Ida½ gharadv±resu agga¼±na½ abh±vato “niragga¼an”ti vuccati. Aya½ por±ºik± paveºi, aya½ por±ºik± pakati.
Aparabh±ge pana okk±kar±jak±le br±hmaº± im±ni catt±ri saªgahavatth³ni imañca raµµhasampatti½ parivattent± uddhamm³la½ katv± assamedha½ purisamedhanti-±dike pañca yaññe n±ma aka½su. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat± br±hmaºadhammiyasutte–
“Tesa½ ±si vipall±so, disv±na aºuto aºu½…pe….
“Te tattha mante ganthetv±, okk±ka½ tadup±gamun”ti. (Su. ni. 301-304).
Tattha assamettha medhanti b±dhent²ti assamedho. Dv²hi pariyaññehi yajitabbassa ekav²satiy³passa ekasmi½ pacchimadivase eva sattanavutipañcapasusatagh±tabh²sanassa µhapetv± bh³miñca purise ca avasesasabbavibhavadakkhiºassa yaññasseta½ adhivacana½. Purisamettha medhanti b±dhent²ti purisamedho. Cat³hi pariyaññehi yajitabbassa saddhi½bh³miy± assamedhe vuttavibhavadakkhiºassa yaññasseta½ adhivacana½. Sammamettha p±santi khipant²ti samm±p±so. Yugacchigga¼e pavesanadaº¹akasaªkh±ta½ samma½ khipitv± tassa patitok±se vedi½ katv± sa½h±rimehi y³p±d²hi sarassatinadiy± nimuggok±sato pabhuti paµiloma½ gacchantena yajitabbassa satray±gasseta½ adhivacana½ v±jamettha pivant²ti v±japeyyo. Ekena pariyaññena sattarasahi pas³hi yajitabbassa be¼uvay³passa sattarasakadakkhiºassa yaññasseta½ adhivacana½. Natthi ettha agga¼oti niragga¼o. Navahi pariyaññehi yajitabbassa saddhi½ bh³miy± purisehi ca assamedhe vuttavibhavadakkhiºassa sabbamedhapariy±yan±massa assamedhavikappasseta½ adhivacana½.
Candappabh±ti candappabh±ya. T±ragaº±va sabbeti yath± sabbepi t±r±gaº± candimasobh±ya so¼asimpi kala½ n±gghanti, eva½ te assamedh±dayo yaññ± mettacittassa vuttalakkhaºena subh±vitassa so¼asimpi kala½ n±nubhavanti, na p±puºanti, n±gghant²ti attho.
Id±ni aparepi diµµhadhammikasampar±yike mett±bh±van±ya ±nisa½se dassetu½ “yo na hant²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yoti mett±brahmavih±rabh±van±nuyutto puggalo. Na hant²ti teneva mett±bh±van±nubh±vena d³ravikkhambhitaby±p±dat±ya na kañci satta½ hi½sati, le¹¹udaº¹±d²hi na vib±dhati v±. Na gh±tet²ti para½ sam±dapetv± na satte han±peti na vib±dh±peti ca. Na jin±t²ti s±rambhavigg±hikakath±divasena na kañci jin±ti s±rambhasseva abh±vato, j±nikaraºavasena v± a¹¹akaraº±din± na kañci jin±ti. Na j±payeti parepi payojetv± paresa½ dhanaj±ni½ na k±r±peyya. Metta½soti mett±mayacittakoµµh±so, mett±ya v± a½so avijahanaµµhena avayavabh³toti metta½so. Sabbabh³tes³ti sabbasattesu. Tato eva vera½ tassa na kenac²ti akusalavera½ tassa kenacipi k±raºena natthi, puggalaverasaªkh±to virodho kenaci purisena saddhi½ tassa mett±vih±rissa natth²ti.
Evametasmi½ ekakanip±te paµip±µiy± terasasu suttesu sikkh±suttadvaye c±ti pannarasasu suttesu vivaµµa½ kathita½, n²varaºasutta½ sa½yojanasutta½ appam±dasutta½ aµµhisañcayasuttanti etesu cat³su suttesu vaµµavivaµµa½ kathita½. Itaresu pana vaµµameva kathitanti.

Sattamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.

Paramatthad²paniy±

Khuddakanik±ya-aµµhakath±ya

Itivuttakassa ekakanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.