4. Aµµhipuńjasuttavaŗŗan±

24. Catutthe ekapuggalass±ti ettha puggaloti aya½ voh±rakath±. Buddhassa hi bhagavato duvidh± desan± sammutidesan± ca paramatthadesan± c±ti. Tattha “puggalo, satto, itth², puriso, khattiyo, br±hmaŗo, devo, m±ro”ti evar³p± sammutidesan±. “Anicca½, dukkha½, anatt±, khandh±, dh±tu, ±yatan±, satipaµµh±n±”ti evar³p± paramatthadesan±. Tattha bhagav± ye sammutivasena desana½ sutv± visesamadhigantu½ samatth±, nesa½ sammutidesana½ deseti. Ye pana paramatthavasena desana½ sutv± visesamadhigantu½ samatth±, tesa½ paramatthadesana½ deseti.
Tatth±ya½ upam±– yath± hi desabh±s±kusalo tiŗŗa½ ved±na½ atthasa½vaŗŗanako ±cariyo ye dami¼abh±s±ya vutte attha½ j±nanti, tesa½ dami¼abh±s±ya ±cikkhati. Ye andhakabh±s±d²su ańńatar±ya, tesa½ t±ya t±ya bh±s±ya. Eva½ te m±ŗavak± cheka½ byatta½ ±cariyam±gamma khippameva sippa½ uggaŗhanti. Tattha ±cariyo viya buddho bhagav±, tayo ved± viya kathetabbabh±ve µhit±ni t²ŗi piµak±ni, desabh±s±kosallamiva sammutiparamatthakosalla½, n±n±desabh±s± m±ŗavak± viya sammutiparamatthavasena paµivijjhanasamatth± veneyy±, ±cariyassa dami¼abh±s±di-±cikkhana½ viya bhagavato sammutiparamatthavasena desan± veditabb±. ¾ha cettha–
“Duve sacc±ni akkh±si, sambuddho vadata½ varo;
sammuti½ paramatthańca, tatiya½ n³palabbhati.
“SaŖketavacana½ sacca½, lokasammutik±raŗ±;
paramatthavacana½ sacca½, dhamm±na½ bh³tak±raŗ±.
“Tasm± voh±rakusalassa, lokan±thassa satthuno;
sammuti½ voharantassa, mus±v±do na j±yat²”ti.
Apica aµµhahi k±raŗehi bhagav± puggalakatha½ katheti– hirottappad²panattha½, kammassakat±d²panattha½, paccattapurisak±rad²panattha½, ±nantariyad²panattha½, brahmavih±rad²panattha½, pubbeniv±sad²panattha½, dakkhiŗ±visuddhid²panattha½, lokasammutiy± appah±nattha½, c±ti. “Khandhadh±tu-±yatan±ni hiriyanti ottappant²”ti hi vutte mah±jano na j±n±ti, sammoha½ ±pajjati, paµisattu v± hoti– “kimida½ khandhadh±tu-±yatan±ni hiriyanti ottappanti n±m±”ti? “Itth² hiriyati ottappati, puriso, khattiyo, br±hmaŗo, devo, m±ro”ti pana vutte j±n±ti, na sammoha½ ±pajjati, na paµisattu v± hoti. Tasm± bhagav± hirottappad²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti.
“Khandh± kammassak±, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tasm± kammassakat±d²panatthampi puggalakatha½ katheti.
“Ve¼uvan±dayo mah±vih±r± khandhehi k±r±pit±, dh±t³hi ±yataneh²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tath± “khandh± m±tara½ j²vit± voropenti, pitara½, arahanta½, ruhirupp±dakamma½, saŖghabhedakamma½ karonti, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. “Khandh± mett±yanti, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. “Khandh± pubbeniv±sa½ anussaranti, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tasm± bhagav± paccattapurisak±rad²panattha½ ±nantariyad²panattha½ brahmavih±rad²panattha½ pubbeniv±sad²panatthańca puggalakatha½ katheti.
“Khandh± d±na½ paµiggaŗhanti, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi mah±jano na j±n±ti, sammoha½ ±pajjati, paµisattu v± hoti “kimida½ khandh± dh±tuyo ±yatan±ni paµiggaŗhanti n±m±”ti? “Puggal± paµiggaŗhant²”ti pana vutte j±n±ti, na sammoha½ ±pajjati, na paµisattu v± hoti. Tasm± bhagav± dakkhiŗ±visuddhid²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti.
Lokasammutińca buddh± bhagavanto na pajahanti, lokasamańń±ya lokaniruttiy± lok±bhil±pe µhit±yeva dhamma½ desenti. Tasm± bhagav± lokasammutiy± appah±natthampi puggalakatha½ katheti. So idh±pi lokavoh±ravasena desetabbamattha½ dassento “ekapuggalass±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha ekapuggalass±ti ekasattassa. Kappanti mah±kappa½. Yadipi accantasa½yoge ida½ upayogavacana½, yattha pana satt±na½ sandh±vana½ sa½saraŗa½ sambhavati, tassa vasena gahetabba½. AµµhikaŖkaloti aµµhibh±go. “Aµµhikhalo”tipi paµhanti, aµµhisańcayoti attho. Aµµhipuńjoti aµµhisam³ho. Aµµhir±s²ti tasseva vevacana½. Keci pana “kaµippam±ŗato heµµh± sam³ho kaŖkalo n±ma, tato upari y±va t±lappam±ŗa½ puńjo, tato upari r±s²”ti vadanti. Ta½ tesa½ matimatta½. Sabbameta½ sam³hasseva pariy±yavacana½ vepullasseva upam±bh±vena ±haµatt±.
Sace sa½h±rako ass±ti avippakiraŗavasena sa½haritv± µhapet± koci yadi siy±ti parikappanavasena vadati. Sambhatańca na vinasseyy±ti tath± kenaci sambhatańca ta½ aµµhikaŖkala½ antaradh±n±bh±vena p³tibh³ta½ cuŗŗavicuŗŗańca ahutv± sace na vinasseyy±ti parikappanavaseneva vadati. Ayańhettha attho– bhikkhave, ekassa sattassa kammakilesehi apar±paruppattivasena eka½ mah±kappa½ sandh±vantassa sa½sarantassa eva½ mah±-aµµhisańcayo bhaveyya, ±rohapariŗ±hehi yattakoya½ vepullapabbato. Sace panassa koci sa½haritv± µhapet± bhaveyya, sambhatańca ta½ sace avinassanta½ tiµµheyy±ti. Ayańca nayo nibbutappad²pe viya bhijjanasabh±ve ka¼evaranikkheparahite opap±tikattabh±ve sabbena sabba½ anaµµhike ca khuddakattabh±ve vajjetv± vutto. Keci pana “parikappanavasena imassa nayassa ±haµatt± tesampi yadi siy± aµµhikaŖkalo, ten±pi saheva aya½ aµµhipuńjaparim±ŗo vutto”ti vadanti. Apare pana “nayidameva½ labbham±nasseva aµµhipuńjassa vasena sabbańńutańń±ŗena paricchinditv± imassa parim±ŗassa vuttat±. Tasm± vuttanayeneva attho gahetabbo”ti.
G±th±su mahesin±ti mahante s²lakkhandh±dayo esati gavesat²ti mahes², samm±sambuddho. “Iti vutta½ mahesin±”ti ca bhagav± “dasabalasamann±gato, bhikkhave, tath±gato”ti-±d²su viya att±na½ ańńa½ viya katv± dasseti. Vepulloti r±jagaha½ pariv±retv± µhitesu pańcasu pabbatesu vipulabh±vato vepulloti laddhan±mo. Tato eva mah±, µhitadis±bh±gavasena uttaro gijjhak³µassa. Giribbajeti giribbajapuran±makassa r±jagahassa sam²pe.
Ett±vat± bhagav± “ettaken±pi k±lena anupacchinnabhavam³lassa aparińń±tavatthukassa puthujjanassa ayam²dis² kaµasiva¹¹han±”ti vaµµe ±d²nava½ dassetv± id±ni yesa½ ariyasacc±na½ ananubodh± appaµivedh± andhaputhujjanassa eva½ kaµasiva¹¹han±, t±ni ariyasacc±ni diµµhavato ariyapuggalassa aya½ natth²ti dassento “yato ca ariyasacc±n²”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha yatoti yad±. Ariyasacc±n²ti araŗ²yato ariy±ni, avitathabh±vena sacc±ni c±ti ariyasacc±ni, ariyabh±vakar±ni v± sacc±ni ariyasacc±ni, ariyehi v± buddh±d²hi paµivijjhitabb±ni sacc±ni ariyasacc±ni. Atha v± ariyassa sacc±ni ariyasacc±ni. Sadevakena hi lokena saraŗanti araŗ²yato ariyo bhagav±, tena sayambhuń±ŗena diµµhatt± tassa sacc±n²ti ariyasacc±ni. Sammappańń±ya passat²ti samm± hetun± ń±yena vipassan±pańń±sahit±ya maggapańń±ya parińń±pah±nasacchikiriy±bh±van±bhisamayavasena passati. Dukkhanti-±di ariyasacc±na½ sar³padassana½. Tattha anek³paddav±dhiµµh±nat±ya kucchitabh±vato b±lajanaparikappitadhuvasubhasukhattavirahena tucchabh±vato ca dukkha½. Dukkha½ samuppajjati eten±ti dukkhasamupp±do, dukkhasamudayo. Dukkha½ atikkamati etena ±rammaŗappaccayabh³tena, ettha v±ti dukkhassa atikkamo, nibb±na½. ¾rakatt± kilesehi araŗ²yato ca ariyo. Samm±diµµhi-±d²na½ aµµhanna½ aŖg±na½ vasena aµµhaŖgiko. M±rento kilese gacchati, nibb±natthikehi magg²yati, saya½ v± nibb±na½ maggat²ti maggo. Tato eva dukkhassa upasama½ nirodha½ gacchat²ti dukkh³pasamag±m². Yato sammappańń±ya passat²ti sambandho.
Sa sattakkhattu½ parama½, sandh±vitv±na puggaloti so eva½ catusaccadass±v² ariyapuggalo sot±panno sabbamudindriyo sam±no sattav±raparama½yeva bhav±d²su apar±paruppattivasena sandh±vitv± sa½saritv±. Ekab²j², kola½kolo, sattakkhattuparamoti indriy±na½ tikkhamajjhimamudubh±vena tayo hi sot±pann±. Tesu sabbamudindriyassa vasenida½ vutta½ “sa sattakkhattu½ parama½, sandh±vitv±n±”ti Dukkhassantakaro hot²ti vaµµadukkhassa antakaro pariyos±nakaro hoti. Katha½? Sabbasa½yojanakkhay± anupubbena aggamagga½ adhigantv± niravases±na½ sa½yojan±na½ khepan±ti arahattaphaleneva desan±ya k³µa½ gaŗhi.

Catutthasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.